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To J. D. Hooker   23 July [1874]

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Summary

JDH should do as he likes with insectivorous plant materials.

He has always thought telling JDH what he has been doing was as good as publishing.

Cephalotus seems as horrid a puzzle as Utricularia.

Nepenthes will turn out a great job if the pitchers of different species act differently. JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well deserves a place in Philosophical Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 328–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 328–31 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 July [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . Hooker had not observed digestion in the Australian pitcher- …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). CD’s initial observations on Utricularia …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). CD refers to descriptions sent to him by …
  • … JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Hooker reported …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). Drosera rotundifolia is the common or …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  6. Hooker did not publish his …
  • … but seeds as well (see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). Hooker had offered to send a plant of Drosera whittakerii (now …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  9). …

To G. H. Darwin   [21 April 1874]

Summary

GHD’s corrections seem very good. Murray hopes there will be few corrections in Descent. CD assured him no changes have been made merely for improving style.

Wants very much to hear about "the terrible cousin affair".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [21 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9423

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [21 April 1874] …
  • … 210.1: 20 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [21 Apr 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … CD refers to Motley 1873 (see letter to John Murray, 12 April 1874  and n.  3). See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874 . George had been compiling statistics on cousin …
  • … marriage (see letters from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and …
  • … 20 April 1874 ). …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Motley, John Lothrop. 1873. Rise of the …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, the first Tuesday following 20 April was 21 April. CD was staying at 2 Bryanston …
  • … would visit CD in London in his letter of 20 April 1874 . John Murray was CD’s publisher. …

To J. D. Hooker   27 December [1874]

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Summary

Has not heard from Mivart. He is not so good a Christian as JDH and cannot forgive a man for malicious lying merely because he says he is sorry. Does not think Mivart will apologise. Still thinks the simple, most manly thing, is to write to Mivart directly and tell him what he thinks of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 360–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9785

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 360–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Dec [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s letter to Huxley was dated 20 December 1874 (see Appendix V). Law: indulgence, mercy ( …
  • … wife, Frances Harriet Hooker, died on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). Mivart had …
  • … been misrepresented ( Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 588–9). Richard Buckley Litchfield was …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. OED : The Oxford English dictionary. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 December 1874] ). Hooker, Thomas Henry Huxley, and CD had …
  • … Darwin’s article on marriage ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70; G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). Huxley had …
  • … CD (see enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 , and letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). Huxley had …
  • … sent a message to Mivart on 18 December 1874 (see enclosure to letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ); on …
  • … 23 December 1874, Huxley wrote to CD that he had received a letter from Mivart, and …

To G. H. Darwin   [24 October 1874]

Summary

Writes about instructions to compositor and return of proofs [of Descent]. Requests return of 2d volume of Descent, to which he may want to refer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [24 Oct 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9696

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [24 October 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 35 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 Oct 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … first edition of Descent ; see the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.   …
  • … 2. In November 1874, George published a review of William …
  • … s ‘Darwinism and language’ ( Whitney 1874 ) titled ‘Professor Whitney on the origin of …
  • … see Radick 2008 , p.  47). See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.  3. …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent : The descent of man, and selection …
  • … this letter, the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] , and the letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 24 October 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, 24 October was a Saturday. Apus appears in Descent 2d ed. , p.  255. Apus was …
  • … of Chicago Press. Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of …

To D. F. Nevill   12 September [1874]

Summary

CD has never before seen the Utricularia DN has sent. Hooker had told him about it. Asks that her gardener observe young Utricularia: CD is interested in internal structure of little balls on bladders.

Sends photograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Date:  12 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9634

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To D.  F.  Nevill   12 September [1874] …
  • … M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1874] Dorothy Fanny Nevill …
  • … epiphytic species of Utricularia in his letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [July 1874]. …
  • … Hooker visited Down on 26 September 1874 ( letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 September 1874 ). CD’s gardener was Henry Lettington. Nevill’s head …
  • … a carte de visite of CD in her letter of [11 September 1874] . See letter from D.   …
  • … F.  Nevill, [11 September 1874] and n.  3. …
  • … this letter and the letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 11 September [1874] . See letters to D.   …
  • … F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874  and n.   …
  • … 2, and 11 September [1874] . No letter from Joseph Dalton Hooker discussing the epiphytic …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   21 June [1874]

Summary

Thanks for fibrin. Drosera and Pinguicula dissolve it thoroughly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  21 June [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9504

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   21 June [1874] …
  • … 1731-1-2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 June [1874] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 June 1874 . This letter was published without the …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 June 1874 . CD described his experiments on Drosera ( …
  • … glands of Drosera . See Burdon Sanderson 1874, pp.  106 and 107. CD had asked for ‘a bit …
  • … 22, letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 14 May 1874 , and Insectivorous plants , pp. 104–5). …
  • … Francis Darwin returned to Down on 20 June 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … bone entirely in his letter of 26 May [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22). Burdon Sanderson …
  • … gluten and fibrin in his letter of 12 May [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22); he later noted …
  • … three different acids (see ibid. , letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 26 May [1874] ). …
  • … The second part of Burdon Sanderson 1874 was published in …
  • … Nature , 18 June 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12 June 1874  and n.  1). Burdon Sanderson concluded that the …
  • … except that the period of latent stimulation was longer (Burdon Sanderson 1874, p.  128). …
  • … See Burdon Sanderson 1874, pp.  127–8. In Insectivorous plants , pp.  43–4, CD noted that …

To Henry Sidgwick   19 December 1874

Summary

Thanks for his Methods of ethics [1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Sidgwick
Date:  19 Dec 1874
Classmark:  Joseph R. Sakmyster, ADS Autographs (dealer) (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9765F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Henry Sidgwick   19 December 1874
  • … Thanks for his Methods of ethics [1874]. …
  • … Bibliography Sidgwick, Henry. 1874. The methods of ethics. London: Macmillan and Co. …
  • … ADS Autographs (dealer) (no date) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Dec 1874 Henry Sidgwick …
  • … is a copy of Sidgwick’s Methods of ethics ( Sidgwick 1874 ) in the Darwin Library–Down. …

To G. H. Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874]

Summary

Has no objection to sending GHD’s letter as it is. The only accusation it seems necessary to rebut is about licentiousness. Regrets this is not made more prominent.

Gives some suggestions for GHD’s reply to Mivart’s attack.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [5 or 6] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 28, 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9588

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 28, 30 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 5 Aug 1874 6 …
  • … Aug 1874 George Howard Darwin …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and …
  • … 6 [August] 1874 . George had drafted a letter responding to an attack on him by St George …
  • … Review (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). The draft has not been found. See …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  3. Mivart had written, ‘There is no …
  • … at Southampton. See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 1 August [1874] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  4. John Murray was the publisher of the …
  • … to which this writer belongs’ ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). In his essay on marriage in the …

To J. D. Hooker   4 July 1874

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Summary

It would be interesting to prove that some plants feed on decayed animal matter whilst others like Drosera can digest fresh animal matter. Suggests the method for observing this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 324–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9532

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 324–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … bladderwort; see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 ). He probably refers to …
  • … William Darwin Fox (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and n. 2). …
  • … Mg: morning. Hooker visited CD on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1874 . Hooker had asked for hints for observation …
  • … tropical pitcher-plant) in his letter of 3 July 1874 . Drosera is the genus of sundews. …
  • … In his letter of 3 July 1874 , Hooker mentioned he had observed a sugary secretion …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874 . CD had asked several correspondents for …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 4 1874 My dear Hooker I do not know that I have any …

To F. E. Abbot   30 March 1874

Summary

FEA has expressed CD’s views on the moral sense with remarkable clearness and correctness; his eulogy is magnificent ["Darwin’s theory of conscience and its relation to scientific ethics", Index 12 Mar 1874]. Cannot give a judgment on the essay because he has had "no practice in following abstract and abstruse reasoning".

CD does not see how morality can be "objective and universal". No one would call the maternal bond in lower animals a "moral obligation". When a social animal "becomes in some slight incipient degree" a moral creature "capable of approving or disapproving of its own conduct" do not such obligations remain of a so-called instinctive nature rather than becoming at once moral obligations?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Ellingwood Abbot
Date:  30 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Harvard University Archives (Papers of F. E. Abbot, 1841–1904. Named Correspondence, 1857–1903. Folder: Darwin, Charles and W. E. Darwin (son), 1871–1883, box 44. HUG 1101)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9377

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To F.  E.  Abbot   30 March 1874
  • … Bibliography Abbot, Francis Ellingwood. 1874. Darwin’s theory of conscience: its …
  • … relation to scientific ethics. Index , 12 March 1874, 122–5. …
  • … 1883, box 44. HUG 1101) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Mar 1874 Francis Ellingwood Abbot …
  • … of the ultimate Nature of Things’ that made society possible. See Abbot 1874 , p.  123. …
  • … CD scored these passages in his annotated copy of Abbot 1874 (DAR 139.12.3). …
  • … Abbot had hoped that CD would review Abbot 1874  in the form of a letter that could be …
  • … published in the Index (see letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ). …
  • … to scientific ethics", Index 12 Mar 1874]. Cannot give a judgment on the essay because he …
  • … Down Beckenham Kent Mar 30 1874 My dear Sir I have rec d your kind letter of the 3 rd & …
  • … See letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ; the copies of the Index contained Abbot’s …
  • … its relation to scientific ethics’ ( Abbot 1874 ). Abbot, in addition to the generally …
  • … England’s greatest living thinker’ ( Abbot 1874 , p.  123). Abbot argued that CD’s theory …

From Hubert Airy   13 March 1874

Summary

Has rewritten paper on leaf arrangement after criticism by Royal Society referees. Has found new factor influencing leaf arrangement, i.e., spontaneous variability in the number of vertical leaf-ranks.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9357

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   13 March 1874
  • … DAR 159: 29 Hubert Airy Keswick 13 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Society of London 21 (1872–3): 176–9. Airy, Hubert. 1874. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … Communicated by Charles Darwin. [Read 30 April 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of …
  • … Keswick. | Cumberland. 13 th . March.  1874. My dear Sir I have re-written my paper on …
  • … volume, letter from Hubert Airy, 8 January 1874 . Airy’s earlier paper had been rejected …
  • … was read at a meeting of the society in April 1874, but only an abstract of the paper was …
  • … in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London ( H. Airy 1874 ). The summary of Airy’ …
  • … s argument ( H. Airy 1874 , p.   …
  • … 307) was reprinted in Nature , 14 May 1874, pp.  36–7. …
  • … See H. Airy 1874 , pp.  304–5. …
  • … See H. Airy 1874 , pp.  305–7. Starfish typically have five rays or arms, but some always …

To T. M. Reade   9 May 1874

Summary

Interested in TMR’s investigation of drift. Narrative 1: 545–6 contains catalogue of shells collected. Much struck by marine productions of Tierra del Fuego.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Date:  9 May 1874
Classmark:  University of Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9450

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  M.  Reade   9 May 1874
  • … M.  Reade, 7  May 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May 1874 Thomas Mellard Reade …
  • … See letter from T.  M.  Reade, 7 May 1874 . See Narrative 1: 545–56. CD described the …
  • … 12, and Journal of researches 2d ed. , p.  243. T. M. Reade 1874–82 ; see letter from T.   …
  • … Henry Colburn. 1839. Reade, Thomas Mellard. 1874–82. The drift-beds of the north-west of …
  • … Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 30 (1874): 27–37, 39 (1883): 83–132. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 9 1874 My dear Sir I much wish that I could give any aid in …

From G. H. Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874]

Summary

Urges CD not to break with Murray even if he does not force the editor [of Q. Rev.] to insert GHD’s letter [in response to Mivart’s attack]. Murray may have a rule not to meddle with editor.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 or 7] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9592

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 40 George Howard Darwin unstated 6 Aug 1874 7 …
  • … Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ). Murray was the publisher of the Quarterly Review ; the …
  • … this letter, the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 , and the letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [8 August 1874] . F: father, i.e. CD.  George refers to the letter CD was …
  • … to his article on marriage (see G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874 , and letter from G.   …

From Ernst Haeckel   20 December 1874

Summary

Discusses his Anthropogenie [1874]. Remarks on the tables.

Has CD received Friedrich von Hellwald’s Culturgeschichte [1875]?

Plans research trip to the Mediterranean.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9767

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    20 December 1874
  • … DAR 166: 63 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 20 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Discusses his Anthropogenie [1874]. Remarks on the tables. Has CD received Friedrich von …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Di Gregorio, Mario A. 2005. From here to …
  • … 74 Hochverehrter theurer Freund! Da das Jahr 1874 seinem Ende entgegen geht, erlauben Sie …
  • … by E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart, from 1874 onwards. Haeckel’ …
  • … in Jenaer Literaturzeitung , 26 December 1874, pp.  820–1. There is a copy of Haeckel’s …
  • … 1873 and n.  7. CD’s annotations are notes for his letter to Haeckel of 26 December 1874. …
  • … Most esteemed dear friend! As the year of 1874 is coming to a close, allow me to send you …
  • … in the Darwin Library–Down. Wilhelm Engelmann. Saturday Review , 17 October 1874, pp.   …
  • … 514–15, and Nature , 5 November 1874, pp.   …
  • … 4–5, 12 November 1874, pp.  22–4. The review in Nature was by the physician Philip Henry …
  • … development to the present; Hellwald 1874) in CD’s libraries at CUL or Down. Haeckel did, …

To ?   8 June 1874

Summary

Asks about insects and seeds on leaves of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 June 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.435)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9230

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To ?    8 June 1874
  • … what kind of other plants grow round it. ? Ch. Darwin Down Beckenham Kent Jun 8 th . 1874
  • … Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.435) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June 1874 Unidentified …
  • … letter to John Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; CD marked the alterations for the letter to …
  • … draft letter to W.  C.  Marshall, 8 June [1874] . For possible recipients see the letter …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.  3. The amanuensis, possibly Horace Darwin, …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 ). Emma Darwin’s version, now in DAR 59.1: …

To Charles Lyell   [13 January 1874]

Summary

The coral-reef book has been invaluable [J. D. Dana, Corals and coral islands (1872); used by CD in Coral reefs, 2d ed. (1874)].

Thanks for Saturday Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [13 Jan 1874]
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9240

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [13 January 1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [13 Jan 1874] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … islands (1872); used by CD in Coral reefs , 2d ed. (1874)]. Thanks for Saturday Review . …
  • … a letter to Joseph Dalton Hooker of 8 January 1874, he had asked to use a copy of the book …
  • … between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 January 1874 , and by CD’s stay in …
  • … London from 10 to 17 January 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … During CD’s visit, Tuesday fell on 13 January 1874. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … fell down the stairs on Monday 12 January 1874. Saturday Review was published weekly; it …

From Eugène Desmarest   27 February 1874

Summary

CD has been elected an Honorary Member of the Society.

Author:  Eugène Desmarest; Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9320

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Eugène Desmarest    27 February 1874
  • … Eugène Desmarest Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France Paris 27 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published in Annales de la Société entomologique de France 5th ser.  4 (1874): XLVI.   …
  • … See letter to Eugène Desmarest, 4 March 1874 . …
  • … de la Société auxquelles vous avez droit à partir de 1874. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … sa séance de mercredi dernier (25 fevrier 1874) vous a-t-elle élu membre honoraire ; elle …
  • … at last Wednesday’s meeting (25 February 1874), it elected you an honorary member . In …
  • … s publications in Paris, to which you are entitled from 1874 onwards. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … communication à notre prochain séance (11 Mars 1874). La Société n’ose espérer que vous …
  • … can present it at our next meeting (11 March 1874). The Society hardly dares hope that you …

To J. V. Carus   21 January 1874

Summary

Is glad to hear of new German edition of Descent, but owing to his extensive revisions, corrected sheets will not be ready for about three months.

Is working on a new edition of Coral reefs, which he thinks would sell in Germany.

Would like to hear "out of curiosity & vanity" how many copies of his books have been sold in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  21 Jan 1874
Classmark:  Staatsbibilothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 110–111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9252

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   21 January 1874
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 110–111) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Jan 1874 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … teaching in Edinburgh (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 19 January 1874 ). Carus sent the …
  • … sales figures with his letter of 15 March 1874 . …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 19 January 1874  and n.  1. CD was preparing a new edition …
  • … edition of Descent to the printers in March 1874 and received the first proofs in May (see …
  • … letters to J.  V.  Carus, 8 March [1874] , and …
  • … 23 May [1874] ). CD was preparing a new edition of Coral reefs , published by …
  • … see letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874). Carus translated Coral reefs in 1876 ( …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 21 1874 My dear Sir I am very glad to hear of a new ed.  of …

From J. D. Hooker   24 March 1874

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Summary

"Half an answer" to CD’s query on visit of Sphinx to Hedychium gardnerianum.

Business affairs and family ill health keep him busy.

G. J. Allman will succeed Bentham as President of Linnean Society. Busk has refused.

Huxley is well.

JDH has indoctrinated Sir Stafford Northcote with his merits.

Lyell frail.

Old J. E. Gray goes on publishing.

"Is not [Thomas] Belt splendid!"

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 195–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9371

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 March 1874
  • … DAR 103: 195–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … note for his reply to Hooker; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  5. …
  • … the letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 16 February 1874 . He had probably written to Gammie of …
  • … lily, Hedychium gardnerianum . Later in 1874, Gammie sent information direct to CD on the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 ). Hooker, in addition to his duties at Kew, …
  • … 2): 535–644. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1874. Remarks on Mr. H. J. Carter’s letter to …
  • … 4th ser. 13: 277–84. Carter, Henry John. 1874. On the structure called Eozoon canadense in …
  • … 4th ser. 40 (October 1870): 233–59; 42 (October 1871): 241–80; 47 (February 1874): 94– …
  • … 122, (March 1874): 168–90. Dawson, John William. 1864. On the structure of certain organic …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  2), probably participating in the …
  • … see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3), and dealing with the distribution …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3  March 1874  and n.  2); there was therefore no-one to …
  • … year at the anniversary meeting on 25 May 1874 ( Proceedings of the Linnean Society of …
  • … s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). James Croll had just published a continuation …
  • … 8. Henry John Carter had stated in Carter 1874 , p.  193, that it was ‘wild conjecture’ to …
  • … structure of the organism (see Carpenter 1874 ). The Eozoon canadense had first been …

From J. T. Knowles   4 August 1874

Summary

Regrets he is unable to republish Whitney’s article in the Contemporary Review. Would much appreciate an article from CD on the subject and suggests that CD might quote from Whitney to any extent he likes.

Author:  James Thomas Knowles
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9582

Matches: 7 hits

  • … T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). …
  • … From J.  T.  Knowles   4 August 1874
  • … DAR 169: 41 James Thomas Knowles Clapham Common 4 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … see letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). St George Jackson Mivart, in an anonymous …
  • … distinctions in the study of language ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  45; see letter to J.   …
  • … The Hollies | Clapham Common | S.W Augt 4 th . 1874 Dear Sir/ I so very much regret being …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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