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To G. J. Romanes   [4 November 1875]

Summary

Mentions his appearance before Vivisection Commission.

Discusses his plans for planting and observing the carrots sent by GJR.

Mentions views of J. S. Burdon Sanderson on graft-hybrids.

Comments on GJR’s paper ["Instinct and acquisition", Nature 12 (1875): 553–4].

[Letter incorrectly dated "Thursday 8th" by CD.] [!? shd be note not synopsis]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  [4 Nov 1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.478)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10239

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   [4 November 1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [4 Nov 1875] George John Romanes …
  • … Instinct and acquisition", Nature 12 (1875): 553–4]. [Letter incorrectly dated "Thursday …
  • … on the tails of rats and mice (14 October 1875, p. 515). See letter from …
  • … G.  J.  Romanes, [before 4 November 1875] and n. 5. In Variation 2d ed. 1: 288, CD …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … went to London on Wednesday 3 November 1875, staying with his brother Erasmus Alvey Darwin …
  • … from G.  J.  Romanes, [before 4 November 1875] and n. 2. John Scott Burdon Sanderson. On …
  • … nervous system of medusae, see the letter to G. J. Romanes, 24 September [1875] and n. 8. …
  • … In Nature , 28 October 1875, pp. 553–4, Romanes described the maternal instincts of a hen …
  • … letters in Nature on the pugnacity of rabbits and hares (30 September 1875, p. 476), and …

To G. J. Romanes   26 December 1875

Summary

Sends books.

Discusses GJR’s Pangenesis experiments; views of Galton on the theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  26 Dec 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.482)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10325

Matches: 6 hits

  • … H. Darwin, 22 December 1875 . …
  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   26 December 1875
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.482) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Dec 1875 George John Romanes …
  • … from G. J. Romanes, [before 26 December 1875] . CD’s copy of Haeckel 1869a is in the …
  • … Collection–CUL. See letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 26 December 1875] and n. 4. …
  • … See letter to Francis Galton, 18 December [1875] , and letter from Francis Galton to G. …

To G. J. Romanes   17 [December 1875]

Summary

Suggests skin-grafting experiment on birds.

Discusses case of Edwin Ray Lankester; it has aroused his indignation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  17 [Dec 1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.481)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10301

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   17 [December 1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 17 [Dec 1875] George John Romanes …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, 24 September [1875] and nn. 5 and 6); CD evidently thought that …
  • … see letter to G. J. Romanes, 18 July 1875 ). Spots and black barbs are types of fancy …
  • … after he had been blackballed at the meeting of 2 December 1875 (see letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] ). CD, Emma Darwin, …
  • … and Elizabeth Darwin were in London from 10 December 1875; they returned to Down …
  • … on Monday 20 December 1875 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Romanes delivered the …
  • … system of medusae at the Royal Society of London on 16 December 1875 (Romanes 1875b). He …
  • … outlined his discovery in his letter of 20 July 1875 . …

To G. J. Romanes   12 July [1875]

Summary

Discusses revisions for Variation, 2d ed.

Discusses experiments involving graft-hybrids.

Alludes to Pangenesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  12 July [1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.471)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10059

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   12 July [1875] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.471) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1875] George John Romanes …
  • … in Farrer’s garden to be sent to Romanes (see letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 7 April [1875] ). …
  • … Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1875–8): 166–77. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … began work on Variation 2d ed.  on 6 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD expanded …
  • … circular 1876), although it carried an 1875 publication date. For the description of the …
  • … the letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 14 January 1875  and n.  3. Romanes’s work on the nervous …
  • … of Thomas Henry Farrer, from 3 June to 6 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had …
  • … see letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 14 January 1875  and n.  2). CD briefly discussed the …

To G. J. Romanes   8 October 1875

Summary

CD is circulating certificate proposing GJR for membership in Linnean Society.

Discusses hybrid potatoes from Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  8 Oct 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.477)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10186

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   8 October 1875
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.477) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Oct 1875 George John Romanes …
  • … from G. J. Romanes, 29 September 1875 . Romanes had sent some of the best specimens from …
  • … potato-grafting experiments. See letter from G. J. Romanes, 29 September 1875 and n. 5. …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, 24 September [1875] and n. 2). He had sent the nomination form to …
  • … of Joseph Dalton Hooker (see letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 3 October [1875] and n. 4). …
  • … Huxley visited CD on 16 and 17 October 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter …

To G. J. Romanes   4 November 1875

Summary

Carrots have arrived; CD has potted them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  4 Nov 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.479)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10240

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   4 November 1875
  • … See letter to G.  J.  Romanes, [4 November 1875] . …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.479) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Nov 1875 George John Romanes …

To G. J. Romanes   7 April [1875]

Summary

Is sending plants from cut-leaved vine.

Invites GJR to visit.

"When in presence of my ladies do not talk about experiments on animals."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  7 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.465)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9916

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   7 April [1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 7 Apr [1875] George John Romanes …
  • … see letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 and n. 2. Romanes had considered doing animal …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 3 April 1875 . Thomas Henry Farrer’s gardener was George …
  • … Payne; see letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 3 April 1875 . Dunskaith House, Nigg, Scotland. …
  • … Tait, and Romanes visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD was …

To G. J. Romanes   24 September [1875]

Summary

Will propose GJR for membership in Linnean Society.

Discusses GJR’s grafting experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  24 Sept [1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.476)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10168

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   24 September [1875] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.476) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Sept [1875] George John Romanes …
  • … Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1875–8): 166–77. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( List of the Linnean Society of London ). …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 January [1875] and n. 6). Romanes’s letter to CD about the …
  • … the letter from G. J. Romanes, 14 January 1875 and n. 2. Francis Galton had experimented …
  • … circular 1876), although it was dated 1875. The revised chapter on pangenesis was in …

To G. J. Romanes   18 July 1875

Summary

Comments on GJR’s experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  18 July 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.472)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10076

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   18 July 1875
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.472) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 July 1875 George John Romanes …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … work on graft hybrids in his letter of 14 July 1875 . Romanes had considered doing animal …

To G. J. Romanes   13 January [1875]

Summary

Describes accounts of potato grafting in a German journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  13 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.461)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9814

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   13 January [1875] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.461) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Jan [1875] George John Romanes …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To G. J. Romanes   29 April [1876]

Summary

Congratulates GJR on lecture ["The physiology of the nervous system of Medusa", Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 8 (1875–8): 166–77].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  29 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.490)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10482

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the nervous system of Medusa ", Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 8 (1875–8): 166–77]. …
  • … 28 April 1876. ] Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1875–8): 166–77. …

To G. J. Romanes   4 June [1876]

Summary

Joseph Fayrer can supply cobra poison.

Discusses vivisection.

Mentions visit to the John Hawkshaws.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  4 June [1876]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.494)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10529

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Romanes, Ethel Duncan. 1896. The life and …
  • … St Mary, Surrey, from 24 May to 7 June 1875; they were at Hollycombe, the home of John and …
  • … Parliament ( French 1975 , p. 114). In March 1875, Francis Darwin had written a letter to …

To G. J. Romanes   [15 June 1876 or later]

Summary

Describes discovery by his son [Francis Darwin] of protoplasmic filaments extending from small glands in the leaves of Dipsacus [see Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 26 (1877): 4–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  [15 June 1876 or later]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.495)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10520

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … had worked on medusae (G. J. Romanes 1875, 1876, and 1876–7). Francis Darwin’s research …

To G. J. Romanes   10 August [1877]

Summary

Comments on GJR’s paper in Nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  10 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.519)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11099

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To G. J. Romanes   1 October [1878]

Summary

Comments on GJR’s article in Fortnightly Review ["The beginning of nerves", n.s. 24 (1878): 509–26].

Comments on "poor old" Edinburgh Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  1 Oct [1878]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.550)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11712

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1875–8): 166–77. Wellesley index : The Wellesley …
  • … Froude). Farrer, who participated in the 1875–8 Royal Commission on Copyright, had asked …

From Charles and Francis Darwin to G. J. Romanes   2 January [1877]

Summary

Agrees to propose GJR for membership in Royal Society.

Remarks on GJR’s paper on Medusae [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 167 (1877): 659–752].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Francis Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  2 Jan [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.503)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10765

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Medusæ’ (G. J. Romanes 1875). It included a lengthy postscript written in March 1876, …
  • … lecture, delivered on 16 December 1875, ‘Preliminary observations on the locomotor system …

To G. J. Romanes   9 August [1877]

Summary

Comments on GJR’s papers in Nature [see 11103].

Mentions manuscript by Miss Lawless on fertilisation in plants.

Discusses work of Francis Darwin on Dipsacus

and his own experiments on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  9 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.518)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11096

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Lawless, Emily. 1899. North Clare—leaves …
  • … system of medusae, see G. J. Romanes 1875, 1876, and 1877a. See G. J. Romanes 1877b, p. …

To G. J. Romanes   8 December 1881

Summary

Discusses subscription for Grant Allen. Suggests present of microscope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  8 Dec 1881
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.603)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13536

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in England’: Grant Allen and the writing trade, 1875–1900 . New York: Palgrave Macmillan. …

To G. J. Romanes   23 July 1879

Summary

Contributes to subscription for Grant Allen.

Regrets GJR and wife could not visit.

Encloses paper [not identified] by Thomas Meehan, a very inaccurate observer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  23 July 1879
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.566)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12168

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in England’: Grant Allen and the writing trade, 1875–1900 . New York: Palgrave Macmillan. …

To G. J. Romanes   21 September [1878]

Summary

Discusses spiritualism. Says Williams, the medium, is exposed as fraud.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  21 Sept [1878]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.548)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11699

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol. 23, letter to G. H. Darwin, 2 [April 1875] and n. 2. John King was Williams’s spirit …
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Addressee
Romanes, G. J.[X]
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1875 (10)
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1877 (6)
1878 (5)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

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  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

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  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

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  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

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  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

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  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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