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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To T. H. Huxley   21 May 1875

Summary

CD believes Playfair’s bill would not restrict demonstrations under anaesthetic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  21 May 1875
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9986

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   21 May 1875
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 316) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 May 1875 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … The parliamentary session ran until 13 August 1875 ( Hansard parliamentary debates 3d ser. …
  • … vol. 226 (1875), cols. 887–8). …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. May 21. 1875 My dear Huxley I have had nothing to do …
  • … See letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 . A bill to regulate vivisection had been drawn …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). CD stayed with Richard and Henrietta Emma …
  • … into the House of Commons (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). See …
  • … letter to Lyon Playfair, 15 May [1875] and n. 3. CD’s copy of the bill is in DAR 139.17: …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 6 May [1875] ). CD underlined these words in his copy of …

To T. H. Huxley   12 November [1875]

Summary

Thanks for Elementary biology [1875]. Wishes he had had a course like it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  12 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Medicine and Technology Archives (Huxley 5: 324)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10256

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   12 November [1875] …
  • … Thanks for Elementary biology [1875]. Wishes he had had a course like it. …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 324) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Nov [1875] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … by the reference to T. H. Huxley and Martin 1875 (see n. 2, below). A copy of Course of …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL (T. H. Huxley and Martin 1875). Each chapter of the book described a …

To T. H. Huxley   27 January [1875]

Summary

Sends suggestions for observations on glacial phenomena that might be made on the [Polar] expedition [of H. M. S. Alert and Discovery, 1875–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  27 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A48–53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9831

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   27 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 92: A48–53 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Jan [1875] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … that might be made on the [Polar] expedition [of H. M. S. Alert and Discovery , 1875–6]. …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 22 January 1875 . Huxley had asked CD for suggestions for …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 22 January 1875 ). The part on glacial observations …
  • … was Thomas Rupert Jones ed.  1875, pp.  74–7, written by Andrew Crombie Ramsay and John …
  • … Feilden. See Thomas Rupert Jones ed.  1875, p.  66; this section was written by Joseph …

To T. H. Huxley   [after 12 January 1875]

Summary

CD has written to Mivart to say that he will never hold any communication with him in future.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [after 12 Jan 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 276
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9813

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   [after 12 January 1875] …
  • … DAR 145: 276 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 12 Jan 1875] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 12 January 1875 . CD had written to St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … Darwin’s views condoned immorality; see the letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 12 January 1875 . …

To T. H. Huxley   10 December [1875]

Summary

Is coming to London. Will call on THH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 Dec [1875]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Medicine and Technology Archives (Huxley 5: 325)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10292

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   10 December [1875] …
  • … 5: 325) Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 10 Dec [1875] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Emma Litchfield in London from 10 to 20 December 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … and Emma Darwin visited Huxley on Sunday 12 December 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

To T. H. Huxley   23 October [1875]

Summary

Thanks for THH’s essay on species [article for an American encyclopedia].

Will probably never again write on large and general subjects; will keep to easier specific ones such as insectivorous and climbing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  23 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Medicine and Technology Archives (Huxley 5: 320)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10214

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   23 October [1875] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 320) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Oct [1875] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants. By Charles …
  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 30 October 1875 . Huxley’s essay has not been found in the …

To T. H. Huxley   1 November [1875]

Summary

Astonished and disgusted at Klein’s evidence. No doubt there will be severe and vicious legislation against physiology. Will give evidence before Commission.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  1 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Medicine and Technology Archives (Huxley 5: 322)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10235

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   1 November [1875] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 322) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Nov [1875] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … see letter from T. H. Huxley, 30 October 1875 ). Six Queen Anne Street was the home of CD’ …
  • … the letter from T. H. Huxley, 30 October 1875 . Huxley had heard that Edward Emanuel Klein …
  • … see letter from T. H. Huxley, 30 October 1875 ). Klein had assisted CD in his research on …

To T. H. Huxley   14 January 1875

Summary

Is alarmed by the petitions against vivisection that are being circulated. Believes there is scope for reasonable legislation and would like to see eminent physiologists prepare a petition so that the science could be protected and animals saved from needless suffering.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  14 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 97: C37–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9817

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   14 January 1875
  • … DAR 97: C37–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Jan 1875 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … presented it to the RSPCA on 25 January 1875, and the RSPCA did not present the petition …
  • … letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 4 January [1875] . Cobbe’s memorial was circulated with two …

To T. H. Huxley   6 January 1875

Summary

Thanks THH for his article in the Academy and his defence of CD and G. H. Darwin against Mivart. Still thinks he should write plainly to Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  6 Jan 1875
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 313)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9804

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   6 January 1875
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 313) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan 1875 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16–17, Thomas Henry Huxley had …

To T. H. Huxley   11 June [1878]

Summary

Thanks for evolution article; would like to know what made Lamarck "change his front" so completely.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 June [1878]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 331)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11550

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and index. Edinburgh: A. and C. Black. 1875–89. Encyclopaedia Britannica : Encyclopaedia …

To T. H. Huxley   11 May 1880

Summary

Comments on natural selection. Sometimes he can persuade himself that it is of quite subordinate importance, but so many structures have been explained by it that he can also persuade himself that every structure developed through it. Cites H. G. Bronn’s list [of structures not explicable by natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 May 1880
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 342); Janet Huxley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12604

Matches: 1 hit

  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To T. H. Huxley   2 September [1854]

Summary

Second Living Cirripedia volume published. Asks THH’s advice on presentation copies for continental naturalists.

THH’s review of Vestiges of creation in [Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)]. CD is almost as unorthodox on species as the author of Vestiges, but hopes not quite so unphilosophical.

Hopes L. Agassiz was sounder on embryological stages than THH thinks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  2 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1587

Matches: 1 hit

  • … palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850–1875. London: Blond & Briggs. Living Cirripedia ( …

To T. H. Huxley   11 April [1864]

Summary

Thanks for Lectures on the elements of comparative anatomy [1864].

If Owen wrote article on "Oken" [Encyclopaedia Britannica, 8th ed.] and French work on archetype he never did a baser act [see ML 1: 246 n.].

Bad health lately.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 Apr [1864]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 203)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4459

Matches: 1 hit

  • … palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850–1875. London: Blond & Briggs. Di Gregorio, Mario …

To T. H. Huxley   [May 1880?]

Summary

Discusses Pallasian doctrine; considers plants are splendid for making one believe in natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [May 1880?]
Classmark:  Janet Huxley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12595H

Matches: 1 hit

  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To T. H. Huxley   10 May [1862]

Summary

Nearly agrees on contemporaneity, but THH pushes his ideas too far. Would require strong evidence before believing that the so-called Silurian, Devonian, and Carboniferous strata could be contemporaneous. Thinks THH’s case on advancement of organisation is strong. But he should read Bronn, before publishing again, and say more on other side. Cannot help hoping he is not as right as he seems to be.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 May [1862]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 171)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3542

Matches: 1 hit

  • … palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850–1875. London: Blond & Briggs. Origin 3d ed. : On …

To T. H. Huxley   23 April [1853]

Summary

On THH’s paper on cephalous Mollusca [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 143 (1853) pt 1: 29–66]. Discovery of the type or "idea" (in THH’s sense, not Owen’s or Agassiz’s) is one of the highest ends of natural history.

Discusses anamorphism;

position of heart in Cleodora.

Variability within species;

cementing process in cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  23 Apr [1853]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1480

Matches: 1 hit

  • … palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850–1875. London: Blond & Briggs. Huxley, Thomas …

To T. H. Huxley   3 February [1857]

Summary

Thanks THH for his response on glacial movement. Hopes Tyndall will experiment on broken ice and explain how two pieces of ice can freeze together.

Sorry to hear of THH’s row with Richard Owen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 104)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2045

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and ancestors: palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850–1875. London: Blond & Briggs. …

To Thomas Henry Huxley   10 [January 1863]

Summary

CD overwhelmed by THH’s praise.

Agrees with his reservations about species theory but not wholly about sterility and gives his reasons for differing.

On Natural History Review, Hugh Falconer, and R. Owen.

Has written a review [Collected papers 2: 87–92] of H. W. Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 183)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3852

Matches: 1 hit

  • … palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850–1875. London: Blond & Briggs. Marginalia : Charles …
Document type
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Addressee
Huxley, T. H.[X]
Correspondent
Date
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1854 (1)
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1862 (1)
1863 (1)
1864 (1)
1875 (9)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

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  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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