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From Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin   [14 October 1881]

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Summary

Arrangements for the disposal of the contents of Erasmus Alvey Darwin’s house at 6 Queen Anne Street, London.

The text on EAD’s gravestone.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [14 Oct 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 210.3: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13400F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, Emma Darwin, G. H. …
  • … From Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin   [14 October 1881] …
  • … DAR 210.3: 24 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down [14 Oct 1881] George Howard Darwin …
  • … from 20 to 27 October 1881 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). The Irish politician Charles …
  • … were travelling in Italy ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 2 October [1881] ( …
  • Darwin , George was organising the sale by auction of the contents of Erasmus’s former home at 6 Queen Anne Street, London. Henrietta Emma
  • Emma Elizabeth Wedgwood . The particular edition of John Milton ’s works has not been identified. Elizabeth Pearce . An entry in CD’s Account book–cash accounts (Down House MS) records a payment of £16 11 s. 3 d. to ‘Taylors removing Furniture’ on 18 November 1881; the firm has not been further identified. No earlier correspondence about the inscription for Erasmus Alvey’s gravestone has been found, but see the letter from G. H. Darwin, …

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881

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Summary

About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

Matches: 3 hits

  • … George Howard Darwin Horace Darwin Leonard Darwin William Erasmus Darwin Henrietta Emma
  • Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … Darwin , Leonard Darwin , Horace Darwin , and Henrietta Emma Litchfield . Each daughter …

To the Darwin children   16 September 1881

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Summary

A circular letter on the distribution of his money at death and the division ofErasmus’ estate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  16 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340

Matches: 3 hits

  • … George Howard Darwin Horace Darwin Leonard Darwin William Erasmus Darwin Henrietta Emma
  • Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … and his three surviving daughters, Emma Darwin , Elizabeth Wedgwood , and Charlotte …

To the Darwin children   20 December 1881

Summary

Has promised to pay Hooker about £250 annually "for the formation of a perfect MS catalogue of all known plants [Index Kewensis]".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  20 Dec 1881
Classmark:  DAR (CD library—Index Kewensis tom. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13570

Matches: 2 hits

  • … George Howard Darwin Horace Darwin Leonard Darwin William Erasmus Darwin Henrietta Emma
  • Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To H. E. Litchfield   4 January 1881

Summary

Seeks R. B. Litchfield’s advice about publishing a translation of a letter and article by E. Krause [answering Samuel Butler’s Unconscious memory].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  4 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 153: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12978

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 89 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Jan 1881 Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … Butler 1880 in Kosmos ( Krause 1881b ); Emma Darwin had translated the letter from Ernst …

From Alphonse de Candolle   9 July 1881

Summary

AdeC thinks Monographiae phanerogamarum may be of some use to CD for the most nearly correct names to adopt.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July 1881
Classmark:  DAR 161: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13239

Matches: 5 hits

  • … prodromi nunc continuatio nunc revisio . 9 vols. Paris: G. Masson. Emma Darwin ( …
  • … 1904): Emma Darwin, wife of Charles Darwin. A century of family letters. Edited by …
  • … Press. 1904. Healey, Edna. 2001. Emma Darwin: the inspirational wife of a genius. London: …
  • … see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Emma Darwin (then Wedgwood) and her sister Frances had …
  • … between November 1826 and June 1827 ( Emma Darwin (1904) , 1: 245–74; Healey 2001 , p. …

From L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield   [11 June 1881]

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Summary

On flowers bending towards light reflected in a mirror.

Author:  Laura Mary Forster
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  [11 June 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12960

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Laura Mary Forster unstated [11 June 1881] Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • Darwin at Southampton. Caverswall Castle in Staffordshire was rented by Godfrey Wedgwood from 1878 ( Wedgwood and Wedgwood 1980 , pp. 311–13). Probably John Stafford Northcote ; he married Hilda Cardew Farrar on 14 June 1881 at St Margaret’s, Westminster, London ( Belfast Newsletter , 17 June 1881). Northcote’s mother, Cecilia Frances Northcote , was Thomas Henry Farrer’s sister. Frances Emma

To Francis Darwin   16 and 17 May 1881

Summary

Some papers have arrived for FD.

Comments on the work of Phillipe van Tieghem who evidently knows nothing of insectivorous plants.

Leslie Stephen’s visit to Down went off well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  16 and 17 May 1881
Classmark:  DAR 211: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13159

Matches: 6 hits

  • … was a pet name for Francis’s son Bernard Darwin . Emma Darwin visited Ellen Harriet Tollet …
  • … on 17 May 1881 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Darwin and Leonard Darwin is recorded ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Stephen was a …
  • … They visited Down on 8 January 1882 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Bernard Darwin was …
  • … sinking has not been identified. Augusta Dickson , Emma Darwin 's maid, had been taken ill …
  • … at the beginning of May ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [3 May 1881] ; DAR …

From R. B. and H. E. Litchfield   5 January [1881]

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Summary

The Litchfields and George Darwin think care should be taken that E. Krause’s reply to S. Butler’s Unconscious memory does not appear to be instigated by CD. Suggest it be sent to Popular Science Review, not Athenæum.

Author:  Richard Buckley Litchfield; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 92: B88–90, B106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12979

Matches: 2 hits

  • … DAR 92: B88–90, B106 Richard Buckley Litchfield Henrietta Emma Darwin/ …
  • … Henrietta Emma Litchfield London, Bryanston St, 4 5 Jan [1881] Charles Robert Darwin

To C. E. Norton   1 June 1881

Summary

No Benjamin Franklin letters to Erasmus Darwin preserved.

Was inaccurate about Franklin’s nephews [in Erasmus Darwin].

Recounts story about Franklin at court of France.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Eliot Norton
Date:  1 June 1881
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Charles Eliot Norton Papers, MS Am 1088.14: 1599)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13187

Matches: 3 hits

  • … District from 2 June to 5 July 1881 ( Emma Darwin 's diary (DAR 242)). William Erasmus …
  • … Darwin arrived on 18 June 1881, but Sara Darwin did not come ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … 242); letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [19] June 1881 (DAR 219.9: 266)). Sara …

From W. E. Darwin   [13 March 1881]

Summary

Cannot write so is using Lily as secretary. Proud to be member of Geological Society. Sends observations of rhododendron leaves. Could not find piece of ploughed land. Has proved Josiah Wedgwood III’s death in North Eastern Railway Company. Taking care because head hurts.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Mar 1881]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 101)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13141F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … House MS), p. 152. The letters from Emma Darwin and from Sara Darwin have not been found. …
  • … authorising the purchase of shares for Emma Darwin’s trust; her trustees were Erasmus …
  • … III , who had died on 11 March 1880 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). William was Josiah’s …
  • … the letter from W. E. Darwin, 3 February [1881] and nn. 3 and 4. Emma Darwin , in a letter …
  • Darwin , 7 March 1881 (DAR 251: 1002) mentioned that William had been kicked off his horse, hitting his head, but that he was ‘not the least stunned’. In a letter of 16 March 1881 (DAR 210.3: 5), Emma

From G. H. Darwin   15 October 1881

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Summary

Sends text of the gravestone inscription [for E. A. Darwin] and details of arrangements for removal of furniture from Queen Anne St.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Oct 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13401

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the inscription, see the letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, [14 October 1881] . …
  • … Queen Anne Street, London, was Erasmus’s former home. See letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. …
  • … 14 October 1881] . See letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, [14 October 1881] and n. …
  • … difficulty finding work ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 2 October [1881] ( …

From Anthony Rich   13 June 1881

Summary

The Huxleys have visited; CD may come soon.

Author:  Anthony Rich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 June 1881
Classmark:  DAR 176: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13202

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Heene, Worthing, on 8 September 1881 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). They stayed at the …
  • … while William arrived on 18 June ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George had travelled to …
  • … of March ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 4 February [1881] ; letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. …
  • … Darwin, 23 March 1881 (DAR 210.3: 6); Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George had visited …
  • … at Patterdale, from 3 June to 4 July ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Victor Marshall ’s …

To Francis Darwin   25 May [1881]

Summary

Sends further chapters of Earthworms for correction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  25 May [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13174

Matches: 3 hits

  • … regularly sent paper soldiers to Bernard. The postscript was written by Emma Darwin . …
  • … was written between the lines by Emma Darwin . See letter from Francis Darwin, 23 [May …
  • … nurse, Pauline Badel ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [12 September 1879] , …

From W. E. Darwin   21 November 1881

Summary

Financial matters; executing EAD’s will; pleased to hear news about Prof. Challis.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13497F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Hooker were also present ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 4 December 1881 ( …
  • Emma Darwin ’s trust included shares in the Maryport & Carlisle railway company (CD’s …
  • … to Down on 3 December ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 4 December 1881 (DAR …

To G. H. Darwin   8 June [1881]

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Summary

Discusses a letter [not found] from R. S. Ball that has quite delighted him.

Describes events at Patterdale.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  8 June [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13197

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the Lake District from 3 June to 4 July ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). The letter from …
  • … Erasmus Darwin came on 18 June ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). There is no record of a …
  • … Buckley Litchfield ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Pooley Bridge is a village at the …
  • … including Leonard , Horace , and Elizabeth Darwin , and Henrietta Emma and Richard …

To W. E. Darwin   19 February [1881]

Summary

Uncle Erasmus is ill.

Thanks WED for his trouble about the cottages.

He has signed the note to Higgins.

CD has used WED’s Rhododendron case in Earthworms [p. 69].

Is using paper triangles in experiments on intelligence of worms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  19 Feb [1881]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Autograph File, D)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13058

Matches: 5 hits

  • Emma Darwin and CD travelled to London on Thursday 24 February; they stayed there until 3 …
  • … at Down on 17 February ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Darwin, 17 February 1881 (DAR …
  • … 258)). She probably left on 22 February. Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records that Shaen …
  • … to John Higgins has not been found. Erasmus Alvey Darwin . Henrietta Emma Litchfield . …
  • Emma also incorrectly recorded that Francis Galton and William Cecil Marshall came to dinner on Saturday 12 February instead of Saturday 19 February. Both Galton and Marshall were still at Down on 20 February; Louisa Jane Galton , Galton’s wife, did not visit owing to a bilious attack ( letter from Elizabeth Darwin

To Francis Darwin   17 October 1881

Summary

Has been reading Julius von Wiesner’s book [Das Bewegungsvermögen der Pflanzen (1881)]. Comments that it is "an excellent book, but he vivisects me in the most grievous terms, but most effectively".

Has been experimenting on aggregation of chlorophyll but with little success.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  17 Oct 1881
Classmark:  DAR 211: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13411

Matches: 4 hits

  • … fever in the village (letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [9 October 1881] (DAR …
  • … deceased wife’s family (letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [9 October 1881] (DAR …
  • … 17 October 1881 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Bernard Darwin , Francis’s son, was …
  • … Laslett was a local builder. Frances Emma Elizabeth Wedgwood visited the Darwins from 6 to …

From W. E. Darwin   [24 April 1881]

Summary

Sends observations of wormcasts at Malvern. Describes stay at Abinger.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Apr 1881]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 102)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13141G

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 13 March 1881] and n. 4; letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, 16 March 1881 (DAR …
  • … and Horace Darwin left Down on 19 April for a visit to Abinger ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … 242); letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, [16 April 1881] (DAR 210.3: 8)). Ida was …
  • … not to visit again (see letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, 31 January 1881 (DAR …

From G. H. Darwin   [18 October 1881]

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Summary

Occupied with details of E. A. Darwin’s house and furniture. He has ordered a gravestone.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [18 Oct 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13412

Matches: 3 hits

  • … between this letter and the letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, [14 October 1881] . …
  • … auction of the contents (see letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, [14 October 1881] ). …
  • … October 1881 and n. 5). See letter from Emma Darwin to G. H. Darwin, [14 October 1881] . …
Document type
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