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From S. B. J. Skertchly   27 February 1878

Summary

Sends CD a copy of his memoir on the fenland [Geology of the fenland (1877)].

Outlines the results of his recent researches into the geological history of man, the development of Palaeolithic culture, the occurrence of Palaeolithic remains in the boulder-clays of eastern England, and their relation to glacial and inter-glacial periods.

Author:  Sydney Barber Josiah Skertchly
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1878
Classmark:  DAR 177: 176
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11379

Matches: 13 hits

  • … memoir on the fenland [ Geology of the fenland (1877)]. Outlines the results of his recent …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Dawkins, William Boyd. 1877. On the mammal-fauna of the …
  • … caves of Creswell Crags. [Read 11 April 1877. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological …
  • … Society 33: 589–612. Geikie, James. 1877. The great ice age and its relation to the …
  • … s Geology of the fenland (Skertchly 1877), part of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, …
  • … to the antiquity of man 2d ed. ( Geikie 1877 , pp. 536–46). Skertchly updated his work on …
  • … see Lartet and Christy 1875 and Dawkins 1877 ; for the controversy surrounding the …
  • … Press. Skertchly, Sydney Barber Josiah. 1877. Memoirs of the geological survey. England …
  • … in their letters to Nature , 21 June 1877, pp. 141–2. Both letters mentioned Andrew …
  • … views. Further correspondence about the matter appeared in Nature , 28 June 1877, pp. …
  • … 162–3, and 5 July 1877, p. 182; for more on the dispute, see O’Connor 2007, pp. 63–5. …
  • … were pre- or interglacial (see Geikie 1877 , p. 565); CD regarded Alfred Russel Wallace as …
  • … C. Darwin and Wallace 1858). See Skertchly 1877 , p. 220. Périgord is a former province of …

From Asa Gray   3 February 1878

Summary

AG’s review of Joseph Cook ["Lectures on biology", New Englander 37: 100–13].

Encourages CD to work at heliotropism.

Thinks Thomas Meehan is as "rattle-brained" as Joseph Cook.

[A damaged fragment cut from this letter is pinned to 11051.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1878
Classmark:  DAR 160: 169, DAR 165: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11343

Matches: 12 hits

  • … those Gray and CD described; see A. Gray 1877 and letter to Asa Gray, 21 [and 22] January …
  • … Bibliography Cook, Joseph. 1877. Boston Monday lectures. Biology, with preludes on current …
  • … with preludes on current events ( J. Cook 1877 ) appeared in the New Englander 37 (1878): …
  • … evolution rather than CD’s (see J. Cook 1877 , pp. 1–32). For CD’s comment on the review, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Meehan, Thomas. 1875. Are insects any …
  • … the Advancement of Science 24: 243–51. Meehan, Thomas. 1877. Darwin on the fertilization …
  • … of flowers. Penn Monthly , June 1877, pp. 463–71. Movement in plants : The power of …
  • … Jackson to Francis Darwin, 18 November 1877 ). For a previous discussion between Gray and …
  • … married Sara Sedgwick, an American, in 1877; see letter to Asa Gray, 21 [and 22] January …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation ( Meehan 1877 ) and Meehan’s earlier paper on the role of …
  • … vol. 25, letter to Thomas Meehan, 5 July [1877] , and Correspondence vol. 23, letter to …
  • … Müller, 26 October 1875 . In the summer of 1877, Gray and his wife, Jane Loring Gray, had …

From Thomas Meehan   28 April [1878]

Summary

Sends CD Dr Wood’s lecture on insectivorous plants.

Had no intention of antagonising CD with his observations on Linum; was anxious to account for its apparently different behaviour.

Author:  Thomas Meehan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Apr [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10944

Matches: 9 hits

  • … flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Wood, …
  • … Thomas Fanning. 1877. A paper on the insectivorous plants of the Wilmington regions. …
  • … Daily Review (Wilmington, N.C. ), 8 May 1877, p. [4]. …
  • … Germantown | Philadelphia, P.a. April 28 1877 Mr.  Charles Darwin, My Dear Sir,— Though …
  • … letter published in the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club , December 1877 (see n. 3, …
  • … below). Meehan evidently wrote 1877 in error. Meehan enclosed a copy of Thomas Fanning …
  • … the Wilmington regions’, which had appeared in the Wilmington Daily Review , 8 May 1877 ( …
  • … Wood 1877 ). CD’s copy is in DAR 226.2: 168. …
  • … of the Torrey Botanical Club , December 1877, p. 189: However, it is well to recognize the …

From W. C. Williamson   19 January 1878

Summary

Insectivorous plants.

Author:  William Crawford Williamson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Jan 1878
Classmark:  DAR 181: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11326

Matches: 9 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Lesquereux, Leo. 1877. Land plants, recently discovered in the …
  • … Silurian rocks of the United States. [Read 19 October 1877. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the American Philosophical Society 17 (1877–8): 163–73. …
  • … plant from the Carboniferous; Lesquereux 1877 , p. 172). Gaston de Saporta described a …
  • … In 1877, Williamson had sent CD specimens showing that in its early stages, Drosera …
  • … leaved sundew; Correspondence vol. 25, letters to W. C. Williamson, 22 October [1877] and …
  • … 24 October [1877] , and letter from W. …
  • … C. Williamson, 23 October 1877 ). Francis Darwin’s paper ‘Experiments on the nutrition of …
  • … Williamson, 20 September 1878 . In Lesquereux 1877, Leo Lesquereux described a number of …

From Raphael Meldola   2 January [1878]

Summary

Wishes to borrow third part of Fritz Müller’s article on sexual selection in butterflies [Kosmos 2 (1877–8): 218–24].

Is forwarding material on stridulation, including Prof. Wood-Mason’s paper ["Note on Mygale stridulans", Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1877): 281–2], which should interest CD.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11308

Matches: 8 hits

  • … on sexual selection in butterflies [ Kosmos 2 (1877–8): 218–24]. Is forwarding material on …
  • … stridulans ", Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1877): 281–2], which should interest CD. …
  • … Meldola, 1 January [1878] . Meldola dated it 1877 in error. See letter to Raphael Meldola, …
  • … 1 January [1878] and n. 2. The October 1877 issue of Kosmos contained the first part of …
  • … Correspondence vol. 25, letter from Raphael Meldola, 13 September 1877 . James Wood-Mason’ …
  • … s note on stridulation in Mygale stridulans (Wood-Mason 1877) appeared in …
  • … the December 1877 issue of Transactions of the Entomological Society of London ; the …
  • … 1876) in his letter to CD of 20 October [1877] ( Correspondence vol. 25). The translation …

From J. A. Allen   29 July 1878

Summary

Explains that it was his son, Grant, who sent JAA’s article defending Darwinian origins of morality.

Comments on CD’s Canadian admirers

and asks whether Grant may visit CD at Down.

Author:  Joseph Antisell Allen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1878
Classmark:  DAR 159: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11633

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Allen, Grant. 1877. Physiological aesthetics . London: Henry S. …
  • … King & Co. Allen, J. A. 1877. The evolution of morality: a reply. Canadian Monthly and …
  • … 1876; J. A. Allen replied to it in the same journal in May 1877 (Watson 1876 and J. …
  • … A. Allen 1877). CD’s lightly annotated copy of J. …
  • … A. Allen 1877 is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. There is no evidence that Grant …
  • … book Physiological aesthetics ( G. Allen 1877 ) to be ‘clever’ but ‘rather too much in the …
  • … strain’ for him (see Correspondence vol. 25, letter to G. J. Romanes, 27 May [1877] ). …

To Asa Gray   21 [and 22] January 1878

Summary

Thanks for AG’s review of Forms of flowers [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 15 (1878): 67–73].

Thomas Carlyle’s letter about CD was a forgery.

Gives Hermann Müller’s observations on Valeriana dioica.

Is unsure about function of "bloom"; are glaucous plants more or less common in arid parts of U. S.?

Observations on heliotropism.

Thomas Meehan reports that Linum perenne is self-fertile; CD thinks that he has mistaken the species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 and 22 Jan 1878
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (123 and 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11330

Matches: 10 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1864. Experimente …
  • … 25, letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 . See A. Gray 1878a, pp. 67–8, and Forms of …
  • … Darwin married Sara Sedgwick on 29 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). For CD’s …
  • … vol. 25, letter from Asa Gray, 10 June 1877 . Thomas Meehan’s comments were in fact …
  • … of the Torrey Botanical Club , December 1877, p. 189. There is a lightly annotated copy of …
  • … Joseph Cook’s lectures on biology (J. Cook 1877) in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL ([ …
  • … a friend, appeared in The Times , 17 January 1877, p. 5, having originally appeared in the …
  • … 25, letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] and n. 5). See letter to Hermann Müller, 1 …
  • … than two months travelling together in the United States in 1877; see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 25, letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 . CD stayed with his brother, Erasmus, from 17 …

From R. F. Cooke   26 February 1878

Summary

Asks CD’s opinion on number of copies to be printed of Cross and self-fertilisation [2d ed.]. Now that it is revised, they will stereotype.

Type of Forms of flowers stands, awaiting CD’s corrections, before stereotyping and printing of more copies.

RC regrets delay in supply of Origin.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Feb 1878
Classmark:  DAR 171: 500
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11376

Matches: 7 hits

  • … see also Correspondence vol. 25, letter from R. F. Cooke, 1 December 1877 and n. 1). …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation in December 1877; see Correspondence vol. 25, letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 11 December [1877] . CD had agreed that Cross and self fertilisation 2d ed. …
  • … ibid. , letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 . CD had asked for Forms of flowers to be …
  • … 25, letter to R. F. Cooke, 24 November 1877 . When a second edition was produced in 1880, …
  • … pp. v–xii). In his letter of 29 November 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25), Cooke told CD …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …

To Karl von Scherzer   1 April 1878

Summary

Glad to hear of Ernst Haeckel’s reception in Vienna.

R. Virchow’s address ["Liberty of science", Nature 17 (1877–8): 72–4, 92–4, 111–13] very arrogant.

Sorry to hear of death of Arthur Lane.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  1 Apr 1878
Classmark:  University of Southern California Libraries, Special Collections, Feuchtwanger Memorial Library (Collection no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11460

Matches: 7 hits

  • … s address ["Liberty of science", Nature 17 (1877–8): 72–4, 92–4, 111–13] very arrogant. …
  • … science in the modern state’ in Munich in September 1877; an English version of the text …
  • … was published in Nature , 22 November 1877, pp. …
  • … 72–4; 29 November 1877, pp. …
  • … in Richmond, Surrey, in late 1876 or in 1877 (see Correspondence vol. 24, letter to Karl …
  • … 92–4; 6 December 1877, pp. 111–13. Virchow was responding to Haeckel’s address at the same …
  • … published in English in Nature , 4 October 1877, pp. 492–6). Virchow held that the German …

From Federico Delpino   23 April 1878

Summary

Has reviewed Forms of flowers in Revista Botanica [(1877): 84–106].

CD’s treatment by the French Academy.

Hypothesises that the mollusc-like mantle of Balanus originates from a form of grafting.

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1878
Classmark:  DAR 162: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11482

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Forms of flowers in Revista Botanica [(1877): 84–106]. CD’s treatment by the French …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Fossil Cirripedia (1851): A monograph on the …
  • … in omaggio la “Rivista botanica dell’anno 1877” ove non ho mancato (pag.  84–106) di fare …
  • … copy of the “Rivista botanica dell’anno 1877”, where I have not failed (pp. 84–106) to …
  • … see pp. QQQQ ‘Rivista botanica’ for 1877, a review of the year’s botanical publications by …
  • … of Annuario Scientifico ed Industriale 14 (1877); the discussion of CD’s Forms of flowers …
  • … University of Cambridge on 17 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). He had been …
  • … in Annuario Scientifico ed Industriale 14 (1877): 635–6. CD’s study of cirripedes resulted …

To A. S. Wilson   6 March 1878

Summary

Thanks for essays by ASW ["Experiments with turnip seeds", Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 13 (1876–9): 25–39, and a short notice, "Experiments in singling turnips"] and Aegilops seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Stephen Wilson
Date:  6 Mar 1878
Classmark:  DAR 148: 362
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11402

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bibliography Wilson, Alexander Stephen. 1877. Experiments with turnip …
  • … seeds. [Read 8 February 1877. ] Transactions of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh 13 ( …
  • … Experiments with turnip seeds’ ( Wilson 1877 ) in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL is …
  • … with a short printed notice, ‘Experiments in singling turnips’, dated 20 December 1877. …
  • … Wilson 1877 is cited in Movement of plants , pp. 230, 298. CD had requested seed of …

To F. J. Cohn   3 January 1878

Summary

Comments on discovery of micro-organisms in disease.

Describes experiments carried out by Francis Darwin on filaments of Dipsacus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Date:  3 Jan 1878
Classmark:  Joseph R. Sakmyster, ADS Autographs (dealer) (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11310

Matches: 7 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Koch, Robert. 1877. Verfahren zur Untersuchung, zum Conserviren …
  • … 25, letter from F. J. Cohn, 31 December 1877 . Cohn had sent CD the third and last issue …
  • … preserving and photographing bacteria; Koch 1877 ). It is not known when John Scott Burdon …
  • … and assisted with an experiment in October 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25, letter from F. …
  • … J. Cohn, 31 December 1877 ), and he reproduced figures from some of Koch’s photographs …
  • … processes of disease’ (Burdon Sanderson 1877–8; for the figures, see British Medical …
  • … anthrax. In his letter of 31 December 1877 , Cohn had critiqued Francis Darwin’s paper ‘On …

To Adolf Ernst   16 January 1878

Summary

Thanks AE for his book [Estudios sobre la flora y fauna de Venezuela (1877)].

Asks whether glaucous plants in Venezuela are more common in drier areas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Ernst
Date:  16 Jan 1878
Classmark:  State Darwin Museum, Moscow (GDM KP OF 8971)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11321

Matches: 4 hits

  • … sobre la flora y fauna de Venezuela (1877)]. Asks whether glaucous plants in Venezuela are …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] and n. 7), and began again in 1877 ( Correspondence vol. …
  • … 25, letter to Fritz Müller, 14 May 1877 ). CD never published on bloom, but Francis Darwin …
  • … sobre la flora y fauna de Venezuela (Ernst 1877), but it has not been found in the Darwin …

To John Price   10 February [1878]

Summary

Thanks JP for congratulations on LL.D. [awarded by Cambridge University].

Comments on Rudolf Virchow’s book [Die Freiheit der Wissenschaft im modernen Staat (1877)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  10 Feb [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 280
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11350

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on Rudolf Virchow’s book [ Die Freiheit der Wissenschaft im modernen Staat (1877)]. …
  • … University of Cambridge on 17 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). The regius …
  • … 25, letter to G. H. Darwin, 21 November [1877] and n. 4. Rudolf Carl Virchow had given …
  • … of science in the modern state; Virchow 1877) to the Assembly of German Naturalists …
  • … and Physicians at Munich on 22 September 1877. He argued that there was no room for …

From C.-F. Reinwald   8 October 1878

Summary

Forms of flowers, translated by Édouard Heckel, is published.

Cross and self-fertilisation has only sold 450–500 copies.

Origin sells regularly; he looks forward to a cheaper edition.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1878
Classmark:  DAR 176: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11720

Matches: 7 hits

  • … letter from C. -F. Reinwald, 13 October 1877 ; the other letters have not been found. CD …
  • … in his letter to Édouard Heckel, 20 November 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25). Reinwald had …
  • … French translation of Cross and self fertilisation was published in 1877 (Heckel trans. …
  • 1877); that of Expression had been published in …
  • … 1874, with a second edition appearing in 1877 (Pozzi and Benoît trans. …
  • … 1874 and 1877). The most recent French edition of Origin was Barbier trans. 1876. The next …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From Theodor von Heldreich   8 February 1878

Summary

Thanks for Forms of flowers.

Sends Greek translation of CD’s "Sketch of an infant".

Is working for Greek acceptance of Darwinism.

Author:  Theodor Heinrich Hermann (Theodor) von Heldreich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1878
Classmark:  DAR 166: 136
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11335

Matches: 5 hits

  • … It was made from the German translation in Kosmos 1 (1877): 367–76. Spyridon Miliarakis. …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. 409– …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … In his letter to Heldreich of 9 August 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25), CD mentioned that …
  • … αιδίου’ in Εστία ( Hestia , Hearth), 25 December 1877, pp. 817–25; a copy is in DAR 139.6. …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   16 February [1878]

Summary

Wants Trifolium resupinatum for "bloom" experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  16 Feb [1878]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 110–11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11362

Matches: 5 hits

  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 3 February [1878] . In 1877, CD had mentioned that the underside of …
  • … 25, letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [20–4 August 1877] and n. 4). CD’s observations on …
  • … raised from the seeds sent from Kew, made on 10 June [1877], are in DAR 68: 47. CD’s …
  • … acacia like cultriformis’, starting on 9 June 1877, are in DAR 67: 37. He had asked about …
  • … wattle) in his letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 22 September 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25). …

To Fritz Müller   12 January 1878

Summary

CD and son [Francis] working on spontaneous movements of plants and heliotropism.

Has given [Raphael Meldola] permission to read extracts of FM’s last letter [not found], on odours emitted by moths, before Entomological Society [Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1878): ii–iii].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  12 Jan 1878
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11319

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the same question in his letter of 14 May 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25), having himself …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Movement in plants : The power of movement …
  • … 25, letter from Fritz Müller, [27 November 1877] . The surviving version of this letter is …
  • … of Müller’s letter to CD of [27 November 1877] ( Correspondence vol. 25) to the society on …
  • … 25, letter from Raphael Meldola, 20 October 1877 , and this volume, letter from Raphael …

To Francis Darwin   15 [July 1878]

Summary

A report has arrived for FD which CD will forward.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  15 [July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11511

Matches: 4 hits

  • … publications de physiologie végétale en 1877. Archives des sciences physiques et …
  • … containing long report of Phys. Bot.  for 1877. — seems very good & full, with report of …
  • … des principales publications de physiologie végétale en 1877’ (Review of the principal …
  • … publications on plant physiology in 1877; Micheli 1878 ), was published in Archives des …

To Hermann Müller   1 January [1878]

Summary

Thanks HM for his review [of Forms of flowers, Kosmos 2 (1877–8): 286].

Thinks HM’s previous article was very important [Kosmos 2 (1877–8): 128–40]. CD will "heartily rejoice" if HM has explained the steps by which Rhamnus and Valeriana have been rendered dioecious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  1 Jan [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 438
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11307

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Thanks HM for his review [of Forms of flowers , Kosmos 2 (1877–8): 286]. Thinks …
  • … article was very important [ Kosmos 2 (1877–8): 128–40]. CD will "heartily rejoice" if HM …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der …
  • … reviewed Forms of flowers in the December 1877 issue of Kosmos (H. Müller 1877b). CD’s …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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