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From J. D. Hooker   [7 February 1875]

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Has met Capt. George Strong Nares of the Challenger expedition at Huxley’s.

Huxley much at a loss to explain red clay at deep sea-bottom.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Feb 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9843

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 February 1875] …
  • … DAR 104: 11–13 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Feb 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1875. On some of the results of the expedition of …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national biography: …
  • … by the reference to the death of Henry Lyell, who died on 5 February 1875 ( The Times , …
  • … 10 February 1875, p. 1). …
  • … The Sunday following 5 February 1875 was 7 February. Harriet Anne Hooker was Hooker’s …
  • … H.  Huxley 1875 , pp.  642–4). Diatoms are mostly pelagic unicellular or colonial algae, …
  • … ODNB ). The Royal Society annual soirée took place on 7 April 1875 ( The Times , …
  • … 8 April 1875, p.  5). Hyacinth Jardine. George Bentham and Hooker were co-authors of …
  • … in Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 July 1875, p.  498). Hooker had asked for an assistant to help with his work at the …
  • … recalled to lead the Arctic expedition of 1875–6 ( ODNB ). The Challenger expedition was …
  • … not the Royal Society) on 29 January 1875, entitled ‘Some results of the Challenger …
  • … of Antarctic Diatomaceae , appeared in the Contemporary Review in March 1875 ( T.   …

From J. D. Hooker   15 April 1875

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Approves vivisection memorial.

Lyon Playfair supports his request for Kew assistant.

Asks whether CD has botanical suggestions for Arctic expedition.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 23–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9932

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   15 April 1875
  • … DAR 104: 23–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 15 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in New Zealand. He returned to Down on 20 June 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … of a voyage to the Polar Sea during 1875–6 in H.M. ships ‘Alert’ and ‘Discovery’. With …
  • … others (see letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 and n. 2). Hooker was president of the …
  • … the family Asteraceae (sunflowers). The British Arctic expedition of 1875–6 set sail …
  • … on 29 May 1875 ( Nares 1878 , 1: 1). Hooker wrote the introduction to the botany …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1875  and n.  7). Lyon Playfair had agreed to …
  • … of Commons. The civil service estimates for 1875–6 contain an estimate of £500 for an …
  • … departments: for the year ending 31 March 1876, 1875 (100-I-VII), XLIX.10). William …
  • … Turner Thiselton-Dyer was appointed to the post in June 1875 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 June 1875 ). George Bentham had criticised Federico Delpino’s …

From J. D. Hooker   27 July 1875

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His appreciation of Insectivorous plants, especially Utricularia section.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 33–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10095

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   27 July 1875
  • … DAR 104: 33–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 27 July 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin’s election to the Linnean Society (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 25 July 1875 ). …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Dyer had been appointed assistant director at Kew in June 1875 (see letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 20 June 1875 and n. 2). …
  • … Hooker visited Down on Saturday 31 July 1875 (see letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, [30 July 1875] ). Harriet Anne Hooker, Brian Harvey Hodgson Hooker, and …

From J. D. Hooker   20 June 1875

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Thiselton-Dyer’s appointment has come.

Wants to discuss insectivorous plants and get some experiments going.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 30–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10025

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 June 1875
  • … DAR 104: 30–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 June 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Royal Society of London reception on 23 June 1875. Hooker was president of the society. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting …
  • … L. Reeve & Co. Pickard-Cambridge, Octavius. 1875. On a new genus and species of trap-door …
  • … see letter from J. D. Hooker, 15 April 1875 , and L. Huxley ed. 1918, 2: 198). William …
  • … see letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 January 1875 and nn. 2 and 3). CD had invited Hooker to …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 June [1875] and n. 3). Harriet Anne Hooker had evidently …
  • … Traherne Moggridge (see O. Pickard-Cambridge 1875 , p. 318). Moggridge’s book Harvesting …
  • … spider itself (see O. Pickard-Cambridge 1875 , p. 321; see also Dippenaar-Schoeman 2002 , …
  • … Insectivorous plants was published on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 February 1875]

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On Lyell’s death; JDH has arranged for burial in Westminster Abbey. His thoughts on a testimonial.

More trouble with Lord Henry Lennox.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Feb 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 16–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9869

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [24 February 1875] …
  • … DAR 104: 16–19 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [24 Feb 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 February 1875 . …
  • … In 1875, the Wednesday following 23 February was 24 February. …
  • … Charles Lyell had died on 22 February 1875; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 February 1875 . Hooker refers to the Royal Society of London, the …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 January 1875 ). The first secretary at the Office of Works …
  • … the Office of Works; he retired in August 1875 ( DNB ). Hooker had become president of the …
  • … 3 vols. London: John Murray. Lyell, Charles. 1875. Principles of geology: or, the modern …
  • … editions; the twelfth edition was published after Lyell’s death at the end of 1875 ( C.   …
  • … Lyell 1875 ; Publishers’ circular , 18 January 1876, p.  13). Michael Faraday. For …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 February 1875  and n.  2. Falconer’s brother was Charles …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] and nn.  10 and 11). Burlington House in …

From J. D. Hooker   23 October 1875

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Comments on Hermann Müller’s article on the structure of Gunnera flowers.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 42–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10215

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   23 October 1875
  • … DAR 104: 42–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 23 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 October [1875] and n. 2. …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 12 September 1875 . The genus Gunnera was placed in the order ( …
  • … manicata in his letter to CD of 12 September 1875 (see n. 1, above). CD had suggested to …
  • … the terminal flower of Gunnera (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 October [1875] and n. 3). …
  • … lateral flowers (see letter from Fritz Müller, 12 September 1875 ). See letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 21 October [1875] and n. 3. Wild oat is Avena fatua . Ducks: trousers made of …
  • … See letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 October [1875] and nn. 7 and 8. The book CD donated to the …

From J. D. Hooker   14 October 1875

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JDH shares CD’s annoyance with R. L. Tait.

Has identified awned carpels for CD.

Sports of Paritium.

Suggests extending Francis’ experiments with glycerine on twisted seeds, to Mimosa.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 38–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10197

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 October 1875
  • … DAR 104: 38–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, [16–22 October 1875] and n. 2. The Jodrell Laboratory at Kew, a research …
  • … but Hooker had visited CD on 10 October 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)), so the …
  • … See letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] and nn. 2 and 3. Lawson Tait had asked CD to …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] and n. 6). He could then reverse the process …
  • … See letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] and n. 6. Glycerine is not a colloid, that …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 3 October [1875] and n. 5. CD had evidently meant to ask …
  • … when Hooker visited him on 10 October 1875 (see n. 1, above). Imantophyllum is a synonym …
  • … of Clivia × cyrtanthiflora ) was sent to CD on 14 October 1875 (see letter from W. T. …

From J. D. Hooker   2 December 1875

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E. R. Lankester is in danger of being black-balled for admission to the Linnean Society; Thiselton-Dyer is in the midst of the fight.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 45–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10286

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   2 December 1875
  • … DAR 104: 45–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 2 Dec 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … a fellow of the Royal Society on 3 June 1875 ( Record of the Royal Society of London ). …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 1 December [1875] and n. 2). Andrew Crombie Ramsay received …
  • … anniversary dinner. See The Times , 1 December 1875, p. 11. John Tyndall. CD had sent a …
  • … Royal Society of London, 27 November 1875 ). CD had asked for a scrap of the Australian …
  • … Francis Darwin (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 1 December [1875] and n. 6). William Turner …
  • … of the Royal Botanic Gardens on 12 June 1875 ( R. Desmond 1995 , p. 251). John Smith was …
  • … Lankester, however, was blackballed at the meeting on 2 December 1875 (see letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ). The ‘beasts of the Brit. Mus:’ probably refers to the …

From J. D. Hooker   [30 July 1875]

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Will be delayed on Saturday because of unveiling of a monument to Sir J. Franklin at Westminster Abbey.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [30 July 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10104

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [30 July 1875] …
  • … DAR 104: 35 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [30 July 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … explorer John Franklin was unveiled in Westminster Abbey on 31 July 1875 ( The Times , …
  • … 31 July 1875, p.  12). Charing Cross station. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 July 1875] and n.  1. …

From J. D. Hooker   19 October 1875

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Gives directions for growing plants he has sent and corrects CD’s taxonomy.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10205

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 October 1875
  • … DAR 104: 40–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … from Hooker (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 7). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 5. In modern botanical nomenclature, a …
  • … Hooker returned the letter from Tait of 11 October 1875, which CD had sent with his …
  • … letter to Hooker of 13 October [1875]. The Post Office took over the telegraph service …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 3. Hooker had sent a telegraph …

From J. D. Hooker   16 April 1875

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Approves draft of vivisection bill. Huxley strongly in favour of a bill.

Knows of the pitchers of one species of Dischidia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9935

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 April 1875
  • … DAR 104: 25 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Alocasia odora is the night-scented lily. See letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] . …
  • … bill (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). Thomas Henry Huxley. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 April [1875] and n.  5. Hooker refers to Dischidia rafflesiana (the …

From J. D. Hooker   17 April 1875

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On pitchers of Dischidia and insects found in them.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 26–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9936

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   17 April 1875
  • … DAR 104: 26–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker was going on a trip to France; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 April 1875 . …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 April 1875  and n.  3. Hooker refers to Griffith 1846 , …
  • … several species of Dischidia (see Hooker 1875–97, 4: 49–52). The ‘other kind’: Dischidia …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 April 1875  and n.  3). Marcgravia umbellata (monkey …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Wallich, Nathaniel. 1830–2. Plantæ Asiaticæ …

From J. D. Hooker   24 November 1875

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JDH concerned about preparations for [his address at] Royal Society [anniversary] meeting [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. (1876): 72–94].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10275

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 November 1875
  • … DAR 104: 44 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Nov 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … meeting of the Royal Society on London on 30 November 1875 ( Proceedings of the Royal …
  • … Society of London 24 (1875–6): 72–94). …

From J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Disapproves of Huxley’s article [review of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie] in Academy [7 (1875): 16–18].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9797

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 104: 1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Jan [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Huxley’s article [review of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie ] in Academy [7 (1875): 16–18]. …
  • … December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196–9, under the heading ‘The present …
  • … Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16 and 17: Possessed by a blind …

From J. D. Hooker   16 August 1875

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JDH reports his battle with Lord Henry Lennox over whether to locate new Herbarium on the Queen’s or public part of Garden.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 36–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10120

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 August 1875
  • … DAR 104: 36–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to Malta after returning home in June 1875 from an expedition to New Zealand to observe …
  • … DAR 242) and letter to C. E. Norton, 7 October 1875 and n. 6; see also Correspondence vol. …
  • … the letter from J. D. Hooker, [24 February 1875] and nn. 11–14; see also the letter from …
  • … J. D. Hooker, 17 March 1875 . A dinner for cabinet ministers at which whitebait was served …
  • … also letter from J. D. Hooker, 17 March 1875 . The Herbarium had been housed since 1852 in …

From J. D. Hooker   16 January 1875

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JDH wins over Douglas Galton and Lord Henry Lennox on assistant secretary for himself.

Has called on Murray and told him Quarterly Review had disgraced itself by attacking George and CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 9–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9820

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 January 1875
  • … DAR 104: 9–10 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 16 Jan 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … are not known. The Daily News , 19 January 1875, p.  5, announced that the Treasury had …
  • … at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 January 1875 ). …
  • … Galton retired in August 1875 ( The Times , …
  • … 21 August 1875, p.  9). Galton had been an officer in the Royal Engineers, a member of the …
  • … and resigned owing to ill health in August 1875 ( ODNB ). Alexander Ross Clarke was head …

From J. D. Hooker   17 February 1875

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Lyell very ill.

No two specimens of Glaucium are alike.

Lord Henry [Lennox] still burkes JDH’s application.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 14–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9860

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J. D.  Hooker   17 February 1875
  • … DAR 104: 14–15 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 Feb 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 February [1875] and n.  5). John Smith was curator at the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 February [1875] and n.  9. St George Jackson Mivart was a …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 February [1875] and n.  4. When Acton Smee Ayrton was first …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 February [1875] and n.  7. Alphonse de Candolle had written …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] and n.  5). Henry Gordon-Lennox was first …

From J. D. Hooker   7 April 1875

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Likes draft of petition on vivisection. Asks whether phrase "and the lower animals" might not be added at end.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9917

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 April 1875
  • … DAR 104: 22 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to regulate vivisection (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, [4 April 1875] and n. 2). …

From J. D. Hooker   28 January 1876

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Asks CD to come up to vote for Lankester.

Severely critical of R. L. Tait’s paper on Nepenthes communicated to the Royal Society.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 104: 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10371

Matches: 9 hits

  • … blackballed at a meeting on 2 December 1875 because of opposition to a council proposal to …
  • … CD seconded a new proposal on 16 December 1875 and Lankester was elected on 3 February …
  • … Correspondence vol. 23, letter to J. J. Weir, 18 December [1875] , and Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): iii). Among those believed to have blackballed the …
  • … Murie ( Correspondence vol. 23, letters to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] and [ …
  • … 19 December 1875] ). CD had asked Hooker for his opinion of a paper by Lawson Tait on the …
  • … of London (see Correspondence vol. 23, letters to J. D. Hooker, 15 October [1875] and …
  • … 1 December [1875] , and letter to …
  • … Lawson Tait, 27 November [1875] ). In his own study of digestion in Nepenthes (Hooker …

From J. D. Hooker   17 March 1875

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No action on assistance yet, but has had a private note from Disraeli asking whether Thiselton-Dyer is his recommendation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9891

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   17 March 1875
  • … DAR 104: 20–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 Mar 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] and n.  10. Algiers, the capital of …
  • … s superiors at the Treasury (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 January 1875  and [ …
  • … 7 February 1875] ). Benjamin Disraeli was prime minister. William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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