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To Asa Gray   [after 11 October 1861]

Summary

Thanks AG for notes on hollies.

Replies to an argument for design. Feels it monstrous to consider orchids created as they are now seen, since every part reveals modification on modification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [after 11 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3283

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   [after 11 October 1861] …
  • … of Harvard University (51a) Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 11 Oct 1861] Asa Gray
  • … included in the part of the letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , that is now missing. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 17 September [1861] . See also letter to Charles Lyell, 21  …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 . …
  • … See also letter from Asa Gray, [27 and 29 August] and …
  • … 2 September 1861 , and letter to Asa Gray, 17 September [1861] . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, 17 September [1861] . CD made use of this and many of the other …

To Asa Gray   17 September [1861]

Summary

U. S. politics and relations with England.

Wants examples of dimorphism similar to Primula.

Structure and function of Spiranthes flower.

Observations and experiments on Drosera.

CD’s views on design.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  17 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (72)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3256

Matches: 15 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   17 September [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (72) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Sept [1861] Asa Gray
  • … 1861] . A note in DAR 47: 75  reads: ‘Asa Gray Manual p.  263 Ilex.  it seems that the …
  • … s query about American species of holly, see the letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 . …
  • … by the reference to the letter from Asa Gray, [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [1861] , …
  • … to his letter ‘written last night’ (see letter to Asa Gray, 16 September [1861] ). CD sent …
  • … this letter in the same envelope as the letter to Asa Gray, 16 September [1861] . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [1861] . Throughout 1861, …
  • … 128: 23, 25; and vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 26 November [1860] . In his reminiscences of …
  • … and in his many letters to Professor Asa Gray he alludes to slavery with the utmost …
  • … detestation. See letter to Asa Gray, 16 September [1861] . A.  Gray 1856, p.  80. The …
  • … a look at Spiranthes’ in the letter to Asa Gray, 21 July [1861] . Gray had apparently done …
  • … his observations is missing ( letter from Asa Gray, [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [ …
  • … vol.  8, enclosure to the letter to Asa Gray, 31 October [1860] . CD had begun studying …

To Asa Gray   17 February [1861]

Summary

Distribution of AG’s pamphlet.

Insectivorous plants.

Informs AG of his [CD’s] notice on Pumilio in Gardeners’ Chronicle [5 Jan 1861; Collected papers 2: 36–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  17 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3064

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   17 February [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (54) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Feb [1861] Asa Gray
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … ragworts and groundsel. See letter to Asa Gray, 23 [January 1861] . In the event, CD did …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 31 October [1860] , in which CD asked Gray …
  • … Spiranthes autumnalis . See also letter to Asa Gray, 17 September [1861] . The reference …
  • … arrangement to reprint as a pamphlet Asa Gray’s three articles on Origin from the Atlantic …
  • … Trübner for distribution. See letter to Asa Gray, 23 [January 1861] . See Correspondence …
  • … 25 September 1860 , and letter to Asa Gray, 24 October [1860] . The Times was carrying …
  • … 1861 for £7 10 s .  under the heading: ‘Asa Gray for Pamphlet’. CD and Gray had agreed to …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1860] ). See letter to T.   …

From Asa Gray   [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [1861]

Summary

Gives some observations on the sensitivity of Drosera species and comments on cases of "dioecio-dimorphism".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 and 29 Aug 1861 and 2 Sept 1861
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3242

Matches: 10 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [1861] …
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 76 Asa Gray unstated 27 Aug 1861 29 Aug 1861 2 Sept 1861 Charles Robert …
  • … by CD’s statement in the letter to Asa Gray, 17 September [1861] , that he had just …
  • … of Spiranthes . See also letter to Asa Gray, 17 September [1861] . CD had suggested that …
  • … in Torrey and Gray 1838–43, 1: 38. See also letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 . …
  • … See the letter to Asa Gray, 21 July [1861] , in which CD mentioned that John Stuart Mill …
  • … substances placed on them (see letter to Asa Gray, 17 February [1861] ). The thread-leaved …
  • … Massachusetts southward. See also letter to Asa Gray, 21 July [1861] . CD had asked Gray …
  • … commingled in the same area (see letter to Asa Gray, 5 June [1861] ). In his Manual of the …

To Asa Gray   12 March [1861]

Summary

Has received Chauncey Wright’s article.

Reports on favourable response to AG’s pamphlet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  12 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (52)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3087

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   12 March [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (52) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Mar [1861] Asa Gray
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … was chief editor. See also letters to Asa Gray, 11 April [1861] , and to T.  H.  Huxley, …
  • … 1850 in the Charleston Medical Journal . Asa Gray had lost part of his left thumb in a …
  • … s letter has not been found. See letter to Asa Gray, 17 February [1861] and n.  7. The …
  • … a copy of A.  Gray 1861a (see letter to Asa Gray, 23 [January 1861] ). John Hutton Balfour …

From Asa Gray   31 December 1861

Summary

Discusses dimorphism and suggests CD investigate Valeriana.

Praises CD’s views with respect to the U. S. Civil War and relations with England. Worsening relations between Britain and U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Dec 1861
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 65, DAR 165: 104–105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3354

Matches: 14 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   31 December 1861 …
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 65, DAR 165: 104–105 Asa Gray unstated 31 Dec 1861 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … or more different forms (see letters to Asa Gray, 21 July [1861] , 16 September [1861] , …
  • … dimorphic species, see the letters from Asa Gray, [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [ …
  • … Weddell 1855–7 . Koch 1843–4 . Letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1861] . Psalms 39:3. In …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). The book was published …
  • … 1928–95. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … of the situation, see the letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1861] . Jane Loring Gray, like …
  • … 1959 , pp.  307–13). See letters to Asa Gray, 5 June [1861] and 21 July [1861] . Gray …
  • … Boott’s opinion of events in the letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1861] . See also Dupree  …
  • … intercepted the Trent (see letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1861] ). The botanist Berthold …
  • … Saturday Review , see the letter from Asa Gray, 9 November 1861 . Gray refers to Britain’s …
  • … See McPherson 1988 . CD, in the letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1861] , had compared his …

To Asa Gray   11 April [1861]

Summary

Huxley and CD fear Chauncey Wright’s review is too general.

Reports the praise for AG’s pamphlet.

J. S. Henslow is dying.

Francis Bowen strikes CD as weak and unobservant; presumes he is a metaphysician, which accounts for his "entire want of common sense".

Does wild Apocynum catch flies in U. S.?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (53)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3115

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   11 April [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (53) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Apr [1861] Asa Gray
  • … to Correspondence vol.  8). See letter to Asa Gray, 12 March [1861] . CD refers to Sampson …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 18 [April 1860] , and to Asa Gray, 25 April [1860]). The second (Bowen  …
  • … and ‘rubbish’ (see ibid . , letter to Asa Gray, 26 November [1860] ). In Bowen 1861 , …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 31 October [1860] ). Gray’s observations …
  • … of A.  Gray 1861a. In the letter from Asa Gray, 31 March [1862] ( Correspondence vol.   …

To Asa Gray   21 July [1861]

Summary

Is writing his paper on orchids.

Is surprised that AG gets little or no response with Drosera.

Describes the two forms of Primula and asks whether AG knows any analogous cases of dimorphism.

Reports that John Stuart Mill approves of CD’s scientific method.

Discusses American politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 July [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (61)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3216

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   21 July [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (61) Charles Robert Darwin Torquay 21 July [1861] Asa Gray
  • … of S.  G.  Morton 1850a (see letter to Asa Gray, 12 March [1861] ). There is an annotated …
  • … American species of Cypripedium , see the letter to Asa Gray, 5 June [1861] . For Gray’s …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 . Gray’s observations …
  • … carry out on Drosera , see the letter to Asa Gray, 17 February [1861] . Having given a …
  • … included in this paper (see letters from Asa Gray, [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [ …
  • … of Design’ ( Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 26 November [1860] ). Letter from …
  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 26 November [1860] ). Olmsted was highly …

To Asa Gray   23 [January 1861]

Summary

Is glad AG will publish [pamphlet of his reviews of Origin]. Insists on bearing the costs. Encloses list of institutions and individuals to whom he would send copies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 [Jan 1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3050

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   23 [January 1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (12) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 [Jan 1861] Asa Gray
  • … See Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] , 19 October [1860] , …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1860] ). In addition to his …

To Asa Gray   26–7 February [1861]

Summary

Believes AG’s pamphlet will do natural selection "right good service".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26–7 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3073

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   26–7 February [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (57a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26–7 Feb [1861] Asa Gray
  • … Origin (A.  Gray 1861a). See letter to Asa Gray, 17 February [1861] . See letter to T.   …

From Asa Gray   9 November 1861

Summary

Discusses observations of his own and of John Torrey on dimorphism, especially in Amsinckia.

Is trying to find specimens of Houstonia for CD.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Nov 1861
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3313

Matches: 6 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   9 November 1861 …
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 63–4 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 9 Nov 1861 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … dear Darwin, | Yours most cordially | Asa Gray 3.2 of this order. ] ‘Borragineæ’ added ink …
  • … different flower forms (see letters to Asa Gray, 21 July [1861] and 16 September [1861] ). …
  • … Modern English biography ). See letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 . The Union navy had …

To Asa Gray   16 September [1861]

Summary

Is interested in cases of dimorphism like Primula. Discusses Primula and Linum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (73)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3255

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   16 September [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (73) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Sept [1861] Asa Gray
  • … orchid Spiranthes . See Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 31 October [1860] ; …
  • … see also letters to Asa Gray, 11 April [1861] and 5 June [1861] . Bauer 1830–8 . CD was …

To Asa Gray   11 December [1861]

Summary

Discusses the worsening relations between their two countries and the possibility of war.

Expects Orchids and his Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63] to be out soon.

Thanks AG for some facts on dimorphism.

George Bentham has given him a list of Oxalis and Mentha species that are dimorphic like Primula.

Is in a "thick mud" regarding design in nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (62)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3342

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   11 December [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (62) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Dec [1861] Asa Gray
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … mentioned has been found (see letter from Asa Gray, 9 November 1861 ). In September 1861, …
  • … Appendix IV, 128: 23). See letter from Asa Gray, 9 November 1861 . CD had read a paper on …

From Asa Gray   11 October 1861

Summary

Notes several cases of "dioecio-dimorphism" in different genera; feels the discovery of pollen that will act only on the pistil of another flower is most important. Believes CD should next turn his attention to investigating cases of "precocious fertilisation".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1861
Classmark:  DAR 109: 82–3, DAR 110 (ser. 2): 117, DAR 111: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3282

Matches: 6 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   11 October 1861 …
  • … the Linnean Society of London 17: 139–43. Gray, Asa. 1848–9. Genera floræ Americæ boreali- …
  • … 3, DAR 110 (ser. 2): 117, DAR 111: 83 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 11 Oct 1861 Charles Robert …
  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter from Asa Gray, [10 July 1860] . CD had subsequently queried …
  • … dimorphic plants (see especially letters to Asa Gray, 5 June [1861] , 21 July [1861] , and …

To Asa Gray   5 June [1861]

Summary

AG’s review of John Phillips’ book [Life on earth (1860), in Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 31 (1861): 444–9].

Thinks his experiments will explain Primula dimorphism.

Insect fertilisation of orchids.

Wishes that the "greatest curse on Earth", slavery, were abolished.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  5 June [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (60)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3176

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   5 June [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (60) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 June [1861] Asa Gray
  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Phillips argued that …
  • … suggested by CD. See Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 31 October [1860] . …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 11 April [1861] . Gray’s observations on Spiranthes are cited …

To J. D. Hooker   20 [February 1861]

thumbnail

Summary

Asa Gray’s pamphlet.

Ill health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 [Feb 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115.2: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3065

Matches: 5 hits

  • Asa Gray’s pamphlet. Ill health. …
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … by enclosed what an unfortunate accident Asa Gray has had. You will see, also, that his …
  • Asa Gray’s letter has not been found. Gray had lost part of his left thumb in a gardening …
  • … could do same? I sh d .  much like for Asa Gray’s sake (& indeed for my own) if I could …

To T. H. Huxley   17 February [1861]

Summary

Chauncey Wright’s review of Origin: A. Gray asks that THH append a list of philosophical books on subject if he accepts it for Natural History Review.

Sends Gray’s pamphlet of his (republished) reviews [Natural selection not inconsistent with natural theology (1861)] for notice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  17 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 169)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3063

Matches: 6 hits

  • … in a day or two to Williams & Norgate. Asa Gray writes, he thinks that “if Huxley accepts …
  • … Dated by the reference to A.  Gray 1861a. Asa Gray had asked CD whether Huxley might be …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray, 11 December [1860] and 14 December [ …
  • … England for many American works and was distributing Asa Gray’s pamphlet (A.  Gray 1861a). …
  • … to be sent to Nat. Hist Review. For Asa Gray’s sake (& my own) could you insert notice …
  • … the Natural History Review . The letter from Asa Gray has not been found. A.  Gray 1861a. …

To Charles Lyell   2 February [1861]

Summary

Quotes passage from letter from Asa Gray dealing with views of Francis Bowen on heredity and Agassiz "(foolish man)" on heredity and languages.

Sent CL the Calcutta Review [with Edward Blyth’s review of Origin, 35 (1860): 64–88].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  2 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.238)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3054

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Quotes passage from letter from Asa Gray dealing with views of Francis Bowen on heredity …
  • … The letter from Asa Gray has not been found, …
  • … but see the letter to Asa Gray, 23 [January 1861] , which is probably a response to it. CD …
  • … the proposal ( ibid . , letter to Asa Gray, 24 October [1860] ). See also Correspondence …
  • … III.  As Lyell told one correspondent, ‘Asa Gray’s articles, all of which I have procured, …

To Charles Lyell   [1 August 1861]

Summary

Mentions Dutch translation [of Origin].

Discusses evolutionary origin of sexuality.

Asa Gray’s suggestion that variation was directed by a higher power and Herschel’s view of providential arrangement in nature.

Compares variation in domestic and wild species.

Asks CL for introductions for his son William in Southampton, where he has joined a bank.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [1 Aug 1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.259)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3223

Matches: 7 hits

  • … evolutionary origin of sexuality. Asa Gray’s suggestion that variation was directed by a …
  • … a few words. — I believe you think with Asa Gray that I have not allowed enough for the …
  • … of science. But what makes me most object to Asa Gray’s view, is the study of the extreme …
  • … arise. — I must think that such views of Asa Gray & Herschel merely show that the subject …
  • … 1969  and Hodge 1985 . Thwaites 1847 . Asa Gray argued in A.  Gray 1861a that natural …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray, 3 July [1860] , and 26 November [1860] . …
  • … See also letters to Asa Gray, 5 June [1861] and 21 July [1861] . In addition to the …

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1861]

Summary

The flint tools found at Bedford.

Further discussion of Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy by a glacial lake. Comments on formation of Glen Spean terraces. Mentions glaciers in North Wales.

Agreement with John Murray to publish [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.266)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3272

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American …
  • … before and after the worldwide cold period, Asa Gray had adopted this view to help account …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and to Asa Gray, 11 November [1859] and 24 December [ …
Document type
letter (53)
Date
1861
01 (2)
02 (9)
03 (6)
04 (3)
05 (3)
06 (2)
07 (5)
08 (3)
09 (3)
10 (6)
11 (7)
12 (4)
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