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To Charles Lyell   4 [January 1860]

Summary

Praises CL’s work on human species.

A critical review of Origin in Saturday Review [24 Dec 1859].

A letter from J. G. Jeffreys criticises CD’s geological statements.

A note from William Whewell concerning Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.190)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 24 December 1859, pp.  775–6. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 January [1860] . The …
  • 1859. CD lent Lyell his copy. CD believed that John Lindley had written the review, but he later learned from Lyell that Joseph Dalton Hooker was the author (see letters to Charles Lyell , 10 January [1860] , and to J.  D.   …

To John Murray   14 May [1859]

Summary

Approves specimen sheet [of Origin]. Sorry book will be so long. Has now written half of last chapter; it is as long as his estimate of the entire chapter. Now thinks it will run to 6000 or 7000 words. Will do his utmost to improve his style. Anxious to publish soon; he knows of two men already writing on the subject, starting from his Linnean Society paper ["On the tendency of species to form varieties", Collected papers 2: 3–19]. Will send a diagram for the book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  14 May [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.40–40A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2462

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker (Hooker 1859) and Asa Gray ( A.  Gray 1858–9 ). He may also have had Hewett Cottrell Watson in mind. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [26 May 1859] . …

To J. S. Henslow   8 May [1860]

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Summary

Comments on Richard Owen’s review of the Origin [in Edinburgh Rev. 111 (1860): 487–532]. Considers Owen unfair to CD and most ungenerous toward Hooker.

Expects Sedgwick to be fierce against him. Sedgwick also misrepresented CD in his Spectator review [24 Mar and 7 Apr 1860].

Compares natural selection to the undulatory theory of light as a hypothesis explaining a large number of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  8 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2791

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 . [Sedgwick] 1860 . See Correspondence vol.  7, letter from Adam Sedgwick, 24 November 1859 . …

To Elizabeth Drysdale   [22 or 29 October 1859]

Summary

Declines an invitation to visit [Moor] Park.

He hopes that Dr Lane is arranging things to his satisfaction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth Drysdale, Lady Drysdale
Date:  [22 or 29] Oct 1859
Classmark:  John Wilson (Autographs) Ltd, Catalogue 88; Clive Farahar & Sophie Dupré, Catalogue 55; B & L Rootenberg (May 1991)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2498A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … II). In his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1859] ( Correspondence vol.  7), CD …

To J. D. Hooker   7 August [1860]

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Summary

Owen wants to be civil, and sneer behind CD’s back.

Those, like Rudolph Wagner, who want to go halfway on theory, are "booked to go further".

Anatomy of orchids.

Huxley says K. E. von Baer goes "a great way with me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2892

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker in November 1859 (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   31 December [1858]

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Summary

Replies at length to JDH’s worried reaction to his comments on lowness of Australian plants. CD distinguishes between "competitive highness", i.e., which fauna would be exterminated and which survive if two faunas were placed in competition, and ordinary "highness" of classification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2388

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1855 , 2: 1321. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] . Gärtner 1844 , p.  104. …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 22 December 1858  and [26 December 1858] . There is an incomplete draft of this letter in DAR 205.9 (Letters) dated ‘Dec. 30 th ’: the date was subsequently deleted and ‘Jan 1 1859’ …

To J. D. Hooker   29 July [1867]

Summary

Pleased JDH will come next Saturday.

Asks him to return Adam Bede.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 July [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5587

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, [27 July 1867] . CD refers to Hooker’s sons Charles Paget and William Henslow Hooker . CD refers to Eliot 1859 . …

To Charles Lyell   24 September 1873

Summary

Discusses apple specimens received from CL; reversion to crab state. Cites passage on subject in Variation.

Comments on letter from Mr Wood on inheritance in fruit-trees.

Would like to cross flowers of "Hawthornden" with many distinct varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 Sept 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.432)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9065

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, 19 September 1873 ). In J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , p.  ix, quoted in C.  Lyell 1872 , 2: …
  • … beside this point in his copy of J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ; the page on which Lyell quoted …

To Charles Lyell   22 August [1862]

Summary

Relates personal news about family members.

CD is "glad Glen Roy is settled".

Mentions evolutionary remarks on birds by Owen.

Compares variability among lower and higher organisms. Comments on Hooker’s view of the subject.

Forthcoming publication of Huxley’s book [Evidence as to man’s place in nature (1863)] and Lyell’s [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.281)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3695

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 567–8. CD refers to Hooker’s statement in J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , pp.  v–vi, that in the …
  • … and Origin 2d ed. , p.  149. In J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , p.  vii n. , Joseph Dalton Hooker …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 December 1864]

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Summary

Sabine’s address, printed in the Reader [4 (1864): 708–9], is good on the whole. Sends Huxley’s account of the row.

Praises John Ruskin’s eloquent reply to Jukes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 262–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4708

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 4 December [1864] and 10 December [1864] ; the intervening Tuesday was 6 December. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 December [1864] and n.  12. The reference is to the article by Charles Victor Naudin , ‘Revue des cucurbitacées cultivées au Muséum, en 1859’ ( …

To H. W. Bates   25 November [1862]

Summary

[Apparently in reply to question in missing portion of 3825.] A written agreement is unnecessary, but a letter stating terms would prevent misundertanding. He will attempt to have a review of HWB’s paper published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  25 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3827

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 28 March [1859] , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 March [1859] ). CD may refer to Lyell’s …

From Hugh Falconer to William Sharpey   25 October 1864

Summary

Describes CD’s qualifications for Copley Medal.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  William Sharpey
Date:  25 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 144: 475
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4644

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January [1859] and n.  7, and letter …

To Asa Gray   10 September [1860]

Summary

Has received second part of AG’s Atlantic Monthly article ["Darwin on the origin of species", 6 (1860): 109–16, 229–39], and would like to have it reprinted in England with the first part.

Regrets no reviewer has touched upon embryology, which he feels provides one of his strongest arguments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2910

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and, in this volume, letter to …

To J. D. Hooker   28 February [1858]

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Summary

JDH has confirmed CD’s opinion on the affinities of species in great genera. Is looking at large genera in several local Floras to find the "range & commonness of varying species".

Has been "beyond measure interested" in the construction instincts of the hive-bee.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 225
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2228

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [25] February [1858] . CD intended to include a chapter on classification in his species book, but he did not start on the subject until February 1859, …

To J. S. Henslow   10 November [1860]

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Summary

The stone hatchets are a great muddle. Would like a copy of Jacques Boucher [de Crèvecoeur] de Perthes’s book [Antiquités Celtiques et antédiluviennes (1847–64)].

Is studying action of carbonate of ammonia on Drosera. Asks if this has been done.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  10 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A83–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2981

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker , and indicated that he had already looked at one of his volumes. See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 [June 1859] . …

To Armand de Quatrefages   25 April [1861]

Summary

Comments on QdeB’s Unité de l’espèce humaine [1861].

Discusses acceptance of his theory among scientists, especially geologists.

C. V. Naudin did not show how selection applied in nature, but Patrick Matthew clearly anticipated CD’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  25 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 285
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3127

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  7, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 [December 1859] and 23 [December 1859] , and to …
  • 1859]. CD was pleased by the number of supporters he counted among geologists, including Charles Lyell , Andrew Crombie Ramsay , Joseph Beete Jukes , and Henry Darwin Rogers . See Correspondence vol.  8, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From Hugh Falconer   25 October and 12 November [1859]

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Summary

The antlers of 800 deer of the glacial period have been found in a cave. They show great variety of form, but gradation from one to the other can be traced when all are laid out. Suggests CD study changes that have taken place in the species since glacial period.

Has ordered the wicked book [Origin] CD has been so long a-hatching.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Oct and 12 Nov 1859
Classmark:  DAR 47: 215–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2511

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D. Hooker, 20 [October 1858] . The postscript was written after CD’s letter to Hugh Falconer, 11 November [1859] , …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 January – 8 February 1862]

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Summary

Wrote a "frightful screed" about aristocracy’s being a necessary consequence of natural selection, and then burnt it.

H. W. Bates is the only man "thinking out" natural selection to any purpose. "I think I have driven Bates back to Nat. Sel. as the only way of solving his difficulties."

HWB’s mimetic butterflies.

JDH wishes he had time to do the same thing with plants.

Owen and Huxley involved in a "contemptible" squabble in the Edinburgh newspapers.

Maximovitch reports Stellaria bulbifera is a Siberian form which never ripens its seeds.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 Jan – 8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 14; DAR 111: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3430

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 30 January [1862] , CD requested information concerning a case of dimorphism in the Caryophyllaceae that Hooker had mentioned; the genus Stellaria belongs to the Caryophyllaceae. CD thanked Hooker for his information on Stellaria in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . Maximowicz 1859, …

To Charles Lyell   10 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on corrections [in Origin, 2d ed. (1860)], especially on use of Wallace’s name.

Discusses human evolution with respect to CL’s work. Cites expression as a source of evidence.

Andrew Murray’s criticisms of the Origin involving blind insects in caves [Edinburgh New Philos. J. n.s. 11 (1860): 141–51].

Humorously describes human ancestors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2647

Matches: 2 hits

  • Hooker . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [January 1860] . Andrew Murray’s presidential address of 10 November 1859  …
  • 1859, pp.  775–6. CD had accepted this criticism as justified (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From C. V. Naudin   26 June 1862

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

Plans to publish soon on hybrids.

Author:  Charles Victor Naudin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 172.1: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3621

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 [December 1859] ); CD subsequently corresponded on …
  • … vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 [December 1859] ); CD subsequently corresponded on …
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