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To S. P. Woodward   6 March [1860]

Summary

Will be glad to have SPW’s criticisms of Origin.

Discusses his use of terms, "typical" and "specialisation".

Emphasises large body of facts explained by his theory of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  6 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2724

Matches: 1 hit

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   5 January 1860

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Summary

Opinions on the Origin: AG thinks it masterly; Agassiz considers it very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2638

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker was J.  D.  Hooker’s mother. She was suffering from ‘inflammation in the cavity of the Tibia’ (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] …

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Huxley, 1 January [1860] . Hooker 1859 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1860] . …
  • … to Hooker in 1859. See Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] and …
  • Hooker 1859 . Gray had sent CD a copy of his description of the plants collected by Charles Wright in Japan ( Gray 1858–9 ) (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] ). Several months earlier CD had read proof-sheets of the concluding section of the paper, sent to him by Joseph Dalton Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). …

To Henry Walter Bates   22 November [1860]

Summary

Thanks for interesting letter which confirms belief that a good observer is a good theorist.

He is glad to hear that HWB, with his wide knowledge of natural history, has anticipated CD in many respects and agrees with the Origin.

Has been thoroughly attacked, especially by entomologists – J. O. Westwood, T. V. Wollaston, and Andrew Murray.

Glad HWB is writing on "equatorial refrigeration"; CD expresses his belief in north to south migration during glacial period.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  22 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2993

Matches: 1 hit

To Williams and Norgate   16 January [1860]

Summary

Orders J. E. Tennent’s work on Ceylon [Sir James Emerson, afterwards Tennent, Ceylon, an account of the island, physical, historical, and topographical (1859)], and Richard Owen’s Classification and distribution of Mammalia [1859].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  16 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2653

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 7, letters to John Murray , 15 October [1859] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, [23 October 1859]). …

To J. D. Hooker   3 January [1860]

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Summary

High praise and detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae, which CD has now finished reading.

Disagrees on power of transoceanic migration. Advocates glacial transport of plants.

CD’s response to reviews of Origin in Saturday Review [8 (1859): 775–6] and John Lindley’s in Gardeners’ Chronicle [but see 2651].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2635

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [20 December 1859] . …
  • 1859, pp.  1051–2, had been written by the editor, John Lindley . It was printed in the opening columns of the Gardeners’ Chronicle that were normally reserved for the editor’s comments. In fact, Hooker was the author (see letter to J.  D.   …

To J. D. Hooker   30 April [1860]

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Summary

JDH has settled the Leschenaultia case, but it remains a difficulty to CD.

Goodenia, like bee orchid, seems a case of a structure with an evident function, which is not carried out. Is curvature of styles an incidental result of growth or a pollination adaptation?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2776

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, [28 April 1860] and n.  2. Samuel Haughton , professor of geology at Dublin University, had publicly criticised CD’s theory (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 May [1859] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   14 February [1860]

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Summary

Huxley’s Royal Institution lecture on Origin [10 Feb 1860, Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200] an "entire failure" as an exposition of CD’s doctrine.

R. I. Murchison very civil.

CD counts Lyell among the converted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2696

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1860] ) and his conditions for publication meant that Hooker had to pay for any presentation copies (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [8–11 April 1859] , …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1860] . CD refers to the copies of Hooker’s introductory essay of the Flora Tasmaniæ ( Hooker 1859 ), …

To J. D. Hooker   18 [April 1860]

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Summary

What a base dog Owen is for praising his own work in reviewing Origin [anonymously].

J. H. Balfour is narrow-minded.

CD cannot understand pollination of Goodenia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Apr 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2763

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [26 May 1859] and n.  3. The January …
  • Hooker the draft of a letter to the Gardeners’ Chronicle to see whether he thought he should send it to the journal for publication. See letters to Gardeners’ Chronicle , [13 April 1860], and to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 [April 1860]. The letter from Richard Owen to Hooker is also mentioned in CD’s letter to Asa Gray, 25 April [1860] . Owen reviewed Origin , Hooker 1859 , …

From Asa Gray   [10 January 1860]

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Summary

Agassiz denounces Origin as "atheistical";

AG is currently reviewing it [in Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 29 (1860): 153–84].

Jeffries Wyman praises it, though not a convert.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 26a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2631

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  7, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] , and letter to Asa Gray, 21  …
  • … Christmas 1859 (see Dupree 1959 , p.  267–8, and letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   12 [June 1860]

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Summary

Progress of [Thomas?] Thomson and G. H. K. Thwaites on accepting mutability.

Bee orchid pollination.

JDH has written to CD on homologies of stigma in Goodeniaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 [June 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2830

Matches: 1 hit

  • … but see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 [May 1860] . Hooker 1859 . George Henry Kendrick …

To A. R. Wallace   18 May 1860

Summary

Pleasure in ARW’s approbation of the Origin. Other supporters among scientists. ARW’s generosity.

Attacks by Owen, Sedgwick, and others.

Anticipation of natural selection by Matthew in 1830.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  18 May 1860
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 21–23v)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2807

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1863 ( C.  Lyell 1863 ). Hooker 1859 . See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1860] , and …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, 10 May 1860 . Phillips 1860 . [Jardine] 1860 . [Wollaston] 1860 . Murray 1860a . Haughton 1860a. Dawson 1860b . For a list of reviews of Origin that were published in 1859  …

To Charles Lyell   4 [January 1860]

Summary

Praises CL’s work on human species.

A critical review of Origin in Saturday Review [24 Dec 1859].

A letter from J. G. Jeffreys criticises CD’s geological statements.

A note from William Whewell concerning Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.190)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 24 December 1859, pp.  775–6. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 January [1860] . The …
  • 1859. CD lent Lyell his copy. CD believed that John Lindley had written the review, but he later learned from Lyell that Joseph Dalton Hooker was the author (see letters to Charles Lyell , 10 January [1860] , and to J.  D.   …

To J. S. Henslow   8 May [1860]

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Summary

Comments on Richard Owen’s review of the Origin [in Edinburgh Rev. 111 (1860): 487–532]. Considers Owen unfair to CD and most ungenerous toward Hooker.

Expects Sedgwick to be fierce against him. Sedgwick also misrepresented CD in his Spectator review [24 Mar and 7 Apr 1860].

Compares natural selection to the undulatory theory of light as a hypothesis explaining a large number of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  8 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2791

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 . [Sedgwick] 1860 . See Correspondence vol.  7, letter from Adam Sedgwick, 24 November 1859 . …

To J. D. Hooker   7 August [1860]

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Summary

Owen wants to be civil, and sneer behind CD’s back.

Those, like Rudolph Wagner, who want to go halfway on theory, are "booked to go further".

Anatomy of orchids.

Huxley says K. E. von Baer goes "a great way with me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2892

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker in November 1859 (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] ). …

To John Murray   9 April [1860]

Summary

Asks that a copy of Origin [1860] be sent to R. A. von Kölliker.

A venomous review "manifestly by Owen" has appeared in Edinburgh Review.

Sedgwick has been fierce in Spectator, but fair and open.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.90–91)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2752

Matches: 1 hit

  • … See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [27 October or 3 November 1859] . …

To Asa Gray   10 September [1860]

Summary

Has received second part of AG’s Atlantic Monthly article ["Darwin on the origin of species", 6 (1860): 109–16, 229–39], and would like to have it reprinted in England with the first part.

Regrets no reviewer has touched upon embryology, which he feels provides one of his strongest arguments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2910

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and, in this volume, letter to …

To J. S. Henslow   10 November [1860]

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Summary

The stone hatchets are a great muddle. Would like a copy of Jacques Boucher [de Crèvecoeur] de Perthes’s book [Antiquités Celtiques et antédiluviennes (1847–64)].

Is studying action of carbonate of ammonia on Drosera. Asks if this has been done.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  10 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A83–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2981

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker , and indicated that he had already looked at one of his volumes. See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 [June 1859] . …

To Charles Lyell   10 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on corrections [in Origin, 2d ed. (1860)], especially on use of Wallace’s name.

Discusses human evolution with respect to CL’s work. Cites expression as a source of evidence.

Andrew Murray’s criticisms of the Origin involving blind insects in caves [Edinburgh New Philos. J. n.s. 11 (1860): 141–51].

Humorously describes human ancestors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2647

Matches: 2 hits

  • Hooker . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [January 1860] . Andrew Murray’s presidential address of 10 November 1859  …
  • 1859, pp.  775–6. CD had accepted this criticism as justified (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   8 February [1860]

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Summary

Urges JDH to work his essays into a book.

CD’s historical sketch ends with JDH’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2689

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.   7, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [8–10 April 1859] ). The publisher of the work, …
Document type
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Date
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