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To Charles Lyell   3 May [1856]

Summary

Discusses possibility of publishing a sketch of his views.

Comments on CL’s letter [1862].

Mentions various geological topics.

Asks to borrow publication by Heer.

Mentions flight of Colymbetes over ocean.

Recalls visit by Wollaston.

Notes views of Hooker and Huxley on species.

Mentions ability of ducks to transport plant seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 May [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1866

Matches: 1 hit

  • … theory with J.  D. Hooker (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 9 May [1856] and 11 May [1856] ) …

To Charles Lyell   6 March [1863]

Summary

Comments at length on CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)]. CD is "greatly disappointed that you have not given judgment and spoken fairly out what you think about the derivation of species".

Lists large number of queries concerning minor points.

Praises especially the chapters on language and glaciers.

Comments on the temperature of Africa during the glacial period, especially with regard to the views of Hooker.

Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4028

Matches: 3 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] ). …
  • … See also letter from J.  D. Hooker, [1 March 1863] and n.   11. Lyell marked this sentence …
  • 11 March 1863  and n.  7. CD refers to Owen 1862c , in which, Lyell had told him, Owen claimed the ‘whole credit of making out the derivation or origin of species’ (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, …

To Charles Lyell   15 February [1866]

Summary

Thanks CL for Hooker’s letter.

Discussion of Hooker’s views on glacial action and temperature with specific reference to S. America.

His squabbles with Hooker on transport of seeds via water currents,

temperate plants, and preservation of tropical plants during cooler period.

Expresses interest in seeing Agassiz’s letter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  15 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.313)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5007

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 7 April [1855] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 May 1863] and n.  11, …
  • Hooker on changes in global temperature, see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [20–]22 February [1864] and nn.  10 and 11. …

To Charles Lyell   17 March [1863]

Summary

His better opinion [of work of Boucher de Perthes].

Explains his position on CL’s treatment of species.

Mentions positive response to his ideas on the part of a German professor [Ernst Haeckel], Alphonse de Candolle, and a botanical palaeontologist [Gaston de Saporta].

Notes negative reaction of entomologists.

Mentions Falconer’s objections [to Antiquity].

Mentions work of Hooker.

Comments on paper by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]

and CD’s review of Bates’s paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thinks Natural History Review is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.291)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4047

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 12–13 March [1863] and n.  11. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 February 1863] . C.   …

To Charles Lyell   12–13 March [1863]

Summary

[On Antiquity of man] CD is "convinced that at times … you have … given up immutability". "A clear expression from you, if you could have given it, would have been potent with the public."

Objects to CL’s description of CD’s view "as a modification of Lamarck’s doctrine". Quotes Henrietta [Darwin]’s observations on this description.

Comments on CL’s controversy with Owen concerning the human brain.

The controversy between Falconer and CL.

The "wretched" review of CL [Antiquity of man, Athenæum 14 Feb 1863, pp. 219–21] and Huxley [Man’s place in nature].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12–13 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.290)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4038

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also Correspondence vol.  3, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [11 January 1844] . Henrietta Emma …
  • Hooker to Lyell (see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 March 1863] and n.  6). Lyell did not refer to the passage in his letter to CD of 11  …
  • 11 March 1863  and n.  13. CD refers to the controversy following the publication of a letter by Richard Owen in the Athenæum , 21 February 1863, pp.  262–3. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [ …

To Charles Lyell   8 March [1866]

Summary

Gives details of enclosed MS on cool period. Mentions Hooker’s opposed "axis of the earth" view. Causes of glacial period are beyond CD; "cannot believe change in land and water being more than a subsidiary agent".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 Mar [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5028

Matches: 3 hits

  • 11 of CD’s ‘big book’ on species are in the Darwin Archive–CUL (DAR 100: 109–10). CD also refers to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …
  • … vol.  13, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 and 28 [October 1865] and nn.  11 and 12. CD refers …
  • 11, and subsequent editions of his Principles of geology ). On CD’s earlier disagreement with Lyell’s view, see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1861]

Summary

The flint tools found at Bedford.

Further discussion of Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy by a glacial lake. Comments on formation of Glen Spean terraces. Mentions glaciers in North Wales.

Agreement with John Murray to publish [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.266)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3272

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and to Asa Gray , 11  …

To Charles Lyell   1 [June 1860]

Summary

Comments on review of Origin by Andrew Murray [Proc. R. Soc. Edinburgh 4 (1860): 274–91] and views of William Hopkins on Origin ["Physical theories and the phenomena of life" Fraser’s Mag. 61 (1860): 739–52; 62 (1860): 74–90]. The attacks will tell heavily.

Mentions Blyth’s failure to receive appointment as naturalist to China expedition of 1860.

Encloses letter from Asa Gray.

Discusses gestation period in domesticated dogs.

Comments on hybrid fertility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 [June 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.214)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2820

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a form of typhus fever ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1860] ). Murray 1860a . CD had …

To Charles Lyell   18 May [1860]

Summary

Comments on enclosed letters from Asa Gray and Wallace [missing].

Discusses hybrid fertility in rabbits and hares, and pheasants and fowls.

Asks about paper by Hermann Schaaffhausen ["Über Beständigkeit u. Umwandlung der Arten", Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuss. Rheinlande 10 (1853): 420–51].

Mentions criticism by Sedgwick and William Clark at Cambridge Philosophical Society.

Notes importance of CL and Hooker in defending Origin.

Comments on papers by D. A. Godron ["Considérations sur les migrations des végétaux", Acad. Stanislas Mem. Soc. Sci. Nancy (1853): 329–67].

Mentions receiving anonymous verses.

A Manchester newspaper lampoon shows CD has proved "might makes right" to be a universal law.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 May [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.212)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2806

Matches: 1 hit

  • … as a form of typhus ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1860] ). Godron 1859 . This book …

From C. J. F. Bunbury to Charles Lyell   20 February 1866

Summary

Discusses CD’s and J. D. Hooker’s letters to Lyell concerning Louis Agassiz’s theory of the glaciation of the Amazon basin in Brazil.

Author:  Charles James Fox Bunbury, 8th baronet
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Feb 1866
Classmark:  F. J. Bunbury ed. 1891–3, Later life 1: 144–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5011F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  2, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 December 1843 – 11 January 1844] ). CD had …

To Charles Lyell   10 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on corrections [in Origin, 2d ed. (1860)], especially on use of Wallace’s name.

Discusses human evolution with respect to CL’s work. Cites expression as a source of evidence.

Andrew Murray’s criticisms of the Origin involving blind insects in caves [Edinburgh New Philos. J. n.s. 11 (1860): 141–51].

Humorously describes human ancestors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2647

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [January 1860] . Andrew Murray’s presidential address of 10 November 1859 was reported in the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal n.s.  11 ( …

To Charles Lyell   18 April [1863]

Summary

Describes a letter he has written to the Athenæum in which he mentions CL’s views on species modification ["Doctrine of heterogeny", Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Comments on criticism of Lyell’s book [Antiquity] by Falconer and others.

Mentions his eczema.

Invites the Lyells to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.294)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4106

Matches: 2 hits

  • 11, Appendix VII). William Benjamin Carpenter responded in the Athenæum , 4 April 1863, p.  461. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ …
  • 11). CD was concerned that Lyell was unwilling to endorse transmutation more wholeheartedly in print. For CD’s disappointment regarding Lyell’s position in C.  Lyell 1863a , see, for example, the letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ …

To Charles Lyell   14 January [1860]

Summary

Review of Origin in Gardeners’ Chronicle [31 Dec 1859].

Criticises views of J. G. Jeffreys on non-migration of shells. Cites case of Galapagos shells.

Mentions Edward Forbes’s theory of submerged continental extensions. Cites Hooker’s [introductory] essay [in Flora Tasmaniae (1860)] for evidence against any recent connection between Australia and New Zealand.

Discusses Huxley’s views of hybrid sterility.

Questions whether Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire believed in species change. Mentions views of Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

The distribution of cave insects.

CD’s study of man.

The problems of locating French and German translators.

Huxley’s criticism of Owen’s views on human classification.

The sale of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.192)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2650

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1857] and to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 July [1857]). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 11 January [ …

To Charles Lyell   11 August [1860]

Summary

Comments on his fear that "so many heavy guns fired by great men" might influence the public and scientists.

Sends CL the Owen-inspired Wilberforce review [Q. Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions defence of Origin by Asa Gray at American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Agassiz and Theophilus Parsons have poor criticisms ["Prof. Agassiz on the origin of species", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 142–54].

Lists other negative reviews by Rudolph Wagner ["An essay on classification by Louis Agassiz", Göttingische Gelehrte Anz. (1860) pt 2: 761–800], Charles Daubeny ["Remarks on the final causes of the sexuality of plants, with particular reference to Mr Darwin’s work On the origin of species by natural selection", Rep. BAAS 30 (1860) pt 2: 109–10], and two anonymous ones (one favourable).

Huxley says K. E. von Baer "goes a long way with us".

Comments on "pipes" in chalk as evidence of geological processes still at work.

Is writing on origin of dog breeds [Variation 1: 15–43].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.223)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2895

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Society 1 (1860): 11–12, 32–3, 58–9. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 July [1860] . …

To Charles Lyell   [8 August 1846]

Summary

Comments on forthcoming edition [7th (1847)] of CL’s Principles. Mentions other books relevant to CL’s needs by Hooker, H. G. Bronn, Edward Forbes, and J. G. Kölreuter. Discusses his own books on volcanoes and the geology of S. America.

Mentions expected visit to Down by the Lyells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [8 Aug 1846]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-990

Matches: 1 hit

  • … chapters 1–11). CD’s copy is lightly annotated (Darwin Library–CUL). J.  D. Hooker 1844– …

To Charles Lyell   7 February [1866]

Summary

Discussion of Mrs Agassiz’s letter [to Mary Lyell, forwarded to CD] regarding S. American glacial action,

with comments on Bunbury’s letter on temperate plants.

Refers to opinions of Agassiz, David Forbes, Hooker, and CD on glacial period and glaciers.

Wishes he had published a long chapter on glacial period [Natural selection, pp. 535–66] written ten years ago.

Tells of death of his sister, Catherine, and other family matters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  7 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.312)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4999

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1856] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [March 1863] ). Lyell, …

To Charles Lyell   14 August [1863]

Summary

Congratulates CL on finding Arctic shells.

Comments on paper by E. B. Hunt ["On the origin, growth, substructure and chronology of the Florida reef", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 197–210].

Mentions J. D. Dana’s health.

George Bentham’s statement on species [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1863): xi–xxix].

Praises Bates’s book [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.296)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4267

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11, below. The letter from Lyell has not been found; however, see K.  M.  Lyell ed.  1881, 2: 379. In the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Charles Lyell   30 July [1860]

Summary

Comments on BAAS meeting: "our side seems to have got on very well". Asa Gray, too, is fighting nobly.

Comments on review [by Samuel Wilberforce] in the Quarterly [Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions a favourable review in the London Review.

Wonders if German translation [of the Origin] by Bronn has drawn attention to the subject.

The Natural History Review to be edited by Huxley and others.

Expects CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)] to be a bombshell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 July [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.222)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2881

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Society 1 (1860): 11–12, 32–3, 58–9. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 29 July [1860] . …

To Charles Lyell   18 July [1867]

Summary

Chapter 12 [of Variation] finished;

too late to include information on six-fingered men. Plans for book on man [Descent].

Mentions coral reefs of Tahiti.

Discusses volcanic islands; volcanoes of the Cordillera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 July [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.331)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5584

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] ). Lyell devoted three largely new chapters, 35 to 37, of Principles of geology to natural selection ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 261–328). For CD’s dismay regarding Lyell’s discussion of ‘species’ in Antiquity of man ( C.  Lyell 1863 ), see Correspondence vol.  11, …

To Charles Lyell   25 June [1856]

Summary

Criticises at length the concept of submerged continents attaching islands to the mainland in the recent period. Notes drastic alteration of geography required, the dissimilar species on opposite shores of continents, and differences between volcanic islands and mountains of mainland areas. Admits sea-bed subsidence, but not enough to engulf continents. Denies that theory can explain island flora and fauna.

Considers Edward Forbes’s idea a check on study of dissemination of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.132)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1910

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11. Although CD evidently intended to discuss this topic and mentioned it in the introductory paragraphs of the chapter on geographical distribution in Natural selection (p.  534), he did not do so until he included it in Origin , pp.  352–6. J.  D. Hooker
Document type
letter (21)
Addressee
Lyell, Charlesdisabled_by_default
Correspondent
Date
1846 (1)
1856 (2)
1860 (6)
1861 (1)
1863 (5)
1865 (1)
1866 (4)
1867 (1)
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