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To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   22 October 1875

Summary

Encloses manuscript [missing] by George King ["Sport in Paritium", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 15 (1877): 101–3].

Sends thanks to Hooker for correction of name. Mentions other errors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  22 Oct 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 35–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10210

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   22 October 1875
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 35–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Oct 1875 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 20 October 1875 . Thiselton-Dyer had commented on the tendency …
  • … Bibliography King, George. 1875. Note on a sport in Paritium tricuspe , G. …
  • … Don. [Read 16 December 1875. ] Journal of …
  • … the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 15 (1875–7): 101–3. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct 22 1875 My dear Dyer As you seem interested about the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 5, and letter from W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 20 October 1875 and n. 3. …
  • … King’s manuscript was read in December 1875 and published in the Journal of the Linnean …
  • … of London ( Botany ) in May 1876 ( King 1875 ). Paritium was a subgenus of Hibiscus ; the …
  • … Talipariti hastatum . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 October 1875 , and letter to W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 3 October [1875] and n. 5. See also letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 5. See letter from …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [16–22 October 1875] and n. 2. Imantophyllum cyrtanthiflorum is now …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [19 December 1875]

Summary

CD’s attempts to get support for Lankester among Fellows of the Linnean Society. He has encountered opposition to the Council.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  [19 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 52–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10308

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   [19 December 1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [19 Dec 1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … between this letter and the letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] . …
  • … The Sunday following 16 December 1875 was 19 December. CD wanted Henry Walter Bates to …
  • … after Lankester had been blackballed at the meeting of 2 December 1875 (see letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] ). Possibly Andrew Crombie Ramsay (see letter to …
  • … the University of Edinburgh on 17 December 1875. Lord Derby advocated science as a means …
  • … for men of science ( The Times , 18 December 1875, p. 9). St George Jackson Mivart was …
  • … Society; CD had cut off all communication with Mivart in January 1875 (see letter to St G. …
  • … J. Mivart, 12 January 1875 ). …
  • … W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] and n. 8). John Gould. Benjamin Thompson Lowne’ …
  • … See letter to J.  J.  Weir, 18 December [1875] . A reference to botanists associated with …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] . James Murie. CD’s letter to Murie has not …
  • … fees (see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). Lankester had been elected …
  • … a fellow of the Royal Society of London in June 1875 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 December 1875 and n. 7). CD probably alludes to the refusal by the Council …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer had been employed as Hooker’s assistant since June 1875 ( letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 20 June 1875 and n. 2). Edward Henry Stanley, the …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   3 October [1875]

Summary

Suggests WTT-D read account of Bignonia capreolata in forthcoming Climbing plants.

Plans experiments [on Melastomataceae]. Describes similar experiment performed on Monochaetum. Interested in meaning of differently coloured stamens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  3 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 29–30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10180

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   3 October [1875] …
  • … 1873–81: 29–30) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Oct [1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Koch, Karl Heinrich Emil. 1875. Hybrid aroids. …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 25 September 1875, pp. 398–9. …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 30 September 1875 . The climbing plant specimen has not been …
  • … CD to Karl Heinrich Emil Koch’s article ‘Aroid hybrids’ ( Koch 1875 ) in Gardeners’ …
  • … Chronicle , 25 September 1875, in his letter …
  • … of 28 September 1875 . Koch had raised three hybrids of Philodendron species and one …
  • … from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 28 September 1875 ). CD’s son Francis Darwin was studying the …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] ). CD enclosed the form nominating George …
  • … the Linnean Society (see letter to G. J. Romanes, 24 September [1875] , and letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] ). CD evidently wrote ‘Marantaceous’ and ‘eurifolium’ by …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875 ). He had made observations on Monochaetum …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 October [1875]

Summary

Wants Imantophyllum for crossing experiments.

Is glad WTT-D thinks George King’s notes worth sending to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 37–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10227

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   26 October [1875] …
  • … 1873–81: 37–8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Oct [1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Theodor Fischer. Thiselton-Dyer, William Turner. 1875. On the classification and sexual …
  • … of thallophytes’. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science n.s. 15 (1875): 295–326. ] …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875 . No letter from Thiselton-Dyer mentioning …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875 and n. 1. CD had already asked Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … See letter from J. D. Hooker, 23 October 1875 and n. 4. CD donated his copy of Ludwig …
  • … reproduction of thallophytes ( Thiselton-Dyer 1875 ). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton- Dyer, 22 October 1875 and n. 3). According to entries in the …
  • … Clivia nobilis (green-tip forest lily) was sent to CD on 26 October 1875 and a plant of I. …
  • … cyrtanthiflorum on 22 November 1875. The synonymy of what is referred to in this letter as …
  • … nurseryman . In his letter of 23 October 1875 , Joseph Dalton Hooker had promised to send …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   7 July 1875

Summary

Discusses corrections to Variation.

Extends invitation to E. Ray Lankester to visit Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  7 July 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 23–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10046

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   7 July 1875
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 23–4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 July 1875 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … began work on Variation 2d ed.  on 6 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Thiselton- …
  • … Edwin Ray Lankester visited Down on Sunday 18 July 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 7 1875 My dear Professor Dyer I am now in the midst of …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   30 September 1875

Summary

CD obliged about the Schrankia

and thanks WTT-D for details of last number of Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  30 Sept 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 27–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10177

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   30 September 1875
  • … after a time. See letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 28 September 1875 and nn. 3 and 4. …
  • … 1873–81: 27–8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Sept 1875 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … In his letter of 28 September 1875 , Thiselton-Dyer had given a reference to an …
  • … in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 25 September 1875, pp. 398–9. See Variation 2d ed. 1: 424–5. CD …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   16 October [1875]

Summary

Thanks for information. Absorption of ammonium carbonate by glandular hairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  16 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 33–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10202

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   16 October [1875] …
  • … 1873–81: 33–4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Oct [1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … 4th ser. 17: 335–6. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 . Thiselton-Dyer’s letter with information …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 and n. 6). Imantophyllum is now Clivia , a …
  • … cyrtanthiflorum (now Clivia × cyrtanthiflora ) on 15 October 1875 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 7, and letter from W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, [16–22 October 1875] and n. 2). Donald Beaton had reported that when …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 and n. 4. Francis Darwin was experimenting …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   14 April [1875]

Summary

Thanks WTT-D for his present of Sachs’s book [Textbook of botany (1875)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  14 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Miscellaneous Correspondence - Letter from C. R. Darwin to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9930

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   14 April [1875] …
  • … Thanks WTT-D for his present of Sachs’s book [ Textbook of botany (1875)]. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Apr [1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … physiological (Sachs 1875a). See also letter from Moritz Traube, 2 March 1875  and n.  4. …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   16 December [1875]

Summary

Discusses blackballing of E. R. Lankester [at Linnean Society]. Reports on his attempts to persuade other Fellows to support Lankester’s election.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  16 Dec [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 50–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10299

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   16 December [1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 16 Dec [1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December 1875 . CD was canvassing Thomas Henry Farrer and …
  • … the society on the evening of 16 December 1875. Arthur Gardiner Butler. The council of the …
  • … Society. The only Ramsay who was FLS in 1875 was Edward Pierson Ramsay, but he was curator …
  • … become a fellow of the Linnean Society (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [12 December 1875] . …
  • … see letter from J.   D.  Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). Thereza Mary Story-Maskelyne and John …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   21 July 1875

Summary

Would be obliged for correction of references in Variation [1st ed.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  21 July 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 25–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10084

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   21 July 1875
  • … 1873–81: 25–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 July 1875 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … of Variation (see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 , and letter from W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 12 July 1875 ). In Variation 2d ed.  1: 431, CD added the case of …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From Charles and Francis Darwin to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   14 February [1876]

Summary

Asks for identification of a Cineraria which is self-sterile.

Fritz Müller’s letter on Cecropia [see 10384].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Francis Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  14 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 22a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10391

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for membership in the Linnean Society in 1875, Lankester was blackballed by several …
  • … Correspondence vol. 23, letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 . See also n. 7, above. …
  • … Darwin, the amanuensis, evidently wrote 1875 in error. Florist’s cineraria ( Pericallis x …
  • … Down | Beckenham | Kent Feb 14. 1875 Dear Dyer Will you be so kind as to tell me the name …
  • … 1876. Müller’s letter to CD of 25 December 1875 ( Correspondence vol. 23) was printed in …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London (1875–6), p. iii; see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, [ …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 23 October 1875 ). There is an annotated copy of Ernst Gottlieb …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [4 February 1876]

Summary

Congratulates WTT-D on [election of E. Ray Lankester to] Linnean Society.

Mentions visit to Royal Society.

Pleased to see George Bentham looking well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  [4 Feb 1876]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 56–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10380

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Linnean Society (see n. 2, below). In December 1875, Thiselton-Dyer had proposed Edwin Ray …
  • … Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii; see Correspondence vol. 23, …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). CD had seconded Thomas Henry Huxley’s renewed …
  • … Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London (1875–6): iii; see Correspondence vol. 23, …
  • … letter to J. J. Weir, 18 December [1875] , and this volume, letter to J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 24 (1875–6): 250). George Bentham. CD stayed in …

From Charles and Francis Darwin to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   18 February 1876

Summary

Thanks for plants supplied from Kew.

On structure and function of leaf glands of certain plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Francis Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  18 Feb 1876
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 39–40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10402

Matches: 6 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Delpino, Federico. 1875. Rapporti tra insetti e tra nettarii …
  • … n. James Murie had visited CD in December 1875, and may have commented on an article in …
  • … identified ( Correspondence vol. 23, letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [19 December 1875] ). …
  • … The Arctic expedition of 1875–6 was led by George Strong Nares; two naturalists were …
  • … of a voyage to the Polar Sea during 1875–6 in H.M. ships ‘Alert’ and ‘Discovery’. With …
  • … nectaries in some plants; Delpino 1875 , pp. 76–7) that extrafloral (or extanuptual) …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   30 October [1878]

Summary

Wants Impatiens seeds, in order to observe movements of cotyledons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  30 Oct [1878]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 189–90)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11731

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . Leipzig: …
  • … 24 October [1878] and n. 7. In Pfeffer 1875 , p. 29, Pfeffer had mentioned movements of a …
  • … movements of plant organs ( Pfeffer 1875 ). CD may be referring to Pfeffer’s discussion of …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   24 October [1878]

Summary

Wants some plants for sleep-movement observations. Has almost finished experimental work and must start sorting his notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  24 Oct [1878]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 150–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11727

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1880. Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . …
  • … described in greater detail (see Pfeffer 1875 , p. 29). Richard Irwin Lynch was foreman of …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   22 July [1877]

Summary

Describes experiments on sensitivity of plant leaves to water.

Frank [Darwin] has found that Drosera leaves fed with meat contain more starch.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  22 July [1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 74–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11066

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Movement in plants : The power of movement …
  • … from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 28 September 1875 and n. 4. Joseph Dalton Hooker. CD discussed …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   31 August [1877]

Summary

Discusses plants to be sent to Kew.

Thanks for letter about Trifolium

and for R. I. Lynch’s observations on sleep of Erythrina.

Mentions letter from F. J. Cohn, dealing with discovery by Francis Darwin, that CD has had printed in Nature ["The contractile filaments of the teasel", Nature 16 (1877): 339; Collected papers 2: 205–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  31 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 89–91)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11122

Matches: 3 hits

  • … I. Lynch, [28 August 1877] ). In Sachs 1875, p. 787, Sachs referred to irritable movement …
  • … Julius Sachs’s Text-book of botany (Sachs 1875). In Bentham and Hooker 1862–83, 3: 636–57, …
  • … by a cylindrical contractile organ (Sachs 1875, p. 786) probably refers to the pulvinus of …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   1 July 1874

Summary

Describes leaf movements of Pinguicula and Drosera in capturing prey. Notes effects of ammonium carbonate on leaves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  1 July 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Carnivorous Plants)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9527

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   24 [June 1874]

Summary

Describes how Pinguicula captures insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  24 [June 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 16–17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9562

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 June 1874

Summary

Discusses effects of water on movement of insectivorous plants.

Has just found that Pinguicula can digest albumen.

Asa Gray writes that Sarracenia secretes trail of fluid to attract insects [see 9455].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 8–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9481

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
Document type
letter (33)
Addressee
Thiselton-Dyer, W. T.[X]
Date
1874 (7)
1875 (10)
1876 (4)
1877 (4)
1878 (8)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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