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To J. D. Hooker   15 October [1875]

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Summary

Has decided to send R. L. Tait’s paper to the Royal Society.

Will try glycerine on Mimosa but doubts it will have an effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 394–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10200

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   15 October [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 394–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Oct [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 23: 225–70. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. King, …
  • … George. 1875. Note on a sport in Paritium tricuspe , G. …
  • … Don. [Read 16 December 1875. ] Journal of …
  • … Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 15 (1875–7): 101–3. Movement in plants : The power of …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, [16–22 October 1875] and n. 2). Imantophyllum cyrtanthiflorum is a synonym …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 . CD had asked Hooker’s advice on whether …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] ). Hooker counselled CD to refuse on the …
  • … of poor health and too much work ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 ). Tait …
  • … had visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Lawson Tait’s address …
  • … s letter to CD with his letter of 14 October 1875 and telegraphed Tait’s address to CD in …
  • … to reply to Tait (see letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 October 1875 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 and n. 6. Imantophyllum is a synonym of Clivia ; the family …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 October 1875 . CD referred to Cistus tricuspis in Variation …
  • … Dyer and published in the Journal of the Linnean Society ( King 1875 ; see letter W. T. …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875). Hibiscus tricuspis and Paritium tricuspis are synonyms …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14  October 1875 and n. 5. CD described the action of …
  • … of Imantophyllum cyrtanthiflorum was sent to CD on 14 October 1875 (see letter from W. T. …

To J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1875]

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Summary

CD is furious at the prospect of Lankester’s being black-balled by the Linnean Society. He plans to solicit support from various members and to come up with Frank for the voting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [12 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 401–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10295

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [12 December 1875] …
  • … 95: 401–2 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [12 Dec 1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [after 2 December 1875] and n. 2). George James Allman was president …
  • … had been elected a fellow of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii). He had to be formally admitted by the president …
  • … visited Thomas Henry Huxley on Sunday 12 December 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). The day is established by the reference …
  • … which took place on Sunday 12 December 1875 (see n. 6, below). CD dated the letter Sunday …
  • … the blackballing of Lankester at the 2 December 1875 meeting of the Linnean Society (see …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). CD decided to second a new proposal for …
  • … see letter to ? , [after 11 December 1875] ); Lankester was proposed at the next meeting …
  • … was duly elected ( Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London (1875–6): iii). Francis …
  • … Darwin, having been elected a fellow on 2 December 1875 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii), still had to be formally admitted to …

To J. D. Hooker   10 February [1875]

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Summary

Is provoked by trouble he is having writing Insectivorous plants.

Curious case of an unknown form of Glaucium in earth covered with slag for 1400 years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Feb [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 374–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9850

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   10 February [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 374–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Feb [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … p.  70, G.  H.  Darwin 1873). See letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] and n.   …
  • … 2, and 5 January 1875  and n.  1. …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] 1874b. Primitive …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] . Hooker was hoping to travel abroad with …
  • … Anne Hooker; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] and n.  5. Hooker hoped to have William Turner Thiselton- …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] . Hooker had promised to give St George …
  • … Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper , 7 February 1875, p. 11). The newspaper article that CD saw …
  • … his letter to Hooker of 8 January [1875], CD had reported that the plant of Drosophyllum …
  • … 540). Insectivorous plants was published on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … The Engineer , 5 February 1875, p.  93, contained a brief notice, which had originally …

To J. D. Hooker   6 January [1875]

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Summary

Is not inclined to restrain himself from expressing his opinion of Mivart. Huxley’s article in Academy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 365–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9805

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 365–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Press. 1985–. Draper, John William. 1875. History of the conflict between religion and …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] and n. 4). CD had been working on specimens …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, 2 January 1875 ). CD’s notes on G.  ornata , G.  filiformis , …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] . It is possible that …
  • … not received Hooker’s letter of 5 January 1875  when he wrote this letter. Hooker may have …
  • … Draper’s History of the conflict between religion and science ( Draper 1875 ; Athenaeum , …
  • … 2 January 1875, pp.  21–2). Draper had given a paper offering a Darwinian view of the …
  • … 3 July [1860] . In his letter of 3 January [1875] , Hooker had written to CD that he was …
  • … John Lubbock’s book was on British wild flowers (Lubbock 1875). In his review of Ernst …
  • … Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16–17, Thomas Henry Huxley had …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] . Hooker had offered to try to acquire …

To J. D. Hooker   30 March [1875]

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Summary

Has at last finished Insectivorous plants

and is rewriting Climbing plants.

W. W. Ouless has finished his picture of CD for Academy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Mar [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 382–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9905

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 March [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 382–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Mar [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Norgate. 1865. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1875  and n.  7). Hooker was writing Botany ( …
  • … plants and recorrecting Climbing plants on 29 March 1875 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … CD went to London on 31 March 1875; he received proof-sheets of …
  • … Insectivorous plants on 18 April 1875 ( letter to J. …
  • … V. Carus, 19 April [1875] ). Walter William Ouless exhibited his …
  • … at the Royal Academy summer exhibition in 1875. The portrait remained in the family until …
  • … Erasmus Alvey Darwin from 31 March to 6 April 1875, and then at the home of their daughter …
  • … Litchfield; they returned to Down on 12 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR242)). See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1875  and n.  2. Hooker was planning to join two of …

To J. D. Hooker   25 February [1875]

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CD on his memory of Lyell. Deeply rejoices that he is to be buried in Westminster Abbey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Feb [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 379–81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9873

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 February [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 379–81 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Feb [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] . Hooker had written about how deeply …
  • … of Charles Lyell, who died on 22 February 1875. CD first met Lyell on 29 October 1836 (see …
  • … letter to A.  B.  Buckley, 23 February 1875  and n.  2). Hooker’s wife, Frances Harriet …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] ). Hooker had arranged to have Lyell buried …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] ). CD’s letter to Katherine Murray Lyell …
  • … but had not informed Hooker (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 February 1875] ). …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 February 1875  and n.  7). Hooker was planning to visit …

To J. D. Hooker   19 June [1875] 

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Has come to Abinger Hall for a rest after Insectivorous plants, soon to appear. Is sick of the accursed subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 386–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10024

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   19 June [1875]   …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 95: 386–7 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 19 June [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … plants , which was published on 2 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II) and Appendix …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 20 June 1875 . In a …
  • … letter to Emma Darwin of [5 June 1875] (DAR 245: 54), Henrietta Emma Litchfield mentioned …
  • … Henry Farrer, from 3 June to 6 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Harriet Anne …

To J. D. Hooker   8 January [1875]

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Summary

JDH would be rash not to follow advice of his friends. [CD’s] wife and George oppose his writing to Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 367–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9809

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cohn 1875a) is in DAR 58.2: 35–43. See letter to F.   J.  Cohn, 1 January 1875 . …
  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 367–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1875 . John Tyndall, Thomas Archer Hirst, and …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1875 ). Thomas Henry Huxley had written to Mivart, …
  • … Edinburgh (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] and n.  4). Daniel Oliver’ …
  • … see the letter to Oliver of 6 January [1875]. Genlisea (the corkscrew plant), Aldrovanda ( …

To J. D. Hooker   15 January [1875]

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Summary

Hopes JDH will beat Sir Douglas Galton.

Continues to work on insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 369–71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9818

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   15 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 369–71 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Roxburgh, William. 1820–4. Flora Indica; or …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 January 1875 . Douglas Strutt Galton was director of works …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 January 1875  and n.  2. Hooker had had a long-running …
  • … and Utricularia (bladderworts; letter from Daniel Oliver, 2 January 1875 , and letter to …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 6 January [1875] ). The pamphlets have not been identified; one of them was …
  • … was transferred to another post in 1873. Galton retired in August 1875 ( The Times , …
  • … 21 August 1875, p.  9). CD had asked Thomas Henry Farrer to use his influence to have an …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 January 1875  and n.  3). The pamphlet has not been …

To J. D. Hooker   21 October [1875]

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Describes observations by his son Horace on the extreme sensitivity of twisted seeds to moisture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 397–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10209

Matches: 8 hits

  • … first volume reads, ‘For the Linnean Soc. presented by Ch. Darwin | Down. Oct. 26 1875’. …
  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 October [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 397–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 23 October 1875 . CD enclosed a …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 12 September 1875 , with Müller’s remarks on terminal flowers in …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 3 October [1875] and n. 5. CD was interested in species of …
  • … the seeds (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 October [1875] and n. 6, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 and n. 4). Horace Darwin’s hygrometer is described in F. …

To J. D. Hooker   22 June 1875

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Rejoices at [Thiselton-Dyer’s] appointment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 95: 388
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10026

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   22 June 1875
  • … DAR 95: 388 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 22 June 1875 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 June 1875 and n. 2). In his letter to T. H. Farrer, 29 …
  • … Abinger Hall June 22 1875 My dear Hooker I am very sorry to say that it is impossible for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 June 1875 ). Gomshall Station was just over a mile from …
  • … CD stayed there from 3 June to 6 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Hooker had …

To J. D. Hooker   17 January [1875]

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Summary

Astonished at JDH’s success versus Galton

and his attack on Murray is superb. Has written a formal letter to Mivart enumerating his offences.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 372–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9821

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 372–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January 1875 . Hooker had heard that Douglas Strutt Galton, …
  • … Survey ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January 1875  and n.  2). Benjamin Disraeli …
  • … prime minister. In his letter of 16 January 1875 , Hooker had told CD of his visit to John …
  • … see letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 14 January 1875  and n.  4). The copy is in DAR 210.1: 2. …
  • … 70). See letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 12 January 1875 . Henrietta Emma Litchfield, CD’s …
  • … wrote to her brother Leonard on 8 January 1875 (DAR 258: 1643): Also we’ve been concocting …

To J. D. Hooker   1 December [1875]

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Comments on R. L. Tait’s claimed isolation of digestive ferments from Nepenthes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Dec [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 399–400
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10283

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   1 December [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 399–400 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Royal Society of London (see letter from J. D. Hooker, 24 November 1875 ); the meeting was …
  • … held on 30 November 1875 ( Proceedings of the Royal …
  • … Society of London 24 (1875–6): 72–94). ‘Dead hand’: an expert (at doing something) ( …
  • … Royal Society of London, 27 November 1875 . Nepenthes is the genus of tropical pitcher- …
  • … droserin and the other azerin (see letter from Lawson Tait, 6 November [1875] and n. 2, …
  • … letter from Lawson Tait, 16 November [1875] ). The term ferment refers to substances that …

To J. D. Hooker   13 October [1875]

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Summary

R. L. Tait has requested CD send his [Tait’s] paper on Nepenthes to Royal Society. CD considers this a nuisance.

Certificate for G. J. Romanes.

Francis’ experiments on mechanism of twisted seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 392–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10193

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   13 October [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 392–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Oct [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 October 1875 . CD evidently …
  • … the letter from Lawson Tait, 11 October 1875 , in which Tait asked CD to submit his paper …
  • … and Hooker’s signatures (see letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 3 October [1875] and n. 4). …
  • … Huxley visited Down on 16 and 17 October 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Glycerine ( …

To J. D. Hooker   18 August [1875]

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Summary

Shares Hooker’s feelings about Douglas Galton and Lord Henry Lennox.

Bored with preparing new editions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 Aug [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 390–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10124

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   18 August [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 390–1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Aug [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … in Southampton from 28 August to 11 September 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Leonard …
  • … and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 August 1875 . Douglas Strutt Galton was retiring as …
  • … Herbarium ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 August 1875 and n. 3). CD had been working on the …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1874 22 Aug 1874 22 Sept 1874 22 Oct 1874 22 Nov 1874 22 Dec 1874 22 Jan 1875 22 …
  • … Feb 1875 22 …
  • … Mar 1875 22 …
  • … Apr 1875 22 …
  • … May 1875 22 …
  • … June 1875 22 …
  • … July 1875 22 …
  • … Aug 1875 22 …
  • … Sept 1875 22 …
  • … Oct 1875 22 …
  • … Nov 1875 22 …
  • … Dec 1875 22 Jan 1876 22 Feb 1876 22 Mar 1876 22 Apr 1876 22 May 1876 22 June 1876 22 July …

To J. D. Hooker   23 February 1875

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Summary

Mourns death of Lyell. Wonders whether enough men of science were attached to him to raise a fitting testimonial.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 95: 377–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9866

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 February 1875
  • … DAR 95: 377–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Feb 1875 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Feb 23 1875 My dear Hooker I have just heard from Miss …
  • … letter to CD has not been found, but see the letter to A.  B.  Buckley, 23 February 1875 . …
  • … Charles Lyell died on 22 February 1875. A memorial fund of close to £2000 was raised after …

To J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Summary

Has not heard from Mivart; CD is convinced he is a hypocrite.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 363–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9798

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 363–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and the letter from Daniel Oliver, 2 January 1875 . CD and Hooker had been debating what …
  • … December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196–9, under the heading ‘The present …
  • … See letter from Daniel Oliver, 2 January 1875 . CD refers to Eugenius Warming; there is an …

To J. D. Hooker   25 July 1875

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Summary

Solicits JDH and others at Kew for signatures to nomination of Francis Darwin for membership of Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 95: 389
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10091

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 July 1875
  • … DAR 95: 389 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 July 1875 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( List of the Linnean Society of London , 1877). …

To J. D. Hooker   14 April [1875]

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Summary

CD and others now think it advisable to go further than a petition on vivisection, and a bill has been drafted.

F. Delpino’s pamphlet on pitchers ["Sulle pianti a bicchieri", Nuovo G. Bot. Ital. 3 (1871): 174–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 384–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9927

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   14 April [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 384–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Apr [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). CD refers to John Scott Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12  April [1875] ). Hooker was president of the Royal Society of …
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letter (79)
Author
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Hooker, J. D.[X]
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

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  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

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  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

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  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

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  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

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  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

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  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

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  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

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  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

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  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

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  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

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  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

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  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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