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To James Paget   3 May 1875

Summary

Thanks JP for volume of his lectures [Clinical lectures and essays, ed. H. Marsh (1875)].

Mentions "vivisection question".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Date:  3 May 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.467)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9966

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To James Paget   3 May 1875
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.467) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 May 1875 James Paget, 1st baronet …
  • … Clinical lectures and essays , ed. H. Marsh (1875)]. Mentions "vivisection question". …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. May 3 | 1875. My dear Paget I am very much obliged for …
  • … Brown, Green, and Longmans. Paget, James. 1875. Clinical lectures and essays . Edited by …
  • … s Clinical lectures and essays ( Paget 1875 ) contained sixteen essays, fifteen of which …
  • … be presented to Parliament (see letter to from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 April [1875]. …

From J. D. Hooker   15 April 1875

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Summary

Approves vivisection memorial.

Lyon Playfair supports his request for Kew assistant.

Asks whether CD has botanical suggestions for Arctic expedition.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 23–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9932

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   15 April 1875
  • … DAR 104: 23–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 15 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in New Zealand. He returned to Down on 20 June 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … of a voyage to the Polar Sea during 1875–6 in H.M. ships ‘Alert’ and ‘Discovery’. With …
  • … others (see letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 and n. 2). Hooker was president of the …
  • … the family Asteraceae (sunflowers). The British Arctic expedition of 1875–6 set sail …
  • … on 29 May 1875 ( Nares 1878 , 1: 1). Hooker wrote the introduction to the botany …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1875  and n.  7). Lyon Playfair had agreed to …
  • … of Commons. The civil service estimates for 1875–6 contain an estimate of £500 for an …
  • … departments: for the year ending 31 March 1876, 1875 (100-I-VII), XLIX.10). William …
  • … Turner Thiselton-Dyer was appointed to the post in June 1875 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 June 1875 ). George Bentham had criticised Federico Delpino’s …

From T. H. Huxley   21 April 1875

Summary

Lord Cardwell thinks it unlikely that Parliament will take any action on a vivisection bill this session. Playfair should be consulted.

E. F. W. Pflüger’s important memoir on how carbonic acid is produced by living matter and his speculation about origin of living matter [see 9931].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 166: 339
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9942

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   21 April 1875
  • … Henry Huxley Council on Education, Kensington Museum 21 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … a copy of his paper on physiological combustion ( Pflüger 1875 ); see letter from E.  F.   …
  • … W.  Pflüger, 14 April 1875 . …
  • … See Pflüger 1875 , pp.  325–6. …
  • … 2004. Pflüger, Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm. 1875. Beiträge zur Lehre von der Respiration I. …
  • … to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 15 and 19 April [1875] ). Playfair, the MP for Edinburgh and St …
  • … of Education | Kensington Museum April 21. 1875 My dear Darwin The day before yesterday I …

From Joseph Fayrer   31 August 1875

Summary

Sends a copy of his book [The royal tiger of Bengal (1875)].

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 164: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10142

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   31 August 1875
  • … Sends a copy of his book [ The royal tiger of Bengal (1875)]. …
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 31 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Fayrer, Joseph. 1875. The royal tiger of Bengal, his life and death. London: …
  • … India Office 16 Granville Place. 31 August 1875 Dear M r . Darwin I have the pleasure of …
  • … s The royal tiger of Bengal ( Fayrer 1875 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down; in it Fayrer …
  • … commissions, in his letter of 8 July 1875 . During the expedition, the prince opened the …

From Emma Darwin to W. D. Whitney   9 May [1875]

Summary

CD asks her to tell him how sorry he is not to be there to see Whitney today. He hopes that Whitney will give him another chance when next in England.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  9 May 1875
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (William Dwight Whitney Family Papers (MS 555): Box 22, folder 600 1875 May 6-10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9974F

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … From Emma Darwin to W. D. Whitney   9 May [1875] …
  • … Dwight Whitney Family Papers (MS 555): Box 22, folder 600 1875 May 6-10) Emma Wedgwood/ …
  • … Emma Darwin Down 9 May 1875 William Dwight Whitney …
  • … of Insectivorous Plants’ on 23 May 1875 (see Appendix II). Thomas Henry and Katherine …
  • … Richard Buckley Litchfield visited on Saturday 8 May 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … 3, below). CD had invited Whitney to visit him at Down on 9 May 1875 (see telegram to W.   …
  • … D.  Whitney, 8 May 1875). Whitney was staying in Ealing, a suburb of London, and hoped to …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin to W.  D.  Whitney, 21 December 1875 ). CD recorded in his ‘Journal’ …

To A. W. Bennett   [17 December 1875]

Summary

Declines invitation to breakfast.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  [17 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10303

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   [17 December 1875] …
  • … 143: 88 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [17 Dec 1875] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 17 December 1875 ; …
  • … in 1875 17 …
  • … December 1875 was a Friday. Bennett …
  • … had invited CD to breakfast on Sunday 19 December 1875 (see letter from A.   …
  • … W.  Bennett, 17 December 1875 ). CD evidently did visit, since Bennett mentioned showing …

From T. H. Huxley   5 June 1875

Summary

Playfair "disgusted at our pronunciamentos against the Bill". Burdon Sanderson and William Sharpey agreed to it. THH feels he must serve on Vivisection Commission.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 166: 341
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10010

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   5 June 1875
  • … DAR 166: 341 Thomas Henry Huxley Edinburgh 5 June 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … at the University of Edinburgh (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 19 April [1875] , n.  4). …
  • … The letter from Lyon Playfair, 27 May 1875 , was the most recent letter CD had received …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). It contained a clause condemning vivisection …
  • … 31 Royal Terrace | Edinburgh June 5 th 1875 My dear Darwin I see I have forgotten to …
  • … see letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 ). John Scott Burdon Sanderson and William …
  • … Sharpey to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 19 May 1875; London University, Imperial College …
  • … s expression of disgust, see the letter from Lyon Playfair, 27 May 1875 . The commission …
  • … on vivisection was constituted on 22 June 1875 with Huxley as one of its commissioners ( …

From Fritz Schultze   12 June 1875

Summary

Comments on his book [Kant und Darwin: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Entwicklungslehre (1875)].

Author:  Fritz Schultze
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 177: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10014

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Fritz Schultze    12 June 1875
  • … DAR 177: 67 Fritz Schultze Jena 12 June 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on his book [ Kant und Darwin: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Entwicklungslehre (1875)]. …
  • … Bibliography Schultze, Fritz. 1875. Kant und Darwin. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der …
  • … already sent a copy of Schultze’s book, Kant und Darwin ( Schultze 1875 ), to CD with his …
  • … letter of 6 June 1875 . One copy of the book is in the Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … Jena, den 12. Juni 1875. Hochverehrter Herr! Die Werke unseres grössten deutschen …
  • … Jena, 12.  June 1875. Highly honoured Sir! The works of the greatest German philosopher, …

From Lawson Tait   12 June [1875] 

Summary

Intends sending a paper containing some of his histological work [see "Freezing process for section-cutting; … staining and mounting sections", J. Anat. & Physiol. 9 (1875): 249–58].

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10016

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   12 June [1875]   …
  • … DAR 178: 10 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 12 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … section-cutting; … staining and mounting sections", J. Anat. & Physiol. 9 (1875): 249–58]. …
  • … mice (see letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] and n. 5). Felidae is the family of cats. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] . See …
  • … letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] , and first letter from …
  • … Lawson Tait, 12 June [1875] . See …
  • … letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] and n. 7. It is not certain which …
  • … Erasmus Darwin in his letter of 11 June [1875] , but only Francis Darwin would have …

To Mr Russell   12 July 1875

Summary

Acknowledges with thanks "Mr Fitzgerald’s magnificent work" [R. D. Fitzgerald’s Australian orchids, part 1 (1875)]. [See 10069.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mr Russell
Date:  12 July 1875
Classmark:  James Lowe Autographs Ltd, New York, catalogue 42 (dealers) (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10061A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Mr Russell    12 July 1875
  • … York, catalogue 42 (dealers) (no date) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July 1875 Mr Russell …
  • … magnificent work" [R. D. Fitzgerald’s Australian orchids , part 1 (1875)]. [See 10069 . ] …
  • … Press. 1966–96. Fitzgerald, Robert David. 1875–94. Australian orchids. 2 vols. Sydney: …
  • … as ‘Mr Russell’ in the letter to R.  D.  Fitzgerald, 16 July 1875 . The first part …
  • … of Robert David Fitzgerald’s Australian orchids ( Fitzgerald 1875–94 ) was …
  • … published in July 1875 ( Aust. dict. biog. , s.v. Fitzgerald, Robert David). CD’s …

From M. J. Berkeley   13 July 1875

Summary

Fairy-rings grow because the fungal spawn radiates outwards then dies off at the centre as it becomes exhausted. The verdure of the grass depends upon the decay of the fungus supplying nitrogenous manure. Rings are formed mainly in upland pastures poor in nitrogenous matter. Gives examples of woodland fungi that form rings.

Author:  Miles Joseph Berkeley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 160: 175
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10062

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From M.  J.  Berkeley   13 July 1875
  • … DAR 160: 175 Miles Joseph Berkeley Sibbertoft 13 July 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Gilbert, Joseph Henry. 1875. Note on the occurrence of ‘ …
  • … fairy-rings’. [Read 3 June 1875. ] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 15 (1877): 17– …
  • … On fairy-rings, see the letter from James Paget, 7 July 1875  and n.  2. Joseph Henry …
  • … Gilbert’s paper on fairy-rings was read before the Linnean Society on 3 June 1875 ( J. …
  • … H. Gilbert 1875 ). Agaricus nebularis is now Clitocybe nebularis , the cloud funnel. …
  • … Sibbertoft | Market Harborough July 13. 1875 My dear Sir I do not think that the subject …

To C.-F. Reinwald   26 December 1875

Summary

Encloses list of errata in Insectivorous plants [1875] for the French translator.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Date:  26 Dec 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.483)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10326

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To C. -F.  Reinwald   26 December 1875
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.483) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Dec 1875 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald …
  • … Encloses list of errata in Insectivorous plants [1875] for the French translator. …
  • … list of errata in his letter of 21 December 1875 . Edmond Barbier translated Insectivorous …

To ?   [after 17 February 1875]

Summary

CD is obliged for a note he will use for a new [2d] edition of Variation [1875].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [after 17 Feb 1875]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9795

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To ?    [after 17 February 1875] …
  • … MS.7781/1–32 item 31) Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 17 Feb 1875] Unidentified …
  • … CD is obliged for a note he will use for a new [2d] edition of Variation [1875]. …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … the letter from John Murray, 17 February [1875] . The note has not been identified. John …
  • … letter from John Murray, 17 February [1875] ). Some of CD’s notes for Variation 2d ed.   …

From Francis Galton   5 November 1875

Summary

Sends a proof of his "Theory of heredity" from the Contemporary Review [27 (1875): 80–95; revised in J. Anthropol. Inst. 5 (1876): 329–48]. Welcomes CD’s help and criticism.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 105: A87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10243

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   5 November 1875
  • … DAR 105: A87 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 5 Nov 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … heredity" from the Contemporary Review [27 (1875): 80–95; revised in J. Anthropol. Inst. …
  • … Bibliography Brown-Séquard, Charles Édouard. 1875. On the hereditary transmission of the …
  • … effects of certain injuries to the nervous system. Lancet , 2 January 1875, pp. 6–7. …
  • … see letter to Frances Galton, 4 November [1875]). Galton argued that the genetic material …
  • … the other parent (Galton 1875b, pp. 83–5; the note is on p. 84). Brown-Séquard 1875 . See …
  • … letter to Francis Galton, 4 November [1875] and n. 5. …

Wright, Chauncey. 1875. German Darwinism. Nation, 9 September 1875, pp. 168–70.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Wright, Chauncey. 1875. German Darwinism. …
  • … Nation , 9 September 1875, pp. 168–70. Microfilm P 123 23 …

[James, William.] 1875. Chauncey Wright. Nation, 23 September 1875, p. 194.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … James, William. ] 1875. Chauncey Wright. …
  • … Nation , 23 September 1875, p. 194. microfilm P123.5 23 …

[Morley, John.] 1875. Diderot. Fortnightly Review 18 (1875): 353–98.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Morley, John. ] 1875. Diderot. …
  • … Fortnightly Review 18 (1875): 353–98. online 23 …

From R. F. Cooke   28 June 1875

Summary

Agrees to price Insectivorous plants at 14s.

Has CD quoted a price for stereotype plates to D. Appleton?

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 458
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10034

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   28 June 1875
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 28 June 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … rates would come into effect then (see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 27 June [1875] and n. 3). …
  • … see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 27 June [1875] ). CD had asked Cooke to organise production …
  • … for his US publisher, D. Appleton & Co. , in his letter to Cooke of 24 June [1875]. In …
  • … a letter to Cooke of 23 May [1875], CD had suggested charging £60. …
  • … suggested waiting until after Thursday 1 July 1875 to send foreign presentation copies of …

To G. J. Romanes   26 December 1875

Summary

Sends books.

Discusses GJR’s Pangenesis experiments; views of Galton on the theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  26 Dec 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.482)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10325

Matches: 6 hits

  • … H. Darwin, 22 December 1875 . …
  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   26 December 1875
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.482) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Dec 1875 George John Romanes …
  • … from G. J. Romanes, [before 26 December 1875] . CD’s copy of Haeckel 1869a is in the …
  • … Collection–CUL. See letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 26 December 1875] and n. 4. …
  • … See letter to Francis Galton, 18 December [1875] , and letter from Francis Galton to G. …

To Edward Cardwell   [before 29 April 1875]

Summary

Believes correspondent is interested in how physiologists regard the question of legislating on vivisection. He forwards the sketch of a bill drawn up by physiologists for that purpose.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell
Date:  [before 29 Apr 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9908

Matches: 6 hits

  • … send to Cardwell and Lyon Playfair in his letter to R.  B.  Litchfield, [24 April 1875] . …
  • … To Edward Cardwell   [before 29 April 1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 29 Apr 1875] Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell …
  • … the letter from Edward Cardwell, 29 April 1875 . Andrew Clark was CD’s physician. Thomas …
  • … the vivisection bill (see letter from T. H. Huxley, 21 April 1875 ). CD probably sent the …
  • … the vivisection bill, printed on 24 April 1875 (DAR 139.17: 32). CD said he was awaiting …
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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