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Darwin Correspondence Project

Search: contains "Gray, Asa", date is "1855"

Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Asa Gray   21 July [1855]

Summary

Geographical distribution. "Close" species. Hopes AG will write an essay on species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 July [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1725

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   21 July [1855] …
  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1856–7. Statistics of the flora of the northern United States. …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 July [1855] Asa Gray
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 . A.   …
  • … Gray 1856–7 . See letter from Asa Gray, 22 May 1855 . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 , n.  7. …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1855

Summary

Has filled up CD’s paper [see 1674].

Distribution and relationships of alpine flora in U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1855
Classmark:  DAR 106: D1–D2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1685

Matches: 10 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   22 May 1855 …
  • … DAR 106: D1–D2 Asa Gray unstated 22 May 1855 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern United States, from …
  • … great regard | Yours very faithfully | Asa Gray 0.1 Harvard … of use. 4.11] crossed pencil …
  • … pencil ; scored ink ; ‘?? ’ added ink 10.1 Asa Gray 10.2] ‘only use of my suggestion that …
  • … part of volume two. J.  D. Hooker 1857 and 1862. See letter to Asa Gray, 25 April [1855] . …
  • … The list, with Asa Gray’s remarks written on it, is in DAR 46.2 (ser.  2): 36. A revised …
  • … consider separate species. In his letter to Asa Gray, 8 June [1855] , CD pointed out that …
  • … corrected them in his reply ( letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 ). Frederick Traugott …

To Asa Gray   25 April [1855]

Summary

Is collecting facts on variation; questions AG on the alpine flora of the U. S.

Sends a list of plants from AG’s Manual of botany [1848] and asks him to append the ranges of the species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  25 Apr [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1674

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   25 April [1855] …
  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern United States, from …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Apr [1855] Asa Gray
  • … Gray was returned with the letter from Asa Gray, 22 May 1855 , and is in DAR 46.2 (ser.   …

To Asa Gray   8 June [1855]

Summary

Suggests AG append ranges to the species in the new edition of his Manual.

Is interested in comparing the flora of U. S. with that of Britain and wishes to know the proportions to the whole of the great leading families and the numbers of species within genera. Would welcome information on which species AG considers to be "close" in the U. S.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 June [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1695

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   8 June [1855] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June [1855] Asa Gray
  • … plantarum Sibiriae. 4 vols. St Petersburg. Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the …
  • … Monroe and Company. London: John Chapman. Gray, Asa. 1856–7. Statistics of the flora of …
  • … in DAR 46.2 (ser.  2): 42–58. See letters from Asa Gray, 22 May 1855  and 30  June 1855 . …
  • … Manual (A.  Gray 1856). See letter to Asa Gray, 25 April [1855] . Gray’s comments on the …

From Asa Gray   30 June 1855

Summary

Sends a list of "close" species from his Manual of botany.

Hopes Hooker or CD will write an essay on species. Discusses some of the difficulties of defining botanical species.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1855
Classmark:  DAR 165: 92a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1707

Matches: 5 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   30 June 1855 …
  • … DAR 165: 92a Asa Gray Harvard University 30 June 1855 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern United States, from …
  • … Ever, My dear Sir | Yours faithfully | Asa Gray P.S.  I had overlooked your P.S. & must …

To Asa Gray   24 August [1855]

Summary

"Close" species in large and small genera.

Alphonse de Candolle on geographical distribution [Géographie botanique raisonnée (1855)].

Species variability.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1749

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   24 August [1855] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (10) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Aug [1855] Asa Gray
  • … July, has not been found. See letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 , n.  9. Gray’s list of …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [August 1855]

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Summary

When JDH goes to Germany, will he ask seed men if their marvellous true breeding lines are the result of selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Aug 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1741

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern United States, from …
  • … 1855] , n.  4). A note for Hooker from Asa Gray, enclosed with Gray’s letter to CD. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 24 August [1855] . A.  Gray 1848 . …
  • … See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 13 April [1855] , and to Asa Gray, 25 April [1855]. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 8  June [1855] , …
  • … I suppose, that was the last edition). Asa Gray sends me some references & I do not think …
  • … and letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 . The letter here referred to has not been found, …

To J. D. Hooker   11 August [1855]

Summary

Has left a book from Henslow for JDH at Athenaeum.

When Asa Gray wrote, did he send marked sheets [of his Manual of botany]?

Has just made out "new & wonderful" specific character between two of his pigeon breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 150: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1738

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern United States, from …
  • … from Henslow for JDH at Athenaeum. When Asa Gray wrote, did he send marked sheets [of his …
  • … a Hand-Book. Secondly I forgot to ask; when Asa Gray wrote last to me through you, whether …
  • … Journal’ is a mistake for Manual . Asa Gray had said he would send marked, unbound pages …
  • … of A.  Gray 1848 (see letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 ). See, however, CD’s next letter …

To J. D. Hooker   13 April [1855]

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Summary

Pea self-fertilisation: has forty-five varieties growing side by side.

Describes seed-salting experiments: e.g., immersion in tank filled with snow. Reports some successful germinations.

Made list of naturalised plants from Asa Gray’s Manual [of Botany] to calculate the proportions of the great families.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Apr [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1667

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern …
  • … 42–58. The list is in DAR 46.2 (ser.  2): 38–41. See letter to Asa Gray, 25 April [1855] . …
  • … Made list of naturalised plants from Asa Gray’s Manual [ of Botany ] to calculate the …

To J. D. Hooker   19 July [1855]

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Summary

Parcels sent to Down by coach may get lost.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 July [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1722

Matches: 3 hits

  • … The date is established by the reference to the list of species that Asa Gray had said he …
  • … would forward ( letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 ) and by the reference to the Horners’ …
  • … Lubbock, 14 [July 1855] ). The letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 , like that of 22 May …

To J. D. Hooker   10 June [1855]

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Summary

Detailed response to JDH’s critique of sea transport and continental connection theories. JDH’s claim that low plants are widely distributed fits both theories.

Species theory does not touch origin of life.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 June [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 136
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1696

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6–9 June 1855] . Letter from Asa Gray, 22 May 1855 . …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 8 June [1855] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 19 April [1855] , …

To J. S. Henslow   27 June [1855]

Summary

Asks whether JSH considers Lychnis diurna and L. vespertina species or varieties.

Asks for help with his work on hybrids.

Would like JSH to go over London catalogue of British plants, marking "close species", i.e., those he considers real species but which are very closely allied. Withholds his motive as it might influence the result.

Has found Agrostis with worms in every germen and no stamens on stigma.

Now has 46 kinds of peas all growing together.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  27 June [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A28–A30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1705

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in letter to J.  S. Henslow, 7 July [1855] . He had earlier asked Asa Gray to do the …
  • … same (see letter to Asa Gray, 8 June [1855] ). …

To H. C. Watson   [26 August 1855]

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Summary

On geographical distribution of plants. Plant systematics and natural classification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Date:  [26 Aug 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1750

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Watson, 23 August 1855 . See letter to Asa Gray, 24 August [1855] . CD’s calculations are …
  • … on me. — Since writing I have worked out Asa Gray list, which was a very long one, & the …

To J. D. Hooker   7 March [1855]

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Summary

Latitude overrules everything in distribution. Alpine distributions are like insular. Tabulating proportions.

T. V. Wollaston’s Madeira insects: many flightless, thus not blown to sea. TVW’s insects do not confirm Forbes’s Atlantis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Mar [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1643

Matches: 1 hit

  • … separately. 2 vols. Nancy. 1848–9. Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern …

From Margaretta Hare Morris to Richard Chandler Alexander   17 June 1855

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Summary

On the transport of fish eggs by the water-beetle Dytiscus marginalis.

Author:  Margaretta Hare Morris
Addressee:  Richard Chandler Alexander
Date:  17 June 1855
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 247
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1701

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and 13 April [1855] , and letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 . Margaretta Hare Morris has …

To J. D. Hooker   19 April [1855]

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Summary

Rejects JDH’s suggestion that seed-salting experiments be conducted on huge scale. Only wishes to demonstrate possibility of sea transport, not establishment of any particular insular flora. More seed results.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 Apr [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 129
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1669

Matches: 1 hit

  • … taking the list of introduced plants in Asa Gray just as it stands, but wait till I hear …

To J. D. Hooker   5 June [1855]

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Summary

Seeds: worried they will turn into another barnacle job.

Studies plants colonising abandoned field.

Experiment on plant sleep movements.

CD objects to "Atlantis" because no evidence; does not affect species theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 June [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1693

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1855] . Governess of the Darwin children. Asa Gray’s letter of 22 May had been sent to Kew …

From H. C. Watson   13 August 1855

Summary

Is having difficulties marking close species on the list of British plants.

In all his attempts to advance geographical botany he is stopped by the "application and signification of the word ""species"" " the use of which is both "indefinite and variable". He encloses his list of "Categories of Species".

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1855
Classmark:  DAR 98: A5–A6, DAR 9: 15A
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1740

Matches: 1 hit

  • … had been made of John Stevens Henslow and Asa Gray. As explained in his letter to J.  S. …
Document type
letter (18)
Date
1855
03 (1)
04 (3)
05 (1)
06 (6)
07 (2)
08 (5)