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To J. V. Carus   16 September [1877]

Summary

Thanks JVC for correcting a bad blunder in Forms of flowers.

His health fairly good; has been able to work "pretty hard".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  16 Sept [1877]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 168–169)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11143

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   16 September [1877] …
  • … Charles, Bl. 168–169) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Sept [1877] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … IV, and letter to J. V. Carus, 17 June [1877] ). Carus suffered from bronchial problems ( …
  • … this letter and the letter from J. V. Carus, 13 September 1877 . See letter from J. …
  • … V. Carus, 13 September 1877 . Carus had sent corrections to Forms of flowers , which he …
  • … See letter from J. V. Carus, 13 September 1877 and n. 2. Carus had queried the heading of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … p. 205). In his letter of 13 September 1877 , Carus had asked for the unit of calibration …
  • … was published by John Murray on 9 July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). Carus’s name is on CD’s …

From Francis Darwin   11 June 1877

Summary

Lists the tasks he has completed; sends on letter from Romanes; news of Bernard.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10994F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   11 June 1877
  • … DAR 274.1: 2 Francis Darwin 11 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 6 June 1877 . Bernard Darwin. Atty: Arthur …
  • … He married Elizabeth Eleanor D’Arcy in 1877 ( BMD ( Marriage index )). Jim or Jemmy were …
  • … See letter to Francis Darwin, [10 June 1877] ; there was evidently another letter to …
  • … See letter to G. J. Romanes, 27 May [1877] and n. 3. Henry Lettington was the gardener at …
  • … Down June 11. 1877 My dear Father I have got yr messages & will do them all square— There …
  • … see letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 18 July [1877] and n. 10). Francis’s letter on the …
  • … of Pteridium aquilinum , bracken fern), was published in Nature , 7 June 1877, pp. 100–1. …
  • … See also letter from Francis Darwin, [before 21 May 1877] and n. 3, and F. Darwin 1876d. …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   18 July [1877]

Summary

Thanks him for various plants sent for experiments.

Frank [Darwin] has been feeding Drosera meat to study differences between fed and unfed plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  18 July [1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 72–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11059

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   18 July [1877] …
  • … Parlatore (F. Darwin 1878a). See also letter to G. J. Romanes, 9 August [1877] and n. 8. …
  • … 1873–81: ff. 72–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 July [1877] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … this letter and the letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 16 July 1877 . See letter from W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 16 July 1877 . Thiselton-Dyer had sent plants from the Royal Botanic …
  • … plants (see letter to Fritz Müller, 14 May 1877 and n. 2). Now spelled Nelumbo (see …
  • … letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 16 July 1877 and n. 7). Averrhoa bilimbi (see letter …
  • … from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 16 July 1877 and n. 5. Haematoxylon campechianum (see letter …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 14 July [1877] and n. 5). CD discussed the genus Lotus …

From J. D. Caton   8 October 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for acknowledging receipt of JDC’s book The antelope and deer of America [1877].

Castration suppresses deer antlers.

Author:  John Dean Caton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11174

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Caton   8 October 1877
  • … DAR 161: 126 John Dean Caton Ottawa, Ill. 8 Oct 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of JDC’s book The antelope and deer of America [1877]. Castration suppresses deer antlers. …
  • … in May (see letter to W. H. Flower, 19 May 1877 and n. 1). Brooke had established a large …
  • … The antelope and deer of America (Caton 1877). Caton’s previous work on deer and elk was …
  • … 1868 and n. 5). CD’s annotated copy of Caton 1877 is in the Darwin Library–CUL. The wapiti …
  • … Ottawa Illinois October 8 1877 My Dear Sir Your favor of the 10 th of August arrived …

To Raphael Meldola   22 October [1877]

Summary

Thinks Weismann would welcome a translation.

Was dissatisfied with Wallace’s article.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Raphael Meldola
Date:  22 Oct [1877]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History (Hope Entomological Collections 1350: Hope/Westwood Archive, Darwin folder)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11197

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Raphael Meldola   22 October [1877] …
  • … Westwood Archive, Darwin folder) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Oct [1877] Raphael Meldola …
  • … Bibliography Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1877. The colours of animals and plants. Macmillan’s …
  • … Wallace’s paper criticising sexual selection ( A. R. Wallace 1877 ; see letter to A. …
  • … R. Wallace, 31 August 1877 ). …
  • … the letter from Raphael Meldola, 20 October 1877 . CD had offered to lend Meldola a paper …
  • … letter to Raphael Meldola, 19 October [1877] and n. 1). Meldola wished to write to August …
  • … letter from Raphael Meldola, 20 October 1877 and n. 2). CD’s annotated copies of Weismann …

To C. E. Norton   16 March 1877

Summary

Thanks for Chauncey Wright’s work [Philosophical discussions (1877)].

Gladstone visited recently, and they discussed the future role of the United States as a world power.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Eliot Norton
Date:  16 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Charles Eliot Norton Papers, MS Am 1088.14: 1596)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10895

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To C.  E.  Norton   16 March 1877
  • … Papers, MS Am 1088.14: 1596) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Mar 1877 Charles Eliot Norton …
  • … Wright’s work [ Philosophical discussions (1877)]. Gladstone visited recently, and they …
  • … 3 vols. London: Macmillan Co. Wright, Chauncey. 1877. Philosophical discussions. With a …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.E.R. ) March 16 1877 My dear M r . Norton I am very much obliged …
  • … in Philosophical discussions ( Wright 1877 ); CD’s lightly annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … his biographical sketch of Wright ( Wright 1877 , p. xvi), Norton discussed the influence …
  • … Thomas Scott Huxley took over as rector in 1877. Professor Huxley: Thomas Henry Huxley. …
  • … Ewart Gladstone visited Down on 11 March 1877. The visit was part of a weekend party held …

To Nature   24 February [1877]

Summary

Darwin consents to his correspondence with Pieter Harting being published in Nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  24 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  The 19th Century Shop (dealers) (July 2004)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9872F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Nature    24 February [1877] …
  • … The 19th Century Shop (dealers) (July 2004) Charles Robert Darwin 24 Feb [1877] Nature …
  • … correspondence published in Nature , 8 March 1877 (see n. 2, below). Joseph Norman Lockyer …
  • … Nature . The letter from A.  A.  van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 , and CD’s …
  • … reply of 12 February 1877 were published in …
  • … Nature , 8 March 1877, pp. 410–11, with a covering letter from Pieter Harting. …

To W. H. Leggett   22 January 1877

Summary

Comments on WHL’s paper ["Pontederia cordata", Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (1875–9): 62–3]. Cites Fritz Müller’s conclusion that plant is trimorphic. Has WHL made further observations?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Leggett
Date:  22 Jan 1877
Classmark:  The New York Public Library. Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations. The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10808

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To W.  H.  Leggett   22 January 1877
  • … and American Literature. Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan 1877 William Henry Leggett …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Leggett, William Henry. 1875. Pontederia …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 22. 1877 Dear Sir, I read some time ago a short …
  • … letter from W.  H.  Leggett, 15 January 1877 , in which Leggett informed CD that he had …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 25 March 1877 ). In Forms of flowers , pp. 183–7, CD …
  • … cordata in a later article ( Leggett 1877 ). In the preface to Forms of flowers 2d ed. , …
  • … p. viii, CD added a reference to Leggett 1877 . See also letter to W. …
  • … H. Leggett, 19 August 1877 . …
  • … 6 (1875–9): 62–3. Leggett, William Henry. 1877. Pontederia cordata. Bulletin of the Torrey …

To Williams & Norgate   [7 July? 1877]

Summary

Asks for Tom. 23 of the Bulletin de la Soc. Bot. de France to be purchased for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  [7, 17 or 27] July 1877
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) (27 November 2018, lot 85)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10759F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Williams & Norgate   [7 July? 1877] …
  • … dealers) (27 November 2018, lot 85) Charles Robert Darwin Down [7 July? ] 1877 [17 July? ] …
  • 1877 [27 July? ] …
  • 1877 Williams & Norgate …

From W. E. Darwin   [12 or 19 July 1877]

Summary

Discusses an experiment.

His dogs appear to have rabies.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 or 19] July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10743

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   [12 or 19 July 1877] …
  • … DAR 210.5: 14 William Erasmus Darwin unstated [12 July 1877] [19 …
  • … July 1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … them from water damage (see letter to Fritz Müller, 14 May 1877 and n. 2). Mrs C. : …
  • … from Sara Darwin to Emma Darwin, [3 December 1877] (DAR 210.5: 23)). Dick was William’s …
  • … In a letter to Emma Darwin of [24 July 1877] (DAR 210.5: 15, dated by a postmark), William …
  • … stayed with William until Wednesday 4 July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). There were …

From Francis Darwin   [14 June? 1877]

Summary

Forwards letters.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 June? 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10762F

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [14 June? 1877] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 3 Francis Darwin [Down] [14 June? 1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … For CD’s interest in scrofula, see the letter to Agricultural Gazette , 22 March 1877. …
  • … Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [3] February 1877 (DAR 219.9: 144)). See n. 1, above. …
  • … tooth was ‘nearly through’ on 23 July 1877 (F. Darwin 1920b, p. 6), so this letter must …
  • … their absence (see letter from Francis Darwin, 11 June 1877 ). A report of an inquest on a …
  • … death from starvation and scrofulous disease appeared in The Times , 14 June 1877, p. …
  • … 13. In 1877, 14 June was a Thursday; apparently Francis did go to Southampton on or around …
  • … P. P. C. Hoek in a letter of [ c . 24 June 1877]. The letter and Francis’s reply have not …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   28 July [1877]

Summary

Thanks R. I. Lynch for his MS on Averrhoa.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  28 July [1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: f. 79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11076

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Kew on 26 July ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 26 [July 1877] ). …
  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   28 July [1877] …
  • … 1873–81: f. 79) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 July [1877] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 . Richard Irwin Lynch was foreman of the …
  • … of Averrhoa bilimbi , see the first letter from R. I. Lynch, [before 28 July 1877] , …
  • … Lynch 1877, and Movement in plants , p. 330. CD had received plants from …

From E. A. Darwin   31 August [1877]

Summary

Sends a dividend.

Recommends a novel but is sure Emma will not like it.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11123

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   31 August [1877] …
  • … 17 July 1877, p. 487). …
  • … DAR 105: B102 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 31 Aug [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Press. 1985–. [Laffan, Mary (May). ] 1877. The Hon. Miss Ferrard . 3 vols. London: Richard …
  • … author of “Hogan, M.P. ”’ ( [Laffan] 1877 ). The author was later revealed to be Mary ( …
  • … May) Laffan. The novel was published in July 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …

To J. D. Hooker   3 March [1877]

thumbnail

Summary

CD counters Thiselton-Dyer’s objection to protoplasmic filaments of Dipsacus protruding beyond cell-wall, as Frank’s paper claims, by citing white "blood cells passing through vessels".

Has received Moseley’s collection of photographs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 435–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10874

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 March [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 435–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Mar [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 25 January [1877] . Henry Nottidge Moseley; see letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [2 March 1877] and n. 7. …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [2 March 1877] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [2 March 1877] . Francis Darwin had delivered his paper on the teasel ( …
  • … at the Royal Society of London on 1 March 1877. CD alludes to Francis’s wife, Amy, who had …

To Édouard Heckel   4 March 1877

Summary

Asks EH to make a small correction in his translation [of Cross and self-fertilisation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Édouard Marie (Édouard) Heckel
Date:  4 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Barbara and Robert Pincus (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10878

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Édouard Heckel   4 March 1877
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Mar 1877 Édouard Marie (Édouard) Heckel …
  • … letter to Édouard Heckel, 19 February 1877 . Heckel was making the French translation …
  • … Cross and self fertilisation (Heckel trans. 1877). For CD’s initial correction to p. 275 …
  • … self fertilisation , see the letter to J. V. Carus, 19 February 1877 . Julius Victor Carus …
  • … had questioned it in his letter of 26 February 1877 . See also letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 4 March 1877 . The correction was not …
  • … made to Heckel trans. 1877, p. 192, but it was made to Cross and self fertilisation 2d …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Mar 4. 1877 Dear Sir, I have much cause to apologise …

From Max Schlesinger   4 July 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for allowing him to translate his paper ["Biographical sketch of an infant"] for the Cologne Gazette. Sends copies.

Author:  Max Schlesinger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 177: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11034

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Max Schlesinger   4 July 1877
  • … 177: 54 Max Schlesinger London, Upper Bedford Place, 25 4 July 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. 409– …
  • … of an infant’ , was published in the July 1877 issue of Mind . Schlesinger was the London …
  • … CUL; the translation was published in Kölnische Zeitung , 2 July 1877 (erstes Blatt), [p. …
  • … 3], and 3 July 1877 (erstes Blatt), [p. 3]. …

To Rudolph Ludwig   [16 July 1877]

Summary

Thanks RABL for his book on crocodiles [Fossile Crocodiliden (1877)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Rudolph August Birminhold Sebastian (Rudolph) Ludwig
Date:  [16 July 1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.517)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11055

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Rudolph Ludwig   [16 July 1877] …
  • … Thanks RABL for his book on crocodiles [ Fossile Crocodiliden (1877)]. …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down [16 July 1877] Rudolph August Birminhold Sebastian (Rudolph) …
  • … Bibliography Ludwig, Rudolph. 1877. Fossile Crocodiliden aus der Tertiärformation des …
  • … formation of the Mainz basin; Ludwig 1877 ) in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Ludwig …

To Fritz Müller   9 May 1877

Summary

Is printing a book on dimorphic plants [Forms of flowers] in which he will make considerable use of FM’s work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  9 May 1877
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10954

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   9 May 1877
  • … MS 10 no 41) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May 1877 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 25 March 1877 . In Forms of flowers , pp. 183–7, CD …
  • … Henry Leggett (see letter from W. H. Leggett, 15 January 1877 and n. 1, and letter to W. …
  • … H. Leggett, 22 January 1877 and n. 3). CD referred extensively …
  • … of flowers , which was published on 9 July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). Müller described the …
  • … cleistogamic flowers in his letter of 25 March 1877 ; CD noted it in Forms of flowers , p. …
  • … Francis Darwin; see letter from Fritz Müller, 25 March 1877 and n. 5. Müller had reported …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 25 March 1877 and n. 7). In Narrative 3: 147, CD had …

From P. L. Sclater   2 June 1877

Summary

Encloses a memorandum [missing] drawn up by W. H. Flower, Huxley, and himself, defending Charles Wyville Thomson against an attack made upon him.

Author:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 177: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10981

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From P.  L.  Sclater   2 June 1877
  • … 177: 76 Philip Lutley Sclater London, Elvaston Place, 44 2 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … others; it was reprinted in Nature , 14 June 1877, pp. 117–19. Victor Brooke had visited …
  • … CD at Down on 26 May (see letter to W. H. Flower, 19 May [1877] ). …
  • … Place. | Queens Gate. S.W. June 2 nd . 1877 My dear M r Darwin I believe Flower has spoken …
  • … Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 20 (1877): 79–80; the debate over Thomson’s decision …
  • … had arisen in ibid . 4th ser. 19 (1877): 429–30, 506–9. The memorial defending Thomson’s …

From A. W. Malm   21 December 1877

Summary

Thanks for Origin, 6th ed.

Author:  August Wilhelm Malm
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11285

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Malm   21 December 1877
  • … 171: 34 August Wilhelm Malm Nat. Hist. Mus. , Göteborg 21 Dec 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … paper) 1–28. Malm, August Wilhelm. 1877. Göteborgs och Bohusläns fauna, ryggradsdjuren . …
  • … Translation from Swedish of Malm 1877, pp. 26–49. ] Archiv für Naturgeschichte 44: 129–61. …
  • … seu Biblia hodierna; both dated 30 Januar 1877. My Fauna Bahusid is just printed, and I …
  • … See letter from A. W. Malm, 26 January 1877 and n. 3. Malm had asked CD where CD had …
  • … from the original Swedish version ( Malm 1877 , pp. 31–44; see also Malm 1878 , pp. 136– …
  • … Gothenburg and Bohuslän fauna, vertebrates; Malm 1877 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Malm refers to CD’s theory (see Malm 1877 , pp. 13–14). CD’s son George Howard Darwin had …
  • … published a section of Malm’s book ( Malm 1877 , pp. 26–49) in German translation as ‘Die …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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