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To J. D. Hooker   7 April [1859]

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Summary

Has read first sheets of JDH’s Flora Tasmaniae [introductory] essay [published separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. Criticises lack of evidence supporting views that best marked varieties occur at edges of range of species and that species remain under cultivation for many generations and suddenly begin to vary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2450

Matches: 3 hits

To J. D. Hooker   [22 November 1859]

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Summary

CD hopes Woodward was not the Athenæum reviewer. "The manner in which he drags in immortality, & sets the Priests at me … is base".

JDH has made CD feel he can "face a score of savage reviewers".

H. C. Watson has written to him in tremendous praise of the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2542

Matches: 4 hits

To J. D. Hooker   6 May [1859]

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Summary

JDH’s comments on style of Origin MS leave CD confused.

CD advises on how to get Acacia to set seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2458

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   6 May [1859] …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 July [1859] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 July [1859] . …
  • Hooker’s views on reversion were given in Hooker 1859, pp. viii–ix. CD’s copy of Hooker 1859 is in the Darwin Library–CUL; these pages were annotated by CD, and three passages are marked ‘good’. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   21 [December 1859]

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Summary

Delighted JDH coming to Down. They will discuss Origin. JDH’s remarks that theory explains too much are excellent, yet CD cannot see his error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2591

Matches: 3 hits

To J. D. Hooker   26 [December 1859]

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Summary

High, detailed praise for introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae [reprinted as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. CD expects it to convert botanists from doctrine of immutable creation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 33, 30a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2606

Matches: 3 hits

To John Murray   18 May [1859]

Summary

His health has suddenly failed. He is leaving home for one week’s rest.

Has informed William Clowes that he will begin correcting on the 27th.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 May [1859]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2463A

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1859]

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Summary

JDH finds style of CD’s MS obscure.

CD wary of JDH’s starting point on variability: it is not inherent, it does not lead necessarily to divergence, and it must be distinguished from inheritance.

Asa Gray has misread CD’s views on pre-glacial migrations and botched the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2461

Matches: 2 hits

To A. R. Wallace   25 January [1859]

Summary

Expresses pleasure and relief at ARW’s response to joint publication of their pieces about natural selection.

Plans for the "abstract" [Origin].

Birds’ nests as evidence of variation of instincts.

Their collection of bees’ combs.

Praises ARW’s article.

Lyell’s and Hooker’s views [of species issue].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  25 Jan [1859]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2405

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October 1858 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 January [1859] . CD was …
  • … relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 January [1859] , and to the letter from …
  • … 8 March [1859] , and to J.  D. Hooker, 15 March [1859]). CD refers to Wallace’s view …
  • J.  D. Hooker and Charles Lyell to the Linnean Society, 30 June 1858 , n.  4. CD intended to publish an expanded version of his theory, with full notes and sources, after his ‘abstract’ was issued in 1859. …

To S. P. Woodward   6 March [1860]

Summary

Will be glad to have SPW’s criticisms of Origin.

Discusses his use of terms, "typical" and "specialisation".

Emphasises large body of facts explained by his theory of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  6 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2724

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   29 [December 1859]

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Summary

Queries possible misprint in JDH’s introduction to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2613

Matches: 2 hits

To Asa Gray   24 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s Japan memoir [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6 (1857–9): 377–452]. Does not think AG’s arguments for a warm post-glacial period are sufficient, but will not be sorry to be proved wrong.

Believes natural selection explains many classes of facts which repeated creation does not.

Writes of some responses to the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2599

Matches: 3 hits

  • Hooker ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker,[20 December 1859] ), …
  • … See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 [December 1859] . In his letter to Asa Gray, 11  …
  • … in January 1859 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] ). A.  Gray 1859 , pp.  447–8. …

To J. D. Hooker   11 April [1859]

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Summary

Murray has read first three chapters of Origin and abides by his offer to publish.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2452

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 April [1859] …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] ). CD requested their return in the letter to J.  D. Hooker,2 April [1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1866]

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Summary

Has finished Variation. May insert a chapter on man.

Still puzzled by seeds of Adenanthera.

New Zealand and Borneo flora problems continued.

Fritz Müller found six genera of dimorphic plants in one day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 309, 309b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5321

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Freeman 1978 ). Hooker’s essay on the Australian flora ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ) was written …
  • J.  D.  Hooker 1860b), but was published separately. CD’s annotated copy of J.  D.  Hooker 1859   …

To T. H. Huxley   25 November [1859]

Summary

Rejoices over THH’s lecture ["On species and races, and their origin", 10 Feb 1860, Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200] to be given at Royal Institution. Offers pigeon illustrations.

Adam Sedgwick has sent a "slashing" letter [2548] about Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  25 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2554

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   17 March [1863]

Summary

His better opinion [of work of Boucher de Perthes].

Explains his position on CL’s treatment of species.

Mentions positive response to his ideas on the part of a German professor [Ernst Haeckel], Alphonse de Candolle, and a botanical palaeontologist [Gaston de Saporta].

Notes negative reaction of entomologists.

Mentions Falconer’s objections [to Antiquity].

Mentions work of Hooker.

Comments on paper by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]

and CD’s review of Bates’s paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thinks Natural History Review is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.291)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4047

Matches: 2 hits

  • … n.  6). Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 March 1863] . J.  D.  Hooker 1859 . See letter to …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 [June 1859] . In the late 1830s, the …

To J. D. Hooker   [27 October or 3 November 1859]

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Summary

More detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae]. Remarks on struggle of vegetation are admirable.

JDH will receive Origin in about ten days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 Oct or 3 Nov] 1859
Classmark:  DAR 115: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2512

Matches: 4 hits

To George Bentham   17 June [1861]

Summary

Asks for specimen of Orchis pyramidalis for his work on insect fertilisation of orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  17 June [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 697)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3186

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1859]

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Summary

Curious about author of review of Origin in Athenæum.

W. B. Carpenter has written and sounds converted, as has Quatrefages [de Bréau], who will "go a long way with" CD.

Has been ill and thus had time to brood about reception of book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2537

Matches: 2 hits

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Huxley, 1 January [1860] . Hooker 1859. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1860] . …
  • … to Hooker in 1859. See Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] and …
  • Hooker 1859. Gray had sent CD a copy of his description of the plants collected by Charles Wright in Japan ( Gray 1858–9 ) (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] ). Several months earlier CD had read proof-sheets of the concluding section of the paper, sent to him by Joseph Dalton Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   23 [April 1861]

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Summary

Lieut. F. W. Hutton’s original review [Geologist 4 (1861): 132–6, 183–8] understands that mutability cannot be directly proved.

CD met Bentham at Linnean Society and asked him to write up his views on mutability.

Opinion of Owen.

Conversation with Lyell on antiquity of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 [Apr 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3098

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] ; …
  • Hooker 1859 on its own merits in his review ([R.  Owen] 1860b), see Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray , 25 April [1860] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, …
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