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From R. F. Cooke   27 August 1875

Summary

The two volumes of Variation [2d ed.] are unequal in size. Can CD reduce vol. 2 and increase vol. 1?

Does CD wish to publish Climbing plants [2d ed.] at once?

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 466
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10135

Matches: 9 hits

  • … publishers ( letter from D. Appleton & Co. , 16 August 1875 ). …
  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   27 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 27 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … plants 2d ed. was, as CD had expected, not published until November 1875 ( letter to J. …
  • … V. Carus, 19 August 1875 ; Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 November 1875, p. 932). See letter from …
  • … R. F. Cooke, 12 August 1875 . Stereotypes of Climbing plants had been requested by the US …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants : On the movements and …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From R. F. Cooke   8 October 1875

Summary

Canestrini still owes £10 from 1869 for electros of 1st edition [of Variation].

RC has urged Clowes on with printing of Variation [2d ed.],

but with Climbing plants [2d ed.] ready, it need not be done before the annual sale.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 471
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10187

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   8 October 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 8 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in 1876. See letter to R. F. Cooke, 1 September [1875] and n. 5, and letter from D. …
  • … Appleton & Co. , 11 October 1875 . …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Expression : The expression of the emotions …
  • … London: John Murray. 1872. Lyell, Charles. 1875. Principles of geology: or, the modern …
  • … 1876); see letter from R. F. Cooke, 5 October 1875 and n. 4. The Italian translation of …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d US ed. : The variation of …
  • … Charles Lyell’s Principles of geology ( Lyell 1875 ), but no Italian translation has been …
  • … Murray. Climbing plants 2d ed. was published in November 1875 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 November 1875, p. 932). Variation 2d ed. …
  • … 1 March 1876, p. 168), although it had an 1875 imprint. Cooke planned to have a ‘made-up’ …

From R. F. Cooke   3 August 1875

Summary

Murray is willing to make same arrangement with D. Appleton for Climbing plants as for Insectivorous plants.

There will be no difficulty about corrections for reprint of Descent, providing new matter fills same space as old.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 461
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10107

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   3 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants US ed. : The movements and …
  • … by John Murray in London on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). D. Appleton & …
  • … US ed. ; letter from R. F. Cooke, 3 July 1875 ). Appleton published the US edition of …
  • … 1977 . See letter from R. F. Cooke, 31 July 1875 and n. 2; no intervening letter from CD …
  • … See letter from R. F. Cooke, 31 July 1875 . Variation 2d ed. was published in February …
  • … 50 A , Albemarle S t . | W. Aug t . 3. 1875 My dear Sir M r Murray will be very willing to …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants US ed. By Charles …
  • … Darwin. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals and …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From R. F. Cooke   24 May 1875

Summary

Replies to CD’s various questions and suggestions concerning publication plans for Insectivorous plants.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 452
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9990

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   24 May 1875
  • … in Nature and Gardeners’ Chronicle (see letter to R. F. Cooke, 24 June [1875] and n. 6). …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 24 May 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants. By Charles …
  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals and plants …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … the letter to R. F. Cooke, 23 May [1875] . On the verso of the title page of Insectivorous …
  • … see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 23 May [1875] ). Murray’s printer William Clowes needed to …
  • … plants . This has not been found, but in June 1875, CD asked Murray to advertise the work …

From R. F. Cooke   28 June 1875

Summary

Agrees to price Insectivorous plants at 14s.

Has CD quoted a price for stereotype plates to D. Appleton?

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 458
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10034

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   28 June 1875
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 28 June 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … rates would come into effect then (see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 27 June [1875] and n. 3). …
  • … see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 27 June [1875] ). CD had asked Cooke to organise production …
  • … for his US publisher, D. Appleton & Co. , in his letter to Cooke of 24 June [1875]. In …
  • … a letter to Cooke of 23 May [1875], CD had suggested charging £60. …
  • … suggested waiting until after Thursday 1 July 1875 to send foreign presentation copies of …

From R. F. Cooke   22 October 1875

Summary

Sends a copy of Climbing plants [2d ed.]. Price cannot be higher than 6s.

Variation [2d ed.] price will be 18s, if CD approves. Future reprints will not be costly, since both have been stereotyped.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 473
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10213

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   22 October 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 22 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1 March 1876, p. 168); however, it carried an 1875 publication date. CD’s annotations …
  • … for his reply to Cooke of 23 October [1875] and for the accompanying presentation list. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. ‘Climbing plants’: On the movements and …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Climbing plants 2d ed. was published in November 1875, priced at 6 s . ( …
  • … Publishers’ circular , 16 November 1875, p. 932). An …
  • … account (Down House MS) for 23 November 1875 records a payment of £63 for ‘Climbing …

From R. F. Cooke   6 August 1875

Summary

Giovanni Canestrini should be reminded that before any plates for another of CD’s books can be sent, payment must be made for those already sent.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 462
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10109

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   6 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 6 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … 50 A , Albemarle S t . | W. Aug t . 6. 1875 My dear Sir We have posted a copy of the “ …
  • … edition (see letter from Ludwik Masłowski to [John Murray? ], 25 July 1875 and n. 5). …
  • … See letter from Giovanni Canestrini, 29 July 1875 . Canestrini had asked for permission to …
  • … see letter from R. F. Cooke, 26 May 1875 and nn. 1 and 3). William Clowes & Sons printed …
  • … plants , which had been published on 2 July 1875 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II); Freeman …

From R. F. Cooke   12 August 1875

Summary

It would be an advantage to start printing vol. 1 of Variation [2d ed.] at once, if CD can release it. Knotty problem: the number of copies to be printed.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 465
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10116

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   12 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 12 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … See letter from R. F. Cooke, 10 August 1875 . The printers William Clowes & Sons had …
  • … 1 March 1876, p. 168), although it carries an 1875 imprint. Stereotype plates of Climbing …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … 50 A , Albemarle S t . London | W. Aug 12. 1875 My dear Sir If you can release Vol 1 of …

From R. F. Cooke   10 August 1875

Summary

Encloses specimens of type for Variation [2d ed.].

Thinks Climbing plants [2d ed.] had better be kept in type; 1500 copies to be printed, with stereotypes to be made for Appleton.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 464
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10113

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   10 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 10 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by John Murray ( Freeman 1977 ; see also letter from R. F. Cooke, 3 August 1875 ). …
  • … also letter from E. A. Clowes, 27 August 1875 . The page-proofs of the second edition of …
  • … also letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 6 August 1875 and n. 3. The US edition of Climbing plants …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants : On the movements and …
  • … 50 A , Albemarle S t . | W. Aug t . 10. 1875 My dear Sir M r Clowes has been here today …

From R. F. Cooke   3 September 1875

Summary

Since the new edition of Variation will be stereotyped, Murray’s will always have means to provide plates if they are wanted in America.

Explains their way of sending proofs for authors who want wide margins for corrections.

Thinks it better to keep Climbing plants for the annual trade sale.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 469
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10151

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   3 September 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Sept 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1908–9 , p. 540). Climbing plants was published around 10 November 1875 ( letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 25 October 1875 ). …
  • … D.  Appleton & Co. (see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 1 September [1875] ). See letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 1 September [1875] and n.  2. Like other leading publishers, John Murray held a …

From R. F. Cooke   29 May 1875

Summary

Asks whether enclosure [missing] has the correct title of Insectivorous plants.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 454
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10001

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   29 May 1875
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 29 May 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … slips of Insectivorous plants on 23 May 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)), and had …
  • … title page (see letter from R. F. Cooke, 24 May 1875 ). The enclosure has not been found. …

From R. F. Cooke   26 June 1875

Summary

Sends first copy of Insectivorous plants to CD. Price must be 15s.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 455
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10031

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   26 June 1875
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 26 June 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to R. F. Cooke, 24 June [1875] . In fact, Insectivorous plants was priced …
  • … at 14 s . ( Publishers’ circular , 16 July 1875, p. 498). For CD’s presentation list for …

From R. F. Cooke   30 August 1875

Summary

Apologises for the annoyance caused about the size of proof paper. Clears up misunderstanding. As for Climbing plants, RC thinks no less than 1500 copies of a book by CD should be printed.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 468
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10139

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   30 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 30 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Descent 2d ed. : The descent of man, and …
  • … second editions of Variation , see the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 6 August 1875 and n. 3. …
  • … had asked CD in his letter of 27 August 1875 whether D. Appleton & Co. wanted to print a …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … See letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 August [1875] . CD had requested that the printers, William …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …

From R. F. Cooke   5 October 1875

Summary

Hopes printing of Variation [2d ed.] is going satisfactorily.

Climbing plants [2d ed.] is finished.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 470
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10183

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   5 October 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 5 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … 1 March 1876, p. 168), although it carried an 1875 publication date. Climbing plants 2d …
  • … ed. was published in November 1875 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 November 1875, p. 932). The enclosure has not been found, but Giovanni Canestrini’s …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From R. F. Cooke   25 October 1875

Summary

Stereotype plates of Climbing plants sent to D. Appleton’s agent.

A revised edition of Orchids would be desirable.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 476
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10224

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   25 October 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 25 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from R. F. Cooke, 22 October 1875 . CD often commented on both the price and …
  • … See letter to R. F. Cooke, 23 October [1875] and n. 3. Charles Layton was the agent of the …
  • … D. Appleton & Co. See letter to R. F. Cooke, 23 October [1875] and nn. 2 and 4. See …
  • … letter to R. F. Cooke, 23 October [1875] and n. 7. The first edition of Orchids had been …

From R. F. Cooke   3 July 1875

Summary

CD’s pessimistic view [of prospective sale of Insectivorous plants] is to blame for the small printing. Murray’s printed only 1250 copies and sold 1700. A thousand more have been ordered.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 456
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10040

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   3 July 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 July 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … John Murray. 1872. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … sell very poorly’ ( letter to John Murray, 29 April [1875] ). See also letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 29 June [1875] . Murray had requested that the printers, William Clowes & Sons, …
  • … were required ( letter from John Murray, 1 May [1875] ). CD had negotiated the charges for …

From R. F. Cooke   16 July 1875

Summary

The second printing of 1000 copies [of Insectivorous plants] has sold out. Will print 750 more [3000 in all]. Mudie’s Library and Simpkin & Co. have ordered more copies.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 457
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10071

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   16 July 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 16 July 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … London: Routledge. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … plants , see the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 3 July 1875 , and the letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 4 July [1875] and n.  2. Mudie’s Select Library was a large commercial library …

From R. F. Cooke   16 November 1875

Summary

Electrotypes of woodcuts in Climbing plants [2d ed.]

and Variation [2d ed.] for Appleton.

Asks CD whether he has any corrections for Insectivorous plants before stereotypes are made.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 477
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10260

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   16 November 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 16 Nov 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Expression : The expression of the emotions …
  • … see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 9 November [1875] and n. 5. Permanent stereotype plates were …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From R. F. Cooke   31 July 1875

Summary

RC will confer with printer about type, etc., for reprint of Variation.

Only 250 copies remain of [2d ed. of] Descent – will print 1000 more for annual sale.

Expression does not move.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 460
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10105

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   31 July 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 31 July 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … firm D.  Appleton & Co. reprinted Descent 2d ed. in 1875 and 1876 ( Freeman 1977 ). …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … copies of Descent 2d ed. were printed in 1875 (the eleventh thousand; Freeman 1977 ). On …

From R. F. Cooke   14 December 1875

Summary

Copies remaining in stock of Climbing plants [2d ed.], 105,

and Origin [6th ed.], 100.

CD should send the printer any corrections he wants made before reprinting.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 480
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10297

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   14 December 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 14 Dec 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … ed. , which had been published in November 1875 ( Freeman 1977 ). William Clowes was John …
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Cooke, R. F. (34)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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