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To Asa Gray   24 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s Japan memoir [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6 (1857–9): 377–452]. Does not think AG’s arguments for a warm post-glacial period are sufficient, but will not be sorry to be proved wrong.

Believes natural selection explains many classes of facts which repeated creation does not.

Writes of some responses to the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2599

Matches: 3 hits

  • Hooker ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker,[20 December 1859] ), …
  • … See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 [December 1859] . In his letter to Asa Gray, 11  …
  • … in January 1859 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] ). A.  Gray 1859 , pp.  447–8. …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   5 January 1860

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Summary

Opinions on the Origin: AG thinks it masterly; Agassiz considers it very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2638

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker was J.  D.  Hooker’s mother. She was suffering from ‘inflammation in the cavity of the Tibia’ (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [12 December 1859] …

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Huxley, 1 January [1860] . Hooker 1859. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1860] . …
  • … to Hooker in 1859. See Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] and …
  • Hooker 1859. Gray had sent CD a copy of his description of the plants collected by Charles Wright in Japan ( Gray 1858–9 ) (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] ). Several months earlier CD had read proof-sheets of the concluding section of the paper, sent to him by Joseph Dalton Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). …

To Asa Gray   11 November [1859]

Summary

Sends copy of Origin for comments.

Does not feel AG’s views of migration after the last glaciation explain distribution in U. S. as well as CD’s view of migration prior to glaciation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2520

Matches: 1 hit

  • … by Joseph Dalton Hooker in May (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). CD refers to …

From Asa Gray   [10 January 1860]

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Summary

Agassiz denounces Origin as "atheistical";

AG is currently reviewing it [in Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 29 (1860): 153–84].

Jeffries Wyman praises it, though not a convert.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 26a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2631

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  7, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] , and letter to Asa Gray, 21  …
  • … Christmas 1859 (see Dupree 1959 , p.  267–8, and letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Asa Gray   10 September [1860]

Summary

Has received second part of AG’s Atlantic Monthly article ["Darwin on the origin of species", 6 (1860): 109–16, 229–39], and would like to have it reprinted in England with the first part.

Regrets no reviewer has touched upon embryology, which he feels provides one of his strongest arguments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2910

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and, in this volume, letter to …

To Asa Gray   21 December [1859]

Summary

Would welcome American edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2592

Matches: 1 hit

  • … been found, but see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] . CD sent Gray a copy of …

To Asa Gray   24 February [1860]

Summary

Last sheets of AG’s review of Origin have arrived. CD’s comments and criticisms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2713

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, [23 February 1860] . CD refers to a paper on the flora of Japan ( Gray 1859 ), …

To Asa Gray   22 July [1860]

Summary

Greatly praises AG’s discussion of Origin in Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. [4 (1860): 411–15; 424–6].

Mentions other reviews of Origin; believes the BAAS meeting at Oxford greatly advanced the subject. Has heard his views are gaining ground in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 July [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2876

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, [17 July 1860] and 19 [July 1860] . [Gray] 1860a. William Hepworth Dixon was editor of the Athenæum from 1853 to 1869. The review of Origin in the Athenæum , 19 November 1859, …
  • 1859] ). An extract from the material CD sent to Dixon ( Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 4 (1860): 411–16) was published in the Athenæum , 4 August 1860, p.  161. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Asa Gray   26 September [1860]

Summary

Has read sheets of AG’s third Atlantic Monthly article [Oct 1860] and praises it and AG’s other reviews and articles highly.

Is surprised at the inability of others to grasp the meaning of natural selection.

Has been testing the sensitivity of Drosera, which he finds remarkable.

Asks if AG will be able to make some observations on orchids for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2930

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] and Gunther 1975, pp.  454–5. See …

From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862

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Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants and the occurrence of "precocious fertilisation" in the bud.

Gives some comments on design in nature in the light of the translator’s commentary in the French edition of the Origin.

Reports the recent events of the Civil War.

[Note on verso of envelope:] Utricularia vulgaris is "about as neatly contrived for cross-fertilisation by insects as almost any orchid".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2-3 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3637

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  7, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] ), and CD had been concerned at …

To Asa Gray   11 August [1858]

Summary

Species migration since the Pliocene. Effect of the glacial epoch. Present geographical distribution, especially similarities of mountain floras, explained by such migration; mountain summits as remnants of a once continuous flora and fauna.

Cross-fertilisation in Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (42 and 9a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2321

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in this letter, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] . See letter from Asa Gray, 21  …

From Asa Gray   16 February 1857

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Summary

Discusses the ranges of alpine species in U. S. and considers the possible migration routes of such species from Europe.

Lists those U. S. genera which he considers protean and describes the U. S. character of some genera which are protean in Europe.

Describes how he distinguishes introduced and aboriginal stocks of the same species.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1857
Classmark:  DAR 165: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2053

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859 , pp.  444–5). See letter to Asa Gray, 1 January [1857] . See letter to Asa Gray, 1 January [1857] and n.  6. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, …

To Asa Gray   8 March [1860]

Summary

Further additions and corrections for American Origin.

Views of Owen, G. H. K. Thwaites, and W. H. Harvey on CD’s theories.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2726

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [February 1860] . William Henry Harvey had also written a long letter to Gray on 9 February 1860  itemising his objections to CD’s theory (Gray Herbarium, Harvard University). The December 1859  …

To Asa Gray   8 June [1860]

Summary

Discusses recent reviews of Origin and has made a note on Owen’s [see 2737].

Has become interested in the floral structures of orchids.

Notes his recent observations on Primula; believes he has found male and female forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 June [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2825

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 5 June [1860] , and to Charles Lyell , 6 June [1860]. William Henry Harvey was a close friend of Gray’s and had corresponded with him about Origin ( Dupree 1959 , p.  278). [R.  Owen] 1860a, which reviewed Origin and Hooker 1859, …

To Asa Gray   17 February [1861]

Summary

Distribution of AG’s pamphlet.

Insectivorous plants.

Informs AG of his [CD’s] notice on Pumilio in Gardeners’ Chronicle [5 Jan 1861; Collected papers 2: 36–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  17 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3064

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859 until February 1860, when Camilla Ludwig assumed the position. See letter to Gardeners’ Chronicle , [before 5 January 1861]. John Lindley was editor of the Gardeners’ Chronicle . See Correspondence vol.  8, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Asa Gray   22 January [1862]

Summary

Dimorphism: "new cases are tumbling in almost daily".

U. S. politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3404

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1859] and n.  10). In his letter of 31 December 1861 ( Correspondence vol.  9), Gray enclosed a photograph of Dana and informed CD of his improved condition. The references are to Francis Boott and Joseph Dalton Hooker , and to the letter from J.  D.   …

To Asa Gray   28 January [1860]

Summary

If an American edition of Origin is considered worth while, CD would like AG’s reviews prefixed to it.

Will use all his strength to produce first part of his three-volume big work [Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2665

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 5 January 1860 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [22 January 1860] and n.  3. CD was in London from 24 to 27 January ( Emma Darwin’s diary). See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 4 April [1858] . The enclosure has not been found. CD had asked his publisher to send Gray the unbound sheets of the second English edition of Origin late in 1859 ( …
Document type
letter (18)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1857 (1)
1858 (1)
1859 (3)
1860 (10)
1861 (1)
1862 (2)