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To J. D. Hooker   [27 October or 3 November 1859]

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More detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae]. Remarks on struggle of vegetation are admirable.

JDH will receive Origin in about ten days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 Oct or 3 Nov] 1859
Classmark:  DAR 115: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2512

Matches: 4 hits

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   5 January 1860

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Summary

Opinions on the Origin: AG thinks it masterly; Agassiz considers it very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2638

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker was J.  D.  Hooker’s mother. She was suffering from ‘inflammation in the cavity of the Tibia’ (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [12 December 1859] …

To George Bentham   17 June [1861]

Summary

Asks for specimen of Orchis pyramidalis for his work on insect fertilisation of orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  17 June [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 697)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3186

Matches: 1 hit

From J. D. Hooker   26 November 1862

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Summary

Returns Asa Gray letter. Gray has made a great blunder in his criticism of Oliver: he mistakes perpetuation of a variety for "propagation of variation". Confusion between "action of physical causes" and "effects of physical causes". Neither crossing nor natural selection has made so many divergent individuals, but simply variation. "If once you hold that natural selection can create a character your whole doctrine tumbles to the ground." CD’s failure to convey this, and the false doctrine that "like produces like" is at bottom of half the scientific infidelity to CD’s doctrine. There is something to the objection that CD has made a deus ex machina of natural selection since he neglects to dwell on the facts of infinite incessant variations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3831

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . CD, Hooker, and Charles Lyell had corresponded extensively on this point (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [20 December 1859] , …

To J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1859]

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Curious about author of review of Origin in Athenæum.

W. B. Carpenter has written and sounds converted, as has Quatrefages [de Bréau], who will "go a long way with" CD.

Has been ill and thus had time to brood about reception of book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2537

Matches: 2 hits

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Huxley, 1 January [1860] . Hooker 1859. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1860] . …
  • … to Hooker in 1859. See Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] and …
  • Hooker 1859. Gray had sent CD a copy of his description of the plants collected by Charles Wright in Japan ( Gray 1858–9 ) (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] ). Several months earlier CD had read proof-sheets of the concluding section of the paper, sent to him by Joseph Dalton Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   23 [April 1861]

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Lieut. F. W. Hutton’s original review [Geologist 4 (1861): 132–6, 183–8] understands that mutability cannot be directly proved.

CD met Bentham at Linnean Society and asked him to write up his views on mutability.

Opinion of Owen.

Conversation with Lyell on antiquity of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 [Apr 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3098

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] ; …
  • Hooker 1859 on its own merits in his review ([R.  Owen] 1860b), see Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray , 25 April [1860] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Caroline Sarah Wedgwood   [after 21 November 1859]

Summary

Astounded she cares for his book [Origin] as much as she seems to.

Comments on variation among domestic dogs; believes domestic dog has descended from several wild species and those species from a single ancient ancestor.

Athenæum review is unfair.

Expects to convert four or five "really good judges".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Date:  [after 21 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2538

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pp.  659–60. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, [20 November 1859] and n.   2. Josiah (Jos) …

To J. D. Hooker   5 [March 1859]

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Will read JDH’s printers’ slips on variation.

CD has been so ill, he wonders whether he will get his book done, though so nearly completed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 [Mar 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2424

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 [March 1859] …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] . CD refers to the proof-sheets of Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   3 February [1868]

Summary

Comments on Wollaston’s troubles

and his book [Coleoptera Hesperidum (1867)].

Mohl’s claim to foreign membership in Royal Society very strong.

Has been in despair about Variation – not worth a fifth part of the labour it cost him.

Is reading F. A. W. Miquel’s Flora du Japon [Prolusio florae Japonicae (1866–7)]; wonders whether A. Murray could be correct in his view that an area of the sea prevented Asiatico-Japan flora colonising western N. America.

Comments on A. Murray’s book [Geographical distribution of mammals (1866)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 44–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5835

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 February 1868 . CD refers to J.  D.  Hooker 1867, 1853, 1859, 1860, …

To Henry Walter Bates   22 November [1860]

Summary

Thanks for interesting letter which confirms belief that a good observer is a good theorist.

He is glad to hear that HWB, with his wide knowledge of natural history, has anticipated CD in many respects and agrees with the Origin.

Has been thoroughly attacked, especially by entomologists – J. O. Westwood, T. V. Wollaston, and Andrew Murray.

Glad HWB is writing on "equatorial refrigeration"; CD expresses his belief in north to south migration during glacial period.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  22 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2993

Matches: 1 hit

From J. D. Hooker   [24 March 1863]

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Has been looking at separation of sexes in poplars.

Interested in reversion.

Does not understand all CD said on inheritance.

JDH now remembers that Origin was "published" some time before it was "distributed" and therefore appeared prior to his own essay [see also 2478].

Impossible to say whether some Dipterocarpaceae survived a cold period or have developed since.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 154, DAR 101: 123–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2027

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1863] and n.  3). Hooker ended his essay with a postscript, the last paragraph of which ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , …
  • Hooker, 17 March [1863] . See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [March 1863] . C.  Lyell 1863a, pp.  504–5. Hooker’s maternal grandparents were the banker and botanist Dawson Turner , and Mary Turner . In C.  Lyell 1863a, p.  417, Charles Lyell had claimed that J.  D.  Hooker 1859   …

To J. D. Hooker   25 [December 1859]

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CD will not write to L. Descaisne to defend his priority over C. V. Naudin.

Feels success of theory depends on acceptance and application by good and well-known workers, like JDH, Huxley, and Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2602

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   25 [December 1859] …
  • … copy of Hooker 1859 on 22 December (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 [December 1859] ). He …
  • Hooker had, earlier in the year, read the manuscript copy of CD’s two chapters on geographical distribution ( Origin , pp.  346–410) (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] ). …
  • Hooker had often lent CD works from the Hookers’ private library and from Kew when he was preparing his species manuscript. See Correspondence vol.  6. Joseph Decaisne had pointed out to Hooker the similarity between CD’s theory and work published by Charles Victor Naudin ( Naudin 1852 ). See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 21 [December 1859] …

To J. D. Hooker   1 September [1859]

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All but last two chapters of Origin proofs corrected.

Praise for JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

Very ill and sick of work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2485

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 September [1859] …
  • … of the concluding section of the paper (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). …

To Marian Evans   30 March [1873]

Summary

Asks whether the Litchfields may call on her. "My wife complains that she has been very badly treated and that I ought to have asked permission for her to call on you with me when we next come to London: but I tell her that I still have some shreds of modesty."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Marian (Mary Anne) Evans
Date:  30 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  Armacost Library, University of Redlands, California
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8831

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [26 May 1859] ), Mill on the Floss , and …

From J. D. Hooker   [21 November 1859]

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JDH’s congratulations on Origin.

Lyell believes S. P. Woodward wrote review in Athenæum.

Lyell’s and Huxley’s positive responses.

JDH has only plunged into a few chapters.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 135–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2539

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [21 November 1859] …
  • … the relationship to the letter to J. D. Hooker, [20 November 1859] . CD had asked Hooker …
  • Hooker refers to an anonymous review of volume 4 of Watson 1847–59 , published in Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette , 12 November 1859, pp.  911–12. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [20 November 1859] . …

From J. D. Hooker   21 November 1869

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Has corresponded with Macmillan about Nature.

Will get the Kerner book.

Mere guesses must determine which form to fix on as the type.

Raises questions about the genealogical tree.

Serves Mlle Royer right.

Lyell declines Royal Society Presidency; now look to W. R. Grove. Long postscript on JDH’s views about knighthood.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 39–41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7002

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   11 [September 1859]

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Corrected last proof of Origin yesterday. Still has revises and index to do.

Will read more JDH proofs of Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 [Sept 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2490

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 [September 1859] …
  • … Appendix II). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 1 September [1859] . Origin was included in …

From J. D. Hooker   25 January 1859

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Relieved by Wallace’s letter.

At work on introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

European plants naturalised in Australia are almost all adapted to invading disturbed ground.

JDH supports Asa Gray against Alphonse de Candolle as foreign member of Royal Society.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1859
Classmark:  DAR 100: 131–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2404

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   25 January 1859
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 January [1859] . The family of Lewis Weston Dillwyn lived …

From J. D. Hooker   30 July [1867]

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Plans to come to Down on Saturday.

Returned Adam Bede two years ago.

Wishes CD would return Tylor’s Early history of mankind

and his own Himalayan journal with his notes, "both of which I have lent, i.e., lost".

Lyell well and full of "Insular" difficulties which he will propound.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 July [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 172–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5588

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 29 July [1867] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 July [1867] and n.  2. Hooker had read Adam Bede ( Eliot 1859 ) …
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