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To Asa Gray   18 February [1877]

Summary

Praises AG’s abstract of Cross and self-fertilisation [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41].

Hopes soon to finish with dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10851

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   18 February [1877] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (122) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Feb [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … and self-fertilisation [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41]. Hopes soon to finish with …
  • … and self fertilisation 2d ed. , see the letter to J. V. Carus, 4 March 1877 and n. 2. …
  • … self fertilisation appeared in the American Journal of Science 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. …
  • … Forms of flowers was published in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). For CD’s …
  • … see the letter to Asa Gray, 3 January 1877 and nn. 1 and 2. Polemoniaceae is the phlox …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … Kew. See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. Gray was planning to write …
  • … 2d ed. (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 3). The letter to John Murray has …

From Asa Gray   6 February 1877

Summary

Sends specimen of Gilia aggregata and will try to get Phlox subulata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10830

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   6 February 1877
  • … DAR 165: 193 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 6 Feb 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … Cambridge Feb.  6, 1877 Dear Darwin Specimens in herb.  glued down had to detach & present …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 23 January 1877 and n. 3). See also Forms of flowers , pp. …
  • … see the letter to Asa Gray, 23 January 1877 and n. 2. Gray had requested proof-sheets of …

From Asa Gray   10 February 1877

Summary

Sends specimens of two forms of Rhamnus lanceolata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 109: A84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10837

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   10 February 1877
  • … DAR 109: A84 Asa Gray Herbarium of Harvard 10 Feb 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Rhamnus lanceolata (lanceleaf buckthorn; see letter to Asa Gray, 3 January 1877 and n. 5). …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. Feb, 10 1877 Dear Darwin Just in time this post day, a …

From Asa Gray   27 September 1877

Summary

Has received CD’s book [Forms of flowers]; thanks him for the compliment of the dedication.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 198
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11155

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   27 September 1877
  • … DAR 165: 198 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 27 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … Cambridge, Mass. Sept.  27. 1877 My Dear Darwin Returning from our 10 1 2 weeks of travel— …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 4 June [1877] . Gray’s name is on the presentation list for Forms …
  • … Mountains (see letter from Asa Gray, 10 June 1877 and n. 5). After receiving a copy of …
  • … from Cohn’s letter in Nature ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 , and letter to …
  • … Nature , 15 August [1877] and nn. 2–4). For their survey of the vegetation of the Rocky …

From Asa Gray   6 March 1877

Summary

Thanks for Orchids [2d ed.].

Does not feel his abstract of Cross and self-fertilisation [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41] was thorough enough.

Has heard of their sad bereavement last autumn [death of Amy, wife of Francis Darwin].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 194
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10880

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   6 March 1877
  • … DAR 165: 194 Asa Gray Herbarium of Harvard 6 Mar 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … fertilisation [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41] was thorough enough. Has heard of …
  • … Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 by John Murray ( …
  • … Publishers’ Circular , 1 February 1877, p. 93). CD praised Gray’s abstract of Cross and …
  • … eviscerated it’ in his letter of 18 February [1877] . Benjamin Silliman Jr was one of the …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …

To Asa Gray   4 June [1877]

Summary

C. E. Bessey’s case [see 10969] came too late, as the sheets had been printed, but CD thinks it should be carefully investigated as a possible case of incipient heterostyly.

Is trying to make out the function of "bloom", the waxy secretion on leaves and fruits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 June [1877]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (119)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10982

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   4 June [1877] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (119) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 June [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … and the letter from Asa Gray, 22 May 1877 . Gray had forwarded a letter from Charles Edwin …
  • … gromwell; see letter from Asa Gray, 22 May 1877 ). CD’s manuscript of Forms of flowers was …
  • … 11 April (see letter to R. F. Cooke, 11 April 1877 and n. 1); he remarked that the proof- …
  • … in his letter to J. V. Carus, 17 June [1877] . Bessey’s name appears on CD’s presentation …
  • … see the letter to Fritz Müller, 14 May 1877 and n. 2. CD had recently resumed experiments …

To Asa Gray   19 March [1877]

Summary

Sends an informal title-page [for Orchids, 2d ed.].

Appreciates the condolences for Frank [on death of his wife, Amy].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (tipped into Orchids 2d ed., EC85 D2593 862oba)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10901

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   19 March [1877] …
  • … into Orchids 2d ed. , EC85 D2593 862oba) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Mar [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 6 March 1877 . …
  • … In his letter of 6 March 1877 , Gray had requested a title page to complete his copy of …
  • … publisher. See letter from Asa Gray, 6 March 1877 and n. 4; Gray and his wife, Jane Loring …

To Asa Gray   8 March 1877

Summary

Leucosmia burnettiana is in all probability dimorphic. Thinks Gilia is truly heterostyled and Phlox subulata was, perhaps, once heterostyled. Has good evidence of heterostyly in 39 genera from 14 families.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (117)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10883

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   8 March 1877
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (117) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Mar 1877 Asa Gray …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … 15. See also letter to Asa Gray, 3 January 1877 . Gray sent a flower of Gilia aggregata ( …
  • … scarlet gilia) with his letter of 6 February 1877 . In his letter of 22 December 1876 ( …
  • … 118–19. See letter to Asa Gray, 23 January 1877 and n. 2. Phlox subulata is moss phlox; …

From Asa Gray   3 February 1878

Summary

AG’s review of Joseph Cook ["Lectures on biology", New Englander 37: 100–13].

Encourages CD to work at heliotropism.

Thinks Thomas Meehan is as "rattle-brained" as Joseph Cook.

[A damaged fragment cut from this letter is pinned to 11051.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1878
Classmark:  DAR 160: 169, DAR 165: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11343

Matches: 12 hits

  • … those Gray and CD described; see A. Gray 1877 and letter to Asa Gray, 21 [and 22] January …
  • … Bibliography Cook, Joseph. 1877. Boston Monday lectures. Biology, with preludes on current …
  • … with preludes on current events ( J. Cook 1877 ) appeared in the New Englander 37 (1878): …
  • … evolution rather than CD’s (see J. Cook 1877 , pp. 1–32). For CD’s comment on the review, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Meehan, Thomas. 1875. Are insects any …
  • … the Advancement of Science 24: 243–51. Meehan, Thomas. 1877. Darwin on the fertilization …
  • … of flowers. Penn Monthly , June 1877, pp. 463–71. Movement in plants : The power of …
  • … Jackson to Francis Darwin, 18 November 1877 ). For a previous discussion between Gray and …
  • … married Sara Sedgwick, an American, in 1877; see letter to Asa Gray, 21 [and 22] January …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation ( Meehan 1877 ) and Meehan’s earlier paper on the role of …
  • … vol. 25, letter to Thomas Meehan, 5 July [1877] , and Correspondence vol. 23, letter to …
  • … Müller, 26 October 1875 . In the summer of 1877, Gray and his wife, Jane Loring Gray, had …

To Asa Gray   23 January 1877

Summary

Thanks AG for card about Pontederia.

Asks for specimens of Phlox subulata and Gilia aggregata to check for dimorphism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 Jan 1877
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (120)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10811

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   23 January 1877
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (120) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Jan 1877 Asa Gray …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Gray, Asa. 1870. Revision of the North …
  • … Pontederia cordata (pickerel weed; see letter from W. H. Leggett, 15 January 1877 ). CD’ …
  • … s letter to Leggett of 22 January 1877 evidently crossed in the post with Leggett’s. See …

From Asa Gray   10 June 1877

Summary

Has two young friends who wish to call on CD.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10994

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   10 June 1877
  • … DAR 165: 197 Asa Gray Herbarium of Harvard 10 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to Down made by the Burgesses on 10 July 1877 (Caroline Louisa Burgess’s diary (private …
  • … Hooker departed for New York on 28 June 1877, and toured America with Gray, reaching the …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1877

Summary

Asked C. E. Bessey whether Lithospermum longiflorum was dimorphic like its relatives. Encloses CEB’s reply.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 110: B53–7, DAR 165: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10969

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   22 May 1877
  • … 110: B53–7, DAR 165: 196 Asa Gray Herbarium of Harvard 22 May 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … not dimorphic ( letter from Asa Gray, 30 March 1877 ). Lithospermum longiflorum and L. …
  • … see also letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 , n. 2. In Forms of flowers , p. 3, CD …

To Asa Gray   3 January 1877

Summary

Asks AG not to send his rare specimens [of Leucosmia].

Is glad of the notice about black pigs.

Has great faith in Jeffries Wyman;

thinks A. R. Wallace founds his speculation on a feeble basis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 Jan 1877
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (118)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10768

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   3 January 1877
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (118) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan 1877 Asa Gray …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 3. 1877 My dear Gray, I have just received your …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …

To Asa Gray   21 [and 22] January 1878

Summary

Thanks for AG’s review of Forms of flowers [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 15 (1878): 67–73].

Thomas Carlyle’s letter about CD was a forgery.

Gives Hermann Müller’s observations on Valeriana dioica.

Is unsure about function of "bloom"; are glaucous plants more or less common in arid parts of U. S.?

Observations on heliotropism.

Thomas Meehan reports that Linum perenne is self-fertile; CD thinks that he has mistaken the species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 and 22 Jan 1878
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (123 and 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11330

Matches: 10 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1864. Experimente …
  • … 25, letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 . See A. Gray 1878a, pp. 67–8, and Forms of …
  • … Darwin married Sara Sedgwick on 29 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). For CD’s …
  • … vol. 25, letter from Asa Gray, 10 June 1877 . Thomas Meehan’s comments were in fact …
  • … of the Torrey Botanical Club , December 1877, p. 189. There is a lightly annotated copy of …
  • … Joseph Cook’s lectures on biology (J. Cook 1877) in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL ([ …
  • … a friend, appeared in The Times , 17 January 1877, p. 5, having originally appeared in the …
  • … 25, letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] and n. 5). See letter to Hermann Müller, 1 …
  • … than two months travelling together in the United States in 1877; see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 25, letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 . CD stayed with his brother, Erasmus, from 17 …

From Asa Gray   30 March 1877

Summary

Lithospermum longiflorum has cleistogamous flowers and, unlike other species of genus, it is not dimorphic.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 195
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10918

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   30 March 1877
  • … DAR 165: 195 Asa Gray Herbarium of Harvard 30 Mar 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 8 March 1877 . Kurt Polycarp Joachim Sprengel’s edition of Carolus …

To Asa Gray   28 October 1876

Summary

Is sending sheets of Cross and self-fertilisation. He will be curious to see what AG thinks of it, as AG speaks the truth whether or not he approves. Is sick of trying to correct his "horrid bad style".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Oct 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (113)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10656

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the American Journal of Science 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41. Cross and self fertilisation US …
  • … New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. Orchids 2d US ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … insects . By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. …

To Asa Gray   17 February [1878]

Summary

Heterostyly in Linum perenne. Believes the American form may be a distinct species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  17 Feb [1878]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11364

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … of the Torrey Botanical Club , December 1877, p. 189, that the American form was self- …
  • … thought Meehan had mistaken the species. In 1877, Hooker and Gray had visited Colorado as …

From Asa Gray   22 December 1876

Summary

Discusses some dimorphic plants.

Sends specimens of Rhamnus but his few specimens of Leucosmia are very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 110: B36–7, B74–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10731

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Gray, Asa. 1848–9. Genera floræ Americæ …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … 27 November 1876. Gray reviewed it in February 1877 in the American Journal of Science and …

To Asa Gray   9 August 1876

Summary

AG’s Darwiniana [1876].

Cross and self-fertilisation has now gone to press.

Is preparing new edition of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 Aug 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10575

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … Appendix II)). Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). Gray had written two reviews of Orchids when it first appeared …

To Asa Gray   4 December 1876

Summary

Plans to republish his paper on dimorphism with additions [Forms of flowers]. Is convinced it is necessary to compare pollen-grains and the state of the stigma to recognise dimorphic plants. Requests specific plants to test for dimorphism and would welcome examples from any family in which he has not encountered dimorphic species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Dec 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (115)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10697

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … in Forms of flowers , published in July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). On p. 2, he said that he …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

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  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

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  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

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  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

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  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

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  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

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  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

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  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

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  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

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  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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