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From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   5 January 1860

Summary

Opinions on the Origin: AG thinks it masterly; Agassiz considers it very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2638

Matches: 6 hits

  • Gray, Asa Hooker, J. D. …
  • … From Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker    5 January 1860 …
  • … DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 5 Jan 1860 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … appear until 1873. See letter from Asa Gray, [10 January 1860] . William Jackson Hooker, …
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … structure of glaciers. See letters from Asa Gray, [10 January 1860] , [17 January 1860] , …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   6 July 1863

Summary

Includes comments about George Bentham’s anniversary address to the Linnean Society with particular notice of the favourable attention to Darwin, except for Natural Selection, and to AG’s essay in the Atlantic Monthly.

He defends [W. B.] Carpenter and [Jeffries] Wyman against [Richard] Owen.

Gossip about scientific honours and other matters.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 July 1863
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray correspondence: 328–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4232F

Matches: 6 hits

  • Gray, Asa Hooker, J. D. …
  • … From Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker    6 July 1863 …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray correspondence: …
  • … 328–9) Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 6 July 1863 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and London: Johns Hopkins University Press. Gray, Asa. 1878–84. Synoptical flora of North …
  • … 1970–90. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   [after 6 July 1867]

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Summary

Sends W. M. Canby’s observations on the carnivorous powers of Dionaea. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 301, 310, 313.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 6 July 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 16–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5580

Matches: 3 hits

  • Gray, Asa Hooker, J. D. …
  • … From Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker   [after 6 July 1867] …
  • … DAR 58.1: 16–17 Asa Gray unstated [after 6 July 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   18 November [1856]

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Summary

CD encloses letter from Asa Gray, although it is critical of JDH.

Role of struggle in forming species in retreat from advancing glaciers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1991

Matches: 5 hits

  • … CD encloses letter from Asa Gray, although it is critical of JDH. Role of struggle in …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 4 November 1856 (see n.  2, …
  • … below). A letter to Hooker from Asa Gray, sent by Gray to CD …
  • … enclosed in the letter from Asa Gray, 4 November 1856 . …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 4 November 1856 . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [16 November …

To J. D. Hooker   20 [February 1861]

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Summary

Asa Gray’s pamphlet.

Ill health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 [Feb 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115.2: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3065

Matches: 5 hits

  • Asa Gray’s pamphlet. Ill health. …
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … by enclosed what an unfortunate accident Asa Gray has had. You will see, also, that his …
  • Asa Gray’s letter has not been found. Gray had lost part of his left thumb in a gardening …
  • … could do same? I sh d .  much like for Asa Gray’s sake (& indeed for my own) if I could …

To J. D. Hooker   28 [December 1859]

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Summary

CD has written to Asa Gray criticising J. D. Dana’s arguments for a warm period subsequent to glacial period.

Remembers it is Alphonse de Candolle who states that many species are not true species.

Did Huxley write the excellent review in the Times?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2610

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Victor Mason. Geneva: J. Kessmann. Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American …
  • … CD has written to Asa Gray criticising J. D. Dana’s arguments for a warm period subsequent …
  • … CD was worried that Asa Gray had been offended by his criticisms, privately expressed to …
  • … in A.  Gray 1859 . See letters to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] and n.  6, and to J.   …
  • … Hooker, 26 [December 1859]. Letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] . Hooker seems to have …
  • … th My dear Hooker Thanks for curious account of Asa Gray. One likes a man who bubbles up …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [August 1855]

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Summary

When JDH goes to Germany, will he ask seed men if their marvellous true breeding lines are the result of selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Aug 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1741

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern United States, from …
  • … 1855] , n.  4). A note for Hooker from Asa Gray, enclosed with Gray’s letter to CD. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 24 August [1855] . A.  Gray 1848 . …
  • … See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 13 April [1855] , and to Asa Gray, 25 April [1855]. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 8  June [1855] , …
  • … I suppose, that was the last edition). Asa Gray sends me some references & I do not think …
  • … and letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 . The letter here referred to has not been found, …

To J. D. Hooker   11 August [1855]

Summary

Has left a book from Henslow for JDH at Athenaeum.

When Asa Gray wrote, did he send marked sheets [of his Manual of botany]?

Has just made out "new & wonderful" specific character between two of his pigeon breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 150: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1738

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1848. A manual of the botany of the northern United States, from …
  • … from Henslow for JDH at Athenaeum. When Asa Gray wrote, did he send marked sheets [of his …
  • … a Hand-Book. Secondly I forgot to ask; when Asa Gray wrote last to me through you, whether …
  • … Journal’ is a mistake for Manual . Asa Gray had said he would send marked, unbound pages …
  • … of A.  Gray 1848 (see letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 ). See, however, CD’s next letter …

To J. D. Hooker   13 January [1863]

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Summary

Acquired characteristics.

Huxley’s lectures: good on induction, bad on sterility, obscure on geology.

Asa Gray on slavery.

Falconer’s partial conversion.

Alphonse de Candolle on Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3913

Matches: 12 hits

  • … bad on sterility, obscure on geology. Asa Gray on slavery. Falconer’s partial conversion. …
  • … 1862] ), and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  24, and Appendix …
  • … me rather ashamed of myself. — I enclose Asa Gray; only last page & 1 2 will interest you; …
  • … stand on end. It is marvellous to see Asa Gray so cock-sure about the doom of Slavery. — …
  • … January 1863] and n.  4. Letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10). In Asa Gray’s letter, CD marked some of the plant names with marginal crosses in red …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). In November and …
  • … form. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . …
  • … The letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is incomplete; …
  • … grow wild, as I hear from Professor Asa Gray, by puzzling intermediate forms’ ( Variation …
  • … has not been found. See also letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  17. In his …
  • … see Marginalia 1: 51). The letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.   …

To J. D. Hooker   [17 July 1860]

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Summary

Asa Gray’s articles in Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences [10 Apr 1860] excellent; considering asking Athenæum to reprint them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2878

Matches: 5 hits

  • Asa Gray’s articles in Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences [10 Apr …
  • … are marked in CD’s copy. See letter to Asa Gray, 22 July [1860] . For a fuller account of …
  • … Wells. Tuesday Night My dear Hooker Asa Gray has sent me Proc. American Acad.  p.  409 to …
  • … wrote it on the Tuesday before the letter to Asa Gray, 22 July [1860] . CD refers to the …
  • … 31, in which a debate on Origin between Asa Gray, John Amory Lowell, Louis Agassiz, and …

To J. D. Hooker   [4 June 1866]

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Summary

Thanks for Asa Gray’s letter, enclosed.

Knew JDH would not care about omissions but was vexed at his own forgetfulness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 June 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 291
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5112

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Thanks for Asa Gray’s letter, enclosed. Knew JDH would not care about omissions but was …
  • … Hooker evidently enclosed a letter from Asa Gray with his letter of [2 June 1866] . There …
  • … of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray letters, ff.  411–12). CD had complained of …
  • … My dear Hooker. — Many thanks for Asa Gray, as I always like to read him. I was very …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [December 1862]

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Summary

Genera plantarum reviewed in Parthenon by a man who says JDH is disgraced by being "obviously tinged with Darwinism".

CD by chance has found that Saturday Review article [14 (1862): 589] on Duke of Argyll was written by his [CD’s] nephew, Henry Parker.

Asa Gray sends American newspapers which CD never reads.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 175
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3881

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 29 December 1862] ). See letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and letter to James …
  • … 23 December [1862] . See letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 , and letter from Francis …
  • … by his [CD’s] nephew, Henry Parker. Asa Gray sends American newspapers which CD never …
  • … Mitchella in excellent state from Asa Gray. He sends me American newspapers which I never …

To J. D. Hooker   8 January 1874

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Summary

Thanks JDH for Asa Gray’s interesting letter.

Would like JDH’s copy of Coral reefs. Needs it for corrections for a new edition. Cannot buy one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 310; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray Correspondence: Letter from Gray to Hooker, folio 658)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9231

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 95: 310; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray Correspondence: Letter from Gray to Hooker, …
  • … Thanks JDH for Asa Gray’s interesting letter. Would like JDH’s copy of Coral reefs . Needs …
  • … Hooker’s letter enclosing the letter from Asa Gray of 26 December 1873 has not been found, …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [May 1860]

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Summary

Lyell, de facto, first to stress importance of geological changes for geographical distribution.

Asa Gray has given CD too much credit for theories of geographical distribution.

Reaction to hostile criticism

and debt to Lyell, Huxley, JDH, and W. B. Carpenter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2802

Matches: 6 hits

  • … of Economic Geology in London 1: 336–432. Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. …
  • … changes for geographical distribution. Asa Gray has given CD too much credit for theories …
  • … plants. — With respect to passages in Asa Gray I wrote to him to say that I had no claim …
  • … Library–CUL. See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] . CD …
  • … to a passage in Gray 1859  in which Asa Gray implied that CD had been the first naturalist …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 11 August [1858] . Hooker apparently …

To J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1858]

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Summary

Death of Charles Waring Darwin [1856–8] from scarlet fever.

JDH’s and Lyell’s kindness [presumably about A. R. Wallace’s letter]. CD can provide a copy of his letter to Asa Gray [about CD’s species theory].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 June 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 239
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2297

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s letter]. CD can provide a copy of his letter to Asa Gray [about CD’s species theory]. …
  • … CD refers to the letter and enclosure he had sent to Asa Gray ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] ), in which he explained in detail his theory of …
  • … you are. I can easily get my letter to Asa Gray copied, but it is too short. — Poor Emma …

To J. D. Hooker   24 [November 1862]

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Summary

Sends Asa Gray letter: "nearly as mad as ever in our English eyes".

Bates’s paper is admirable. The act of segregation of varieties into species was never so plainly brought forth.

CD is a little sorry that his present work is leading him to believe rather more in the direct action of physical conditions. Regrets it because it lessens the glory of natural selection and is so confoundedly doubtful.

JDH laid too much stress on importance of crossing with respect to origin of species; but certainly it is important in keeping forms stable.

If only Owen could be excluded from Council of Royal Society Falconer would be good to put in. CD must come down to London to see what he can do.

Falconer’s article in Journal of the Geological Society [18 (1862): 348–69] shows him coming round on permanence of species, but he does not like natural selection.

Sends Lythrum salicaria diagram.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 173, 279b; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Hooker letters 2: 46 JDH/2/1/2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3822

Matches: 9 hits

  • … A.  Gray 1862b and 1862e were published. Asa Gray enclosed a set of proof-sheets for CD …
  • … also enclosed a set for Hooker (see letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ). Hooker …
  • … Sends Asa Gray letter: "nearly as mad as ever in our English eyes". Bates’s paper is …
  • … Hooker, 6 October [1862] , and letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] ). However, he also …
  • … Darwin, 4 [November 1862] , and letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). See also ‘Three …
  • … Ever yours affec ly — | C.  Darwin Asa Gray’s letter to you is fine excuse for writing. — …
  • … 26 November 1862  and n.  2). See letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862  and n.  14. See …
  • … Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] , and letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] ). A similar …
  • … example, Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  16, and [3–] …

To J. D. Hooker   15 February [1863]

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Summary

Asa Gray on democracy of plants.

Requests plants for new hothouse. Transferring plants to Down in winter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3986

Matches: 4 hits

  • Asa Gray on democracy of plants. Requests plants for new hothouse. Transferring plants to …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew, on 11 February 1863. See letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 . …
  • … The reference is to Asa Gray’s view of British attitudes to the American Civil War (see …
  • … see the first enclosure with the letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 ). CD included the …

To J. D. Hooker   29 May [1863]

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Summary

CD’s encouragement of John Scott, who has found a case of self-incompatibility in orchids, like William Herbert’s in Crinum.

Nägeli on phyllotaxy.

CD’s observations on broom fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 195
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4191

Matches: 7 hits

  • … fertilisation , pp.  163–4. See also letter to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] . CD refers to the …
  • … during April and May 1863 (see letters to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] and 11 May [1863] , …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]). Asa Gray’s work endorsed CD’s conclusion that …
  • … phyllotaxy were exaggerated (see letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863  and n.  25). A.  Gray  …
  • … Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and this volume, letters to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and 23  …
  • … February [1863] , and letter from Asa Gray, 11 April 1863 . Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [ …
  • … one to another. — I suppose you have seen Asa Gray on A.  Decandolle & on Falconer &c &c …

To J. D. Hooker   22 July [1863]

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Summary

Differences between tendrils derived from leaves and those derived from branches.

CD on Asa Gray’s attitude on the Civil War.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4250

Matches: 4 hits

  • … from leaves and those derived from branches. CD on Asa Gray’s attitude on the Civil War. …
  • … Hooker, [21 July 1863] . See letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863 , and letter from J.  D.   …
  • … would know at all? I shall be glad to see Asa Gray’s letter. He tells me in a scrap about …
  • … the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 July 1863 . See …

To J. D. Hooker   19 [July 1860]

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Summary

Asa Gray’s anonymous review.

"Intensely interested" in orchid homologies; like a "game of chess".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 [July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2871

Matches: 3 hits

  • Asa Gray’s anonymous review. "Intensely interested" in orchid homologies; like a "game of …
  • … strong. — Many thanks for Review: it is by Asa Gray: I have sent for copy to America. : it …
  • … 1860b. CD refers to the first part of Asa Gray’s unsigned review of Origin , published in …
Document type
letter (179)
Addressee
Hooker, J. D.[X]
Date
1847 (1)
1852 (1)
1854 (1)
1855 (8)
1856 (2)
1857 (12)
1858 (10)
1859 (8)
1860 (23)
1861 (11)
1862 (22)
1863 (23)
1864 (17)
1865 (5)
1866 (7)
1867 (4)
1868 (7)
1869 (1)
1870 (1)
1871 (1)
1872 (2)
1873 (2)
1874 (3)
1875 (1)
1876 (3)
1877 (2)
1881 (1)
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