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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From Nemo   [1876?]

Summary

A believer in evolution seeks to convince CD that a spiritual creative force, rather than natural selection, explains its operation.

Author:  Nemo
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1876?]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10333

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Nemo   [1876? ] …
  • … DAR 172: 13 Nemo unstated [1876? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … year is conjectured from the annotation ‘1876’ in an unknown hand. Chemical affinity, or …

From W. T. Thiselton Dyer   [1876]

Summary

Cancelled: part of 11847

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 259
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10340

Matches: 1 hit

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton Dyer   [1876] …

To [?]   [1876 or later?]

Summary

Complies with correspondent’s request; encloses photographs of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1876 or later?]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10339

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To [? ]   [1876 or later? ] …
  • … DAR 202: 90 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [1876 or later? ] Unidentified …

To William Robinson   4 January 1876

Summary

Thanks for the copies of the Garden, which contain a drawing of CD and notice of his work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Robinson
Date:  4 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Nate D. Sanders (dealer) (28 September 2017, lot 37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10346

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To William Robinson   4 January 1876
  • … dealer) (28 September 2017, lot 37) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Jan 1876 William Robinson …
  • … to the supplement to the issue of 1 January 1876, together with an unsigned account of his …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 4 th — 1876 Dear Sir I am much obliged for your kind gift …

From J. H. Gilbert   6 January 1876

Summary

Thanks for a copy of Insectivorous Plants.

Author:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10346F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  H.  Gilbert   6 January 1876
  • … Research (GIL13) Joseph Henry Gilbert Harpenden 6 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Harpenden, S t . Albans Jan y . 6, 1876 Dear Sir I thank you very much for the copy of …

From John Murray   6 January [1876]

Summary

At last, Expression is beginning to sell again.

Cooke has not yet decided on number of Variation [2d ed.] to print.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 481
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10347

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From John Murray   6 January [1876] …
  • … DAR 171: 481 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 6 Jan [1876] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … edition of Variation , published in February 1876, was printed by William Clowes & Sons; …
  • … index (see Publishers’ Circular , 1 March 1876, p. 168, and Correspondence vol. 23, letter …

To G. H. Darwin   8 January [1876]

Summary

Asks GHD to calculate average or mean heights of crossed and self-fertilised plant species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  8 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10348

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   8 January [1876] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 50 Charles Robert Darwin unstated 8 Jan [1876] George Howard Darwin …
  • … self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. …
  • … letter from G. H. Darwin, [after 8 January 1876] ). CD started work on the manuscript of …
  • … 4); the book was published in December 1876 (DAR 210.11: 6). Ebenezer Norman. George had …

From G. H. Darwin   [after 8 January 1876]

thumbnail

Summary

Provides CD with a method of obtaining a numerical ratio that expresses the superiority in heights of crossed plants to self-fertilised plants.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 8 Jan 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 77: 144–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10349

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [after 8 January 1876] …
  • … DAR 77: 144–5 George Howard Darwin unstated [after 8 Jan 1876] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. …
  • … and the letter to G. H. Darwin, 8 January [1876] . CD had asked for advice on calculations …

From W. H. Dallinger   10 January 1876

Summary

Has confirmed CD’s observations on Drosera.

Asks whether CD agrees that it is "no longer a fact" that the bladders of Utricularia vulgaris enable the plant to become lighter for fecundation and heavier when that act is accomplished. Plans to undertake further observations, under very high-powered microscopes, of mechanism of digestion.

Author:  William Henry Dallinger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 162: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10352

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  H.  Dallinger   10 January 1876
  • … DAR 162: 33 William Henry Dallinger Gt Crosby 10 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Road | Great Crosby. Liverpool Jany.  10. 1876 Chas. Darwin Esq Dear Sir My name may not …

From Hermann Hoffmann   10 January 1876

Summary

Bug on Tilia, cited in Variation, was Cimex apterus.

Author:  Karl Heinrich Hermann (Hermann) Hoffmann
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10353

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Hermann Hoffmann   10 January 1876
  • … 230 Karl Heinrich Hermann (Hermann) Hoffmann Giessen 10 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …

From Charles O’Shaughnessy   10 January 1876

Summary

He has confuted Descent.

Enclosures announce his cures of potato blight, epilepsy, etc.

Author:  Charles O’Shaughnessy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 173: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10351

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Charles O’Shaughnessy   10 January 1876
  • … DAR 173: 40 Charles O’Shaughnessy Kilfinane 10 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … John Murray. 1871. O’Shaughnessy, Charles. 1876. Darwin confounded . Cork: Francis Guy. …
  • … Murphy 2009, p. 58. CD’s copy of C. O’Shaughnessy 1876 , ‘presented by the author’ …
  • … and postmarked 15 February 1876, is in DAR 132: 4. The deleted portion of the printed …
  • … Darwin confounded (C. O’Shaughnessy 1876) purports to be a refutation of Descent , which …
  • … system , was published in C. O’Shaughnessy 1876 , p. [1]; the list is reproduced in D. …
  • … O’Shaughnessy Kilfinane Jany 10 th . 1876 KILFINANE, | KILMALLOCK, 187 SIR [2 lines …

To William Robinson   10 January [1876?]

Summary

Accepts WR’s offer of copies of the Garden for the next half-year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Robinson
Date:  10 Jan [1876?]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (5 May 2008)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10350

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To William Robinson   10 January [1876? ] …
  • … Wilson (dealer) (5 May 2008) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan [1876? ] William Robinson …
  • … and the letter to William Robinson, 4 January 1876 . Robinson founded the Garden , a …
  • … magazine, in 1871, and earlier in January 1876 sent six complimentary copies of an issue …
  • … see letter to William Robinson, 4 January 1876 ). No copies of the Garden belonging to CD …

To W. H. Dallinger   [after 10 January 1876]

Summary

CD has read all of WHD’s and J. J. Drysdale’s papers [on spontaneous generation, monads, and the origin of life] and finds them the best work on the subject.

The function of bladders in Utricularia is not to float the plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Dallinger
Date:  [after 10 Jan 1876]
Classmark:  Royal Institution of Great Britain (RI MS CG/u/3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10354

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  H.  Dallinger   [after 10 January 1876] …
  • … RI MS CG/u/3) Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 10 Jan 1876] William Henry Dallinger …
  • … this letter and the letter from W. H. Dallinger, 10 January 1876 . See letter from W. …
  • … H. Dallinger, 10 January 1876 . CD had argued that the purpose of the bladders on …
  • … letter from W. H. Dallinger, 10 January 1876 . Dallinger had collaborated with John James …

From T. W. Clarke   12 January 1876

Summary

Two photographs of T. W. Clarke, Jr, aged three, offered as examples of expression.

Author:  Thomas William Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 170
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10355

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  W.  Clarke   12 January 1876
  • … DAR 161: 170 Thomas William Clarke Boston Mass. 12 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Thos: Wm: Clarke [DIAG HERE] 1 Jan.  8. 1876 Thomas Wm Clarke Jr 3 yrs old hearing the …
  • … shortly before [DIAG HERE] 2 Jan.  8. 1876 Thomas Wm Clarke Jr 3 yrs old hearing the …

To Francis Galton   13 January [1876]

Summary

Thanks FG for his report [on the statistical validity of CD’s experiments; see Cross and self-fertilisation, pp. 16–18]. Discusses FG’s comments, his own experiments, and the means by which the results may be analysed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  13 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10357

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Francis Galton   13 January [1876] …
  • … DAR 202: 54 Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Jan [1876] Francis Galton …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national biography: …
  • … pp. 16–18; the book was printed in December 1876 (DAR 210.11: 6). CD’s observations and …
  • … pp. 28–62. See letter to G. H. Darwin, 8 January [1876] , and letter from G. …
  • … H. Darwin, [after 8 January 1876] . George Howard Darwin was assisting his father with …
  • … of a highly critical review ([Caird] 1876) of Unseen universe: or, physical speculations …
  • … until the fourth edition appeared in April 1876 ( ODNB s.v. Stewart, Balfour). Stewart and …

From Ernst Haeckel   13 January 1876

Summary

Sends copy of Arabische Korallen [1876].

Comments on reception of his paper on "Gastrula" [see 10012].

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10356

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    13 January 1876
  • … DAR 166: 66 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 13 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Sends copy of Arabische Korallen [1876]. Comments on reception of his paper on " …
  • … translation was published later in 1876 (Carus trans. 1876a). For Haeckel’s description …

From S. L. Lovén   [14 January 1876]

Summary

Has sent his paper on Echinoidea [see 10373] as a token of his veneration. He tried to address the confusion in knowledge about the different parts of the exoskeleton of the Echinodermata by tracing certain relations of homology not previously noticed. Much more work is required.

Author:  Sven Ludvig Lovén
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Jan 1876]
Classmark:  Centrum för vetenskapshistoria, Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien (Sven Lovéns arkiv, Utgående brev, vol. B1:5, nr 26, s 331-333)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10357A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From S. L. Lovén   [14 January 1876] …
  • … brev, vol. B1:5, nr 26, s 331-333) Sven Ludvig Lovén [14 Jan 1876] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … reply (see letter to S. L. Lovén, 28 January 1876 ). CD’s copy of Lovén’s seminal study of …
  • … 285). The version of the paper sent to CD in 1876 (Lovén 1872a) incorporated several new …

From T. B. Blow   15 January 1876

Summary

Reports on the tendency of the normally fruitless Convolvulus arvensis, to form fruit when roots are cut and plant is in danger of dying.

Author:  Thomas Bates Blow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 160: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10359

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From T.  B.  Blow   15 January 1876
  • … DAR 160: 201 Thomas Bates Blow Welwyn 15 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Welwyn. | Herts Jany 15 1876 Dear Sir, In this County I have never noticed Convolvulus …

To Ernst Haeckel   15 January [1876]

Summary

Thanks EH for Arabische Korallen [1876].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  15 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1:1-52/ 36 [9889])
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10358

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Ernst Haeckel   15 January [1876] …
  • … Thanks EH for Arabische Korallen [1876]. …
  • … 36 [9889]) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Jan [1876] Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel …
  • … letter from Ernst Haeckel, 13 January 1876 . CD’s copy of Haeckel’s Arabische Korallen ( …
  • … 1876b) is in the Darwin Library–Down. See letter from Ernst Haeckel, 13 January 1876 . …

From H. B. Smyth   15 January 1876

Summary

Reports an observation on his child’s behaviour;

claims to have captured two moths of different species in the act of copulating with each other.

Author:  Henry Beardmore Smyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 177: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10360

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From H.  B.  Smyth   15 January 1876
  • … 177: 204 Henry Beardmore Smyth London, British St, 19 15 Jan 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
Document type
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Date
1876
01 (35)
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03 (32)
04 (61)
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Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … I cannot bear to think of the future The year 1876 started out sedately enough with …
  • … has won only 2490 games’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876 ). Francis Darwin, happily …
  • … life. But the calm was not to last, and the second half of 1876 was marked by anxiety and deep grief …
  • … in him for ‘new matter’ (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876). The preparation of the second edition …
  • … Climbing plants ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 23 February 1876 ). When Smith, Elder and Company …
  • … observed to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the …
  • … ‘advantages of crossing’ (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876). Revising Orchids was less a …
  • … with his new research in mind: ‘During this autumn of 1876 I shall publish on the “Effects of Cross …
  • … pamphlet, Darwin confounded (C. O’Shaughnessy 1876), which, he informed Darwin, ‘completely …
  • … and it is the correct one’ ( letter from Nemo, [1876?] ). Combatting enemies... …
  • … disguised his views as to the bestiality of man’ (Mivart 1876, p. 144). Not only was the comment …
  • … in giving him pain ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 17 June 1876 ). Although Mivart had long been a …
  • … a zoologist ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 29 January 1876 ). Both aims were achieved, and in Darwin’s …
  • … in London’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [4 February 1876] ). 'The heat of battle& …
  • … issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission report was published …
  • … The Physiological Society, which had been founded in March 1876 by the London physiologist John …
  • … The 'insect eating theory' Throughout 1876, Darwin continued to receive responses …
  • … published later that year and a German translation in 1876. ‘What is more to be wondered at—Nature …
  • … an answer’ ( letter from S. B. Herrick, 12 February 1876 ). Others questioned whether insects …
  • … eating theory’ ( letter from Peter Henderson, 15 November 1876 ). William Dallinger from Liverpool …
  • … to his results ( letter from Moritz Schiff, 8 May 1876 ). Pangenesis v. perigenesis …
  • … second edition of Variation was published in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date …
  • … ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [ c . 19 March 1876] ). A less welcome reaction came from an ardent …
  • … previous year ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [after 4 September 1876] ). ...all sorts of …
  • … later told Muller ( letter to Fritz Müller, [9 February 1876] ). Likewise, when Johann von Fischer …
  • … ( letter from Johann von Fischer, [before 15 September 1876] ). Hubert Airy’s latest paper on leaf …
  • … of very young buds’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 June [1876] ). Darwin recognised scientific skill …
  • … Thomas Edward ( letter from F. M. Balfour, 11 December 1876 ; letter to Samuel Smiles, 16 …
  • … it to the death’ ( letter from James Torbitt, 19 April 1876 ). Darwin beat an angry retreat. He …
  • … untrustworthy fanatic ( letter to James Torbitt, 21 April 1876 ). Darwin also had cause to …

Darwin's 1876 letters online

Summary

Birth, tragic death . . . and cardigan jackets. To mark the 211th anniversary of Darwin's birth, we have released online the transcripts and footnotes of over 460 letters written to and from him in 1876 and a supplement of 180 letters written before…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … footnotes of over 460 letters written to and from him in 1876 and a supplement of 180 letters …
  • … was devoted to the means of crossing. The year 1876 started energetically, with Darwin …
  • … of Variation under domestication appeared early in 1876. Reprints of Origin, Climbing plants …
  • … in January 1877; Darwin had been working on it since May 1876. Work was probably a welcome …
  • … letters written or conjectured to have been written before 1876, which have been discovered or …
  • … to a span of years, but that were probably written before 1876. Many of these are from a recently …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma to a Sunday afternoon at the Leweses’ on 30 April 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) and …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … hurrah, 2795 games. (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876 ) And an entry in Jane …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 10390 - Herrick, S. M. B. to Darwin, [12 February 1876] Sophia Herrick responds …
  • … Letter 10415 - Darwin to Herrick, S. M. B., [6 March 1876] Darwin responds to a …
  • … Letter 10508 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [15 May 1876] Mary Treat thanks Darwin for …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 10439 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [3 April 1876] Mary Treat describes a field trip …
  • … 10390 - Herrick, S. M. B . to Darwin, [12 February 1876] Sophia Herrick asks …
  • … Letter 10517  - Darwin to Francis, F., [29 May 1876] Darwin gives his son, Francis, …
  • … Letter 10517  - Darwin t o Francis, F., [29 May 1876] Darwin gives his son, Francis …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10517 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 29 May 1876 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10523 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 June 1876] Darwin praises Treat’s work and …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 6 hits

  • … THE OLDER ONE GETS THE MORE THERE IS TO DO: 1868-1876 In which the friends consider the …
  • … 20 JULY 1857 45 A GRAY, PREFACE TO DARWINIANA, 1876 46 THE NICENE CREED, …
  • … TO A GRAY, 22 MAY 1860 91 A GRAY, DARWINIANA, 1876 92 A GRAY, REVIEW OF  …
  • … TO JD HOOKER 1870 183 C DARWIN, AUTOBIOGRAPHY 1876 184 A GRAY, PREFACE, …
  • … GRAY, 19 JANUARY 1863 193  TO A GRAY 9 AUGUST 1876 194  FROM A GRAY 25 …
  • … JUNE 1874 203  C DARWIN TO A GRAY 28 JANUARY 1876 204  FROM A GRAY 11 …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 10546 – Darwin to Editor of The Times , [23 June 1876] Darwin forwards to The …

Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … under domestication , although it was not published until 1876 owing to floods at the printers. …
  • … writing Cross and self fertilisation , also published in 1876. In April, he was busy in London, …

Essays & reviews by Asa Gray

Summary

Asa Gray wrote a series of reviews of Darwin’s works for American magazines such as Atlantic Monthly and The Nation. These gave publicity to Darwin’s theories, and they also contained extended reflections on the possible implications of these theories…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … collection of Gray’s reviews was published in book form in 1876 under the title Darwiniana . This …
  • … to obtain. Seven of these reviews, written between 1860 and 1876, which bear especially on the topic …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol. 24, letter to T. C. Eyton, 22 April 1876 ). ‘When I first read your note’, …
  • … business to raise different varieties on a large scale. In 1876, he had gone so far as to send …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ’,  Harper’s New Monthly Magazine  52:309 (February, 1876), pp. 382 - 387. ‘ Carnivorous …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  (1876). Darwin’s son Francis became …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … abroad, his teaching became the subject of controversy in 1876. Perhaps because of his high standing …
  • … plan had been praised in the pages of Nature , 27 April 1876, p. 531), he became a focus of the …

Darwin and ecological science

Summary

The word ‘ecology’ did not exist until 1867, and was not used in an English publication until 1876; Darwin himself never used it, yet it was his work on the complex interactions of organisms and habitats that inspired the word’s creation and he is often…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until 1867, and was not used in an English publication until 1876; Darwin himself never used it, yet …

Amy Darwin dies

Summary

Darwin's daughter-in-law, Amy, dies four days after the birth of her son, Bernard.  He was the Darwins' first grandchild.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's daughter-in-law, Amy, dies four days after the birth of her son, Bernard.  He was the …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

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  • … , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still available in 1876, when the RSPCA made a further …
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