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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From Charles Lyell   15 June 1860

Summary

Rejects CD’s comparison of natural selection with the architect of a building. The architect who plans and oversees construction should not be confused in his function with the wisest breeder. That would be to deify natural selection.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VI, pp. 108–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2832A

Matches: 1 hit

From Charles Lyell   27 September 1860

Summary

Fears that multiple origin of the domestic dog will be extended to mammals or man. Believes, with Hooker, that whatever occurs in domestication is possible in nature.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Sept 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, p. 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2930A

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   12 [March 1860]

Summary

Discusses the intellectual development of the ancient Greeks as an objection to evolution and gives his reply.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 [Mar 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.203)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5032

Matches: 1 hit

From Charles Lyell   6 October 1860

Summary

Wonders why the coracoid bone in the flightless Apteryx is so large when the clavicles are reduced. The clavicles are even separate in the ostrich. The large coracoid in reptiles is explained by the connection to the forelimbs.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 21–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2940A

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   20 [June 1860]

Summary

Blyth’s effort to raise money for a Chinese expedition.

Comments on free-will in animals.

Says natural selection is not in the same category with Huxley’s "force" and "matter".

Discusses remarkable variation in period of gestation in dogs and ducks.

Discusses Arctic flora.

Has been working on orchids; they beat woodpeckers in adaptation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 [June 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.219)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2838

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   4 [January 1860]

Summary

Praises CL’s work on human species.

A critical review of Origin in Saturday Review [24 Dec 1859].

A letter from J. G. Jeffreys criticises CD’s geological statements.

A note from William Whewell concerning Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.190)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637

Matches: 1 hit

From Charles Lyell   7 May 1860

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Summary

Saw Salter’s Spirifer specimens; a very good proof of indefinite modifiability.

Beginning to think gap between Cambrian and Lower Silurian enormous.

Édouard Lartet to give paper before Geological Society ["On coexistence of man with certain extinct quadrupeds", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 16 (1859–60): 471–5].

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May 1860
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 396
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2787

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   17 June [1860]

Summary

Discusses relationship between natural selection and more general laws. Law of gravity is not seen as requiring design. Mentions mathematicians’ judgment of probability.

Notes gestation periods for hounds.

Etty is somewhat better.

Mentions his paper on fertilisation of orchids by insects [Collected papers 2: 32–5].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 June [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.217)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2833

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   5 [July 1860]

Summary

Glad CL plans trip to Amiens to investigate flints and post-glacial period.

Mentions support by Huxley, Hooker, and Lubbock at Oxford BAAS meeting. Asa Gray also goes on fighting.

Likes article by William Hopkins ["Physical theories and the phenomena of life", Fraser’s Mag. 61 (1860): 739–52; 62 (1860): 74–90].

Comments on hybrids of hare and rabbit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 [July 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.221)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2860

Matches: 1 hit

From Charles Lyell   [after 3 October 1860]

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Summary

CD would have carried the public more if he had explained adaptations by multiple causes, some unknown and some well known, i.e., natural selection.

Discusses Hooker’s views of extinction on St Helena.

Work on antiquity of man suspended.

Stopped by 11th edition of Principles of geology [1872].

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 3 Oct 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 397
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2937

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   [24 March – 3 April 1860]

Summary

Discusses letter of recommendation for Edward Blyth.

Sedgwick’s review of the Origin in the Spectator [24 Mar 1860].

Mentions breaks between geological formations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [24 Mar – 3 Apr 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.204)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2734

Matches: 1 hit

From Charles Lyell   2 May 1860

Summary

It is small comfort to be told you will be succeeded in lineal descent by angels when Lamarck and Darwin have made your ancestors without souls. However, can the progressive system not be seen as most consonant with a higher destiny if all spiritual natures advance? The link of common descent to inferior beings like idiots should be obvious. Infants die before they become responsible. Pope’s An essay on Man [1733] shows how man was "In doubt to deem himself a God or Beast", without speculation on his genealogy.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal V, pp. 176–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2779A

Matches: 1 hit

From Charles Lyell   8 September 1860

Summary

Believes CD’s argument against special creation based on absence of terrestrial mammals on islands isolated before Pliocene era is very strong. However, the absence means Cetacea and bats have not modified towards terrestrial existence. There is similar lack of development of bats and rodents in Australia. Constancy among land shells of Madeira over long period shows that the majority of their species are immutable: a minority of "metamorphic" species maintains the overall number of true species while extinction removes many. Emphasis on the role of extinction discomfits CD’s opponents since the power of generation of new species ought to keep pace. Mentions Ammonite deposits with reference to CD’s comments on their apparent sudden extinction [Origin, pp. 321–2]. Perhaps absence of transmutation on slowly subsiding atolls indicates the slow rate of selective change.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Sept 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VI, pp. 179–86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2908A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, Charles Darwin, C. R. …
  • … 4. The copy is headed: ‘C.  Lyell to C.  Darwin 8 th Sept r . 1860— Coburg’. See letter to …

To Charles Lyell   25 [June 1860]

Summary

Encloses arrow-heads.

Comments on gestation in dogs.

Mentions BAAS meeting at Oxford.

Etty’s illness.

Criticises views of J. W. Dawson on organic and geological change.

The problems of distinguishing varieties and species.

Discusses facts explained by his theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 [June 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.220)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2843

Matches: 2 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Lyell, Charles …
  • r Lanes Sudbrook Park, Richmond Surrey”, where I shall stay a week, & sh d .  stay rather longer had it not been for Etty. Etty improves slightly, but so slightly that it takes weeks to perceive any difference; she cannot sit up in bed for more than few minutes. — Farewell—   I hope that you will have pleasant time at Oxford; I much wished to have been there, but I could not stand it, or indeed anything. — Ever yours | C.  Darwin

To Charles Lyell   30 July [1860]

Summary

Comments on BAAS meeting: "our side seems to have got on very well". Asa Gray, too, is fighting nobly.

Comments on review [by Samuel Wilberforce] in the Quarterly [Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions a favourable review in the London Review.

Wonders if German translation [of the Origin] by Bronn has drawn attention to the subject.

The Natural History Review to be edited by Huxley and others.

Expects CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)] to be a bombshell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 July [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.222)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2881

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   15 April [1860]

Summary

Has resolved not to correct Owen’s misrepresentations in his review of Origin.

Discusses at length the theological implications of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  15 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.208)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2761

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   12 [February 1860]

Summary

Encloses letters from H. G. Bronn, Asa Gray, and C. J. F. Bunbury, concerning the Origin.

Will send review by Gray and a notice by Bronn.

Says Bronn will superintend the German translation.

Comments on lecture by Huxley [at Royal Institution, 10 Feb 1860, Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200]. Has remonstrated with him for saying sterility is "a universal and infallible criterion of species".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.196)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2693

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   25 February [1860]

Summary

Comments on CL’s reaction to the Origin. Mentions reactions of other scientists.

Discusses fertility of Aspicarpa.

Criticises Herbert Spencer’s views on population.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.201)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2714

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   28 August [1860]

Summary

The adultery of Lady [Harriet Spencer] Grey and Captain Keppell.

A new species of elephant discovered by Hugh Falconer.

Comments on excellent review by Asa Gray [Atlantic Monthly 6 (1860): 229–39].

Still believes dogs descended from several wild stocks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  28 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.224)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2900

Matches: 1 hit

To Charles Lyell   5 [October 1860]

Summary

Discusses views of T. V. Wollaston concerning island species related to those of mainland; possible land connection between islands and mainland.

Comments on bats of Atlantic islands.

Plant extinction on St Helena.

Experiments on Drosera.

Bronn’s objections [to the Origin] at end of his translation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 [Oct 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.231)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2938

Matches: 1 hit

Document type
letter (56)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (56)
Lyell, Charles[X]
Date
1860
01 (3)
02 (7)
03 (2)
04 (3)
05 (6)
06 (8)
07 (2)
08 (3)
09 (10)
10 (5)
11 (6)
12 (1)
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