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From Asa Gray   [before 3 April 1858]

Summary

List of close species taken from AG’s Manual of botany [1848].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2249

Matches: 8 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   [before 3 April 1858] …
  • … DAR 165: 103 Asa Gray unstated [before 3 Apr 1858] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern …
  • … CD evidently received this list from Asa Gray on 3 April 1858, although annotations on the …
  • … 1857 ( Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Asa Gray, 29 November [1857] ). In November 1857, …
  • … drawn up for CD in 1855 (see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to Asa Gray, 8 June [1855] , …
  • … and letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 ). The first list (now in DAR 165: 92/3) was …

To Asa Gray   18 November [1858]

Summary

Wishes to know whether differences in constitution (such as disease susceptibility) are related to differences in complexion. "Liability to such a disease as yellow fever would answer my question in the best possible way."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2364

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   18 November [1858] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (19) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Nov [1858] Asa Gray
  • … in the Fumariaceae. See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1857 , …
  • … and letters to Asa Gray, 20 July [1857] and 29 November [1857] . …
  • … See also letter from Asa Gray, 21 June 1858 , …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, 4 July 1858 . The apparent self-fertilisation of Leguminosae and …

From Asa Gray   21 June 1858

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Summary

Self-fertilisation in Fumariaceae.

[CD note on bees’ visiting some members of Fumariaceae.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 June 1858
Classmark:  DAR 76: B15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2288

Matches: 6 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   21 June 1858 …
  • … DAR 76: B15 Asa Gray unstated 21 June 1858 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … cross-fertilise (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1857 , …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, 29 November [1857] ). CD investigated the subject experimentally …
  • … believe me, as ever | Yours cordially | Asa Gray June 21 st , 1858 Top of first page : ‘ …

To Asa Gray   4 July 1858

Summary

Believes that, in Dicentra, Fumaria and Corydalis, flower structures are related directly to visits from bees. Flower stigmas generally are placed in the path of bees.

Has received paper from Wallace on natural selection; has sent abstract of his notions, with Wallace’s paper, to Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 July 1858
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2302

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   4 July 1858 …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (20) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July 1858 Asa Gray
  • … CD had not yet received the letter from Asa Gray, 21 June 1858 . CD and Emma left Down on …
  • … Darwin’s diary; ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter from Asa Gray, 21 June 1858 . See …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] . See letter to Charles …

To Asa Gray   11 August [1858]

Summary

Species migration since the Pliocene. Effect of the glacial epoch. Present geographical distribution, especially similarities of mountain floras, explained by such migration; mountain summits as remnants of a once continuous flora and fauna.

Cross-fertilisation in Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (42 and 9a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2321

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   11 August [1858] …
  • … Harvard University (42 and 9a) Charles Robert Darwin Shanklin 11 Aug [1858] Asa Gray
  • … 1969. Also reprinted in De Beer ed. 1958. ] Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. …
  • … been found. It was a reply to CD’s letter to Asa Gray, 4 July 1858 . See letter to J.  D. …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Asa Gray, 16 February 1857 . For Gray’s use of the …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] . See letter from Asa Gray, 21 June 1858   …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, 4 July 1858 . CD’s material on crossing ( Natural selection , …

To Asa Gray   4 April [1858]

Summary

Discusses the variation of species in large and small genera.

Thanks AG for his list of close species.

Laments the slow progress he makes with his book [Natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2252

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   4 April [1858] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (25) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Apr [1858] Asa Gray
  • … by the relationship to the letter to Asa Gray, 21 February [1858] . See CD’s annotations …
  • … more frequently than in small ( letter to Asa Gray, 21 February [1858] ). Gray’s response, …

To Asa Gray   21 February [1858]

Summary

Asks whether botanists tend to record varieties more carefully in large genera or small genera.

Wants information on the ranges of varieties of a species compared to the range of the species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2218

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   21 February [1858] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (21) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb [1858] Asa Gray

To J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1858]

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Summary

Death of Charles Waring Darwin [1856–8] from scarlet fever.

JDH’s and Lyell’s kindness [presumably about A. R. Wallace’s letter]. CD can provide a copy of his letter to Asa Gray [about CD’s species theory].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 June 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 239
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2297

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s letter]. CD can provide a copy of his letter to Asa Gray [about CD’s species theory]. …
  • … CD refers to the letter and enclosure he had sent to Asa Gray ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] ), in which he explained in detail his theory of …
  • … you are. I can easily get my letter to Asa Gray copied, but it is too short. — Poor Emma …

To J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1858]

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Summary

JDH wants papers at once. CD sends Wallace’s paper and CD’s abstract of his letter to Asa Gray. Sends [species] sketch of 1844 with JDH’s notes to assure JDH he had read it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 June 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 240
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2298

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s paper and CD’s abstract of his letter to Asa Gray. Sends [species] sketch of 1844 with …
  • … my abstract of abstract of letter to Asa Gray, which gives most imperfectly only the means …
  • … IV. The original letter and enclosure to Asa Gray are now in the Gray Herbarium of Harvard …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] ). The draft of the …

From J. D. Hooker and Charles Lyell to the Linnean Society   30 June 1858

Summary

Communicate papers by CD and A. R. Wallace on "The Laws which affect the Production of Varieties, Races, and Species". Explain that CD and Wallace have, independently and unknown to each other, arrived at the same theory to account for the appearance and perpetuation of specific forms, and that neither has yet published, although CD first sketched his theory in 1839. Give their reasons for arranging the joint presentation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker; Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  30 June 1858
Classmark:  Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 3 (1859): 45–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2299

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 69). The date was erroneous: the letter to Asa Gray was written on 5 September [1857] (see …
  • … to ascertain the correct date (see letter to Asa Gray, 4 July 1858 ). Gray’s reply was …
  • … but acknowledged by CD in his letter to Asa Gray, 11 August [1858] . See also letter from …
  • … of a private letter addressed to Professor Asa Gray, of Boston, U.S. , in October 1857, by …

To Charles Lyell   [25 June 1858]

Summary

Everything in Wallace’s sketch also appears in CD’s sketch of 1844. A year ago CD sent a short sketch of his views to Asa Gray. Can CD honourably publish his sketch now that Wallace has sent outline of his views? "I would far rather burn my whole book than that he or any man shd. think that I had behaved in a paltry spirit." Does not believe Wallace originated his views from anything CD wrote to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [25 June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.153)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2294

Matches: 4 hits

  • … CD sent a short sketch of his views to Asa Gray. Can CD honourably publish his sketch now …
  • … to correspondence on several points) to Asa Gray, so that I could most truly say & prove …
  • … I could send Wallace a copy of my letter to Asa Gray to show him that I had not stolen his …
  • … vol.  4). Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] . The copy of the …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   12 January [1858]

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Summary

On papilionaceous flowers and CD’s theory that there are no eternal hermaphrodites. Connects this theory to absence of small-flowered legumes in New Zealand and the absence of small bees as pollinators.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 220
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2201

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to answer. — It bears on my former belief (& Asa Gray strongly expressed opinion) that …
  • … fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers like peas and beans with both Hooker and Asa Gray. …
  • … CD refers to the letter from Asa Gray, [August 1857] ( Correspondence vol.  6). CD wrote …
  • … Syms Covington, 22 February 1857 , and to Asa Gray, [after 15 March 1857]). Erythrina is a …

To J. D. Hooker   13 [July 1858]

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Summary

JDH’s letter to Wallace perfect. CD’s feelings about priority. Without Lyell’s and JDH’s intervention CD would have given up all claims to Wallace. Now planning 30-page abstract for a journal.

Observations on floral structure

and slave-making ants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 [July 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 242
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2306

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Isle of Wight; these notes are in DAR 205.11(2): 94. See letter to Asa Gray, 4 July 1858 . …
  • … I had thought that your letter & mine to Asa Gray were to be only an appendix to Wallace’s …
  • … third, the enclosure from CD’s letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] (see Correspondence …
  • … fair copy of the draft of CD’s letter to Asa Gray beforeit was read at the Linnean Society …

To J. D. Hooker   8 [June 1858]

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Summary

Pleased with JDH’s reaction to MS on large and small genera.

Confident of soundness of principle of divergence.

CD experimenting on pollination mechanism of Leguminosae. Asks JDH to investigate Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 [June 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2282

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ‘principle of divergence’ in a letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] ( Correspondence …
  • … insects might gain access to the stigma. See letter from Asa Gray, 21 June 1858  and CD’ …
  • … s accompanying note, and letter to Asa Gray, 4 July 1858 . His notes on experiments …

To C. C. Babington   4 March [1858]

Summary

Notes views of Hooker and George Bentham on monotypic forms.

Has tabulated several floras and finds that large genera show preponderance in numbers of varieties. Now sees his results are quite worthless.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Cardale Babington
Date:  4 Mar [1858]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS Add.8182: 21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2233

Matches: 2 hits

  • … C. Watson, 23 February [1858] . Letter to Asa Gray, 21 February [1858] . Charles James Fox …
  • … C. Watson’s. I have also written to Asa Gray. My impression would have been, from animals, …

From H. C. Watson   23 February [1858]

Summary

Believes that botanists tend to mark more varieties in large than in small genera, but notes that where many varieties of a species exist these varieties may well be passed over, whereas similar varieties of another species which are fewer in number may well be recorded.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 98: A21–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2223

Matches: 2 hits

  • … than in small, at the same time that he wrote to Asa Gray and Charles Cardale Babington on …
  • … the same point (see letters to Asa Gray, 21 February [1858] , and to C.  C. Babington, 22  …

To J. D. Hooker   10 April [1858]

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Summary

Asa Gray’s criticism of Buckle and his comments on large and small genera.

CD suspects glacial epoch immensely long. Rates of organic change too variable to make them a good measure of geological time.

Bees’ cells are a difficulty for theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 231
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2254

Matches: 2 hits

  • Asa Gray’s criticism of Buckle and his comments on large and small genera. CD suspects …
  • … of a circulating library. See letter to Asa Gray, 4 April [1858] , n.  3. CD left for Moor …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 December 1858]

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Summary

JDH cannot abide CD’s connection of wide-ranging species and "highness". Australian flora contradicts this in many ways.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Dec 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2385

Matches: 2 hits

  • … these views in 1856 (see n.   4, below). For Asa Gray’s opinion that such a proposal was ‘ …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Asa Gray, 4 November 1856 . Hooker’s review of …

To Louis Agassiz   21 February [1858]

Summary

Thanks LA for presentation copy of Contributions [to the natural history of the United States of America, vol. 1, pt 1: Essay on classification, and vol. 1, pt 2: North American Testudinata (1857)]. Flattered; CD sees there is much of highest interest to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Rodolphe (Louis) Agassiz
Date:  21 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Am 1419: 279)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2217

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the Darwin Library–CUL. For CD’s comments on it, see letter to Asa Gray, 4 April [1858] . …

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1858]

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Summary

Wide-ranging species more "improved" than relics in small areas because they exist in large numbers and thus are subject to intense competition.

His abstract is 330 folio pages long so far.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 257
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2384

Matches: 2 hits

  • … that of an octavo volume. See Freeman 1977 , p.  76. Asa Gray’s letter has not been found. …
  • … It was probably a reply to the letter to Asa Gray, 18 November [1858] . The Philosophical …
Document type
letter (25)
Date
1858
01 (1)
02 (5)
03 (2)
04 (3)
06 (6)
07 (3)
08 (1)
10 (1)
11 (1)
12 (2)
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