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To William Ogle   [4 December 1874, 10 December 1875, 17 December 1875, or 12 January 1877]

Summary

Invites WO to lunch.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  [4 Dec] 1874 or [10 or 17] Dec 1875 or [12 Jan] 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.460)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To William Ogle   [4 December 1874, 10 December 1875, 17 …
  • … December 1875, or 12 January 1877] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [4 Dec 1874] [10 Dec 1875] [17 …
  • … Dec 1875 [12 Jan 1877] William Ogle …

From Albert Günther   14 February 1874

Summary

Signs Robert Swinhoe’s certificate [for the Royal Society] with pleasure.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9291

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Günther’s research on tortoises was published in A. C. L. G. Günther 1875  and 1877. …
  • … 1985–. Günther, Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf. 1875. The gigantic land tortoises of the …
  • … Mascarene and Galapagos Islands. Nature , 22 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 238–9; 29 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 259–61; 12 August 1875, pp. 296–7. Record of the Royal Society of London : The record of …

To A. C. H. Gordon   April 1874

Summary

Petition to protect gigantic tortoises on the Mascarene.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arthur Charles Hamilton Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore
Date:  Apr 1874
Classmark:  Transactions of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius n.s. 8 (1875): 106–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9382F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Arts and Sciences of Mauritius n.s.  8 (1875): 106–9 Charles Robert Darwin Apr 1874 Arthur …
  • … author. Günther, Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf. 1875. The gigantic land tortoises of the …
  • … Mascarene and Galapagos Islands. Nature , 22 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 238–9; 29 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 259–61; 12 August 1875, pp. 296–7. Journal of researches : Journal of researches into the …
  • … the nineteenth century (see A. C. L. G. Günther 1875  and 1877). Mauritius had been under …
  • … A pair was also transported to England in 1875 and lived at the zoological gardens in …
  • … Regent’s Park. ( A. C. L. G. Günther 1875 , pp.  260–1. ) The reference is to Charles …

From Albert Günther   28 April 1874

Summary

Thanks for recent edition of CD’s Journal of researches.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9432

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the Galápagos Islands and the Mascarene Islands (see A. C. L. G. Günther 1875  and 1877). …
  • … Press. Günther, Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf. 1875. The gigantic land tortoises of the …
  • … Mascarene and Galapagos Islands. Nature , 22 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 238–9; 29 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 259–61; 12 August 1875, pp. 296–7. Journal of researches (1860): Journal of researches …

To Chauncey Wright   21 September 1874 and 29 January 1875

Summary

Head movements and their expressive significance. [P.S. explains letter was returned to CD because of a mistake in the address.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chauncey Wright
Date:  21 Sept 1874 and 29 Jan 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9650

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Chauncey Wright   21 September 1874 and 29 January 1875
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Sept 1874 29 Jan 1875 Chauncey Wright …
  • … received CD’s letter through Asa Gray in February 1875 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 23, letter from Chauncey Wright, 24 February 1875 ). …
  • … Shoe String Press. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Mary Treat   2 December 1874

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Summary

Observations on the insects captured by Utricularia.

Author:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 109–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9740

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Treat, …
  • … Mary. 1875. Plants that eat animals. American Naturalist 9: 658–62. …
  • … her observations in a letter to the editor dated 4 January 1875 and printed in the …
  • … New York Tribune , 1 February 1875, p.  8; the …
  • … reprinted in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 March 1875, pp.  303–4. CD cited it in Insectivorous …
  • … genus of freshwater copepods. In Treat 1875 , p.  660, Treat identified the animal as a …
  • … Chironomus , a genus of midges. Treat 1875 , in the American Naturalist , was a corrected …

To Arnold Dodel   23 December 1874

Summary

Thanks AD-P for sending his work, not yet received, on evolution [Die neuere Schöpfungsgeschichte (1875)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arnold Dodel-Port
Date:  23 Dec 1874
Classmark:  Zentralbibliothek, Zürich (Ms. Z VIII 417.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9775

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his work, not yet received, on evolution [ Die neuere Schöpfungsgeschichte (1875)]. …
  • … Bibliography Dodel, Arnold. 1875. Die neuere Schöpfungsgeschichte nach dem gegenwärtigen …
  • … to the present state of science; Dodel 1875 ). There is a lightly annotated copy in the …

To D. Appleton & Co.   5 November 1874

Summary

Has just had printed a new edition of Descent [1874] and is anxious that this improved version be circulated in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  D. Appleton & Co
Date:  5 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9713

Matches: 6 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants US ed. By Charles …
  • … Darwin. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1875. …
  • … 2d edition. New York: D. Appleton. 1875. Descent : The descent of man, and selection in …
  • … the second edition of Descent in New York in 1875 ( Descent 2d US ed. ), using Murray’s …
  • … plants was published by Murray in London on 2 July 1875; D.  Appleton & Co.   …
  • … published the work in New York in 1875 ( Insectivorous plants US ed. ), using Murray’s …

From F. E. Nipher   11 December 1874

Summary

Cites more examples of inheritance of maternal impressions.

Author:  Francis Eugene Nipher
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 172: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9754

Matches: 7 hits

  • … CUL.  Nipher’s February paper was Nipher 1875 . Nipher refers to Samuel Haughton and …
  • … For the disagreement between Haughton and Nipher, see Nature , 28 January 1875, pp.   …
  • … 256–7, 4 February 1875, pp.   …
  • … 276–7, 15 April 1875, pp.   …
  • … 464–6, and 22 April 1875, pp.  488–9. …
  • … 29 April 2013). Nipher, Francis Eugene. 1875. On the mechanical work done by a muscle …
  • … before exhaustion. American Journal of Science and Arts 3d ser. 9 (1875): 130–7. …

To ?   [9 December 1874, 14 December 1875, or 10 January 1877]

Summary

Invites correspondent to luncheon on Friday or Saturday.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [9 Dec] 1874 or [14 Dec] 1875 or [10 Jan] 1877
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (catalogue 76 1994)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9724F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    [9 December 1874, 14 December 1875, or 10 January 1877] …
  • … Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [9 Dec 1874] [14 Dec 1875] [10 Jan 1877] Unidentified …

To Japetus Steenstrup   23 May [1874 or 1875?]

Summary

"With kind regards, & many thanks for Prof. Steenstrup’s Photograph, which is most highly valued by C. Darwin"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup
Date:  23 May [1874-5]
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (tipped into a copy of Orchids)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5098

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Japetus Steenstrup   23 May [1874 or 1875? ] …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 23 May 1874 23 May 1875 Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup …

To F. J. Cohn   12 October 1874

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Summary

CD responds [to 9667] with description of his own effort to study Aldrovanda and his observations on the structure of Dionaea.

His admiration for FJC’s earlier studies of the Venus’s fly-trap.

He urges FJC to proceed promptly with publication of his memoir on Aldrovanda [Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1, Heft 3 (1875): 71–92].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Date:  12 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 185: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9677A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Hooker, 29 September 1874 . CD’s annotated copy of F. J. Cohn 1875 is in DAR 58.2: 35–43. …
  • … 1 (1861): 1–48. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … of his memoir on Aldrovanda [ Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1, Heft 3 (1875): 71–92]. …
  • … J.  Cohn, 4 October 1874 , and F. J. Cohn 1875, of which CD had received a copy in advance …

From A. W. Bennett   21 September 1874

Summary

Sends papers and references.

Reports his microscopic observations on Drosera and other plants.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9648

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Bennett, Alfred William. 1875. The absorptive glands of …
  • … carnivorous plants. [Read 1 December 1875. ] Monthly Microscopical Journal 15 (1876): 1–5. …
  • … sche Buchhandlung. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … of Callitriche verna (now C.  palustris , vernal water starwort; Bennett 1875 , p.  5). …

From Joseph Fayrer   30 June 1874

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Summary

Reports on results of experiments on effect of cobra poison on animal cilia and muscle.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 69–72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9521

Matches: 5 hits

  • … University Press. 1999–2002. Fayrer, Joseph. 1875. The royal tiger of Bengal, his life and …
  • … on 29 June 1874 and are described in Brunton and Fayrer 1875 , p.  273. Fayrer refers to …
  • … are described in Brunton and Fayrer 1875 , pp.  274–5. The gastrocnemius is the muscle …
  • … hind leg of a frog. In Brunton and Fayrer 1875 , p.  275, the authors concluded that the …
  • … the order Amoebida) in Brunton and Fayrer 1875 . Silas Weir Mitchell, an American doctor, …

From Arnold Dodel   13 December 1874

Summary

Describes his university lectures on evolution and their publication in a book [Die neuere Schöpfungsgeschichte (1875)].

Author:  Arnold Dodel-Port
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 194
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9756

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on evolution and their publication in a book [ Die neuere Schöpfungsgeschichte (1875)]. …
  • … Bibliography Dodel, Arnold. 1875. Die neuere Schöpfungsgeschichte nach dem gegenwärtigen …
  • … to the present state of science; Dodel 1875 ) in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …

From F. J. Cohn   4 October 1874

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Summary

An account of his observations on Aldrovanda and Utricularia.

Sends CD his memoir on Aldrovanda [Beitr. Biol. Pflanz. 1 (1875) Heft 3: 71–92] in advance of publication [see Insectivorous plants, pp. 321 et seq., 395–6].

Author:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 95–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9667

Matches: 6 hits

  • … on Aldrovanda [ Beitr. Biol. Pflanz. 1 (1875) Heft 3: 71–92] in advance of publication [ …
  • … 173 (1882): 1–55. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … in F. J. Cohn 1874 and F. J. Cohn 1875 (see nn.  7 and 10, below). Aldrovanda (the …
  • … CD thanked Cohn for sending a copy of F. J. Cohn 1875 before its publication. CD published …
  • … von Aldrovanda und Utricularia’ (F. J. Cohn 1875) appeared in Beiträge zur Biologie der …
  • … Müller. CD’s annotated copy of F. J. Cohn 1875 is in DAR 58.2: 35–43. The sketches have …

To G. H. Darwin   12 [December 1874 or January 1875?]

Summary

Regrets the trouble GHD has had.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  12 [Dec 1874 - Jan 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9221

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   12 [December 1874 or January 1875? ] …
  • … ordered set, between letters to George dated [6 December 1874] and 10 [February 1875]. …

To John Murray   14 December 1874

Summary

Sends a suggested title [for Insectivorous plants?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  14 Dec 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 342–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9758

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Norgate. 1865. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Literary gossip’ in the Athenæum , 9 January 1875, announcing the forthcoming publication …
  • … Insectivorous plants was published in July 1875. The enclosure has not been found. …

From Asa Gray   11 December 1874

Summary

Cannot help with Pinguicula or Utricularia. Mrs Mary Treat is studying Utricularia.

Forwards his short piece on duration of varieties [New York Tribune 8 Dec 1874; Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 9 (1875): 109–14].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9753

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of varieties [ New York Tribune 8 Dec 1874; Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 9 (1875): 109–14]. …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Venus fly trap) in Insectivorous plants in 1875. Gray had been urging CD to publish on …

From H. H. Howorth   3 January [1874]

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Summary

On the extinction of populations. [See Descent, 2d ed., p. 183.]

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 90: 28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8722

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s Magazine 4: 104–11. Smith, Angus. 1875. A visit to St. Kilda in 1873. Good Words 16: …
  • … Smith published an article, ‘A visit to St Kilda in 1873’, in Good Words in 1875 (Angus …
  • … Smith 1875 ). …
  • … No copy of Angus Smith 1875  has been found in the Darwin Library–CUL.  The Lofoten …
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

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  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

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  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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