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From Lawson Tait   24 June [1875]

Summary

An article on RLT’s lecture on insectivorous plants has appeared; the author adopts an anti-Darwinian attitude [see "Flower traps", Spectator 19 June 1875, pp. 784–5; RLT’s reply in Spectator 26 June 1875, pp. 816–17.]

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10029

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   24 June [1875] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 178: 13 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 24 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … adopts an anti-Darwinian attitude [see "Flower traps", Spectator 19 June 1875, pp. 784– …
  • … 5; RLT’s reply in Spectator 26 June 1875, pp. 816–17. ] …
  • … plants to the Birmingham Natural History Society on 15 June 1875; it was reported in the …
  • … Birmingham Daily Post , 16 June 1875, p. 5. …
  • … Tait summarised his experiments in a letter published in Nature , 29 July 1875, pp. 251–2. …
  • … Flower–traps’, in the Spectator , 19 June 1875, pp. 784–5, reported on Tait’s lecture at …
  • … appeared in the Spectator , 26 June 1875, pp. 816–17. He argued that his observations …

To Lawson Tait   27 November [1875]

Summary

Because CD has been unwell, he has not read RLT’s paper carefully, but it seems an important contribution to science. Hopes RLT’s chemical observations will be confirmed. It seems a great anomaly that two substances with an acid should be requisite for digestion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  27 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10280

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Lawson Tait   27 November [1875] …
  • … DAR 221.5: 30 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Nov [1875] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … two substances, see the letters from Lawson Tait, 6 November [ 1875] and …
  • … 16 November [1875] (second letter). …
  • … See letter from Lawson Tait, 25 November [1875] . …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … see letter from Lawson Tait, 25 November [1875] ). CD was correcting proofs for Variation …
  • … letter from H. E. Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 21 November [1875] (DAR 258: 1648)). On the …

From Lawson Tait   16 November [1875]

Summary

Has CD ever come across Dischidia rafflesiana?

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10261

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 17 April 1875 ). …
  • … From Lawson Tait   16 November [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 22 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 16 Nov [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … tropical pitcher-plant, Nepenthes , in 1875. Dischidia rafflesiana , now Dischidia major , …
  • … Hooker about the pitchers of Dischidia (see letters from J. D. Hooker, 16 April 1875 and …

From Lawson Tait   5 June [1875]

Summary

May publish a lecture on insectivorous plants and would like to dedicate it to CD.

Wishes to become an F.R.S.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10011

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   5 June [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 8 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 5 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Society of London. CD’s annotations are notes for his reply to Tait of 11 June [1875]). …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to Lawson Tait, 4 June [1875] . …
  • … In his letter of 4 June [1875] , CD had described how he made slits in leaves of Dionaea …
  • … of the motor impulse. Tait’s paper was delivered on 15 June 1875 (see Birmingham Daily …
  • … Post , 16 June 1875, p.  5). He did not …
  • … but discussed some of his observations in a letter to Nature , 29 July 1875, pp.  251– …
  • … 2 (see letter to Lawson Tait, 4  June [1875] and n.  6). …
  • … See letter to Lawson Tait, 4 June [1875] and n.  4. Francis Darwin was CD’s secretary. …
  • … of the umbilical cord was received on 28 April 1875 and presented at the meeting of the …
  • … Royal Society of London on 17 June 1875 (Tait 1875b); the paper was published in full in …

To Lawson Tait   15 August [1875]

Summary

Thanks him for his kind review of Insectivorous plants in the Spectator. Disputes Tait’s report of a Nepenthes that trapped a fly but did not digest it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  15 Aug [1875]
Classmark:  Leeds University Library Special Collections (Brotherton Collection, tipped into Insectivorous plants (1875): MS Misc. Letters 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10177F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Lawson Tait   15 August [1875] …
  • … Collections (Brotherton Collection, tipped into Insectivorous plants (1875): MS Misc. …
  • … Letters 2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Aug [1875] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … plants in the Spectator , 14 August 1875, Tait credited Francis Darwin, who promised to be …
  • … to the work ( ibid. , p.1037). See also letter from Lawson Tait, 15 July [1875] and n. 3. …
  • … In his paper in Nature , 29 July 1875, pp. 251–2, Tait proposed the name ‘droserine’ (‘ …
  • … pitcher-plants ( Nepenthes ). See also letter from Lawson Tait, 15 July [1875] and n. …
  • … 5, and letter to Lawson Tait, 20 July [1875] . CD had been working on the second editions …
  • … Darwin in Southampton from 28 August to 11 September 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …

From Lawson Tait   12 June [1875] 

Summary

Intends sending a paper containing some of his histological work [see "Freezing process for section-cutting; … staining and mounting sections", J. Anat. & Physiol. 9 (1875): 249–58].

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10016

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   12 June [1875]   …
  • … DAR 178: 10 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 12 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … section-cutting; … staining and mounting sections", J. Anat. & Physiol. 9 (1875): 249–58]. …
  • … mice (see letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] and n. 5). Felidae is the family of cats. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] . See …
  • … letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] , and first letter from …
  • … Lawson Tait, 12 June [1875] . See …
  • … letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] and n. 7. It is not certain which …
  • … Erasmus Darwin in his letter of 11 June [1875] , but only Francis Darwin would have …

From Lawson Tait   8 April [1875]

Summary

Arrangements for a visit to Down.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9918

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   8 April [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 6 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 8 Apr [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … n.  2, below). Tait visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Thomas …
  • … John Romanes also visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). A notice …
  • … in animals’ (Tait 1875a), appeared in the Birmingham Daily Post , 8 April 1875, p. 6. …
  • … See letter from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and nn. 2–4. …
  • … lecture cited the letter to Lawson Tait, [13–15 March 1875] , and referred to the letter …
  • … from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] . The annotation probably connects Tait’s work on tails …
  • … mice; see letter to Lawson Tait, 11 June [1875] and n. 6. CD also made a note to order a …

From Lawson Tait   16 March [1875]

Summary

Uses of tails of mice. Functions of tails generally.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Mar [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9889

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   16 March [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 3 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 16 Mar [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 127). In his letter to CD of 12 March [1875], Tait hypothesised that the bushy tails of …
  • … up. In his letter to Tait of [13–15 March 1875], CD had mentioned the hairy tail of the …
  • … and the letter from Lawson Tait, 12 March [1875] . No copy of the paper Tait delivered at …
  • … CUL, but a summary was published in the Birmingham Daily Post , 8 April 1875, p. 5, and …
  • … in Hardwicke’s Science-Gossip in June 1875 (Tait 1875a); it included CD’s remarks from …
  • … his letter to Tait of [13–15 March 1875]. Tait wanted to determine the use …
  • … see letter from Lawson Tait, 12 March [1875] ). In the published summary, Tait concluded …

From Lawson Tait   16 June [1875] 

Summary

Is waiting impatiently for the appearance of CD’s book [Insectivorous plants].

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10020

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   16 June [1875]   …
  • … DAR 178: 11 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 16 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Tait, Lawson. 1879–80. Notes on the structures …
  • … See letter to Lawson Tait, [after 17 June 1875] . The book was Insectivorous plants . …
  • … of his paper that appeared in the Birmingham Daily Post , 16 June 1875, p. 5. Tait’s …
  • … a meeting of the Birmingham Natural History Society on 15 June 1875 (see Birmingham Daily …
  • … Post , 16 June 1875, p. 5); he announced his success in isolating a pepsin-like substance …
  • … in the Birmingham Daily Post , 16 June 1875, p. 5. Tait refers to Robert Braithwaite. Tait …

To Lawson Tait   [after 17 June 1875] 

Summary

RLT will find abundant evidence of absorption by Aldrovanda in CD’s forthcoming book [Insectivorous plants]. Congratulates him on his discovery of ferments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  [after 17 June 1875]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10019

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Lawson Tait   [after 17 June 1875]   …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall [after 17 June 1875] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … this letter and the letter from Lawson Tait, 17 June [1875]. Tait expressed an interest in …
  • … Aldrovanda (the waterwheel plant) in his letter of 17 June [1875] . Insectivorous …
  • … plants was published on 2 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)); the section on …
  • … matter. In his first letter of 12 June [1875] , Tait had informed CD that he had isolated …

From Lawson Tait   16 August 1875

Summary

Digestive fluid in insectivorous plants. RLT’s work on tails.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 178: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10122

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   16 August 1875
  • … DAR 178: 17 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 16 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national biography: …
  • … Great Charles St. | Birmingham. Aug.  16 1875 My Dear Sir, I cannot tell you how much your …
  • … his review of Insectivorous plants ( letter to Lawson Tait, 15 August [1875] and n. 2). …
  • … See letter to Lawson Tait, 15 August [1875] and n. 3. …
  • … had published a paper in Nature , 29 July 1875, pp. 251–2, on digestion in Nepenthes (the …
  • … removal of the ovaries ( ODNB ). In June 1875, Science Gossip had printed a summary of a …

From Lawson Tait   21 July [1875]

Summary

Insectivorous plants: observations on the digestive fluid of Nepenthes.

Reproduction of plant by "parthenogenesis".

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10086

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   21 July [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 16 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 21 July [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. OED : The Oxford English dictionary. Being a …
  • … see letter to Lawson Tait, 20 July [1875] ). Dionaea muscipula : the Venus fly trap. …
  • … for Tait’s review of Insectivorous plants in the Spectator , 14 August 1875, pp. 784–5. …
  • … See letter from Lawson Tait, 17 March [1875] and n.  3. …
  • … see the letter from Lawson Tait, 17 March [1875] and n. 4. Tait gave the name ‘droserin’ …
  • … see letter from Lawson Tait, 15 July [1875] and n.  5). A watchglass is a shallow glass …
  • … on the digestive properties of Nepenthes (see letter to Lawson Tait, 17 [July 1875] ). …

From Lawson Tait   19 July [1875]

Summary

Sends a note on the ferment of the Nepenthes secretion, which he asks CD to forward to Nature if he thinks it worth while [see "Insectivorous plants", Nature 12 (1875): 251–2].

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 July [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10078

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   19 July [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 15 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 19 July [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Nature if he thinks it worth while [see "Insectivorous plants", Nature 12 (1875): 251–2]. …
  • … pitcher-plant, Nepenthes , see the letter from Lawson Tait, 15 July [1875] and n.  5. …
  • … plants was published in Nature , 29 July 1875, pp.  251–2. Joseph Norman Lockyer was the …

From Lawson Tait   2 June [1875]

Summary

Paralysis of the nervous system of Dionaea. Uses of tails of mice.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10007

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   2 June [1875] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 178: 7 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 2 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Tait visited CD on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Insectivorous plants was published on 2 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The …
  • … s research on tails, see the letter from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and nn.  3 and 4. …

To Lawson Tait   20 July [1875]

Summary

CD returns MS of a paper by RLT. "If you have succeeded in separating the ferment, the fact is manifestly important." Asks whether RLT tested the digestive ability of fluid from pitchers without animal matter. This would be necessary to prove that there was ferment in the fluid. CD is glad to hear about the [passage?] for guiding insects; he had guessed this to be the case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  20 July [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10080

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Lawson Tait   20 July [1875] …
  • … DAR 221.5: 28 Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 July [1875] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … in his letter to Lawson Tait, 17 [July 1875] . Tait described a channel on the back of the …
  • … fluid-filled reservoir ( Nature , 29 July 1875, p.  252). Joseph Dalton Hooker was working …
  • … a note on insectivorous plants with his letter to CD of 19 July [1875]; it appeared in …
  • … Nature , 29 July 1875, pp.  251–2. Tait claimed to have separated a substance closely …
  • … pitcher-plants ( Nepenthes ). See letter from Lawson Tait, 15 July [1875] and n.  5. …

To Lawson Tait   [13–15 March 1875]

Summary

Thinks CD is right about the retention of a tail.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  [13–15 Mar 1875]
Classmark:  Birmingham Daily Post, 8 April 1875, p. 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9885F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Lawson Tait   [13–15 March 1875] …
  • … Birmingham Daily Post , 8 April 1875, p. …
  • … 6 Charles Robert Darwin [13–15 Mar 1875] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters from Lawson Tait, 12 March [1875] and …
  • … 16 March [1875] . See …
  • … letter from Lawson Tait, 12 March [1875] . Thomas Belt suggested that skunks did not need …

From Lawson Tait   27 March [1875]

Summary

Is preparing a paper on the umbilical cord ["On the anatomy of the umbilical cord", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 23 (1875): 498–501; 24 (1876): 417–40] of which he sends a preliminary note [missing]. Believes spiral growth of the umbilical cord is important evidence of the descent of man; speculates on spiral growth in general.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Mar [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9904

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   27 March [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 5 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 27 Mar [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … umbilical cord", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 23 (1875): 498–501; 24 (1876): 417–40] of which he …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to Lawson Tait, 25 March 1875 . Tait …
  • … visited CD on Saturday 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Tait’s paper, ‘ …
  • … the anatomy of the umbilical cord’ (Tait 1876), was received on 28 April 1875 and read at …
  • … the 17 June 1875 meeting of the Royal Society of London. CD’s annotated copy is in the …

DCP-LETT-10022

Summary

Insectivorous plants: the means and site of absorption of digested animal matter. [Newspaper clipping enclosed.]

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10022

Matches: 11 hits

  • … DAR 178: 12 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 17 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … From Lawson Tait   17 June [1875]   regime of a new Bashaw.   This sounds funny in a …
  • … and the letter from Lawson Tait, 16 June [1875] . The newspaper clipping was pasted to the …
  • … men’s tales ( [Marsh-Caldwell] 1834 ), which was reissued in June 1875 (see Publishers’ …
  • … circular , 1 July 1875, p. 462), following her death in 1874. Tait’s lecture to the …
  • … included material quoted from CD’s letter to him of [13–15 March 1875], was delivered …
  • … on 5 April 1875 and summarised in the …
  • … Birmingham Daily Post , 8 April 1875, p. 6. …
  • … It was reprinted in Hardwicke’s Science-Gossip , June 1875, pp. 126–7 ( …
  • … see letter from Lawson Tait, 12 March [1875] ). Dionaea muscipula is the Venus fly trap. …
  • … see first letter from Lawson Tait, 12 June [1875] ). Tait evidently hypothesised that the …

From Lawson Tait   23 October [1875]

Summary

Thanks CD for consenting to present his paper.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10217

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   23 October [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 20 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 23 Oct [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to Lawson Tait, 14 October [1875] . See …
  • … letter to Lawson Tait, 14 October [1875] and n. 2. CD agreed to present Tait’s paper on …
  • … to the Royal Society of London. ‘Pitcher-plants’, Spectator , 23 October 1875, pp. 11–12. …

From Lawson Tait   29 November [1875]

Summary

RLT’s insectivorous plants paper.

The success of a recent lecture.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10281

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   29 November [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 27 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 29 Nov [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bennett, 21 September 1874 , and this volume, letter to A. W. Bennett, 17 July [1875] ). …
  • … In his letter of 20 November [1875] , Tait mentioned that he was giving a lecture in …
  • … lecture has not been identified. See letter to Lawson Tait, 27 November [1875] and n. 4. …
  • … See letter to Lawson Tait, 27 November [1875] . CD had agreed to send Tait’s paper on the …
Document type
letter (54)
Addressee
Correspondent
Tait, Lawson[X]
Darwin, C. R. (53)
Darwin, Francis (1)
Date
1875 (41)
1876 (11)
1877 (1)
1880 (1)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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