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To W. D. Fox   14 October [1855]

Summary

CD now has a sufficiently large collection of [skeletons of] chickens to be able to tell how far the young differ proportionally from the old.

He goes on accumulating facts; what he will do with them "remains to be seen".

Attended Glasgow BAAS meeting. "Duke of Argyll spoke excellently" [Rep. BAAS (1855): lxiii–lxxxvi].

Lists his pigeon collection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  14 Oct [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1766

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   14 October [1855] …
  • … enthusiast. See Correspondence vol.  1, letter to W.  D. Fox, 12 [June 1828], n.  3. …
  • … of Osmaston Hall, the home of Fox’s parents. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 22 August [1855] , …
  • … by the relationship to the letter to W.  D. Fox, 22 August [1855] , in which CD mentioned …

To W. D. Fox   27 March [1855]

Summary

Thanks WDF for his offer of assistance in collecting varieties of poultry. Describes his needs. He will raise his own pigeons.

Often doubts whether, despite all help, the problem of species will not overpower him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  27 Mar [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 88)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1656

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   27 March [1855] …
  • … living with the household, but both had died (see letter to W.  D. Fox, 17 July [1853] ). …
  • … skeleton——’. John Baily. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 19 March [1855] , n.  3. As described …
  • … of Poultry notoriety’ (see letter to W.  D. Fox, 31 July [1855] ). It is possible that …
  • … of collecting Panagæus crux major , see letter to W.  D. Fox, 7 March [1852] , n.  11. Fox …
  • Fox Your offer is most kind & generous. It will really save me a great expence, as I sh d . have had to build places for the varieties of Fowls, not to mention the cost of the different breeds themselves; & the care would have been extremely irksome to me. As I want to compare the young only, when there are several varieties, I shall not want, I am extremely glad to say, your precious varieties of the White China, the Khoutom(? ) or Call Duck; the others w d . …

To W. D. Fox   17 May [1855]

Summary

Asks WDF to induce schoolboys to collect eggs of lizards and snakes for him. He will see whether they float and stay alive on sea-water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  17 May [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 91)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1683

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   17 May [1855] …
  • … that most British lizards are viviparous. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 23 May [1855] . …

To W. D. Fox   31 July [1855]

Summary

Has received the duck and bantam.

Anxious to get as many facts as possible on crossbreeding of dogs.

Reports on seeds that have germinated after 100 days immersion [in salt water].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  31 July [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1733

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   31 July [1855] …
  • … of new-born chicks. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 19 March [1855] . The Anerley poultry show …
  • … made by Lord Orford (see letters to W.  D. Fox, 26 April [1855] and 22 [July 1855] ). The …
  • … E.  S. Dixon 1848 ). See letter to W.  D. Fox, 27 March [1855] , n.  5. Unlike most of his …

To W. D. Fox   11 June [1855]

Summary

Thanks WDF for specimens and his great help to CD in his work on variations in young and adult ducks and poultry. Has found feet of tame adult ducks weigh twice as much as those of wild ones.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  11 June [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 93)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1698

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   11 June [1855] …
  • … send him the body of a seven-day-old duckling. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 7 May [1855] . …

To W. D. Fox   27 [June 1855]

Summary

Several seeds have come up after 65–70 days’ immersion in salt water.

Has now a fine collection of pigeons and intends to cross them systematically.

Needs information on mongrel crosses of animals of all kinds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  27 [June 1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 94)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1704

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   27 [June 1855] …
  • … Dated by the relationship to letter to W.  D. Fox, 11 June [1855] . CD means information …

To W. D. Fox   22 [July 1855]

Summary

Describes his method of putting young poultry to death.

Asks questions arising from WDF’s reply about crossed mongrels.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  22 [July 1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 95)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1728

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   22 [July 1855] …
  • … See letters to W.  D. Fox, 7 May [1855] , 23 May [1855] , 11 June [1855] , and 27 [June …
  • … of horrors’ ( EB ). See letter to W.  D. Fox, 26 April [1855] , n.  4. CD described Lord …

To W. D. Fox   7 May [1855]

Summary

William Yarrell has assured him that call ducks cross freely with common varieties. CD would like a seven-day duckling and an old one that dies a natural death.

CD is depressed – all his experiments are going wrong, "all nature is perverse and will not do as I wish it". Feels he is getting out of his depth.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  7 May [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 90)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1678

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   7 May [1855] …
  • … cracked the Onion seed. — Pickled in brine. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 26 April [1855] . …

To W. D. Fox   23 May [1855]

Summary

He may insert his request for lizards’ eggs in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

His study of mongrel chicks is to ascertain whether the young of domestic breeds differ as much as their parents.

Has already sent a communication on means of distribution of plants by sea to Gardeners’ Chronicle [Collected papers 1: 255–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  23 May [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 92)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1686

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   23 May [1855] …
  • … cough in March 1855 (see letter to W.  D. Fox, 19 March [1855] , n.  5). On 19 June, Emma …

To W. D. Fox   26 April [1855]

Summary

Explains more clearly what he is looking for in his work on poultry: relative variation at different ages, the effect of disuse on different parts, breeding between wild and domestic, and degree of fertility of "mongrels of very diverse races".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  26 Apr [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1675

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   26 April [1855] …
  • … breeds begin to develop. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 19 March [1855] . Cock-birds were …
  • … Hooker, 11 [December 1854] , and to W.  D. Fox, 19 March [1855]. CD was seeking evidence …
  • … Correspondence vol.  2, letter from W.  D. Fox, [ c . November 1838]). Galton was a cousin …

To W. D. Fox   22 August [1855]

Summary

Reports on his collection of skeletons of young and adults of various breeds of fowls and specimens still needed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  22 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 94a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1745

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   22 August [1855] …

To W. D. Fox   19 March [1855]

Summary

Asks WDF to observe at what age pigeons have tail-feathers sufficiently developed to be counted.

CD is hard at work on his notes for a book with all the facts "for & versus" the immutability of species.

Asks for a young chicken and a nestling common pigeon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  19 Mar [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1651

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Fox, W. D. …
  • … To W.  D. Fox   19 March [1855] …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  2, letter to W.  D. Fox, [15 June 1838] ). William Yarrell, a …
  • Fox How long it is since we have had any communication & I really want to hear how the world goes with you; but my immediate object is to ask you to observe a point for me, & as I know how you are a very busy man with too much to do, I shall have a good chance of your doing what I want, as it w d

From [J. B. Innes]   [after 8 February – August 1855]

Summary

Provides another case of apparently pure bred pointers producing litter with one setter puppy. Correspondent was told that this occurred in several litters; gives names of owners and others who can corroborate the information.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 8 Feb-Aug1855]
Classmark:  DAR 163: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13870

Matches: 4 hits

  • Fox, 27 [June 1855] ; see also letter to W.  D.  Fox, 22 [July 1855] ), probably for the …
  • … requested information on mongrels from Fox ( Correspondence vol.  5, letter to W.  D.   …
  • … Correspondence vol.  5, letter to W.  D.  Fox, 14 October [1855] ). Fox, Hore, and CD were …
  • … Correspondence vol.  1, letter to W.  D.  Fox, 12 [June 1828], n.  3; Alum. Cantab. ). …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   [13 September 1855]

Summary

Would welcome any distinct breed of poultry and would be glad to have any good pigeons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  [13 Sept 1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1754

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Jacobins, and swallows (see letters to W.  D. Fox, 23 May [1855] and 27 [June 1855] , and …
  • … inscribed by the author. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 22 August [1855] . In his pamphlet on …
  • W.   Darwin Fox) who has promised it me, told me at the time that the White Dorking was very distinct, but I fancied, no doubt erroneously, that he referred only to colour. — With respect to the Polands & Hamburghs & indeed in the whole subject, I sh d . …

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   31 August [1855]

Summary

Thanks for WBT’s offer to supply carcasses of good poultry breeds. Encloses list [missing] of birds in which he is interested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  31 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1751

Matches: 1 hit

  • … CD had planned to attend ( letter to W.  D. Fox, 31 July [1855] , and mentioned in letter …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [May 1855]

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Summary

CD upset because salted seeds do not float.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [May 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1681

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in May (Emma Darwin’s diary and letter to W.  D. Fox, 7 May [1855] ). Described in a note …
  • … For the text of the note, see letter to W.  D. Fox, 7 May [1855] , n.  5. In a note dated …

To J. D. Hooker   11 August [1855]

Summary

Has left a book from Henslow for JDH at Athenaeum.

When Asa Gray wrote, did he send marked sheets [of his Manual of botany]?

Has just made out "new & wonderful" specific character between two of his pigeon breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 150: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1738

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of pigeons: fantails and pouters ( letter to W.  D. Fox, 23 May [1855] ). In Variation 1: …

To T. C. Eyton   26 November [1855]

Summary

Asks TCE’s advice on preparation of birds’ skeletons.

His pigeon collection is growing; now has pairs of ten varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  26 Nov [1855]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1784

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DNB ). See, for example, letter to W.  D. Fox, 22 August [1855] . See letter to J.  D. …

From Bartholomew James Sulivan   2 February [1855]

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Summary

The only mainland vegetation he saw on Falkland Island shores were trees. Remembers no strange birds there, but on journey home saw a woodcock more than 500 miles from the nearest land.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Feb [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1551

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin (1915) 2: 156). See also letter to W.  D. Fox, 19 March [1855] , n.  7. Sulivan had …

To W. E. Darwin   [25 April 1855]

Summary

The new pigeon house is nearly complete.

CD is busy trying all sorts of experiments on salting seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [25 Apr 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1660

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to Willy £1 . 0 . 0. ’ See letters to W.  D. Fox, 19 March [1855] and 27 March [1855] , …
Document type
letter (21)
Date
1855
02 (2)
03 (2)
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05 (4)
06 (2)
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11 (1)
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