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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Francis Darwin   1 and 2 May [1875]

Summary

Proofs arrived and Francis is correcting them. Tells Emma Darwin that Amy is delighted about the azaleas. The Ruck family very much like Isabella Bird’s Six months in the Sandwich Islands.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 and 2 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9961F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   1 and 2 May [1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 31 Francis Darwin Pantludw 1 May [1875] 2  …
  • … May [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lucy Bird’s work on Hawaii ( Bird 1875 ) because he knew that Emma Darwin considered …
  • … from Emma Darwin to William Darwin, [5 March 1875] (DAR 219.1: 88)). See n.  3, above. …
  • … Bibliography Bird, Isabella Lucy. 1875. The Hawaiian archipelago: six months among the …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Post Office directory of the six home …
  • … CD began receiving proof-sheets of Insectivorous plants in April 1875 (see letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 19 April [1875] , and letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 21 April 1875 ). Francis had received the proofs of …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 30 April [1875] ). CD had asked Francis to correct an error …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 30 April [1875] ). This does not correlate with page 86 of …

From Francis Darwin   [13 December 1875]

Summary

[The black-balling of Edwin Ray Lankester by the Linnean Society] is a most scandalous shame. Will arrange for his own admission to fellowship of the Society.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10362F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [13 December 1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 30 Francis Darwin - [13 Dec 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … pathology of inflammation in December 1875; the first, on the development of the doctrine …
  • … three on alternate days ( British Medical Journal 2 (1875): 741). Erasmus Alvey Darwin. …
  • … CD was in London from 10 to 20 December 1875 (see Correspondence vol. 23, Appendix II); he …
  • … Street (letter from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 20 December [1875] (DAR 239.23: 1.39)). …
  • … the letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ( Correspondence vol. 23), and the dates of …
  • … related to the blackballing on 2 December 1875 of Edwin Ray Lankester’s proposed election …
  • … Correspondence vol. 23, letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ). Francis was elected …
  • … of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( List of the Linnean Society of London) , but …
  • … 23, letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ). Burdon Sanderson gave a series of Brown …

From Francis Darwin   [4 May 1875]

Summary

Will send corrected proofs [of Insectivorous plants].

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4 May 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9961G

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [4 May 1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 34 Francis Darwin Machynlleth [4 May 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Movement in plants : The power of movement …
  • … corrections and to ‘Lady D’. In April 1875, CD received proof-sheets of Insectivorous …
  • … was helping to correct (see letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] and n.  2). …
  • … Dorothy Fanny Nevill visited CD on 4 May 1875 (see n.  4, below). …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] , was 4 May. Francis was correcting proof- …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] and n.  2). Emma Darwin’s letter has not …
  • … came to lunch with the Darwins on 4 May 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); Emma Darwin …
  • … from Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [1 May 1875] (DAR 219.1: 89)). ‘The rest of the Royal …
  • … for 11 May (see letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] and n. 3). The golden-crested wren or …

From Francis Darwin   [1 September 1875 or later]

Summary

Proofs have come. It will be jolly coming down to Southampton.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Sept 1875 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10153F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [1 September 1875 or later] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 32 Francis Darwin Down [1 Sept 1875 or later] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … an orange-sucking moth’) in the October 1875 issue of the Quarterly Journal of the …
  • … Southampton from 28 August until 11 September 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Northam …
  • … the letter to Francis Darwin, [31 August 1875 or later] , which mentions proof-sheets of …
  • … in Southampton from 28 August to 11 September 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). During …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, [31 August 1875 or later] ). Michael Foster had suggested …

From Francis Darwin   [before 8 December 1875]

Summary

Sends Linnean papers.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 8 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10287F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [before 8 December 1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 29 Francis Darwin Pantlludw [before 8 Dec 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … intended to leave for London on 8 December 1875 but was delayed by bad weather (see letter …
  • … to W.  R.  S. Ralston, 7 December [1875] ); he was in London …
  • … from 10 to 20 December 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Elizabeth Darwin. …
  • … elected a fellow of the Linnean Society of London on 2 December 1875 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii). The ‘obligation’ was probably a payment of fees …

From Francis Darwin   [1875?]

Summary

Had two mornings working on Drosera but it was sluggish. Frog preparations are pretty good.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1875?]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9791F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [1875? ] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 28 Francis Darwin Down [1875? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … and Physiology (F.  Darwin 1875a). In 1875, CD and Emma were away from Down from 31 March …

From Francis Darwin   [after 3 June 1875]

Summary

Returns corrected proofs [of Insectivorous plants].

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 3 June 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10007F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [after 3 June 1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 35 Francis Darwin Down [after 3 June 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Dorking, Surrey, from 3 June to 6 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD employed …
  • … his library; it was completed in August 1875 (DAR 240). CD received annual copies of the …
  • … for 1873 was published around this time ( Publishers’ circular , 16 July 1875, p.  502). …

From Francis Darwin to Lawson Tait   22 July [1875]

Summary

CD sends words that he is too busy to work on the Drosera RLT has sent. CD also regrets that the fluid on virgin pitchers of Nepenthes was not tested with white of egg. Until that is done, he doubts whether physiologists would admit the presence of the ferment.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  22 July [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10087

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin to Lawson Tait   22 July [1875] …
  • … DAR 221.5: 29 Francis Darwin Down 22 July [1875] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from LawsonTait, 21 July [1875]. See …
  • … letter from Lawson Tait, 21 July [1875] . Drosera : sundew. Nepenthes : the tropical …

From Francis Darwin   [after 2 December 1875]

Summary

Sends thanks for CD’s help in making him a Fellow of the Linnean Society. Dyer has sent some Erinem.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 2 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10287G

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [after 2 December 1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 33 Francis Darwin Machynlleth [after 2 Dec 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin was elected a fellow of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii). The president of the society formally admitted …

From Francis Darwin to Daniel Oliver   [after 6 January 1875]

Summary

Asks DO to return enclosed post-card with locality of Genlisea aurea specimen that DO had sent.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [after 6 Jan 1875]
Classmark:  Newcastle University Special Collections (Spence Watson/Weiss Archive GB186 SW/6/8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9803F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin to Daniel Oliver   [after 6 January 1875] …
  • … Watson/Weiss Archive GB186 SW/6/8) Francis Darwin Down [after 6 Jan 1875] Daniel Oliver …

From Francis Darwin   [before 3 August 1878]

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Summary

Sachs jumps to the conclusion twiners and tendrils are similar from the Menispermum that twined without a stick. Akebia grows down a stick; not only the free end is involved.

Sleeping plants.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Aug 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 209.8: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11638

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Bibliography Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . Leipzig: …
  • … Sachs’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1868a) had been translated into English in 1875 ( …
  • … Sachs 1875). Sachs described negative heliotropism in root-hairs (rhizoids) of …
  • … rape) and Sinapis alba (white mustard; Sachs 1875, p. 677). Menispermum is the genus of …
  • … Sachs 1874) was added to the notes (Sachs 1875, p. [vii]). For the additional material …
  • … by some authors as noonday sleep ( Pfeffer 1875 , pp. 62–3 and n. 2). Julius Wiesner had …

From Francis Darwin to P. P. C. Hoek   [c. 24 June 1877]

Summary

CD has written to [Charles] Wyville Thomson in favour of PPCH’s request [for duplicates of Pycnogonida collected by the Challenger expedition], and hopes it will be successful.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Paulus Peronius Cato Hoek
Date:  [c. 24 June 1877]
Classmark:  Artis Library (P. P. C. Hoek Archive: Darwin correspondence)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11014F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on sessile cirripedes and Balanus ( Hoek 1875 and 1876; see Correspondence vol. 23, letter …
  • … to P. P. C. Hoek, 11 March 1875 , and Correspondence vol. 24, letter to P. P. C. Hoek, [ …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hoek, Paulus Peronius Cato. 1875. Eerste bijdrage tot een nauwkeuriger …

From Francis Darwin   [29 May 1876]

Summary

The Salvia has arrived.

Has found several fly orchids coming in flower, but no Cephalanthera or Musk.

Cannot do any teazel work.

Anthelme Thozet has sent him a lot of Ophideres.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 May 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10515I

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Francis had published a paper on the proboscis of Ophideres fullonica in October 1875 (F. …
  • … Darwin 1875). …

From Francis Darwin   [15–8 September 1873]

Summary

FD has asked J. B. Sanderson about Mucin.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15–18 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10156F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Francis Darwin   9 July 1879

Summary

Pressure paralyses the streaming of protoplasm in the hairs of Tradescantia.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July 1879
Classmark:  DAR 162: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12142

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wilhelm Engelmann. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Francis Darwin to Emma Darwin   30 June 1879

Summary

Last night had tremendous thunderstorm. Will ask Goebel about proshelismus. Describes experiments on beans. Please send Bessy’s address. Has got to know nice Englishman named Purdy and his wife. Bathes nearly every night with the Finlander.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  30 June 1879
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12128F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Movement in plants : The power of movement …

From Francis Darwin   [before 7 July 1878]

Summary

He has been talking to Julius von Sachs about sleeping plants that move with and without growth.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 7 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11593F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … also cited the English translation (Sachs 1875), which had been made from the third German …
  • … from Sachs 1874 added in notes (see Sachs 1875, Translator’s preface). Sachs claimed that …

From Charles and Francis Darwin to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   14 February [1876]

Summary

Asks for identification of a Cineraria which is self-sterile.

Fritz Müller’s letter on Cecropia [see 10384].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Francis Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  14 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 22a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10391

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for membership in the Linnean Society in 1875, Lankester was blackballed by several …
  • … Correspondence vol. 23, letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 . See also n. 7, above. …
  • … Darwin, the amanuensis, evidently wrote 1875 in error. Florist’s cineraria ( Pericallis x …
  • … Down | Beckenham | Kent Feb 14. 1875 Dear Dyer Will you be so kind as to tell me the name …
  • … 1876. Müller’s letter to CD of 25 December 1875 ( Correspondence vol. 23) was printed in …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London (1875–6), p. iii; see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, [ …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 23 October 1875 ). There is an annotated copy of Ernst Gottlieb …

From Francis Darwin   17 June 1881

Summary

Glad CD approves of diaheliotropic paper. Reports on experiments with Carex and Yucca. Discusses translation of ‘Växtbook’ from Swedish. Heard some excellent music the previous night.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June 1881
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13208F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Orpen. 1938. Sixty years of botany in Britain (1875–1935): impressions of an eye-witness . …

From Francis Darwin   [29 June] 1878

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Summary

Sleep of Porlieria hygrometrica seems independent of light.

Will have lots of time for oats. W. F. P. Pfeffer’s point is that there is no growth in sleepers with joints. A. F. Batalin says there is a slight growth.

[Dated Saturday 28th by FD.]

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 June] 1878
Classmark:  DAR 209.14: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11575

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1880. Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . …
  • … see Batalin 1873 , p. 455, and Pfeffer 1875 , p. 4). See also Movement in plants , p. 113. …
Document type
letter (31)
Author
Darwin, Francis[X]
Darwin, C. R. (3)
Darwin, Amy (1)
Ruck, Amy (1)
Date
1873 (2)
1874 (1)
1875 (10)
1876 (3)
1877 (3)
1878 (9)
1879 (2)
1881 (1)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

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  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

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  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

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  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

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  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

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  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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