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From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   25 June 1873

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Summary

Informs CD of the effects of certain salts and other chemicals on animals.

Comments on CD’s results with Drosera. Suggests some experiments.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 116–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8949

Matches: 3 hits

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   25 April 1874

Summary

Purpose of experiments was to determine digestive activity of liquids containing pepsin. Gives required amounts of hydrochloric, propionic, butyric and valerianic acids. Describes experiment and gives results. Also experimented on digestive activity of butyric acid at greater temperatures than the termperature of the body.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.2: 65–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9427F

Matches: 5 hits

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   25 July 1873

Summary

Describes his recent work on Drosera digestion of organic materials, e.g., albumen and gelatin. Edward Frankland has given CD a rough test for pepsin. Some plant extracts cause as much inflection as meat. Has found some reversible inflection with heat and perhaps some heat rigor. Has measured the extreme sensitivity of Drosera with very dilute solution of ammonium phosphate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  25 July 1873
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8987

Matches: 3 hits

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 September [1873]

Summary

Very pleased at JSBS’s discovery ["On the electrical phenomena which accompany the contractions of the leaf of Dionaea muscipula", Rep. BAAS 43 (1873): 133].

Asks for pure animal substances [proteins] for Drosera experiments. His other sources have been T. L. Brunton, Edward Frankland, W. A. Miller (now dead), and Hoffmann of Berlin [A. W. von Hofmann?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  14 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9056

Matches: 3 hits

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   16 July 1875

Summary

Thanks for JSBS’s essays; wishes he had said something on Lister’s observations. Speculates on the fungoid nature of smallpox and why there is seldom re-infection.

Discusses digestion by Drosera, the action of its secretion being the same as that of gastric juice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  16 July 1875
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10070

Matches: 5 hits

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   30 April [1876]

Summary

Suggests JSBS’s new machine for observing arterial action be used to test CD’s hypothesis that blushing is caused by thinking intensely about a part of the body and thus releasing the arteries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  30 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10485

Matches: 2 hits

To E. H. Stanley   15 April 1875

Summary

CD has helped leading physiologists to prepare a draft bill for legislation with regard to vivisection, and he hopes Lord Derby will support the bill and mention it to ministers of the Cabinet. Has heard that other groups are preparing bills for the same purpose, and feels it important that the science of physiology be protected as well as animals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Henry Stanley, 15th earl of Derby
Date:  15 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 97: C22–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9933

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Huxley, and John Scott Burdon Sanderson; see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11  …
  • … vivisection, see the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1874]. Joseph Dalton …
  • … Power Cobbe (see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] and n. 3); the Royal …
  • … respectively (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12 April [1875] and n.   …
  • … 5, and letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 and 19 April [1875] and n.  6). On the …

Klein, Edward, et al. 1873. Handbook for the physiological laboratory. 2 vols. Edited by John Scott Burdon Sanderson. London: J. & A. Churchill.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2 vols. Edited by John Scott Burdon Sanderson. London: J. & A. Churchill. NC MB.39.50–1, …

From J. D. Hooker   17 August 1874

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Summary

Describes his work on Nepenthes.

Cephalotus is a beast.

His address is a history of Dionaea, Sarracenia, and Drosera.

Thiselton-Dyer has helped enormously except with the observations; but his health is so poor that JDH thinks he is "evidently cut out for a Literate not a working botanist".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 214–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9602

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Hooker, 22 July 1874 . John Scott Burdon Sanderson (see J.  D.  Hooker 1874a, p.  103). …

From Francis Darwin   [15–8 September 1873]

Summary

FD has asked J. B. Sanderson about Mucin.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15–18 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10156F

Matches: 3 hits

  • Burdon Sanderson with his experiments on Dionaea muscipula (Venus fly trap, see letter to J.   …
  • Burdon Sanderson for small quantities of mucin, albumin, and fibrin (see letter to J.   …
  • … between this letter, the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 14 September [1873] , and the …

From Thomas Allen   14 April 1875

Summary

Encloses draft bill about vivisection; CD and friends may have influence enough to get it introduced in Commons or Lords; TA and the Cruelty Society do not. The Society, however, can pay for preparation of bill.

Author:  Thomas Allen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 159: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9926

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] , and letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … CD on 11 April (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). Royal Society for …

To R. B. Litchfield   [24 April 1875]

Summary

On the petition by scientists regarding vivisection and plans for presenting it in Parliament.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Buckley Litchfield
Date:  [24 Apr 1875]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 58373)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9924

Matches: 3 hits

  • … to Parliament (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 23 April [1875] and n. 5). John …
  • … this letter, the letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 23 April [1875] , and the letter to …
  • … a vivisection bill (see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). CD had …

To T. H. Huxley   21 May 1875

Summary

CD believes Playfair’s bill would not restrict demonstrations under anaesthetic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  21 May 1875
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9986

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Scott Burdon Sanderson; it was drafted by Richard Buckley Litchfield (see letter to J.   …
  • … House of Commons (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). See letter to …
  • … vivisection bill (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). CD underlined …

To J. D. Hooker   20 July [1874]

Summary

"It is grand about Nepenthes."

JDH is welcome to notice in any way any of CD’s published or unpublished results with insectivorous plants. Gives an abstract of his observations on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 July [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 32–37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9555

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] , and letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … carboxylic acids. See letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] ). See letter …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, 18 July 1874  and n.  2). In the summer of 1873, CD had described his work on Drosera (sundew) to John Scott Burdon Sanderson, …

From T. H. Huxley   [4 April 1875]

Summary

Sends his thoughts on [vivisection] petition. Thinks they might make petition more talked about. Leaves it to J. Paget, Burdon Sanderson, and CD to deal with.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4 Apr 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 337
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9875

Matches: 2 hits

  • … petition more talked about. Leaves it to J. Paget, Burdon Sanderson, and CD to deal with. …
  • … this letter and the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] . CD was in London …

From E. E. Klein   14 May 1874

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Summary

Reports on his examination of the effects of Drosera secretion on tooth enamel and dentine, and of artificial gastric juice on fibrous basis of bone.

Author:  Edward Emanuel Klein
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9460

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 5 May [1874] , and letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12  …

To T. L. Brunton   26 March 1873

Summary

Thanks for Indian [Medical] Gazette. Comments on article.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  26 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 143: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8825

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Nature , [before 3 April 1873] and n.  7). John Scott Burdon Sanderson. See letter to J.   …
  • Burdon Sanderson, 29 March 1873 . See first letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873]. Moore had conducted experiments in which tumbling behaviour was induced in non-tumbling species of pigeon by administering drugs or by inserting a needle into the brain; he concluded that a behaviour caused originally by injury or disease had become heritable ( W.  J.   …

From T. H. Huxley   5 June 1875

Summary

Playfair "disgusted at our pronunciamentos against the Bill". Burdon Sanderson and William Sharpey agreed to it. THH feels he must serve on Vivisection Commission.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 166: 341
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10010

Matches: 2 hits

  • … by Playfair (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). It contained a …
  • … letter from William Sharpey to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 19 May 1875; London University, …

To J. D. Hooker   14 April [1875]

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Summary

CD and others now think it advisable to go further than a petition on vivisection, and a bill has been drafted.

F. Delpino’s pamphlet on pitchers ["Sulle pianti a bicchieri", Nuovo G. Bot. Ital. 3 (1871): 174–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 384–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9927

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on the subject (see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). CD refers to …
  • … home secretary (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12  April [1875] ). Hooker was …

From J. D. Hooker   22 July 1874

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Summary

Stupefied by CD’s trouble and kindness. All he wanted for Belfast meeting was assurance that mention of published work on Drosera, etc., in Nature, etc., would not interfere with CD’s book.

Would like his Nepenthes results to go to CD or to Royal Society, but prefers CD take them.

Cephalotus very puzzling.

Peas and cabbage grow twice as fast after two days’ immersion in Nepenthes as when placed in distilled water, but four days’ immersion seems to kill them.

Has a splendid Australian Drosera twice as big as D. rotundifolia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 210–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9558

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol 21, letters to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 August 1873  and 27 August  …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, 18 July 1874 , and n.  3, below). CD had not published any of his research on insectivorous plants in Nature , but an article on electrical phenomena in Dionaea by John Scott Burdon Sanderson
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