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From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1874

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Summary

An awful row at the Linnean Society. William Carruthers and Co. packed a meeting to throw out a decision of the Council. He was beaten by one vote (more than two-thirds majority needed).

Spent two hours with Lyell talking about Thomas Belt’s book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I do think".

Lyell agrees that the glacial epoch is the great geological crux of the day. Lowering of the ocean level must also be investigated.

Curious about A. C. Ramsay’s paper coming at Royal Society on 29th ["On the comparative value of certain geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8].

Huxley’s new book [? Critiques and addresses (1873)].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 187–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9250

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1874
  • … DAR 103: 187–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8]. Huxley’s new book [? Critiques …
  • … s book [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I …
  • … CD was in London from 10 to 17 January 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). At a …
  • … Linnean Society of London held on 15 January 1874, alterations to the bylaws agreed to by …
  • … Co. 1845–78. Ramsay, Andrew Crombie. 1874. On the comparative value of certain geological …
  • … of geological time. [Read 29 January 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … at Eashing park, Godalming, Surrey ( Post Office directory of the six home counties 1874). …
  • … In his letter of 18 January [1874] , CD had described the séance held at Erasmus Alvey …
  • … the Athenaeum Club. Parker became a member in 1874 ( Waugh [1888] ). Charles Lyell was a …
  • … lowering of the sea level during the glacial period (Belt 1874, pp.  260–74). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January [1874] and n.  2. Hooker refers to CD’s book Coral …
  • … paper ‘On the comparative value of certain geological ages’ ( Ramsay 1874 ) at the Royal …
  • … Society on 29 January 1874. Thomas Henry Huxley’s most recent book was Critiques and …

From J. D. Hooker   24 March 1874

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"Half an answer" to CD’s query on visit of Sphinx to Hedychium gardnerianum.

Business affairs and family ill health keep him busy.

G. J. Allman will succeed Bentham as President of Linnean Society. Busk has refused.

Huxley is well.

JDH has indoctrinated Sir Stafford Northcote with his merits.

Lyell frail.

Old J. E. Gray goes on publishing.

"Is not [Thomas] Belt splendid!"

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 195–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9371

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 March 1874
  • … DAR 103: 195–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … note for his reply to Hooker; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  5. …
  • … the letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 16 February 1874 . He had probably written to Gammie of …
  • … lily, Hedychium gardnerianum . Later in 1874, Gammie sent information direct to CD on the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 ). Hooker, in addition to his duties at Kew, …
  • … 2): 535–644. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1874. Remarks on Mr. H. J. Carter’s letter to …
  • … 4th ser. 13: 277–84. Carter, Henry John. 1874. On the structure called Eozoon canadense in …
  • … 4th ser. 40 (October 1870): 233–59; 42 (October 1871): 241–80; 47 (February 1874): 94– …
  • … 122, (March 1874): 168–90. Dawson, John William. 1864. On the structure of certain organic …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  2), probably participating in the …
  • … see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3), and dealing with the distribution …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3  March 1874  and n.  2); there was therefore no-one to …
  • … year at the anniversary meeting on 25 May 1874 ( Proceedings of the Linnean Society of …
  • … s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). James Croll had just published a continuation …
  • … 8. Henry John Carter had stated in Carter 1874 , p.  193, that it was ‘wild conjecture’ to …
  • … structure of the organism (see Carpenter 1874 ). The Eozoon canadense had first been …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 August 1874]

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Lady Dorothy Nevill is CD’s best chance for Dionaea.

Reports on Belfast meeting of BAAS. Lubbock’s lecture went off admirably. Huxley’s was the magnum opus.

Encloses letter from Mrs Barber on protective coloration of animals.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 219–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9610

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [29 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 103: 219–20 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [29 Aug 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1854, 1: 37. CD’s annotation is a note for his letter to Hooker of 30 August [1874]. …
  • … Bibliography Barber, Mary Elizabeth. 1874. Notes on the peculiar habits and changes which …
  • … pupa of Papilio nireus. [Read 2 November 1874. ] Transactions of the Entomological Society …
  • … in Belfast. The meeting finished on 26 August 1874; the following Saturday was 29 August. …
  • … Letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1874 . Dionaea muscipula ( Dionaea is a monospecific …
  • … to insects (see The Times , 24 August 1874, pp.  6–7; see also Lubbock 1875b). Thomas …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1874), Transactions of the sections, p.  134). …
  • … to match their surroundings ( Barber 1874 ). She questioned whether the colour change was …
  • … it, ‘a sun picture or photograph’ ( Barber 1874 , p.  521). Hooker also refers to William …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 December 1874]

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Has gone over Huxley’s letter, thinks it a model. All must now await developments. If Mivart does not apologise, JDH will write to him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 241–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9780

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [26 December 1874] …
  • … DAR 103: 241–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [26 Dec 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1874] . …
  • … In 1874, the Saturday after 24 December was 26 December. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1874] . CD had sent Hooker the letter and enclosure from …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874. Hooker and Thomas Henry Huxley were discussing with CD …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 December [1874] ). Asa and Jane Loring Gray were in Europe …
  • … Howard Darwin’s article on marriage ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70; G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 . Robert Cary Barnard (Major Barnard) was …
  • … was aged 12. Frances died on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). Hooker also refers …

From J. D. Hooker   21 December 1874

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His view of Huxley’s cutting Mivart without explanation. States his own intentions. Mivart’s apology in October Quarterly Review is abominable.

Has heard of a Drosophyllum in Edinburgh. Is it too late?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 236–8; Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Dawson 2.214)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9768

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   21 December 1874
  • … Archives (Dawson 2.214) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 21 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national …
  • … of works by John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). See letter to …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, [6 December 1874] . Huxley sent a verbal message to Mivart via William …
  • … of public works (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 8 December 1874 ). See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 8 December 1874 . Huxley’s paper (T.  H.   …
  • … Royal Society of London on 17 December 1874. William Smith was the editor of the Quarterly …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December 1874 . The letter was never sent. Hooker refers …
  • … October issue of Quarterly Review (137 (1874): 587–8), followed by an anonymous rejoinder …
  • … see letter to David Moore, 12 July 1874 ). Hooker refers to the Royal Botanic Garden, …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December [1874] ). Lord H y : Henry Gordon-Lennox, the first …
  • … Amphioxus was foot of page excised Dec 19. 1874 My dear Hooker I had no opportunity of …

From J. D. Hooker   11 October 1874

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Oliver will attend to his letter.

Tells of discovery and rediscovery of Aldrovanda.

Asks what CD thinks of "old Pritchard’s discourse" [C. Pritchard, Natural science and natural religion (1874)]. Does not affect evolution at all. It does affect the rather unprofitable doctrine of materialism.

His plans for the Royal Society Presidential Address.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 226–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9673

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   11 October 1874
  • … DAR 103: 226–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Wotton-under-Edge 11 Oct 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Natural science and natural religion (1874)]. Does not affect evolution at all. It does …
  • … John Murray. 1875. Pritchard, Charles. 1874. Modern science and natural religion: an essay …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 October 1874  and n.  1. Hooker refers to Daniel Oliver …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 October 1874  and nn.  2 and 6. Hooker refers to Aldrovanda …
  • … 1875b). In the preface (dated September 1874), Lubbock wrote, ‘I have to thank various …
  • … Modern science and natural religion ( Pritchard 1874 ) summarised well-known criticisms of …
  • … Society of London was given on 30 November 1874, and printed in Proceedings of the Royal …
  • … Society of London (J.  D.  Hooker 1874). On pp.  61–2, Hooker discussed the donation fund …

From J. D. Hooker   29 December 1874

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Explains that his letter had to do with how he should act publicly to Mivart if he retracted. He would not forgive him. If he does not retract, it would no longer be possible to keep him Secretary of the Linnean Society.

Drosophyllum will be sent when weather permits.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 243–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9788

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   29 December 1874
  • … DAR 103: 243–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 29 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 December [1874] . CD, Hooker, and Thomas Henry Huxley had …
  • … Howard Darwin (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). Assoilzied: absolved ( …
  • … was secretary of the Linnean Society from 1874 until 1880 ( ODNB ). George James Allman …
  • … in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 ). Hooker presumably refers also to Lubbock’s …
  • … Portuguese sundew or dewy pine). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . …

From J. D. Hooker   [3 December 1874?]

Summary

Probably a discussiion of J. D. Hooker’s feelings after death of his wife, Frances Harriet, on 13 November 1874: the letter is badly damaged.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Dec 1874?]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9719F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [3 December 1874? ] …
  • … DAR 166: 263 Joseph Dalton Hooker [3 Dec 1874? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … death of his wife, Frances Harriet, on 13 November 1874: the letter is badly damaged. …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 December [ 1874] ; in fact, he stayed until 12 December, probably due to an …
  • … and the letter to Hooker of 2 December [1874], and from the apparent references to the …
  • … who had died suddenly on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). Hooker seems to be …
  • … Kew; CD had written that he would be in London from 3 to 10 December 1874 ( letter to J.   …

From J. D. Hooker   18 July 1874

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Two Nepenthes have devoured two pieces of fibrin [sketch shows size] in three days.

Has CD any objection to JDH’s giving an account of CD’s Drosera observations at Belfast [BAAS meeting] in a résumé of pitcher-plant results ["Address to the department of botany and zoology", Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16]?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 208–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9553

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   18 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 208–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 18 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … results ["Address to the department of botany and zoology", Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16]? …
  • … advice from CD (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874 , and n.  4). CD was interested in the digestive ability of the …
  • … performed at the Mozart Festival ( Theatrical Observer and Musical Review , 20 July 1874). …
  • … for the Advancement of Science in August 1874 (J.  D.  Hooker 1874a and 1874b). …
  • … was a concert that took place on 16 July 1874, to raise funds for the Mozart Institution …
  • … Observer and Musical Review , 20 July 1874). Emma Albani sang ‘Dove sono’, an aria from …

From J. D. Hooker   1 July 1874

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Has "given the slip" to Nepenthes, but is setting a plant up in an enclosure for special observation.

Has some splendid Sarracenia and will perform any miracle regarding them CD puts him up to.

Charmed with CD’s account of Pinguicula. Would like to try whether Lychnis has the same use of viscid fluid.

Has written for English Utricularia for CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 200–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9526

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   1 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 200–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 1 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on the stem. In his letter of 26 June 1874 , CD had asked Thiselton-Dyer whether they had …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  12). Sarracenia (trumpet pitchers) …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] and n.  4). Lychnis viscosa is a synonym …
  • … William Turner Thiselton-Dyer of 26 June 1874, CD mentioned that Hooker was going to try …
  • … Hooker arrived at Down on Saturday 11 July 1874. In October and November 1873, Hooker had …

From J. D. Hooker   15 July 1874

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Asks what can be the meaning of appendages to tips of leaflets of enclosed Acacia or Mimosa.

Is at fibrin today.

Michael Foster suggests coagulation of protoplasm may be diseased, not digestive, symptom.

F. M. Balfour is at Kew today.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 206–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9548

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   15 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 206–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] ). Nepenthes is the genus of tropical pitcher- …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] . Francis Maitland Balfour. According to …
  • … Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), CD had a bad attack of diarrhoea and sickness on 13 July 1874. …
  • … bladderwort) was sent to CD on 19 September 1874 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards …
  • … nectar glands, and food bodies in Belt 1874, pp.  218–20. The genus Acacia was formerly in …
  • … viscosa in his letter to Hooker of 2 July 1874. ( Lychnis viscaria is a synonym, but the …

From J. D. Hooker   8 December 1874

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Delighted with Farrer’s assistance. A. Helps has also spoken to Sir S. Northcote.

JDH is getting on well but has periods of great depression.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 232–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9750

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   8 December 1874
  • … DAR 103: 232–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 8 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the meeting of the Royal Society of London on 10 December 1874 ( Proceedings of the Royal …
  • … Society of London 23 (1874–5): 93). …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December [1874] ). He had asked Thomas Henry Farrer to …
  • … Hooker, Hooker’s wife, died on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). Harriet Anne …

From J. D. Hooker   3 March 1874

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The row at the Linnean Society and other troubles.

The Agricultural Society has sent Anton De Bary £100 to investigate the potato disease – an insult to M. J. Berkeley, who had worked on it for 30 years.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 189–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9331

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 March 1874
  • … DAR 103: 189–92 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 March [1874] ). …
  • … CD had been elected in January 1874 (see letter from American Academy …
  • … of Arts and Sciences, 28 January 1874 ). The disputes at the Linnean Society concerned …
  • … to the bylaws (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January 1874  and n.  2). Bentham’s …
  • … by a single vote at a meeting on 15 January 1874 had been opposed by the Scottish botanist …
  • … suggesting at a special meeting of 5 March 1874 (see n.  5, below) that the society obtain …
  • … Society had requested a meeting on 5 March 1874 to see whether the disagreements regarding …
  • … first commissioner of public works in 1874. The Royal Agricultural Society’s initiatives …
  • … widely criticised (see Nature , 1 January 1874, pp.  161–2). Miles Joseph Berkeley, when …

From J. D. Hooker   [after 4 September 1874]

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Summary

Forwards a letter reporting on a blow-fly trapped by a leaf of Dionaea; decomposition of fly has also decomposed the leaf. JDH has written asking for a strong plant, and explaining the case [of surfeit].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 4 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 222–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9615

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [after 4 September 1874] …
  • … DAR 103: 222–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [after 4 Sept 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 August [1874] and n.  5, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 August [1874] . …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August [1874] and n.  6). CD had been investigating the …

From J. D. Hooker   17 August 1874

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Describes his work on Nepenthes.

Cephalotus is a beast.

His address is a history of Dionaea, Sarracenia, and Drosera.

Thiselton-Dyer has helped enormously except with the observations; but his health is so poor that JDH thinks he is "evidently cut out for a Literate not a working botanist".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 214–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9602

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   17 August 1874
  • … DAR 103: 214–18 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . John Scott Burdon Sanderson (see J.  D.   …
  • … took place in Belfast from 19 to 26 August 1874 (J.  D.  Hooker 1874a); his subject was …
  • … pp.  97, 361). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  3. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 July 1874 . CD had asked Hooker to see whether seeds that had been …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] ). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …
  • … See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1874 . Cephalotus , the Albany pitcher-plant, is …

From J. D. Hooker   29 September 1874

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Information about various species of Utricularia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 93–94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9663

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   29 September 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 93–94 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 29 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … is incomplete. In his letter of 23 September 1874 , he had referred to a paper by Daniel …
  • … see letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874  and n.  1). At the time, he was calling it …
  • … letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 3 September 1874 ). The plant was first described by the French …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 [September 1874] and n.  1). The Organ mountains (Serra dos …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 September 1874  and n.  3). Harriet Anne Hooker. …

From J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Disapproves of Huxley’s article [review of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie] in Academy [7 (1875): 16–18].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9797

Matches: 11 hits

  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … vol.  22, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ). Hooker’s presidential address to …
  • … the Royal Society of London was delivered on 30 November 1874 (J.  D.   …
  • … it were reprinted in Nature , 31 December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196– …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). Hooker wrote ‘74’ …
  • … Darwin by St George Jackson Mivart in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). …
  • … In his letter of 29 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22), Hooker had suggested that …
  • … to Huxley’s letter to CD of 23 December 1874 ( ibid. ), in which Huxley said that he hoped …
  • … to Hooker with his letter of 24 December [1874] ( ibid. ). Huxley had lambasted ‘the …
  • … Ernst Haeckel’s book Anthropogenie (Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.   …
  • … the writer of this paper [ [Mivart] 1874 ] outrages decency by insinuations against Mr.   …

From J. D. Hooker   16 July [1874]

Summary

JDH has told Murray that the Quarterly Review article attacking George [Darwin] and CD [137 (1874): 40–77] was "as base as it was baseless".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9552

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 24 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 16 July [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … attacking George [Darwin] and CD [137 (1874): 40–77] was "as base as it was baseless". …

From J. D. Hooker   28 November 1874

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Summary

Huxley feels he can accept the Edinburgh lecture invitation.

Also tells JDH he is preparing a paper for Linnean Society on classification which will uphold evolution ["On the classification of the animal kingdom", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Zool.) 12 (1876): 199–226]. He has thrown overboard all his old ideas of definite demarcation. He will make a clean breast of it, and will bear hard on necessity of all such ideas as Haeckel’s in dealing with systematic zoology.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 230–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9736

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   28 November 1874
  • … DAR 103: 230–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 28 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … they were sent to Thomas Henry Farrer ( letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] ). …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 November 1874  and n.  1. Hooker refers to Thomas Henry …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November [1874] and n.  3. The enclosures have not been …
  • … students ( ibid . , p.  212). On 3 December 1874, Huxley read a paper before the Linnean …

From J. D. Hooker   8 July 1874

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Summary

The appetite of Nepenthes for hard-boiled egg is prodigious.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 204–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9537

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   8 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 204–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 8 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker visited CD on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Orpington was the …
  • … tropical pitcher-plant, Nepenthes (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 July 1874 and n.  1). …
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Hooker, J. D.[X]
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Correspondent
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1874 (25)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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