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To J. D. Hooker   7 April [1859]

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Summary

Has read first sheets of JDH’s Flora Tasmaniae [introductory] essay [published separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. Criticises lack of evidence supporting views that best marked varieties occur at edges of range of species and that species remain under cultivation for many generations and suddenly begin to vary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2450

Matches: 3 hits

To J. D. Hooker   [22 November 1859]

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Summary

CD hopes Woodward was not the Athenæum reviewer. "The manner in which he drags in immortality, & sets the Priests at me … is base".

JDH has made CD feel he can "face a score of savage reviewers".

H. C. Watson has written to him in tremendous praise of the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2542

Matches: 4 hits

To J. D. Hooker   6 May [1859]

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Summary

JDH’s comments on style of Origin MS leave CD confused.

CD advises on how to get Acacia to set seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2458

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   6 May [1859] …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 July [1859] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 July [1859] . …
  • Hooker’s views on reversion were given in Hooker 1859 , pp. viii–ix. CD’s copy of Hooker 1859  is in the Darwin Library–CUL; these pages were annotated by CD, and three passages are marked ‘good’. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   21 [December 1859]

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Summary

Delighted JDH coming to Down. They will discuss Origin. JDH’s remarks that theory explains too much are excellent, yet CD cannot see his error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2591

Matches: 3 hits

From H. C. Watson   30 November [1859]

Summary

Sends a correction for Origin reprint.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2562

Matches: 1 hit

From J. D. Hooker   [9 March 1859]

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Summary

Outlines the basic categories of phanerogams.

Places Gymnospermae in the dicotyledons.

Evaluates the variable utility of embryological characters in plant classification.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 Mar 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 152–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2428

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [9 March 1859] …
  • Hooker’s ‘note on embryology’. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] . …
  • Hooker was one of the few botanists who believed that the Coniferae were highly developed plants in taxonomic terms. See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 22 November 1856 . Hooker 1859 . …

To J. D. Hooker   26 [December 1859]

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Summary

High, detailed praise for introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae [reprinted as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. CD expects it to convert botanists from doctrine of immutable creation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 33, 30a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2606

Matches: 3 hits

To John Murray   18 May [1859]

Summary

His health has suddenly failed. He is leaving home for one week’s rest.

Has informed William Clowes that he will begin correcting on the 27th.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 May [1859]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2463A

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1859]

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Summary

JDH finds style of CD’s MS obscure.

CD wary of JDH’s starting point on variability: it is not inherent, it does not lead necessarily to divergence, and it must be distinguished from inheritance.

Asa Gray has misread CD’s views on pre-glacial migrations and botched the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2461

Matches: 2 hits

To A. R. Wallace   25 January [1859]

Summary

Expresses pleasure and relief at ARW’s response to joint publication of their pieces about natural selection.

Plans for the "abstract" [Origin].

Birds’ nests as evidence of variation of instincts.

Their collection of bees’ combs.

Praises ARW’s article.

Lyell’s and Hooker’s views [of species issue].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  25 Jan [1859]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2405

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October 1858 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 January [1859] . CD was …
  • … relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 January [1859] , and to the letter from …
  • … 8 March [1859] , and to J.  D. Hooker, 15 March [1859]). CD refers to Wallace’s view …
  • J.  D. Hooker and Charles Lyell to the Linnean Society, 30 June 1858 , n.  4. CD intended to publish an expanded version of his theory, with full notes and sources, after his ‘abstract’ was issued in 1859. …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [December 1859]

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Summary

Queries possible misprint in JDH’s introduction to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2613

Matches: 2 hits

To Asa Gray   24 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s Japan memoir [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6 (1857–9): 377–452]. Does not think AG’s arguments for a warm post-glacial period are sufficient, but will not be sorry to be proved wrong.

Believes natural selection explains many classes of facts which repeated creation does not.

Writes of some responses to the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2599

Matches: 3 hits

  • Hooker ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker,[20 December 1859] ), …
  • … See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 [December 1859] . In his letter to Asa Gray, 11  …
  • … in January 1859 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] ). A.  Gray 1859 , pp.  447–8. …

To J. D. Hooker   11 April [1859]

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Summary

Murray has read first three chapters of Origin and abides by his offer to publish.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2452

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 April [1859] …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] ). CD requested their return in the letter to J.  D. Hooker,2 April [1859] . …

To T. H. Huxley   25 November [1859]

Summary

Rejoices over THH’s lecture ["On species and races, and their origin", 10 Feb 1860, Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200] to be given at Royal Institution. Offers pigeon illustrations.

Adam Sedgwick has sent a "slashing" letter [2548] about Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  25 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2554

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   [27 October or 3 November 1859]

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Summary

More detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae]. Remarks on struggle of vegetation are admirable.

JDH will receive Origin in about ten days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 Oct or 3 Nov] 1859
Classmark:  DAR 115: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2512

Matches: 4 hits

To J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1859]

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Summary

Curious about author of review of Origin in Athenæum.

W. B. Carpenter has written and sounds converted, as has Quatrefages [de Bréau], who will "go a long way with" CD.

Has been ill and thus had time to brood about reception of book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2537

Matches: 2 hits

To Caroline Sarah Wedgwood   [after 21 November 1859]

Summary

Astounded she cares for his book [Origin] as much as she seems to.

Comments on variation among domestic dogs; believes domestic dog has descended from several wild species and those species from a single ancient ancestor.

Athenæum review is unfair.

Expects to convert four or five "really good judges".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Date:  [after 21 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2538

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pp.  659–60. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, [20 November 1859] and n.   2. Josiah (Jos) …

To J. D. Hooker   5 [March 1859]

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Summary

Will read JDH’s printers’ slips on variation.

CD has been so ill, he wonders whether he will get his book done, though so nearly completed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 [Mar 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2424

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 [March 1859] …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] . CD refers to the proof-sheets of Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   25 [December 1859]

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CD will not write to L. Descaisne to defend his priority over C. V. Naudin.

Feels success of theory depends on acceptance and application by good and well-known workers, like JDH, Huxley, and Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2602

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   25 [December 1859] …
  • … copy of Hooker 1859  on 22 December (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 [December 1859] ). He …
  • Hooker had, earlier in the year, read the manuscript copy of CD’s two chapters on geographical distribution ( Origin , pp.  346–410) (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] ). …
  • Hooker had often lent CD works from the Hookers’ private library and from Kew when he was preparing his species manuscript. See Correspondence vol.  6. Joseph Decaisne had pointed out to Hooker the similarity between CD’s theory and work published by Charles Victor Naudin ( Naudin 1852 ). See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 21 [December 1859] …

To J. D. Hooker   1 September [1859]

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All but last two chapters of Origin proofs corrected.

Praise for JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

Very ill and sick of work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2485

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 September [1859] …
  • … of the concluding section of the paper (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). …
Document type
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