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To R. F. Cooke   9 November [1875]

Summary

Climbing plants has sold better than he expected.

Thinks another 1000 of Origin may have to be printed; he has no corrections to make.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  9 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 322–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10252

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   9 November [1875] …
  • … 42152 ff. 322–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Nov [1875] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … D. Appleton & Co. , is that of 11 October 1875, regarding the US edition of Variation 2d …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … appeared in July and was reprinted twice in 1875, making a total of 3000 copies ( Freeman …
  • … Climbing plants 2d ed. was published in the first half of November 1875 ( Publishers’ …
  • … circular 1875, p. 932). See letter to …
  • … R. F. Cooke, 23 October [1875] . Origin 6th ed. was reprinted in 1876; this was the …

From N. A. Severtsov   25 September [1875]

Summary

Sends CD the 2d part of his travels into the Tien-shan mountains [Erforschung des Thian-Schan Gebirgs-Systems (1875)].

Has written a paper on the ranges and systematics of wild sheep and on modifications probably resulting from competition with domestic sheep, which he wishes to translate into English and would like to see appended to Variation.

Discusses sexual selection in thrushes; it apparently modifies one species into another.

Author:  Nikolai Alekseevich Severtsov
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10172

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From N.  A.  Severtsov   25 September [1875] …
  • … DAR 177: 143 Nikolai Alekseevich Severtsov Berlin 25 Sept [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Erforschung des Thian-Schan Gebirgs-Systems (1875)]. Has written a paper on the ranges and …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Sewerzow 1875 (see n. 2, below). …
  • … Henry Eeles Dresser visited Down with Severtsov on 13 September 1875 (see letter to H. …
  • … E. Dresser, [10 September 1875] , and letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 13 September [1875] ). There are copies of both parts …
  • … Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL ( Sewerzow 1875 ; the text is in German). The pages have …
  • … N. [Nikolai Alekseevich Severtsov. ] 1875. N. Sewerzow’s Erforschung des Thian-Schan- …
  • … über wichtige neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesammtgebiete der Geographie 9 (1875): no. …
  • … 42, 10 (1875–6): no. 43. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals and plants under …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From G. H. Darwin   [26 October 1875]

Summary

Has sent a copy [of his article on cousin marriage] to Hermann Müller.

Problem he is now working on is a tough nut: "It does not do what [James Clerk] Maxwell said it wd or ought to do".

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Oct 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10226

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [26 October 1875] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 49 George Howard Darwin Cambridge [26 Oct 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to G. H. Darwin, [25 October 1875] ). During Francis’s visit (see n. 4, above), …
  • … people (letter from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 26 October 1875 (DAR 239.23: 1.35)). …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to G. H. Darwin, [25 October 1875] . …
  • … In 1875, the Tuesday after 25 October was 26 October. CD asked George to send a copy of …
  • … letter to G. H. Darwin, [25 October 1875] ). George probably refers to equations devised …
  • … in Cambridge for three days, returning to Down on 25 October 1875 (letter from Emma Darwin …
  • … to Leonard Darwin, 26 October 1875 (DAR 239.23: 1.35)). Francis was studying the ability …
  • … of the awns of the seeds (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 October [1875] and n. 5). …
  • … 242), George arrived on Saturday 30 October 1875. There is no mention of a visit to Down …

To W. D. Whitney   1 September 1875

Summary

Regrets he will not return home in time to see WDW.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  1 Sept 1875
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (William Dwight Whitney Family Papers (MS 555): Box 23, folder 619 1875 Sep. 1-11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10144

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Whitney   1 September 1875
  • … to W. D. Whitney, 21 December 1875 . The handwriting of the letter is probably George …
  • … Archives (William Dwight Whitney Family Papers (MS 555): Box 23, folder 619 1875 Sep. 1- …
  • … 11) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 1 Sept 1875 William Dwight Whitney …
  • … Southampton from 28 August to 11 September 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). No letter …
  • … States, about a visit to Down in September 1875 has been found. Whitney had been invited …
  • … or later (see letter to W.  D.  Whitney, [8 May 1875] , letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … D.  Whitney, 9 May [1875] , and letter from G. H. Darwin …

To R. B. Litchfield   [24 April 1875]

Summary

On the petition by scientists regarding vivisection and plans for presenting it in Parliament.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Buckley Litchfield
Date:  [24 Apr 1875]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 58373)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9924

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To R.  B.  Litchfield   [24 April 1875] …
  • … Library (Add MS 58373) Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 Apr 1875] Richard Buckley Litchfield …
  • … were interested in the bill (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 21  April 1875 and n. 1). …
  • … draft of the vivisection bill, dated 24 April 1875, is in DAR 139.17: 32. Burdon Sanderson …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 23 April [1875] and n. 5). John Lubbock was MP for Maidstone. …
  • … letter, the letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 23 April [1875] , and the letter to R.   …
  • … B.  Litchfield, 24 April [1875] . Litchfield was working with CD to prepare a vivisection …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). CD had learned from Thomas Henry Huxley …

From G. H. Darwin to James T. Knowles   8 February 1875

Summary

Letter [to editor of Contemp. Rev.] saying that W. D. Whitney would like to reply to Max Müller. Hopes space can be given him.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  James Thomas Knowles
Date:  8 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9846

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin to James T.  Knowles   8 February 1875
  • … 210.2: 46 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 8 Feb 1875 James Thomas Knowles …
  • … University Press. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1875. My reply to Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review …
  • … Trinity College | Cambridge Feb.  8. 1875 Dear Sir, Prof. Whitney has written to my Father …
  • … My reply to Mr.  Darwin’, appeared in the Contemporary Review , January 1875 ( Max …
  • … Müller 1875 ). For more on the background of the article and the views of those involved, …
  • … study of language ( Whitney 1867 ); see Max Müller 1875 , p.  307). The publisher of the …
  • … Row, London ( Post Office London directory 1875). His original company, Strahan & Co. , …
  • … London: Trübner. Whitney, William Dwight. 1875. Are languages institutions? Contemporary …
  • … reply, ‘Are languages institutions? ’, appeared in the Contemporary Review , April 1875 ( …
  • … Whitney 1875 ). Whitney’s letter to Knowles has not been found. This letter from George to …
  • … letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 10 [February 1875] . Max Müller wrote that he had not previously …

To D. F. Nevill   15 July [1875]

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Summary

Sends his autograph

and is delighted DN was interested by part of his book [Insectivorous plants].

Would be pleased to see DN at Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Date:  15 July [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10068

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To D.  F.  Nevill   15 July [1875] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 185: 122 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 July [1875] Dorothy Fanny Nevill …
  • … and the letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 2 July [1875] . Nevill had thanked CD for his gift of …
  • … plants and had requested his autograph (letters from D.  F.  Nevill, 2 July [1875] and …
  • … 13 [July 1875] . CD next made an …
  • … visit to London from 10 to 20 December 1875, but there is no record of his meeting Nevill …

To T. H. Huxley   21 May 1875

Summary

CD believes Playfair’s bill would not restrict demonstrations under anaesthetic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  21 May 1875
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9986

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   21 May 1875
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 316) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 May 1875 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … The parliamentary session ran until 13 August 1875 ( Hansard parliamentary debates 3d ser. …
  • … vol. 226 (1875), cols. 887–8). …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. May 21. 1875 My dear Huxley I have had nothing to do …
  • … See letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 . A bill to regulate vivisection had been drawn …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). CD stayed with Richard and Henrietta Emma …
  • … into the House of Commons (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). See …
  • … letter to Lyon Playfair, 15 May [1875] and n. 3. CD’s copy of the bill is in DAR 139.17: …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). CD underlined these words in his copy of …

From T. H. Huxley   19 May 1875

Summary

Lyon Playfair’s bill [on vivisection] is unacceptable to all teachers of physiology. It prohibits dissections for demonstrations to students. He will have to repudiate it. Asks CD’s advice.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 166: 340
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9985

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   19 May 1875
  • … DAR 166: 340 Thomas Henry Huxley Edinburgh 19 May 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1939–40): 210–12). CD quoted this section in his letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 . …
  • … 31 Royal Terrace | Edinburgh May 19. 1875 My dear Darwin Playfair has sent a copy of his …
  • … see letter to Lyon Playfair, 15 May [1875] ). Before presenting the bill, Playfair put it …
  • … changes (see letter from Lyon Playfair, 27 May 1875 ). The last printed draft of …
  • … Buckley Litchfield and dated 24 April 1875, stated that scientific experiments could be …
  • … the House of Commons to be printed on 12 May 1875 is in DAR 139.17: 23; see also House of …
  • … for the purpose of scientific discovery; 1875 (163) II.167. John Scott Burdon Sanderson …
  • … s bill (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [8 May 1875] ). This was confirmed …
  • … Playfair (see letter from Lyon Playfair, 27 May 1875 ). Huxley was teaching zoology at the …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 April [1875]

Summary

Agrees that CD should write to Lord Derby to say that a bill on animal experimentation was being prepared and that the government should not comment at this stage. [See 9933.] Ridicules the idea of using inspectors. Distinguishes between dissection and vivisection.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9930A

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   14 April [1875] …
  • … Burdon Sanderson, baronet London, Queen Anne St, 49 14 Apr [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12  April [1875] ). See also letter from J. …
  • … S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 April [1875] . CD had planned …
  • … meet with Thomas Henry Huxley on 12 April 1875 to discuss the vivisection bill (see letter …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). On the proposed licensing and inspection …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12 April [1875] ). CD was considering whether to call personally …
  • … see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] and n. 6, and letter from J.   …
  • … 49 Queen Anne St April 14 th 1875 Dear M r Darwin, I received your letter this morning. I …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   1 May [1875]

Summary

CD is delighted to hear that JSBS’s exertions and labour will probably be rewarded by success. He has had a note from Playfair who, like Lubbock, thinks the title and preamble [of the proposed bill] "had better wear a more humanitarian aspect".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  1 May [1875]
Classmark:  University of the Witwatersrand, Historical Papers Research Archive (A237f, letters to Sir John Burdon Sanderson)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9963

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   1 May [1875] …
  • … Sanderson) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 May [1875] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … in drafting the bill (see letter to R.  B.  Litchfield, [24 April 1875] and n. 3). …
  • … CD’s daughter Henrietta Emma, visited Down on 1 May 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … See letter from Edward Cardwell, 29 April 1875 . …
  • … the letter from Edward Cardwell, 29 April 1875 . Burdon Sanderson had worked with CD to …
  • … to regulate vivisection (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 April [1875] ). See …
  • … letter from Lyon Playfair, 29 April 1875 . For John Lubbock’s comments, see the letter to …
  • … R.  B.  Litchfield, [24 April 1875] . Richard Buckley Litchfield had provided legal …

To J. D. Hooker   25 February [1875]

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Summary

CD on his memory of Lyell. Deeply rejoices that he is to be buried in Westminster Abbey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Feb [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 379–81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9873

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 February [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 379–81 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Feb [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] . Hooker had written about how deeply …
  • … of Charles Lyell, who died on 22 February 1875. CD first met Lyell on 29 October 1836 (see …
  • … letter to A.  B.  Buckley, 23 February 1875  and n.  2). Hooker’s wife, Frances Harriet …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] ). Hooker had arranged to have Lyell buried …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] ). CD’s letter to Katherine Murray Lyell …
  • … but had not informed Hooker (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] ). …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 February 1875  and n.  7). Hooker was planning to visit …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 October [1875]

Summary

Wants Imantophyllum for crossing experiments.

Is glad WTT-D thinks George King’s notes worth sending to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 37–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10227

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   26 October [1875] …
  • … 1873–81: 37–8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Oct [1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Theodor Fischer. Thiselton-Dyer, William Turner. 1875. On the classification and sexual …
  • … of thallophytes’. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science n.s. 15 (1875): 295–326. ] …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875 . No letter from Thiselton-Dyer mentioning …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875 and n. 1. CD had already asked Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … See letter from J. D. Hooker, 23 October 1875 and n. 4. CD donated his copy of Ludwig …
  • … reproduction of thallophytes ( Thiselton-Dyer 1875 ). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton- Dyer, 22 October 1875 and n. 3). According to entries in the …
  • … Clivia nobilis (green-tip forest lily) was sent to CD on 26 October 1875 and a plant of I. …
  • … cyrtanthiflorum on 22 November 1875. The synonymy of what is referred to in this letter as …
  • … nurseryman . In his letter of 23 October 1875 , Joseph Dalton Hooker had promised to send …

To G. J. Romanes   17 [December 1875]

Summary

Suggests skin-grafting experiment on birds.

Discusses case of Edwin Ray Lankester; it has aroused his indignation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  17 [Dec 1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.481)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10301

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   17 [December 1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 17 [Dec 1875] George John Romanes …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, 24 September [1875] and nn. 5 and 6); CD evidently thought that …
  • … see letter to G. J. Romanes, 18 July 1875 ). Spots and black barbs are types of fancy …
  • … after he had been blackballed at the meeting of 2 December 1875 (see letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] ). CD, Emma Darwin, …
  • … and Elizabeth Darwin were in London from 10 December 1875; they returned to Down …
  • … on Monday 20 December 1875 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Romanes delivered the …
  • … system of medusae at the Royal Society of London on 16 December 1875 (Romanes 1875b). He …
  • … outlined his discovery in his letter of 20 July 1875 . …

From Lawson Tait   8 April [1875]

Summary

Arrangements for a visit to Down.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9918

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   8 April [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 6 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 8 Apr [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … n.  2, below). Tait visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Thomas …
  • … John Romanes also visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). A notice …
  • … in animals’ (Tait 1875a), appeared in the Birmingham Daily Post , 8 April 1875, p. 6. …
  • … See letter from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and nn. 2–4. …
  • … lecture cited the letter to Lawson Tait, [13–15 March 1875] , and referred to the letter …
  • … from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] . The annotation probably connects Tait’s work on tails …
  • … mice; see letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] and n. 6. CD also made a note to order a …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   [8 May 1875]

Summary

Further discussion of the introduction of a bill by Lyon Playfair on animal experimentation.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 May 1875]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9974A

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   [8 May 1875] …
  • … Burdon Sanderson, baronet London, Queen Anne St, 49 [8 May 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … vol. 224 (1875), col. 542). John Henniker-Major, …
  • … bill on vivisection in the House of Lords on 4 May 1875. The bill had been prepared at the …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] , and by Lyon Playfair’s request to present …
  • … the vivisection bill to Parliament on 10 May 1875 (see n. …
  • … 2, below). In 1875, 8 May was a Saturday. , …
  • … On Monday 10 May 1875, Lyon Playfair requested leave to present a bill to the House …
  • … of Commons for the regulation of vivisection ( The Times , 11 May 1875, p.  6); …
  • … he introduced the bill on Wednesday 12 May 1875 ( Hansard parliamentary debates 3d ser. …

From E. F. W. Pflüger   14 April 1875

Summary

Sends CD his latest treatise, in which he discusses the origin of life ["Über die Physiologische Verbrennung in den lebendigen Organismen", Arch. Gesammte Physiol. 10 (1875): 251–367].

Author:  Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm Pflüger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 97: C10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9929

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From E.  F.  W.  Pflüger   14 April 1875
  • … DAR 97: C10 Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm Pflüger Bonn 14 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Verbrennung in den lebendigen Organismen", Arch. Gesammte Physiol. 10 (1875): 251–367]. …
  • … combustion in living organisms; Pflüger 1875 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … Pflüger, Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm. 1875. Beiträge zur Lehre von der Respiration I. Über …
  • … Bonn 14 April 1875 Sir By the same post I have the honour of sending you my last treatise. …

To Linnean Society   1 January [1875]

Summary

Asks permission to republish his climbing plants paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 1–118] in a corrected form [Climbing plants].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  1 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10004

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Linnean Society   1 January [1875] …
  • … plants 2d ed. as a separate volume (see letter from John Murray, 9 April [1875] ). …
  • … DAR 97: C12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Jan [1875] Linnean Society …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants : On the movements and …
  • … Climbing plants ). Climbing plants 2d ed.  was published in November 1875 ( letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 25 October 1875 ). CD originally planned to publish the material on climbing …
  • … 9 (1867): 1–118. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To R. F. Cooke   27 June [1875]

Summary

Sorry to hear price of 15s [for Insectivorous plants]. Asks that JM consider 14s. Fears small sale at 15s. It is his fault – he never can help making his books too big.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke
Date:  27 June [1875]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 336–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10032

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   27 June [1875] …
  • … 42152 ff. 336–7) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 27 June [1875] Robert Francis Cooke …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Treaty on postal union : Treaty concerning …
  • … union. Signed at Berne, October 9, 1874. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1875. …
  • … when the other signatories did, but on 3 May 1875, and evidently the ratification was not …
  • … CD stayed at Abinger Hall from 3 June to 6 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … the letter from R. F. Cooke, 26 June 1875 . In the event, John Murray priced Insectivorous …
  • … 14 s . ( Publishers’ circular , 16 July 1875, p. 498). For changes in postage costs, see …
  • … the letter to R. F. Cooke, 24 June [1875] and n. 5. Italy was a signatory of the treaty …

From R. F. Cooke   22 October 1875

Summary

Sends a copy of Climbing plants [2d ed.]. Price cannot be higher than 6s.

Variation [2d ed.] price will be 18s, if CD approves. Future reprints will not be costly, since both have been stereotyped.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 473
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10213

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   22 October 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 22 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1 March 1876, p. 168); however, it carried an 1875 publication date. CD’s annotations …
  • … for his reply to Cooke of 23 October [1875] and for the accompanying presentation list. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. ‘Climbing plants’: On the movements and …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Climbing plants 2d ed. was published in November 1875, priced at 6 s . ( …
  • … Publishers’ circular , 16 November 1875, p. 932). An …
  • … account (Down House MS) for 23 November 1875 records a payment of £63 for ‘Climbing …
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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