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From George Paul   22 January 1877

Summary

Suggests CD write to Mr Fisher, a nurseryman, on his experiments with crossing varieties of holly.

Author:  George Paul
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 174: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10810

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of Hertfordshire Press. Moore, Thomas. 1874–6. The common holly and its varieties. …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle n.s. 2 (1874): 432–3, 519–20, 687, 750–2, 812–13; 4 (1875): 687–8, …
  • … by Thomas Moore in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 12 December 1874, pp. 751–2; ‘nobilis’ had …
  • … described and figured by Moore in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 October 1874, pp. 432–3. Moore’ …
  • … common holly and its varieties’ appeared in parts in Gardeners’ Chronicle between 1874 and …
  • … 1876 ( Moore 1874–6 ; see also n. 2, above). The Royal Nurseries in Waltham Cross near …
  • … to Moore for his monograph (see T. Moore 1874–6 , p. 432). For CD’s interest in the recent …

To G. J. Romanes   23 May 1877

Summary

Thanks him for book by Grant Allen [Physiological aesthetics (1877)].

Comments on dispute over spontaneous generation.

The Council [of the Royal Society] will not print Frank Darwin’s paper on Dipsacus [in Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond.].

Mentions GJR’s grafting experiments

and his investigation of spiritualism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  23 May 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.513)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10971

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s trickery (see ibid. , letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 , and letter to T. …
  • … H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). …
  • … a séance at Erasmus Alvey Darwin’s house in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Thomas Henry Huxley had attended a later séance hosted by …

To Nature   21 November [1877]

Summary

Sends letter from Fritz Müller [11191] containing observations on plants and insects of South Brazil, with prefatory comments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  21 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  Nature, 29 November 1877, p. 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11245

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Farrer, Thomas Henry. 1874. Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers— …
  • … Coronilla. Nature , 2 July 1874, pp. 169–70. Forms of flowers 2d ed. : The different forms …
  • … vetch) in an article on papilionaceous flowers published in Nature , 2 July 1874 ( T. …
  • … H. Farrer 1874 , p. 169). See F. Darwin 1876d, pp. 402–4. The food-bodies on Acacia …

From J. D. Hooker   27 January 1877

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Summary

JDH recounts discussion at Royal Society over Günther’s paper on distribution and affinities of gigantic tortoises ["Description of the living and extinct races of gigantic land-tortoises, Parts III and IV", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 25 (1876–7): 506–7]. Huxley suggests they are Miocene relics.

Royal Society will publish Frank’s Dipsacus paper [but see 10971 and 11073].

Thiselton-Dyer will review Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 77–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10817

Matches: 6 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Günther, Albert. 1874. Description of the living and extinct …
  • … of the Galapagos Islands. [Read 18 June 1874. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
  • … two parts had been read on 18 June 1874 and published in the Philosophical Transactions …
  • … of the Royal Society of London ( Günther 1874 ). The third and fourth parts were not …
  • … the papers read at the Royal Society in 1874 and 1877 with part of one read at the …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874): 135–6. Thomas Henry Huxley supported …

From Francis Galton   22 February 1877

Summary

Attributes the Castilian accent of speech of deaf and dumb men to imitation of their teachers’ lip movements.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 105: A97–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10859

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Barlow, William Henry. 1874. On the pneumatic action which accompanies the …
  • … a recording instrument. [Read 16 April 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … voice called the logograph; it was presented at the Royal Society of London in 1874 (see …
  • … Barlow 1874 ). A short notice on the two photograph albums sent to CD appeared in The …

From F. E. Nipher   10 September 1877

Summary

Cites another example of inheritance of maternal impressions.

Author:  Francis Eugene Nipher
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 172: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11133

Matches: 2 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol. 22, letters from F. E. Nipher, 10 November 1874 and …
  • … 11 December 1874 . Sarah Matilda Nipher and her mother, Grace Aikins, were from Atalissa, …

To E. S. Morse   23 April 1877

Summary

Thanks for ESM’s address ["What American zoologists have done for evolution", Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 25 (1876)].

J. A. Allen’s work is important as apparently showing change through direct action of [external] conditions.

CD has given up trying to understand E. D. Cope and Alpheus Hyatt on acceleration and retardation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Sylvester Morse
Date:  23 Apr 1877
Classmark:  Peabody Essex Museum: Phillips Library (E. S. Morse Papers, E 2, Box 3, Folder 11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10938

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Allen, Joel Asaph. 1874. On geographical variation in color among North …
  • … occurring north of Mexico. [Read 4 February 1874. ] Proceedings of the Boston Society of …
  • … in North American squirrels ( J. A. Allen 1874 ; see Morse 1876 , pp. 146–8). Much of this …

From R. W. Griffiths   December 1877

Summary

A sheep-breeder friend has found that he can produce twins and triplets in his flock by "a sudden supply of improved feeding stuff" at time of conception. This would appear to remove the objection CD refers to in Descent that animals supplied with an excess of food become sterile.

Author:  Richard William Griffiths
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  Dec 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 227
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11263

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Descent 2d ed. was published in 1874; it was reprinted in 1875 with errata corrected and …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   18 July 1877

Summary

Has sent Mimosa. The horticultural and physiological Mimosa is M. albida, which has a western distribution, rather than M. sensitiva as it is commonly called in error.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 209.2: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11060

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Dyer, 14 July [1877] . In Bentham 1874, George Bentham noted that Carolus Linnaeus had the …
  • … same head, since they were so similar. Bentham 1874, p. 390. CD cited Thiselton-Dyer for …

From C. T. E. von Siebold   10 October 1877

Summary

Sends article and photograph of abnormally hairy family.

Mentions death of his student, Rudolf von Willemoes-Suhm.

Author:  Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1877
Classmark:  DAR 177: 160
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11175

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letters to Siebold describing the Challenger voyage were published between 1874 and 1877 ( …
  • … Willemoes-Suhm 1874–7). …

To Williams and Norgate   [November 1874 – May 1880]

Summary

Orders a copy of Dassen 1837, Onderzoek aangaande de bladbewegingen (research on leaf movements), published in Tijdschrift voor Natuurlijke Geschiedenis en Physiologie IV p. 106.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  [1 July 1877–28 May 1880]
Classmark:  Ms Caroline Waid (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11028F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … To Williams and Norgate   [November 1874 – May 1880] …

From W. M. Moorsom   10 September 1877

Summary

In Descent [1: 12] CD discusses intoxication among animals. South African elephants reportedly eat a plant that makes them wild.

Author:  Warren Maude Moorsom
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 234
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11132

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Drummond, William Henry. 1875. The large …
  • … In Descent 2d ed. , p. 7, published in 1874, CD gave accounts of a baboon and a spider …

From Emile Alglave   13 January 1877

Summary

Asks whether CD has any observations to make on J. R. L. Delboeuf’s article ["Les mathématiques et la transformisme"] in Revue Scientifique [2d ser. 29 (1877): 669–79]. He would be pleased to receive a letter or article for publication.

Author:  Émile Alglave
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 202: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10786

Matches: 2 hits

  • … edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Delboeuf, Joseph. 1877. Les mathématiques et le …
  • … 1877. Coral reefs 2d ed. had appeared in 1874; Geological observations 2d ed. ( Volcanic …

From Leonard Darwin   28 November 1877

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Summary

LD is supplying coloured-glass light filters for CD’s experiments.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 186: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11256

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to manage his own garden. (Reprint of the 1874 edition. ) Cambridge: Cambridge University …
  • … of uses in the home and garden (see an 1874 advertisement in Beeton 2014 , p. [xii]). CD …

From Roland Trimen   2 September 1877

Summary

Thanks for Forms of flowers.

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 178: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11124

Matches: 2 hits

  • … material to Lubbock’s collection in 1873 and 1874 (British Library, Avebury papers, vol. …
  • … of the Cape Colony legislative assembly since 1874. Fairbridge and his wife, Sarah Rebecca …

From Charles and Francis Darwin to G. J. Romanes   2 January [1877]

Summary

Agrees to propose GJR for membership in Royal Society.

Remarks on GJR’s paper on Medusae [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 167 (1877): 659–752].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Francis Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  2 Jan [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.503)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10765

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Eimer, Theodor. 1874. Ueber künstliche Theilbarkeit von Aurelia …
  • … he delivered his lecture ( Eimer 1874 ). CD’s copies of the Philosophical Transactions are …

From J. J. Murphy   23 January 1877

Summary

Requests permission to use illustrations from F. Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin in the new edition [of his Habit and intelligence, 2d ed. (1879)].

Author:  Joseph John Murphy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 324
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10812

Matches: 3 hits

  • … origin and metamorphoses of insects’ ( Murphy 1874 ). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … vols. London: Macmillan and Co. Murphy, Joseph John. 1874. On the origin and metamorphoses …
  • … of insects. [Read 25 March 1874. ] Proceedings of the Belfast Natural History and …

From Robert McLachlan   23 April 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for helping his successful candidacy for F.R.S.

He is working up Arctic insects. Bombus is found at 83° N., as far north as has been reached.

Author:  Robert McLachlan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10939

Matches: 2 hits

  • … s earlier application for fellowship in 1874 as well (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter …
  • … from H. T. Stainton, 15 January 1874 ). The council of the Royal Society had drawn up a …

From C. W. Thomson   30 June 1877

Summary

Wants CD’s advice on who would undertake describing the Crustacea from the Challenger expedition [1872–6].

Author:  Charles Wyville Thomson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 178: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11026

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Buchholz, Reinhold Wilhelm. 1874. Crustaceen. In Die zweite deutsche …
  • … Arctic expedition of 1869–70 ( Buchholz 1874 ); he had died in 1876. CD had signed a …

From Fritz Müller   19 October 1877

Summary

Doubts that glands of calyx of cleistogamic Malpighiaceae serve as protection.

Some species of Solanum bear long- and short-styled flowers on same plant.

Changing colours of some flowers may show insects the proper moment for fertilisation.

Doubts that the style of Pontederia cordata changes length.

Sexual difference in wings of some butterflies due to development in male of scales that emit odours to excite female.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Oct 1877
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 363–4; Nature, 29 November 1877, pp. 78–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11191

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 12 (1869): 179–233; 13 (1870): 167–205; 17 (1874): 266–407. ] Delpino, Federico. 1873. …
  • … in his letter to CD of 20 April [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22). Solanum palinacanthum is …
  • … in a letter to Hermann Müller of 1 January 1874, noting that it was a type of mining bee ( …
Document type
letter (62)
Date
1877
01 (12)
02 (6)
03 (5)
04 (3)
05 (3)
06 (7)
07 (5)
08 (2)
09 (5)
10 (4)
11 (5)
12 (5)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

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  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …
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