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From J. D. Hooker   [15 March 1863]

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JDH battling with Lyell over treatment of species question in Antiquity of man. Distressed by Lyell’s raising false priority issue between JDH and CD. Falconer involved in a priority squabble.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 117–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4040

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 420, Lyell referred to Hooker’s assertion in J.  D. Hooker 1859 , p.  viii, that ‘species …
  • … and n.  17. Hooker’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniæ ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ) was …
  • … published in June, 1859’. Hooker’s Flora Tasmaniæ (J.  D.  Hooker 1860a) was published in …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, [24 March 1863] ). He was apparently misled by an erroneous statement on the first page of J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , …
  • Hooker, on the theory of “Creation by variation” as applied to the vegetable kingdom’, in which he discussed J.  D.  Hooker 1859 . Hooker was mistaken in his recollection (see n.  7, above, letter to J.  D.   …

To Charles Lyell   17 March [1863]

Summary

His better opinion [of work of Boucher de Perthes].

Explains his position on CL’s treatment of species.

Mentions positive response to his ideas on the part of a German professor [Ernst Haeckel], Alphonse de Candolle, and a botanical palaeontologist [Gaston de Saporta].

Notes negative reaction of entomologists.

Mentions Falconer’s objections [to Antiquity].

Mentions work of Hooker.

Comments on paper by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]

and CD’s review of Bates’s paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thinks Natural History Review is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.291)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4047

Matches: 2 hits

  • … n.  6). Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 March 1863] . J.  D.  Hooker 1859 . See letter to …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 [June 1859] . In the late 1830s, the …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 March 1863]

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Has been looking at separation of sexes in poplars.

Interested in reversion.

Does not understand all CD said on inheritance.

JDH now remembers that Origin was "published" some time before it was "distributed" and therefore appeared prior to his own essay [see also 2478].

Impossible to say whether some Dipterocarpaceae survived a cold period or have developed since.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 154, DAR 101: 123–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2027

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1863] and n.  3). Hooker ended his essay with a postscript, the last paragraph of which ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , …
  • Hooker, 17 March [1863] . See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [March 1863] . C.  Lyell 1863a, pp.  504–5. Hooker’s maternal grandparents were the banker and botanist Dawson Turner , and Mary Turner . In C.  Lyell 1863a, p.  417, Charles Lyell had claimed that J.  D.  Hooker 1859   …

From J. D. Hooker   24 January 1863

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JDH delivers CD’s letter to C. V. Naudin.

Neither Naudin nor Decaisne appreciates Origin.

Discusses Naudin on physiological causes of species formation;

Decaisne on plant heredity.

JDH on Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 99–100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3940

Matches: 1 hit

  • … nn.  6 and 7, and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 [December 1859] , and Correspondence vol.   …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1863]

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Lyell’s Antiquity of man lacks originality.

Statements in Lyell provoke CD to determine exact publication date of Origin and JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

CD now believes in repeated periods of global cooling and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4048

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1860] ). Origin was sold out at John Murray’s trade sale on 24 November 1859 ( …
  • Hooker published his Introduction to the Tasmanian Flora: in the first part of this admirable essay he admits the truth of the descent and modification of species; and supports this doctrine by many original and valuable observations. CD asked Hooker the date of publication of his essay ( J. D.  Hooker 1859 ) in the letter to J.  D.   …

From George Bentham   21 May 1863

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Returns CD’s pamphlets.

Wishes CD would work out further what keeps certain species immutable for great periods.

Feels himself a convert, but cannot go all lengths with CD.

Feels some reviewers distort CD’s argument.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 157
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4172

Matches: 2 hits

  • … refers to Hooker’s essay on the flora of Australia ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ; see n.  3, …
  • Hooker had drawn attention to the number of European genera and species found in Tasmania and the Australian Alps, Victoria, in his introductory essay to the flora of Tasmania ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , …

To Charles Victor Naudin   7 February 1863

Summary

Thanks for informative letter of 2 February. CD is glad to have CVN’s opinion on the crossing of varieties of melons,

has made use of his memoir on the Cucurbitaceae ["Cucurbitacées cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862", Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot.) 18 (1863): 159–208]

and anticipates with great interest his work on hybridisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Victor Naudin
Date:  7 Feb 1863
Classmark:  Progressus rei botanicæ 4 (1913): 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3972

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and this volume, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 January 1863 ). CD cited Naudin’s study of varieties of melon (Naudin 1859) …

To Charles Lyell   6 March [1863]

Summary

Comments at length on CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)]. CD is "greatly disappointed that you have not given judgment and spoken fairly out what you think about the derivation of species".

Lists large number of queries concerning minor points.

Praises especially the chapters on language and glaciers.

Comments on the temperature of Africa during the glacial period, especially with regard to the views of Hooker.

Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4028

Matches: 3 hits

  • … links. Hooker’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniæ ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ), in which he …
  • Hooker , who was one of the first publicly to endorse natural selection (see J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ), …
  • Hooker’s essay as having been published ‘a few months before the appearance of the “Origin of Species’”. In the second edition of Antiquity of man the publication date of Hooker’s essay was given as December 1859 (C.  Lyell 1863b, p.  417). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [ …

From J. D. Hooker   [1 March 1863]

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John Lubbock’s lecture on man a success [Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 4 (1863): 29–40].

JDH on the effect of the Civil War on Asa Gray.

JDH’s opinion of Lyell on glaciers is improving.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 111–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4019

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker’s endorsement of natural selection in his Introductory essay to the flora of Tasmania ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ), …

To W. D. Fox   23 March [1863]

Summary

Thanks WDF for authentic details of number and colour of lambs [Variation 2: 30].

Complains of his eczema.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  23 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.292)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4057

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859 (see Correspondence vol.  7). CD often found an attack of eczema to have an energising effect upon him (see, for example, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From J. D. Hooker   23 October 1863

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With scientific party to Amiens to look at gravel-pits, the geology of which JDH describes at length.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 167–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4321

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker 1854, 1: 242, and end of volume). The reference is to the Swedish geologist and zoologist Otto Martin Torell and to Torell 1859 . …

To George Bentham   19 June [1863]

Summary

GB’s address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1863): xi–xxix] pleased him as much as Lyell’s book [Antiquity of man] disappointed him on species question. GB has done a "real good turn to the right side".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  19 June [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 709–10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4217

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a bearing on CD’s theory, including J.  D. Hooker 1859  and 1860b (see Bentham 1863 , p.   …

To George Maw   28 February [1863]

Summary

Thanks GM for a curious lily.

Recommends some papers on coal.

Gives his opinion on the importance of forming theories if one is to be a good and original observer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  28 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4018

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker visited CD at Down House on 22 March 1863 (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 March 1863] ). CD refers to Maw’s theory of the deposition of coal (see letters from George Maw , 19 February 1863  and 25 February 1863 ). Lesquereux 1859– …

From J. D. Hooker   [13 May 1863]

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Lyell is "half-hearted but whole-headed" for CD’s theory. George Bentham wholly converted.

Bates’s book delightful but has a Darwinistic bias.

Cameroon plants.

JDH defends Bates against J. E. Gray’s slanders.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 137–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4165

Matches: 2 hits

  • Hooker refers to CD’s list of the supporters of his theory, those ‘who dare speak out’ (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 May 1863] ). John Edward Gray was the keeper of the zoological department at the British Museum . Bates had worked on his South American collections at the British Museum since returning to England in 1859 ( …
  • Hooker, [7 May 1863] and n.  3, and Appendix VIII. George and Ellen Busk (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VIII). Bates 1863 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [17 April 1863] and n.  15. Bates 1863  was a narrative of Henry Walter Bates’s travels in the Amazon between April 1848 and July 1859; …

From Ludolph Christian Treviranus   12 February 1863

Summary

Sends his paper ["Über Dichogamie nach C. C. Sprengel und Ch. Darwin", Bot. Ztg. (1863): 1–7, 9–16].

Author:  Ludolph Christian Treviranus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 178: 182
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3980

Matches: 1 hit

  • … John Murray. 1859. Treviranus, Ludolph Christian. 1861. [Review of J. D. Hooker’s Flora …

To J. D. Hooker   [29 March 1863]

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CD regrets he used "creation" in Origin when he meant "appeared".

An Oken-like article in "Owenian style" in Athenæum.

Tropical plants continue to be troublesome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4065

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859 (see Rupke 1994 , pp.  239–40 and 251–2). CD omitted this phrase from the third edition of Origin (see Peckham 1959 , p.  753). See letter to Athenæum , 18 April [1863]. See letter to Daniel Oliver, 28 March [1863] . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [ …

To J. D. Hooker   3 January [1863]

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Indignant over Owen’s conduct as described in Hugh Falconer’s article on elephants ["On the American fossil elephant of the regions bordering the Gulf of Mexico", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1863): 43–114].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3898

Matches: 1 hit

  • … slighting way’ Owen alluded to J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , in which Hooker announced his support …

To J. D. Hooker   [17 April 1863]

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Likes JDH’s review of Alphonse de Candolle [Mémoires et souvenirs de A. P. de Candolle (1862)].

Falconer’s article on Lyell ["Primitive man. What led to the question?", Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] too severe.

CD has written a letter to the Athenæum "to say, under the cloak of attacking Heterogeny, a word in my own defence" [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Bates’s Travels [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)] are excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Apr 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4103

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, [29 March 1863] . See n.  9, above, and Appendix VII. See letter from George Bentham , [ c. 14 April 1863], and letter to George Bentham, 15 April [1863] . CD had long been interested in George Bentham’s reaction to Origin (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [20 December 1859] …

To J. D. Hooker   15 and 22 May [1863]

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The Lyell–Falconer squabble.

Discusses island vs continental floras and their degree of modification.

Critical of Wallace.

CD’s observations on phyllotaxy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 and 22 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 115: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4167

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859. Bates’s narrative of his travels ( Bates 1863 ) was notable for its use of Darwinian theories of natural selection (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 March 1863]

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Lyell’s position on mutability.

Directions for care of hothouse plants.

Falconer hostile to Lyell’s book.

JDH’s Wedgwood ware collection.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 114–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4036

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1863] and n.  4. Frederick Smith’s paper on the geographical distribution of the aculeate Hymenoptera collected by Alfred Russel Wallace in the Malay Archipelago (F. Smith 1863) was read at a meeting of the Linnean Society on 5 March 1863. Since his return from South America in 1859, …
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