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To George Bentham   17 June [1861]

Summary

Asks for specimen of Orchis pyramidalis for his work on insect fertilisation of orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  17 June [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 697)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3186

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   23 [April 1861]

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Summary

Lieut. F. W. Hutton’s original review [Geologist 4 (1861): 132–6, 183–8] understands that mutability cannot be directly proved.

CD met Bentham at Linnean Society and asked him to write up his views on mutability.

Opinion of Owen.

Conversation with Lyell on antiquity of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 [Apr 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3098

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] ; …
  • Hooker 1859  on its own merits in his review ([R.  Owen] 1860b), see Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray , 25 April [1860] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To H. W. Bates   4 April [1861]

Summary

CD urges HWB to write on his travels;

asks for facts on domestic variations;

is pleased by HWB’s acceptance of the theory of sexual selection.

He still believes in migration from north to south during glacial age.

Hopes Bates will publish a paper on mimicry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  4 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3109

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 13 July [1856] and [16 October 1856] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 November 1856 ). Hooker also read the ‘abstract’ of this chapter that CD prepared for Origin (see ibid . , vol.  7, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 March [1859] …

To Armand de Quatrefages   25 April [1861]

Summary

Comments on QdeB’s Unité de l’espèce humaine [1861].

Discusses acceptance of his theory among scientists, especially geologists.

C. V. Naudin did not show how selection applied in nature, but Patrick Matthew clearly anticipated CD’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  25 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 285
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3127

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  7, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 [December 1859] and 23 [December 1859] , and to …
  • 1859]. CD was pleased by the number of supporters he counted among geologists, including Charles Lyell , Andrew Crombie Ramsay , Joseph Beete Jukes , and Henry Darwin Rogers . See Correspondence vol.  8, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1861]

Summary

The flint tools found at Bedford.

Further discussion of Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy by a glacial lake. Comments on formation of Glen Spean terraces. Mentions glaciers in North Wales.

Agreement with John Murray to publish [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.266)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3272

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and to Asa Gray , 11  …

To Thomas Henry Huxley   3 January [1861]

Summary

Congratulates THH on first number of Natural History Review.

THH’s article on brain ["On the zoological relations of man with the lower animals", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1861): 67–84] completely smashes Owen.

Owen’s Leeds address [Rep. BAAS (1858): xlix–cx].

In his historical sketch of opinion on species CD has picked out some sentences [by Owen] with which he will take some revenge. CD is not bold enough to come to an open quarrel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 155, 372–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3041

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 5 July [1857]). CD refers to Owen’s Rede lecture delivered at Cambridge University in May 1859. …

From H. C. Watson to George Gordon   27 June 1861

Summary

Regrets he cannot assist the fulfilment of CD’s request for a specimen of the orchid Corallorhiza.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  George Gordon
Date:  27 June 1861
Classmark:  Elgin Museum (Gordon Archive 61.9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3197F

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859] ). Watson corresponded with CD on various aspects of CD’s transmutation theory, and promoted the idea of a principle of convergence, which, he argued, was necessary to limit the large number of specific types which would proliferate under CD’s principle of divergence (see, for example, this volume, Supplement, letter from H.  C. Watson to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Asa Gray   17 February [1861]

Summary

Distribution of AG’s pamphlet.

Insectivorous plants.

Informs AG of his [CD’s] notice on Pumilio in Gardeners’ Chronicle [5 Jan 1861; Collected papers 2: 36–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  17 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3064

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859 until February 1860, when Camilla Ludwig assumed the position. See letter to Gardeners’ Chronicle , [before 5 January 1861]. John Lindley was editor of the Gardeners’ Chronicle . See Correspondence vol.  8, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From H. C. Watson to J. D. Hooker   4 January 1861

Summary

Comments on the travels of JDH.

Genera plantarum a most worthy undertaking.

Criticisms of the Darwin–Hooker understanding of HCW’s views of convergence.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Jan 1861
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 105: 205)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3041A

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, [16 April 1846] ). Hooker used centrifugal variation to designate variation that accompanied extensive geographical distribution, as in Senecio ( Hooker 1844–7 , p.  315), while Watson used it to signify the mechanism of divergence. CD disapproved of Hooker’s use of the word centrifugal ( Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Charles Lyell, 31 [October 1859] …