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To Friedrich Max Müller   5 January 1875

Summary

Has read FMM’s article in Contemporary Review [25 (1875): 305–26].

Never suspected FMM was responsible for the Quarterly Review article ["Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77]; knows it was written by Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Max Müller
Date:  5 Jan 1875
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) catalogue 89 (October 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9802

Matches: 10 hits

  • … article ["Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77]; knows it was written by Mivart. …
  • … vol.  22, Appendix V. G.  H.  Darwin 1874 was a discussion of William Dwight Whitney’s …
  • … Max Müller’s ‘Lectures on Mr.  Darwin’s philosophy of language’ ( Whitney 1874 ). CD …
  • … had attempted but failed to have Whitney 1874  republished in the Contemporary Review ( …
  • … letter from J.  T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 ). …
  • … to Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review 25 (1874–5): 305–26. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of works by August …
  • … CD’s views on language (G.  H.  Darwin 1874). Müller noted that George’s defence had been …
  • … article in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 ), and denied that he was the author of …

From J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Summary

Disapproves of Huxley’s article [review of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie] in Academy [7 (1875): 16–18].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9797

Matches: 11 hits

  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … vol.  22, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ). Hooker’s presidential address to …
  • … the Royal Society of London was delivered on 30 November 1874 (J.  D.   …
  • … it were reprinted in Nature , 31 December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196– …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). Hooker wrote ‘74’ …
  • … Darwin by St George Jackson Mivart in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). …
  • … In his letter of 29 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22), Hooker had suggested that …
  • … to Huxley’s letter to CD of 23 December 1874 ( ibid. ), in which Huxley said that he hoped …
  • … to Hooker with his letter of 24 December [1874] ( ibid. ). Huxley had lambasted ‘the …
  • … Ernst Haeckel’s book Anthropogenie (Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.   …
  • … the writer of this paper [ [Mivart] 1874 ] outrages decency by insinuations against Mr.   …

From W. B. Dawkins   14 March 1875

Summary

Is glad CD is pleased with his book [Cave hunting (1874)].

Relationship between language and race. The Basques.

Author:  William Boyd Dawkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 162: 130
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9887

Matches: 10 hits

  • … is pleased with his book [ Cave hunting (1874)]. Relationship between language and race. …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Taylor, Isaac. 1874. Etruscan researches . London: Macmillan. …
  • … in the Fortnightly Review, September, 1874. [Read 9 February 1875. ] Journal of the …
  • … 1874a). Dawkins had sent CD a copy in October 1874 (see Correspondence vol.  22, letter to …
  • … W.  B.  Dawkins, 18 October [1874] ). CD’s lightly annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … in the Fortnightly Review in September 1874 (Dawkins 1874b). CD mentioned having read …
  • … in his letter to Dawkins of 18  October [1874] ( Correspondence vol.  22). An unsigned …
  • … in the Saturday Review , 12 September 1874, pp.  336–7. The reviewer, while accepting the …
  • … Dawkins may also allude to a review of Etruscan researches ( I. Taylor 1874 ) in the …
  • … Athenæum , 9 May 1874, pp.  625–6, in which the reviewer argued that when conflicting …

From Friedrich Max Müller   7 January 1875

Summary

FMM discusses his reply to George Darwin’s article [see 9711].

Intends within a year to place his whole argument before CD when, he hopes, his difficulties connected with the origin of language will be carefully considered by CD.

Author:  Friedrich Max Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 285
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9808

Matches: 10 hits

  • … article in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 ) was St George Jackson Mivart. Whitney …
  • … in the Quarterly Review was [Mivart] 1874 ; it contained an attack on George Howard …
  • … CD’s views on language (G.  H.  Darwin 1874). Müller noted that George’s defence had been …
  • … article in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 ), and denied that he was the author of …
  • … that article. In his article (G.  H.  Darwin 1874), George had drawn attention to William …
  • … Müller 1873 ) in the North American Review ( Whitney 1874 ). The quotation is from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin 1874, p.  894; the ‘Oxford linguist’ was Max Müller himself. In …
  • … to Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review 25 (1874–5): 305–26. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] …
  • … and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die …
  • … Wilhelm Engelmann. Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of …

From John Fiske   15 March 1875

Summary

Thanks CD for Descent

and for his praise of Cosmic philosophy [1874].

Author:  John Fiske
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 164: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9888

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Thanks CD for Descent and for his praise of Cosmic philosophy [1874]. …
  • … CD sent Fiske a copy of Descent 2d ed.  in December 1874 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 22, letter to John Fiske, 8 December [1874] ). In …
  • … his letter to Fiske of 8 December [1874] ( Correspondence vol.  22), CD had praised Fiske’ …
  • … based on the doctrine of evolution ( Fiske 1874 ), noting especially Fiske’s ability as an …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Fiske, …
  • … John. 1874. Outlines of cosmic philosophy: based on the doctrine of evolution, with …

To Gustav Jäger   3 February 1875

Summary

Comments on GJ’s book [In Sachen Darwins ins-besondere contra Wigand (1874)]. Not convinced that there are species which are fixed or variable independently of the conditions to which they are subjected.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gustav Jäger
Date:  3 Feb 1875
Classmark:  Frau Dr Hildegard Jaeger (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9839

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Sachen Darwins ins-besondere contra Wigand (1874)]. Not convinced that there are species …
  • … Bibliography Jäger, Gustav. 1874. In Sachen Darwin’s insbesondere contra Wigand. Ein …
  • … of Chicago Press. Wigand, Albert. 1874–7. Der Darwinismus und die Naturforschung Newtons …
  • … never giving rise to anything new ( Jäger 1874 , p.  5ff). Parts of this discussion are …
  • … und Cuviers (Darwinism and the natural science of Newton and Cuvier; Wigand 1874–7 ) was …
  • … published in 1874. CD’s copy of the three-volume work is in the Darwin Library–Down. For …
  • … particularly contra Wigand; Jäger 1874 ), with CD’s signature, is in the archive of the …

From J. D. Hooker   17 March 1875

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Summary

No action on assistance yet, but has had a private note from Disraeli asking whether Thiselton-Dyer is his recommendation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9891

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Michael Joseph. Barber, Mary Elizabeth. 1874. Notes on the peculiar habits and changes …
  • … pupa of Papilio nireus. [Read 2 November 1874. ] Transactions of the Entomological Society …
  • … secretary to the Office of Works in May 1874 ( ODNB ). Joseph Dalton Hooker and CD had …
  • … and pupa of Papilio nireus ’, was read at a meeting in November 1874 and published in the …
  • … society’s transactions ( Barber 1874 ; see Correspondence vol 22, letter from H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 1 October 1874 ). Henry Barkly was the governor of Cape Colony (South Africa). …
  • … Hawthorn Hooker. Frances Harriet Hooker died in 1874. Francis Sibson was the Hooker family …
  • … private secretary from 1872 until September 1874 (see Correspondence vol.  22, letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 15 September 1874 ). Douglas Strutt Galton was director of public works …

From Hermann Müller   7 August 1875

Summary

Thanks for Insectivorous plants.

Believes Lepidoptera are of greater importance as fertilisers in alpine regions than in lowlands.

The famous stone pits of Ohningen are for sale.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10110

Matches: 9 hits

  • … vol. 22, letter to Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 ). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … 110–12, and 31 December 1874, pp. 169–71. The subnival region is the uppermost mountain …
  • … pp. 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. …
  • … 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. …
  • … 129–30; 12 November 1874, pp. …
  • … 32–3; 10 December 1874, pp. …
  • … 110–12; 31 December 1874, pp. 169–71; 20 May 1875, pp. 50–1; 8 July 1875, pp. 190–1; 13 …
  • … The articles on alpine flowers (parts 7–9) appeared in issues for 12 November 1874, pp. …
  • … 32–3, 10 December 1874, pp. …

To J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Summary

Has not heard from Mivart; CD is convinced he is a hypocrite.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 363–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9798

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Warming, Eugenius. 1874. Bidrag til Kundskaben om Lentibulariaceæ. I. …
  • … den naturhistoriske Forening i Kjöbenhavn (1874): 33–58. (Resumé in French, pp. 8–15. ) …
  • … address to the Royal Society of London, made on 30 November 1874 (J.  D.   …
  • … it were reprinted in Nature , 31 December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196– …
  • … there is an annotated copy of Warming 1874  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … vol.  22, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). Huxley had learned about the …
  • … communicated with Mivart about it in December 1874 (see Correspondence vol.  22). CD had …
  • … 22, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December [1874] ). CD refers to Hooker’s presidential …

From Francis Galton   24 September 1875

Summary

Sends a lecture CD wished to see

and corrects himself about the twins.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1875
Classmark:  DAR 105: A82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10169

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Bibliography Bernard, Claude. 1874. Cours de physiologie générale au Muséum d’histoire …
  • … Galton refers to were part of Bernard’s 1874 lectures, ‘Phénomènes de la vie communs …
  • … aux animaux et aux végétaux’ ( Bernard 1874 ); specifically lectures in …
  • … Revue scientifique , 3 October 1874 and …
  • … 10 October 1874: ‘Sexualité de l’œuf—préfécondation’, ‘Fécondation de l’œuf—élément male’, …
  • … Darwin Archive–CUL: ‘Natural selection and dysteleology’, Nature , 12 March 1874 (G. J. …
  • … Romanes 1874a; DAR 52: D15); ‘Rudimentary organs’, Nature , 9 April 1874 (G. J. Romanes …
  • … reducing cause in species’, Nature , 2 July 1874 (G. J. Romanes 1874c; DAR 52: D17); and ‘ …

To Smith, Elder & Co   30 October 1875

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of £2 8s 10d for 2d edition of Coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  30 Oct 1875
Classmark:  Lehigh University Libraries Special Collections (Honeyman Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10233

Matches: 3 hits

  • … December [1873] ). Coral reefs 2d ed. was published in June 1874 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 1 July 1874, p. 420). …
  • … edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Coral reefs : The structure and distribution of …

From Lawson Tait   17 March [1875]

Summary

Sends a short essay [The pathology and treatment of diseases of the ovaries (1874)] on which he would welcome CD’s opinion. Believes problems of pathology can be attacked by regarding them from "Darwinian" point of view.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9892

Matches: 6 hits

  • … and treatment of diseases of the ovaries (1874)] on which he would welcome CD’s opinion. …
  • … Bibliography Tait, Lawson. 1874. The pathology and treatment of diseases of the ovaries; …
  • … treatment of diseases of the ovaries ( Tait 1874 ); CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. In Tait 1874 , pp.  58–63, Tait discussed the formative origin of …
  • … for by CD’s theory of pangenesis ( Tait 1874 , p.  60). CD had outlined his provisional …
  • … without a fusion with the male germ’ ( Tait 1874 , p.  60). Tait’s transcription of the …

To George Bentham   18 January [1875]

Summary

Thanks GB for his "Report on [the recent progress and present state of] systematic botany" [Rep. BAAS (1874): 27–54] and for the way in which he refers to CD’s book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  18 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (GEB/1/3: Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree-Dyer, (1830–1884) 719)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9824

Matches: 4 hits

  • … state of] systematic botany" [ Rep. BAAS (1874): 27–54] and for the way in which he refers …
  • … established by the reference to Bentham 1874 (see n.  2, below). There is an offprint of …
  • … present state of systematic botany’ (Bentham 1874), in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … In Bentham 1874, p.  33, Bentham wrote that CD’s Origin , with its doctrine of the …

To St G. J. Mivart   12 January 1875

Summary

StGJM’s article in the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77] contains wholly false and malicious accusations against CD’s son George. Since StGJM has refused to make any sort of retraction, CD will not hold any future communication with him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  12 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 97: C36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9812

Matches: 5 hits

  • … s article in the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77] contains wholly false and malicious …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … Your article in the Q.  R.  for July 1874 contains a wholly false & malicious accusation …
  • … of vice to check population (that is, of prostitution; [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70, G.  H.   …
  • … Darwin 1873). In the October 1874 issue of the Quarterly Review , a letter from George …

From Michael Foster   30 January 1875

Summary

Account of the fund to help Anton Dohrn’s zoological station at Naples.

Author:  Michael Foster
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 162: 215/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9835F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … at Naples, see Correspondence vol.  22, letters from Michael Foster, 7 April [1874] and …
  • … 17 June [1874] , and letters to …
  • … Michael Foster, 23 April [1874] and …
  • … 9 May [1874] . See also letter from A.  G.  Dew-Smith, 17 January 1875 . Alfred Newton. …
  • … faithfully, | A NTON D OHRN . December 20 th , 1874 Subscriptions. s. d. £. C. Darwin, …

From John Murray   17 February [1875]

Summary

JM expresses his willingness to publish a new edition of Variation whenever CD revises it.

Descent [2d ed.] has not sold much since the annual sale – 1300 copies altogether.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 444
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9861

Matches: 6 hits

  • … before this time was that of 17 November 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). The letter from …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent 2d US ed. : The descent of man, and …
  • … ed. ) and a cheap edition of Descent in 1874 ( Descent 2d ed. ). CD was informed by Robert …
  • … printings (see Correspondence vol.  22, letters from R.  F.  Cooke, 16 June 1874 and …
  • … 12 November 1874 ). The last extant letter …
  • … letter to D.  Appleton & Co. , 5 November 1874 ). When stereotype plates were made, the …

From Daniel Oliver   2 January 1875

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Summary

The generic name Genlisea must be preserved for Utriculariaceae with five-part calyces.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9796

Matches: 5 hits

  • … John Murray. 1875. Warming, Eugenius. 1874. Bidrag til Kundskaben om Lentibulariaceæ. I. …
  • … den naturhistoriske Forening i Kjöbenhavn (1874): 33–58. (Resumé in French, pp. 8–15. ) …
  • … plant) with his letter to 24 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). Oliver had earlier …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, 19 December 1874 ). 5-merous: pentamerous, having five parts. …
  • … paper on Genlisea and Utricularia ( Warming 1874 ) in Insectivorous plants , pp.  397 n.   …

From T. C. Brown   12 May 1875

Summary

Notes absence of material on fossil coral reefs in CD’s 2d edition [Coral reefs (1874)]. Has been collecting specimens from a fossil reef near his home for four years; gave many to Oxford.

Author:  Thomas Crowther Brown
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 160: 324
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9976

Matches: 7 hits

  • … coral reefs in CD’s 2d edition [ Coral reefs (1874)]. Has been collecting specimens from a …
  • … Coral reefs 2d ed. was published in 1874 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 1 July 1874). CD’s book focused on coral reefs from a geological perspective, and did not …
  • … edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Duncan, Peter Martin. 1866–72. A monograph of …
  • … professor of geology at Oxford University in 1874; Oxford lies in the centre of outcrops …
  • … account of the specimens from the fossil reef in November 1874 (see letter from T. C. …
  • … Brown to Joseph Prestwich, 24 November 1874, Archive Collections of the Oxford University …

From G. J. Romanes   14 January 1875

Summary

Would like to see papers [on potato grafting] mentioned by CD.

CD has doubtless seen case in Gardeners’ Chronicle of vine in which scion has affected the stock [P. Grieve, "Singular sport upon a grape vine", Gard. Chron. (1875): 21].

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1875
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, pp. 19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9816

Matches: 3 hits

  • … grafting (see Correspondence vol.  22, letters to G.  J.  Romanes, 16 December 1874  and …
  • … 23 December 1874 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 December 1874 ). …

To James Sully   23 December 1875

Summary

Thanks JS for Sensation and intuition [1874]. Regrets that it was not published earlier, so he could have profited by some of the discussions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Sully
Date:  23 Dec 1875
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (MS ADD 158/1-6/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10320

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Thanks JS for Sensation and intuition [1874]. Regrets that it was not published earlier, …
  • … There is a lightly annotated copy of Sully 1874 in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … London: Garland Publishing. 1990. Sully, James. 1874. Sensation and intuition: studies in …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …
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