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To Hermann Müller   7 August 1876

Summary

Comments on Fritz Müller’s article on Hedychium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  7 Aug 1876
Classmark:  DAR 146: 437
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10572

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Gammie (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters from J. A. Gammie, 16 February 1874 and …
  • … 28 August 1874 ). …
  • … pp. 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. …
  • … 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. …
  • … 129–30; 12 November 1874, pp. …
  • … 32–3; 10 December 1874, pp. …
  • … 110–12; 31 December 1874, pp. 169–71; 20 May 1875, pp. 50–1; 8 July 1875, pp. 190–1; 13 …

To Auguste Forel   19 June 1876

Summary

Asks how the Coleoptera that inhabit the nests of ants colonise a new nest. Wallace has suggested their ova become attached to winged female ants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  19 June 1876
Classmark:  Universität Zürich, Archiv für Medizingeschichte (AfM ZH PN 31.2:794)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10539

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 22; see also Forel 1874 ). …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & …
  • … and Newport 1845–7 . CD and Forel corresponded about ants in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. …

To H. T. Stainton   11 February [1876]

Summary

Has signed enclosure [Royal Society nomination for McLachlan] with pleasure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Tibbats Stainton
Date:  11 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Manuscripts MSS DAR 26)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10385

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol. 22, letter from H. T. Stainton, 15 January 1874 ). …
  • … had proposed McLachlan for membership in 1874 and asked CD to sign the nomination form ( …

To John Murray   15 November 1876

Summary

Is satisfied with sales of his books.

Did not expect Orchids to sell more than 600 or 700 copies.

Only bad item is Expression, which astonishes him, since it sells well in Germany.

Asks size of printing of Cross and self-fertilisation; thinks 1500 would be ample.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Nov 1876
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 306–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10672

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 22, letter from J. V. Carus, 7 July 1874 ). They were produced by B. J. Edwards & …
  • … Victor Carus (Carus trans. 1872); a second edition was printed in 1874 (Carus trans. …
  • 1874), and a third in 1877 (Carus trans. 1877b). …
  • … German translation were sold by 1 February 1874 ( Correspondence vol. 22, letter from J. …
  • … V. Carus, 15 March 1874 ). There is an envelope marked in CD’s hand, ‘Photographs sent to …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Expression : The expression of the emotions …

To A. R. Wallace   17 June 1876

Summary

Further detailed comments on Geographical distribution.

Base treatment [of George Darwin] by Mivart in Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  17 June 1876
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10538

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Base treatment [of George Darwin] by Mivart in Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77]. …
  • … Bibliography Blanford, Henry Francis. 1874. On the age and correlations of the plant- …
  • … Oceanic continent. [Read 16 December 1874. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] ]Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. Mivart, St George Jackson. 1876. …
  • … Australia in geological time ( Blanford 1874 , p. 540). However, no correspondence with CD …
  • … in the Quarterly Review was [Mivart] 1874 ; George’s article was ‘Beneficial restrictions …
  • … 22, letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 , and Correspondence vol. 23, letter from …

To Federico Delpino   25 April 1876

Summary

Thanks FD for the volumes of Revista Botanica [1874–5].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Federico Delpino
Date:  25 Apr 1876
Classmark:  Anna Barone (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10474

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Thanks FD for the volumes of Revista Botanica [1874–5]. …
  • … literature, Revista botanica dell’anno 1874–5 . CD’s copy has not been found, but Delpino’ …

From Hermann Müller   6 December 1876

Summary

Thanks for Cross and self-fertilisation.

Fritz Müller has been appointed "Naturalista Viajante" of the Rio de Janeiro Museum, which will help his income greatly.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 308
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10702

Matches: 5 hits

  • … pp. 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. …
  • … 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. …
  • … 129–30; 12 November 1874, pp. …
  • … 32–3; 10 December 1874, pp. …
  • … 110–12; 31 December 1874, pp. 169–71; 20 May 1875, pp. 50–1; 8 July 1875, pp. 190–1; 13 …

To Nature   6 May [1876]

Summary

Reports seeing flowers of wild cherry bitten off in same manner as primroses [see 9418 and 9444]. In this case it was done by a squirrel, though birds also bite the flowers of the cherry-tree.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  6 May [1876]
Classmark:  Nature, 11 May 1876, p. 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10498

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the same phenomenon with respect to primrose flowers in Nature , 23 April 1874, p. …
  • … 482, and 14 May 1874, pp. 24–5 ( Correspondence vol. …
  • … 22, letters to Nature , 18 April [1874] and 7 …
  • … and 11 May [1874]). …

To J. V. Carus   25 October 1876

Summary

Sends sheets [of Cross and self-fertilisation].

Heliotypes for Expression delayed because new negatives must be made.

Thanks Herr Koch [of Schweizerbart] for copies of Coral reefs and Climbing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  25 Oct 1876
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 149)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10654

Matches: 4 hits

  • … vol. 22, letter from J. V. Carus, 7 July 1874 and n. 3). Carus had translated Coral reefs …
  • … Revised edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … been found. A second German edition of Expression had been printed in 1874 (Carus trans. …
  • 1874), and Koch had complained of the poor quality of the heliotype illustrations supplied …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 September 1876]

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Summary

JDH again expresses his condolences.

The Glasgow BAAS meeting was good, except for Tait’s shameful attack on Tyndall.

Immensely impressed on Scottish geological and glacial features. Is CD aware that the earth beneath Glen Roy roads was found to contain freshwater diatoms?

Recounts the itinerary of his honeymoon in Scotland.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Sept 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 62–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10605

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Hooker, had died suddenly on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p. 225); his daughter Maria …
  • … of Kew, 1785–1911. London: Michael Joseph. Brown, Thomas. 1874. On the parallel roads of …
  • … Glen Roy. [Read 2 March 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 8: 339–42. …
  • … at Down Lodge with his wife, Amy, since their marriage in 1874 ( Post Office directory of …
  • … the six home counties 1874). Amy died at their home on 11 September 1876 ( letter to J.   …
  • … A defence of modern spiritualism’ (Wallace 1874). John MacCulloch and Roderick Impey …
  • … of freshwater diatoms (see T. Brown 1874 , p. 341). Diatoms are unicellular or colonial …

From Auguste Forel   23 June 1876

Summary

Coleoptera inhabiting ants’ nests. Means of colonisation of new nests.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 164: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10545

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & Furrer. [ …
  • … Auguste Forel, 19 June 1876 . See Forel 1874 , pp. 422–8. Forel refers to Philipp Wilbrand …
  • … Forel 1920 , p. 276). Anergates ( Forel 1874 , p. 67) is a synonym of Tetramorium . …
  • … Tetramorium caespitum . Forel refers to Lubbock 1874–7 , Vitus Graber and Graber 1875 (The …
  • … London: John Murray. 1875. Lubbock, John. 1874–7. Observations on the habits of ants, …
  • … and wasps. [Read 19 March and 17 December 1874, 4 November 1875, and 1 February 1877. ] …
  • … Suisse (Ants of Switzerland; Forel 1874 , p. 401), Forel suggested isolating unfertilised …

To Francis Darwin   [1 May 1876]

Summary

Expresses his pride in FD, whose article ["On the structure of the snail’s heart", J. Anat. Physiol. 10 (1876): 506–10] was highly praised by G. H. Lewes.

Lewes has also been quoting FD’s letter in Nature [13 (1876): 384–5] on pycrotoxine in relation to the vivisection controversy.

Was introduced to James Sully, author of the article in Mind on Wilhelm Wundt ["Physiological psychology in Germany", 1 (1876): 20–43]

and Sensation and intuition (1874) [see 10320], by "Mrs Lewes" (George Eliot).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [1 May 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10489A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1876 , p. 22). James Sully had published a collection of essays in 1874 under the title …
  • … Sensation and intuition ( Sully 1874 ); his article on Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt was …
  • … 20–43] and Sensation and intuition (1874) [see 10320 ], by "Mrs Lewes" (George Eliot). …
  • … Liable to Vivisection. Sully, James. 1874. Sensation and intuition: studies in psychology …

From J. W. Judd   15 November 1876

Summary

Thanks for new edition of Coral reefs [1874]

and Volcanic islands [1876].

His travels and studies confirm CD’s explanation of the banded structure of lavas.

Author:  John Wesley Judd
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 168: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10674

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Thanks for new edition of Coral reefs [1874] and Volcanic islands [1876]. His travels and …
  • … Revised edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Correspondence vol. 22, letter from Charles Lyell, 25 September 1874 ). Second editions of …
  • … reefs and Geological observations were published in 1874 and 1876 respectively. Geological …

From F. M. Balfour   [14] December [1876]

Summary

Lists his chief publications and suggests names of biologists in the Royal Society whom CD might ask to sign his nomination certificate.

Author:  Francis Maitland Balfour
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14] Dec [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10712

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Fishes. Quat. J. of Micr. Science Oct. 1874. ” A comparison of the Early Stages in the …
  • … Bibliography Balfour, Francis Maitland. 1874. A preliminary account of the development of …
  • … 14 December]. The publications are: F. M. Balfour 1874 , 1875a, 1875b, 1875c, and 1876– …
  • … 8, and Foster and Balfour 1874 . They were cited in the letter accompanying Balfour’s …

To J. V. Carus   23 March 1876

Summary

Clarifies a passage [in Coral reefs, 2d ed. (1874)], which JVC had questioned.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  23 Mar 1876
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 141–142)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10426

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Clarifies a passage [in Coral reefs , 2d ed. (1874)], which JVC had questioned. …
  • … Revised edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Coral reefs 3d ed. : The structure and …

To J. D. Hooker   9 April [1876]

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Summary

McLachlan has as strong a claim to be F.R.S. as any entomologist, but Garrod’s work is of higher quality.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 404–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10445

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1876 and n. 3. He had failed to be elected in 1874, when CD first proposed him; see this …
  • … volume, Supplement, letter from Robert Swinhoe, 14 January 1874 . …
  • … McLachlan had previously been nominated in 1874 by Henry Tibbats Stainton and supported by …

To H. N. Moseley   5 November 1876

Summary

Thanks for Japanese book and for HNM’s papers on observations made during Challenger voyage.

Would be pleased if HNM visited him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Nottidge Moseley
Date:  5 Nov 1876
Classmark:  Christie’s, London (dealers) (online 31 October – 8 November 2018, lot 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10663

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Moseley, Henry Nottidge. 1874. On the structure and development …
  • … of Peripatus capensis . [Read 21 May 1874. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
  • … Peripatopsis capensis , a velvet worm; Moseley 1874 ) in the Darwin Library– Down. Edwin …

From Naphtali Lewy   [26 March – 24 April 1876]

Summary

NL has written an essay Toldot adam (Lewy 1874, privately printed in book form as Lewy [1875]) to convince his people of the truth of CD’s theory.

Author:  Naphtali Lewy (Halevi)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Mar – 24 Apr 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10430

Matches: 4 hits

  • … NL has written an essay Toldot adam (Lewy 1874, privately printed in book form as Lewy [ …
  • … Kluwer Academic Publishers. Lewy, Naphtali. 1874. Toldot adam. Ha-Shahar 6: 3–60. ‘ …
  • … Lewy’s Hebrew essay Toldot Adam ( Lewy 1874 ) argued that CD’s theory of evolution was …
  • … no evidence that CD had Toldot Adam ( Lewy 1874 ) translated, but in his autobiography CD …

To Fritz Müller   [9 February 1876]

Summary

Has sent FM’s letter on to Nature ["Brazil kitchen middens, habits of ants, etc.", Nature 13 (1876): 304–5].

Would be grateful for Ceropegia seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  [9 Feb 1876]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 38) (EH 88205868)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10384

Matches: 4 hits

  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 14 February [ 1876] ). In 1874, Joseph Dalton Hooker had sent CD a …
  • … Belt in The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874, pp. 218–20; see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 15 July 1874 , and letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). They are now known as Beltian bodies. No record that Müller …

From J. V. Carus   19 March 1876

Summary

Insectivorous plants is out

and Climbing plants is at the printer’s.

He is now at work on the geological writings.

Thinks all of CD’s papers extremely interesting "for the spirit and the method".

Cites some misprints in Climbing plants.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10419

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Revised edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … of lectures in the summers of 1873 and 1874 (see Correspondence vol 22, letter from J. …
  • … V. Carus, 19 January 1874 ). LLD: legum doctor (Latin; doctor of laws) ( Chambers ). Carus …
  • … ed. ). In his letter to Carus of 19 March [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22), CD said that ‘ …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

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  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

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  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

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  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

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  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

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  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

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  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

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  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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