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To J. W. Lubbock   27 May [1856]

Summary

Asks JWL to use his influence to forward the appointment of T. H. Huxley to the Examinership in Physiology and Comparative Anatomy at University of London. Gives details of THH’s qualifications.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John William Lubbock, 3d baronet
Date:  27 May [1856]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (LUB: D23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1877

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1877

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   17 January [1877]

Summary

CD confesses his error with respect to the cause of the scarcity of holly berries. It appears that several causes in combination have led to it. CD still believes rarity of bees played a part, though a subordinate one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  17 Jan [1877]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle, 20 January 1877, p. 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10797

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Gardeners’ Chronicle    17 January [1877] …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 20 January 1877, p. …
  • … 83 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Jan [1877] Gardeners’ Chronicle …
  • … berries ( letter from G. M. Tracy, 11 January 1877 ). Fish wrote a longer reply to CD that …
  • … CD had written to Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 January [1877], which had been reprinted in …
  • … full in The Times , 11 January 1877, p. 7, as well as …
  • … in local newpapers (see letter from Allen Stoneham, 11 January 1877 , letter from G. …
  • … M. Tracy, 11 January 1877 , letter from Alfred …
  • … Grugeon, 14 January [1877] , letter from F. …
  • … W. Pim, 15 January 1877 , and letter from L. …
  • … E. Becker, 16 January 1877 ; see also Gardeners’ …
  • … Chronicle , 13 January 1877, p. …
  • … 52, 20 January 1877, p. …
  • … 83, and 3 February 1877, pp. 148–9). …
  • … berries appeared in the Garden , 13 January 1877, p. 40. Fish remarked that although most …

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   19 February [1877]

Summary

Replies to some of George Henslow’s criticisms [of Cross and self-fertilisation] made in his article ["Fertilisation of plants", Gard. Chron. n.s. 7 (1877): 203–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  19 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle, 24 February 1877, p. 246
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10854

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Gardeners’ Chronicle    19 February [1877] …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 24 February 1877, p. …
  • … 246 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Feb [1877] Gardeners’ Chronicle …
  • … made in his article ["Fertilisation of plants", Gard. Chron. n.s. 7 (1877): 203–4]. …
  • … and self fertilisation 2d ed. , see the letter to J. V. Carus, 4 March 1877 and n. 2. …
  • … See Gardeners’ Chronicle , 17 February 1877, p. 204. CD compared self-fertilised and …
  • … self fertilisation appeared in seven parts in Gardeners’ Chronicle (13 January 1877, p. …
  • … 42, 3 February 1877, p. …
  • … 139, 17 February 1877, pp. …
  • … 203–4, 3 March 1877, pp. …
  • … 270–1, 17 March 1877, p. …
  • … 336, 28 April 1877, pp. …
  • … 534–5, and 5 May 1877, pp. 560–1). See Cross and self fertilisation , p. 275. For CD’ …

From W. E. Darwin   [15 January 1877]

Summary

Thanks for the copy of Orchids.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Jan 1877]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10794F

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [15 January 1877] …
  • … DAR 275: 66) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton [15 Jan 1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … nn. 3 and 6, below). Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). William’s name is on CD’s presentation list for the volume (see …
  • … CD had written to Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 January [1877], which had been reprinted in …
  • … Maxse. CD visited London from 6 to 15 January 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … William visited Down on 27 January 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … full in The Times , 11 January 1877, p. 7 ( …
  • … see letter from Allen Stoneham, 11 January 1877 , letter from G. …
  • … M. Tracy, 11 January 1877 , letter from Alfred …
  • … Grugeon, 14 January [1877] , letter from F. …
  • … W. Pim, 15 January 1877 ; see also Gardeners’ …
  • … Chronicle , 13 January 1877, p. …
  • … 52, 20 January 1877, p. …
  • … 83, and 3 February 1877, pp. 148–9). …
  • … George Gordon to William, dated 14 January 1877, is in DAR 210.7: 6. Gordon discussed his …
  • … In his letter to William of 14 January 1877 (DAR 210.7: 6), Gordon wrote that he thought …

To W. D. Whitney   1 August [1877]

Summary

Sends thanks for a newspaper abstract; will be pleased to see the paper [probably "Economy as a phonetic force", Trans. Am. Philological Assoc.8 (1877): 123–34] when printed.

Sends his own ["Biographical sketch of an infant"], saying it is of little value, the observations having been made before recent advances in philology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  1 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11088

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Whitney   1 August [1877] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Aug [1877] William Dwight Whitney …
  • … force", Trans. Am. Philological Assoc. 8 (1877): 123–34] when printed. Sends his own [" …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. …
  • … 409–16. ] Holden, Edward Singleton. 1877. On the vocabularies of children under two years …
  • … 8: 58–68. Whitney, William Dwight. 1877. The principle of economy as a phonetic force. …
  • … and the letter from A. H. Sayce, 2 August 1877 . Whitney’s letter has not been found. The …
  • … report relating to the 10 to 12 July 1877 meeting of the American Philological Association …
  • … of the American Philological Association 8 (1877): 3–39). After reading CD’s article ‘ …
  • … on sounds made by infants (see letter from A. H. Sayce, 27 July 1877 , and letter to A. …
  • … H. Sayce, 28 July 1877 ). Two papers read at …
  • … the Baltimore meeting concerned language acquisition in children ( Holden 1877 and …
  • … Whitney 1877 ). Whitney’s paper ‘The principle of economy as …
  • … Philological Association ( Whitney 1877 ), but no copy has been found in the Darwin …
  • … of an infant’ , had appeared in the July 1877 issue of the journal Mind: a Quarterly …

To John Murray   28 November 1877

Summary

On publishing details for various CD books.

Has no corrections for new issue of Descent [2d ed.].

Questions amount of cheque for profits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  28 Nov 1877
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 293–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11258

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To John Murray   28 November 1877
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 293–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Nov 1877 John Murray …
  • … worms in Earthworms (1881). See letter to R. F. Cooke, 24 November 1877 . CD was awarded …
  • … an honorary LLD at Cambridge on 17 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 27 November [1877] . Orchids 2d ed. …
  • … was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). See letter to …
  • … R. F. Cooke, 24 November 1877 . Forms …
  • … of flowers was published in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 23 November 1877 , and letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 24 November 1877 . CD submitted corrected proof-sheets of Cross …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Movement in plants : The power of movement …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … to William Clowes & Sons, Murray’s printers, on 11 December 1877 ( letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 11 December [1877] ). The second edition of Cross and self fertilisation was …
  • … Appendix II), CD spent the second half of 1877 working on ‘Bloom — Spontaneous Movement of …

To G. J. Romanes   27 May [1877]

Summary

Discusses Francis Darwin’s paper on teasel [Dipsacus].

Comments on GJR’s investigation of spiritualism.

Comments on book by Grant Allen [Physiological aesthetics (1877)].

Invites him to visit

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  27 May [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.514, Mss.B.D25.546)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10973

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   27 May [1877] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.514, Mss.B.D25.546) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 May [1877] George John Romanes …
  • … Comments on book by Grant Allen [ Physiological aesthetics (1877)]. Invites him to visit …
  • … Bibliography Allen, Grant. 1877. Physiological aesthetics . London: Henry S. King & Co. …
  • … and the letter to G. J. Romanes, 23 May 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25). This letter was …
  • … vol. 25, letter to G. J. Romanes, 23 May 1877 and n. 3. The council of the Royal Society …
  • … sylvestris ). (Abstract. ) [Read 1 March 1877. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of …
  • … George John. 1877b. Evolution of nerves and nervous systems. Nature 19 July 1877, pp. …
  • … 231–3, 2 August 1877, pp. …
  • … 269–71, 9 August 1877, pp. 289–93. …
  • … Journal’ (Appendix II), Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). G. Allen 1877 . See letter to G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, 23 May 1877 and n. 1. …
  • … Romanes visited on Wednesday 30 May 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … at the Royal Institution of Great Britain on 25 May 1877, was published in three parts in …
  • … Nature , 19 July, 2 and 9 August 1877 ( G. J. Romanes 1877b ). …
  • … See letter to G. J. Romanes, 23 May 1877 and n. 5. CD was away from home from 6 or 8 June …

To G. H. Lewes   18 April 1877

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Summary

Thanks GHL for a copy of his Physical basis of mind [1877].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Lewes
Date:  18 Apr 1877
Classmark:  DAR 185: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10932

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Lewes   18 April 1877
  • … Thanks GHL for a copy of his Physical basis of mind [1877]. …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 Down letterhead 18 Apr 1877 George Henry Lewes …
  • … Lewes’s book, The physical basis of mind ( Lewes 1877 ) was published in the …
  • … last half of April 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 May 1877, p. 311). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … Bibliography Lewes, George Henry. 1877. The physical basis of mind: being the second …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Ap 18. 1877 My dear M r Lewes, I thank you very …

To G. J. Romanes   23 May 1877

Summary

Thanks him for book by Grant Allen [Physiological aesthetics (1877)].

Comments on dispute over spontaneous generation.

The Council [of the Royal Society] will not print Frank Darwin’s paper on Dipsacus [in Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond.].

Mentions GJR’s grafting experiments

and his investigation of spiritualism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  23 May 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.513)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10971

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   23 May 1877
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.513) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 May 1877 George John Romanes …
  • … by Grant Allen [ Physiological aesthetics (1877)]. Comments on dispute over spontaneous …
  • … Bibliography Allen, Grant. 1877. Physiological aesthetics . London: Henry S. King & Co. …
  • … s Physiological aesthetics ( G. Allen 1877 ). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down ( …
  • … of putrefactive and infective organisms from a physical point of view’ ( Tyndall 1877 ) on …
  • … 17 May 1877 at the Royal Society of London. Tyndall had been repeating Henry Charlton …
  • … J. Romanes, 4 January 1877 and n. 2, and letter from G. …
  • … J. Romanes, [after 8 January 1877] ). Romanes was carrying out experiments on graft …
  • … from G. J. Romanes, [after 8 January 1877] and n. 5). Romanes had begun investigating …
  • … Harvard University Press. Tyndall, John. 1877. Further researches on the deportment and …
  • … a physical point of view. [Read 17 May 1877. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
  • … results to the Royal Society on 18 January 1877 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of …
  • … London 25: 503–6). In February 1877, after hearing of Thomas Henry Huxley’s favourable …
  • … sylvestris ) at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877; an abstract was published in the …
  • … Institution of Great Britain on 25 May 1877. It was published in three parts in Nature (G. …
  • … J. Romanes 1877b). CD had lunch with Romanes in London on 8 January 1877 (see letter to G. …

To G. H. Darwin   [3 June 1877]

Summary

Has not yet heard from Cambridge. Thinks perhaps they do not intend to give him the degree.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10946

Matches: 8 hits

  • … M. Rodwell, 1 June 1877 . …
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [3 June 1877] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 59 Charles Robert Darwin Down [3 June 1877] George Howard Darwin …
  • … between this letter, the letter from J. M. Rodwell, 1 June 1877 , and the letter to …
  • … Edward Atkinson, 9 June 1877 . …
  • … In 1877, the Sunday before 9 June was 3 June. CD refers to the honorary LLD degree (doctor …
  • … from the University of Cambridge (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 28 May 1877 and letter to …
  • … Edward Atkinson, 9 June 1877 ). The Greek passage appears in the letter from J. …

To Pieter Harting   19 March 1877

Summary

Thanks for account of his work. Cannot read Dutch, but son has translated it.

Thanks for album sent by PH’s countrymen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Pieter Harting
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Leiden University Libraries (BPL 1938)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10899

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Pieter Harting   19 March 1877
  • … University Libraries (BPL 1938) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Mar 1877 Pieter Harting …
  • … Bibliography Harting, Pieter. 1877. Darwin. Album der Natuur 26: 129–48 …
  • … Darwin’ from Album der Natuur ( Harting 1877 ); CD’s annotated offprint is in the Darwin …
  • … Dutch of the letters published in Nature , 8 March 1877, pp. 410–12 (see letter from A. A. …
  • … van Bemmelen and H. J. Veth, 6 February 1877 , and letter to A. …
  • … A. von Bemmelen, 12 February 1877). For his 68th birthday, CD had been sent an album …
  • … van Bemmelen and H. J. Veth, 6 February 1877 . Apart from the announcement in Nature (see …
  • … 1, above), reports of the album also appeared in The Times , 22 February 1877, p. 11, and …
  • … many other newspapers, including the York Herald , 23 February 1877, p. …
  • … 8, and the Bristol Mercury , 24 February 1877, p. 3. …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.E.R. March 19 th 1877 Dear Sir I have been deeply gratified by the …

From C.-F. Reinwald   9 May 1877

Summary

French translation of Insectivorous plants published.

Climbing plants has not sold well.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 176: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10955

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From C. -F. Reinwald    9 May 1877
  • … F. Reinwald, 13 October 1877 . …
  • … DAR 176: 106 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 9 May 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris le 9 Mai 1877 Monsieur Charles Darwin | Down Cher Monsieur J’ai l’honneur de vous …
  • … letter from C. -F. Reinwald, 15 February 1877 ; the French translation of Insectivorous …
  • … made by Edmond Barbier (Barbier trans. 1877). Zwinger has not been identified. The payment …
  • … letter from C. -F. Reinwald, 13 October 1877 . Les mouvements et les habitudes des plantes …
  • … of Climbing plants (R. Gordon trans. 1877). Édouard Marie Heckel was translating …
  • … Cross and self fertilisation (Heckel trans. 1877) into French. See letter from C. - …
  • … F. Reinwald, 21 February 1877 and nn. 4 and 5. …
  • … revue et corrigée’ (revised and corrected), was published in 1877 (Pozzi and Benoît trans. …
  • 1877). See also letter from C. - …
  • … Paris 9 May 1877 Mr Charles Darwin | Down Dear Sir I have the honour of informing you that …

From Lawson Tait   13 June [1877]

Summary

Forwards a copy of his book Diseases of women [1877].

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 June [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10999

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   13 June [1877] …
  • … DAR 178: 39 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait unstated 13 June [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Forwards a copy of his book Diseases of women [1877]. …
  • … Bibliography Tait, Lawson. 1877. Diseases of women . London: Williams and Norgate. …
  • … is established by the reference to L. Tait 1877 (see n. 2, below). Tait remarked on the …
  • … evolution of sexual instincts in L. Tait 1877 , p. 48; the index also includes references …
  • … pangenesis (p. 232). See also letter from Lawson Tait, 15 January 1877 and nn. 1 and 2. …

From G. J. Romanes   2 December 1877

Summary

Thanks for letter. Values CD’s opinion more than that of anybody else.

Perfectly astonished at reception CD got among popular audiences at GJR’s lectures.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1877
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11283

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From G.  J.  Romanes   2 December 1877
  • … p. 68 George John Romanes London, Cornwall Terrace, 18 2 Dec 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … reprinted in that journal (see letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] and n. 8). …
  • … CD’s reply of 5 December 1877 suggests that this letter was edited for publication. …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] . Thomas Henry Huxley had given a speech …
  • … Huxley’s speech, see Nature , 22 November 1877, p. 64). Huxley told CD he had said only …
  • … see letter from T. H. Huxley, 21 November 1877 ). A version of the speech was published in …
  • … 18 Cornwall Terrace: Dec.  2, 1877. It was most kind of you to write me such a long and …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] . Vici (Latin): I have conquered. CD had …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] and n. 4). Romanes refers to the maggots …
  • … them hard to eradicate. CD’s letter to Nature , 21 November [1877], was published in …
  • … Nature , 29 November 1877, p. 78. …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller to CD of 19 October 1877, discussing various plants and insects. …
  • … In Nature , 29 November 1877, pp. 84–7, John Scott Burdon Sanderson’s paper ‘Remarks on …
  • … the Royal Society of London on 22 November 1877, was printed in full. Burdon Sanderson was …
  • … the ‘News’ section of Nature , 27 December 1877, pp. 168–9. John Morley was the editor of …

To Asa Gray   18 February [1877]

Summary

Praises AG’s abstract of Cross and self-fertilisation [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41].

Hopes soon to finish with dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10851

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   18 February [1877] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (122) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Feb [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … and self-fertilisation [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41]. Hopes soon to finish with …
  • … and self fertilisation 2d ed. , see the letter to J. V. Carus, 4 March 1877 and n. 2. …
  • … self fertilisation appeared in the American Journal of Science 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. …
  • … Forms of flowers was published in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). For CD’s …
  • … see the letter to Asa Gray, 3 January 1877 and nn. 1 and 2. Polemoniaceae is the phlox …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … Kew. See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. Gray was planning to write …
  • … 2d ed. (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 3). The letter to John Murray has …

From John Murray   29 November [1877]

Summary

Answers CD’s query about payment made to him [for Descent and Forms of flowers] and explains the basis on which it was made. Because of CD’s wish to be paid before editions are sold off, profits must be estimated. If he were willing to accept annual statements of sales, payments based on them, and final accounting when all were sold, there would be no uncertainty. This is JM’s usual practice.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 497, DAR 210.11: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11259

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From John Murray   29 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 210.11: 12 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 29 Nov [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1999 , pp. 233, 262. James Davis Cooper. See letter to R. F. Cooke, 11 April 1877 . …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 . See Correspondence vol. 23, letter to John …
  • … John Murray, 19 November [1875] . See letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 and n. 8. …
  • … published in 1862, with a second edition in 1877. Trade purchasers received one free copy …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … By Author’s 2 3 109 1 6 Mem n 548 on Hand Nov. 29 th 1877 Estimated a/c Supposing all Sold …
  • … De Different Forms of Flowers Cr 1877
  • 1877 June To Printing 1250 N o . and 148 12 — June By 1000 copies Stereo plates for Sep …
  • … Stereo plates for America 443 4 — 443 4 — 1877 Nov By Author’s 2 3 103 2 9 Profit Mem n 54 …
  • … US (see letter from R. F. Cooke, 29 June 1877 ). Four copies of any new work published in …
  • … John Murray Chas Darwin Esq r Estimated A/c Supposing all sold De Descent of Man Cr 1877
  • 1877 June To To Printing 1000 N o 31 17 — June By 1000 copies " 30 Reams Paper 39 — — Sold …

To W. D. Fox   2 December 1877

Summary

Working hard on physiology of plants.

His son George sees no reason to change his view on marriage of cousins.

George’s astronomical work is too deep for CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  2 Dec 1877
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 155)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11266

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Fox   2 December 1877
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 155) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec 1877 William Darwin Fox …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … obliquity of planets (G. H. Darwin 1876b and 1877) and was working on an explanation of …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington, S.E.R. Dec 2. 1877 My dear Fox, Your sympathy is very warm to …
  • … See letter from W. D. Fox, 29 November [1877] . Richard Buckley Litchfield, CD’s son-in- …
  • … see letter to Horace Darwin, 1 November [1877] and n. 7). Leonard Darwin had injured his …
  • … letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [23 September 1877] (DAR 219.9: 159)). …
  • … Darwin married Sara Sedgwick on 29 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD had …
  • … Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [11 June 1877] (DAR 219.9: 148)). In his paper on marriages …
  • … an honorary LLD, bestowed on him at a special ceremony on 17 November 1877 (see letter to …
  • … Hyacinth Hooker, [18 November 1877] ). CD had been a student at Christ’s College, …
  • … Wedgwood, and her family, from 8 to 13 June 1877 (CD’s ‘ Journal’ (Appendix II)). Emma …

From Lawson Tait   16 January 1877

Summary

Is writing Diseases of women [1877]; sends some proof-sheets for criticism.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 178: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10795

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   16 January 1877
  • … DAR 178: 36 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 16 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Is writing Diseases of women [1877]; sends some proof-sheets for criticism. …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation appeared in the Spectator , 10 February 1877, p. 17. …
  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Tait, Lawson. 1877. Diseases of women . London: Williams and …
  • … Tait’s book Diseases of women ( L. Tait 1877 ) have been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL. …
  • … existence ( ibid. , pp. 48–9). In L. Tait 1877 , p. 200, Tait argued that the incidence of …
  • … Birmingham Jan 16 1877 My Dear Sir, If our views on Evolution are sound it seems to me …

From Francis Galton   22 February 1877

Summary

Attributes the Castilian accent of speech of deaf and dumb men to imitation of their teachers’ lip movements.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 105: A97–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10859

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   22 February 1877
  • … DAR 105: A97–8 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 22 Feb 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … A.  A.  van Bemmelen and H.  J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 . …
  • … CD was 68 on 12 February 1877. …
  • … In his letter of 11 February [1877] , CD had asked about Louisa Jane Galton’s health. …
  • … had borrowed Tschouriloff 1876 (see letter from Francis Galton, 12 January 1877 ). See …
  • … letter to Francis Galton, 11 February [1877] . William Henry Barlow invented a recording …
  • … the two photograph albums sent to CD appeared in The Times , 22 February 1877, p. 11. On …
  • … letter from Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877 ; on the Dutch album, see the letter from …

To Nature   21 November [1877]

Summary

Sends letter from Fritz Müller [11191] containing observations on plants and insects of South Brazil, with prefatory comments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  21 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  Nature, 29 November 1877, p. 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11245

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Nature    21 November [1877] …
  • … Nature , 29 November 1877, p. …
  • … 78 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Nov [1877] Nature …
  • … ed. , p. viii, CD added a reference to Leggett 1877 . The American naturalist has not been …
  • … Murray. 1880. Leggett, William Henry. 1877. Pontederia cordata. Bulletin of the Torrey …
  • … of the letter in Nature . CD enclosed the letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 . Thomas Henry Farrer had described the action …
  • … in Nicaragua (Belt 1874a, p. 218). See letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 and n. 5. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 and n. 10. …
  • … tristyly in Pontederia cordata in Leggett 1877 . In the preface to Forms of flowers 2d …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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