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To George King   27 January [1871]

Summary

Obliged for specimens [of Paritium?].

Discusses difference between sport and parent tree.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George King
Date:  27 Jan [1871]
Classmark:  Joseph R. Sakmyster, ADS Autographs (dealer) (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7461

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on his observations in the Journal of the Linnean Society of London ( G.  King 1875 ). …
  • … Bibliography King, George. 1875. Note on a sport in Paritium tricuspe , G. …
  • … Don. [Read 16 December 1875. ] Journal of …
  • … the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 15 (1875–7): 101–3. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From Asa Gray   3 August 1871

Summary

AG hopes to meet CD’s sons, who are visiting America.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 165: 176
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7894

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Asa Gray, 7 December 1870  and n.  5). CD published Insectivorous plants in 1875. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. [Packard, Alpheus Spring, Jr. ] 1871. The …

To J. V. Carus   8 October [1871]

Summary

Glad to hear of new German edition of Origin. He is revising the English edition, adding a new chapter of "Answers".

No new edition of Descent has appeared.

Would be glad to see a new translation of the Journal of researches, which he revised in 1845.

Comments on white colour of sea-birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  8 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter LC 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 74–77)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7994

Matches: 4 hits

  • 1875); this translation was not planned until 1873 (see letter from C. -F.   …
  • … May 1873 ( Calendar no.  8911)). Carus’s own translation appeared in 1875 (Carus trans.   …
  • 1875), as part of Eduard Koch’s collected edition of CD’s works. Journal of researches was …
  • … and Belloc trans.  1860). A full French translation was made in 1875 (Barbier trans.   …

From Karl Scherzer   28 May 1871

Summary

Craniological part of Novara voyage report is done.

Expresses his satisfaction at CD’s election as a Foreign Honorary Member of the Academy of Sciences, Vienna.

Author:  Karl von Scherzer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9998

Matches: 3 hits

  • … A series of scientific publications from the Novara expedition appeared from 1861 to 1875. …
  • … The volume on craniology ( Zuckerkandl 1875 ) was the last to be published. CD received a …
  • … und Staatsdruckerei. Zuckerkandl, E. 1875. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara: 1. …

To J. J. Weir   19 October 1871

Summary

"Like you I have often wondered at the different food of the old and young, as with graminivorous birds feeding their young with insects."

Recommends forthcoming book by John Lubbock [Monograph of the Collembola and Thysanura (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Jenner Weir
Date:  19 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 148: 328
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8018

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a species not native to the British Isles (see note in Entomologist 8 (1875): 160–1). …

To Michael Foster   26 June [1871]

Summary

Invites MF to visit.

Asks where he can obtain curare for plant experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Michael Foster
Date:  26 June [1871]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.400)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7832

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Miss Fenwick   8 February [1871–82]

Summary

Sends two waste sheets of MS of Descent; Miss F can cut out any portion she likes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Miss Fenwick
Date:  8 Feb [1871-82]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Hay MSS Ms.44.31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13806

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 8 Feb 1872 8 Feb 1873 8 Feb 1874 8 Feb 1875 8 Feb 1876 8 Feb 1877 8 Feb 1878 8 Feb 1879 8 …

To ?   27 September [1871–81]

Summary

Thanks for a book. "I am so much overworked at present that I cannot read it now, & I am a very poor German scholar".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  27 Sept [1871-81]
Classmark:  David Schulson (dealer) (August 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13886

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Sept 1872 27 Sept 1873 27 Sept 1874 27 Sept 1875 27 Sept 1876 27 Sept 1877 27 Sept 1878 27 …

From Anton Dohrn   7 September 1871

Summary

Reports on the international support he has obtained for the zoological station [see 7038]. Asks CD whether he will serve on a board of naturalists who would receive an annual report on the station.

Huxley is now convinced by AD’s views on homologies of the nervous system of arthropods, annelids, and vertebrates. Kovalevsky takes the same line but does not go far enough.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7925

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Dohrn, Anton. 1875. Der Ursprung der Wirbelthiere und das Princip …
  • … in arthropods and annelids, see Dohrn 1875 , pp.  13–28. Dohrn refers to Alexander …
  • … and the principle of functional change; Dohrn 1875 ), in which he introduced the idea that …

From George Fraser   12 April 1871

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Summary

On sexual selection in butterflies. [See GF’s article in Nature 3 (1870–1): 489; also Descent (1875): 312.]

Author:  George Fraser
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 100–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7677

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in butterflies. [See GF’s article in Nature 3 (1870–1): 489; also Descent (1875): 312. ] …

From Caroline Shuttleworth   27 November [1871–80?]

Summary

Reports peculiar behaviour in a fantail pigeon, which persistently courted a ginger-beer bottle.

Author:  Caroline Jemima (Caroline) Shuttleworth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Nov [1871-80]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13840

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 27 Nov 1872 27 Nov 1873 27 Nov 1874 27 Nov 1875 27 Nov 1876 27 Nov 1877 27 Nov 1878 27 Nov …

From Ferdinand Stoliczka   21 June 1871

Summary

CD elected an honorary member of the Asiatic Society of Bengal.

Author:  Ferdinand Stoliczka
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 230: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7829A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Library–CUL has one issue of the latter (n.s.  43 (1874), pt 2, extra number (1875)). …

From James Crichton-Browne   16 April 1871

Summary

Is sending notes on blushing. Offers information on physiology and pathology of blushing.

Has sent photograph of seven imbeciles in one family.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 316, 195.1: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7689

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of London , 11: 245–52. Wallis, J. A. M. 1875. On the therapeutic value of chloral hydrate …
  • … 1871 , p.  440; Aldridge 1871; Wallis 1875 ). Crichton-Browne refers to William Benjamin …

From T. H. Farrer   19 June 1871

Summary

Observations on orchids. Ophrys apifera; confirms CD’s observation on pollinia.  The nesting of ducks in trees is an example of change of instinct and habit.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 164: 69–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7826

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Lodge, Kensington ( Gardeners’ Chronicle (1875): 86). Valeat quantum (Latin): i.e. valeat …

To Nature   [before 27 April 1871]

Summary

Replies to Francis Galton’s paper on tranfusing blood between rabbits to test Pangenesis [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 19 (1871): 393–40]. FG’s conclusion that his experiments prove Pangenesis to be false is "a little hasty", since CD had never maintained that gemmules in the blood formed any part of his hypothesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 27 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  Nature, 27 April 1871, pp. 502–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7720

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From Mary Treat   20 December 1871

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Summary

Describes fly-catching activity of Drosera longifolia.

Experiments on Papilio asterias; sex of adult determined by length of larval feeding time.

Author:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec 1871
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8113

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To J. D. Hooker   28 November [1871]

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Summary

CD is considering repeating experiments on melastomads in which different pollen sizes produced differing seedling sizes.

Responds to JDH’s query on differences in pollen within the same species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Nov [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 445–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8087

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 205.8: 22–41); he did further experiments in 1875 and 1881 (DAR 205.8: 42–3, 58–9). CD’s …

From H. Ramu   24 September 1871

Summary

Sends CD a sketch of goat with maxillary appendages and notes the dimensions of the structures.

Author:  H Ramu
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1871
Classmark:  DAR 99: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7967

Matches: 1 hit

  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From William Preyer   27 April 1871

Summary

Thanks CD for Origin, 5th ed.

Comments on reviews of Descent by the Duke of Argyll and A. R. Wallace.

Lists the Darwinian professors at Jena.

WP’s work shows external ear to have no physiological functions.

W. Müller’s book not yet arrived. Will send Müller’s next works.

Author:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 52, DAR 174: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7721

Matches: 1 hit

  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From K. T. E. von Siebold   29 November 1871

Summary

Thanks CD for copies of the Origin and Cirripedia;

sends his latest publication in return [Beiträge zur Parthenogenesis der Arthropoden (1871)]. Discusses his work on parthenogenesis which, he believes, is a case of atavism.

Author:  Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Nov 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8088

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
Document type
letter (22)
Date
1871
01 (1)
02 (1)
04 (4)
05 (1)
06 (3)
07 (1)
08 (2)
09 (3)
10 (2)
11 (3)
12 (1)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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