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To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1856]

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Summary

CD is unsure about JDH’s recommendation that he publish a separate "Preliminary Essay". It is unphilosophical to publish without full details.

CD will work for Huxley’s admission to Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1874

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1874

To J. D. Hooker   25 March [1874]

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Summary

Thanks for information about Hedychium. Hopes wings of Sphinx will be found covered with pollen for that will be a fine bit of prophecy from the structure of a flower to special and new means of fertilisation.

Has been at Descent so hard he has done nothing, not even H. Spencer’s answer.

Has not yet read Croll ["Ocean currents", London Edinburgh & Dublin Philos. Mag. 47 (1874): 94–122, 168–90].

Has heard nothing about Carter and Eozoon. Eozoon, he infers, is done for.

Has read Belt [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: best of all natural history travel books.

Has written to Fritz Müller about leaf-carrying ants.

Hopes to resume work on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 317–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9372

Matches: 22 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 March [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 317–19 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Mar [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … read Belt [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: best of all natural history travel books. …
  • … Revised edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … London Edinburgh & Dublin Philos. Mag. 47 (1874): 94–122, 168–90]. Has heard nothing about …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  1. Sphinx or hawk-moths are essential for fertilising …
  • … Coral reefs 2d ed. (see letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] ). Hooker’s youngest children were suffering from whooping …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and nn.  3, 5, and 6). George Howard Darwin’s …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent : The descent of man, and selection …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  14. George Howard Darwin was commenting …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and nn.  12 and 13. CD had accepted that …
  • … O’Brien 1970 ). CD refers to Thomas Belt’s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). See …
  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 , in which CD made this request and informed Müller …
  • … that he was sending him a copy of Belt 1874. Belt …
  • … discussed leaf-carrying ants in Belt 1874, pp.  80–1. CD finished working on Descent 2d …
  • … April (see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 8 April 1874  and n.  1), and by 12 April he was again …
  • … see letter to Edward Frankland, 12 April 1874 ). CD had begun studying the effects of …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  16). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874  and n.  2. Hooker and William Turner …
  • … 4). CD had spent the first three months of 1874  working on Descent 2d ed. (‘Journal’ ( …

To J. D. Hooker   2 July 1874

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Summary

Thinks Frank and he have worked out Pinguicula well and they long to attack Utricularia. Tried several plants with sticky glandular hairs; some few absorb ammonia, but the greater number do not. If JDH sends plant or seed of Lychnis CD will examine it to see whether it catches many flies. Asa Gray has written him much about Sarracenia, with a specimen showing the splendid dodge by which ground insects are enticed up and then drowned. Describes how it may be investigated, to see whether it absorbs decayed matter from flies, or ammonia thus generated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 322–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9529

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 322–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … John Murray. 1875. Mellichamp, Joseph Hinson. 1874. Notes on Sarracenia variolaris. …
  • … of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1874) pt B: 113–33. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and nn.  1 and 2. CD and Francis Darwin …
  • … a genus of carnivorous plants of the family Lentibulariaceae, in June 1874 (see letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] ). CD had also been trying to acquire specimens of Utricularia ( …
  • … see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 ). In 1866, CD had asked Hooker for a plant of …
  • … 4, and 16 June 1874 ). A summary of …
  • … findings was published in Nature , 1 October 1874, p. 442. In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … pitcher-plant, Nepenthes (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  3). …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  5. Lychnis viscosa is a synonym of …
  • … plant) was described by Joseph Hinson Mellichamp ( Mellichamp 1874 ; see letters from …
  • … Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.   …

To J. D. Hooker   1 October [1874]

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Thanks JDH for extract on Hedychium pollination; it shows CD’s prior interpretation was incorrect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 421–422
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9665

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   1 October [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 421–422 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Oct [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter to J.   D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  3). Gammie also described insect …
  • … Kahili ginger or the Kahila garland-lily) in his letter of 16 February 1874 . …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . Utricularia neglecta (now Utricularia …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . For the specimens from the …
  • … New Forest, see the letter to David Moore, 12 July 1874 ; for Penzance, see the letter …
  • … from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 , and the letter to …
  • … John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] . Hooker’s daughter Harriet Anne Hooker sent CD some Aldrovanda …
  • … plant); see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874  and n. 4. CD refers to the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 , in which James Alexander Gammie suggested …

To J. D. Hooker   23 July [1874]

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Summary

JDH should do as he likes with insectivorous plant materials.

He has always thought telling JDH what he has been doing was as good as publishing.

Cephalotus seems as horrid a puzzle as Utricularia.

Nepenthes will turn out a great job if the pitchers of different species act differently. JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well deserves a place in Philosophical Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 328–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 328–31 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 July [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . Hooker had not observed digestion in the Australian pitcher- …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). CD’s initial observations on Utricularia …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). CD refers to descriptions sent to him by …
  • … JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Hooker reported …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). Drosera rotundifolia is the common or …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  6. Hooker did not publish his …
  • … but seeds as well (see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). Hooker had offered to send a plant of Drosera whittakerii (now …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  9). …

To J. D. Hooker   27 December [1874]

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Has not heard from Mivart. He is not so good a Christian as JDH and cannot forgive a man for malicious lying merely because he says he is sorry. Does not think Mivart will apologise. Still thinks the simple, most manly thing, is to write to Mivart directly and tell him what he thinks of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 360–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9785

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 360–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Dec [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s letter to Huxley was dated 20 December 1874 (see Appendix V). Law: indulgence, mercy ( …
  • … wife, Frances Harriet Hooker, died on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). Mivart had …
  • … been misrepresented ( Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 588–9). Richard Buckley Litchfield was …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. OED : The Oxford English dictionary. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 December 1874] ). Hooker, Thomas Henry Huxley, and CD had …
  • … Darwin’s article on marriage ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70; G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). Huxley had …
  • … CD (see enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 , and letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). Huxley had …
  • … sent a message to Mivart on 18 December 1874 (see enclosure to letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ); on …
  • … 23 December 1874, Huxley wrote to CD that he had received a letter from Mivart, and …

To J. D. Hooker   4 July 1874

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It would be interesting to prove that some plants feed on decayed animal matter whilst others like Drosera can digest fresh animal matter. Suggests the method for observing this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 324–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9532

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 324–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … bladderwort; see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 ). He probably refers to …
  • … William Darwin Fox (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and n. 2). …
  • … Mg: morning. Hooker visited CD on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1874 . Hooker had asked for hints for observation …
  • … tropical pitcher-plant) in his letter of 3 July 1874 . Drosera is the genus of sundews. …
  • … In his letter of 3 July 1874 , Hooker mentioned he had observed a sugary secretion …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874 . CD had asked several correspondents for …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 4 1874 My dear Hooker I do not know that I have any …

To J. D. Hooker   20 August 1874

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It is splendid how Nepenthes is behaving. Drosera and Dionaea are insignificant by comparison.

Takes rather a malicious pleasure in JDH’s failure with Cephalotus as a match to his with Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 332–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9604

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 August 1874
  • … DAR 95: 332–3 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 20 Aug 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1875b). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874 . CD refers to Grace Ellen Hooker. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874 . Hooker had reported on the ‘prodigious’ …
  • … Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug.  20 1874 My dear Hooker I was very glad to get yr …
  • … pp.  395–453. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 . CD stayed with Thomas …
  • … at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 30 July 1874, and with his son William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … in Southampton from 30 July to 24 August 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). John Tyndall …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (Tyndall 1874). John Lubbock gave an evening lecture on …
  • … It was reported in The Times , 24 August 1874, pp.  6–7; Lubbock published a small book on …

To J. D. Hooker   22 December 1874

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Summary

Expresses his gratitude to JDH and Huxley in the Mivart affair. Thinks he should write directly to Mivart, if Mivart does not retract.

Would be glad to have another Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 354–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9770

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   22 December 1874
  • … DAR 95: 354–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Dec 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … Jackson Mivart in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). See, for example, letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December 1874 . See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 22 December [1874] ; see also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . Huxley had sent a message to Mivart via William Walter …
  • … see enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ). See also letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 22 December [1874] and n.  3. John Murray was the publisher of the Quarterly …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . CD discussed the tentacles and sessile …

To J. D. Hooker   30 August [1874]

Summary

Thanks JDH for his "quite admirable" address [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874) pt 2: 102–16]. Suggests revisions.

CD thinks he is "now on right track about Utricularia" after wasting several weeks "in fruitless trials and observations".

Mrs Barber’s paper is very curious and ought to be published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/6/3 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9613

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 August [1874] …
  • … plants 1873–8: 40) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Aug [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … plant), see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874  and nn.  6 and 9. Hooker discussed …
  • … his "quite admirable" address [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874) pt 2: 102–16]. Suggests revisions. CD …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 August 1874] . Hooker had sent CD a pre-print of his …
  • … Bibliography Barber, Mary Elizabeth. 1874. Notes on the peculiar habits and changes which …
  • … pupa of Papilio nireus. [Read 2 November 1874. ] Transactions of the Entomological Society …
  • … p.  105). In his letter of [29 August 1874] , Hooker had offered to send CD the best …
  • … Entomological Society of London by CD and published as Barber 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [29 August 1874] and n.  8. On Cephalotus (the Albany pitcher- …

To J. D. Hooker   27 [March 1874]

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Summary

Etty [Henrietta Litchfield] is helping with Coral reefs [2d ed.]; will JDH lend her his copy?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9373

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 320 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s copy of Coral reefs in January (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 January 1874  and …
  • … 18 January [1874] ). …
  • … edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Coral reefs : The structure and distribution of …
  • … letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] . CD’s daughter Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). There were three maps in Coral reefs ; CD …

To J. D. Hooker   8 September [1874]

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Summary

Lady Dorothy Nevill has no Dionaea.

CD anxious to talk with JDH about Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 334–335
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9629

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 September [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 334–335 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Sept [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874  and n.  2. For CD’s difficulties in growing …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton Dyer, 28 [June 1874]. Acacia farnesiana is a synonym of Vachellia …
  • … farnesiana. See letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 3 September 1874. …
  • … the letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 3 September 1874. Hooker had tried to obtain specimens of …
  • … tropical plants (see letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 2 September [1874], and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 4 September 1874] ). CD had received two …
  • … Dionaea muscipula from Kew on 31 August 1874 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book , …

To J. D. Hooker   16 July 1874

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Summary

The Acacia must be Belt’s "Bulls’ horns".

The complexity of Utricularia has driven Frank and CD almost mad. Suspects it is necrophagous, i.e., it cannot digest, but absorbs decaying animal matter.

Foster is certainly in error. Every insect that Drosera catches causes aggregation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 326–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9550

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   16 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 326–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s diary (DAR 242), CD had a bad attack of diarrhoea and sickness on Monday 13 July 1874. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874  and n.  2. Hooker had sent CD an Acacia …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 20 April [1874] and n.  6. Cecropia (the embauba or trumpet …
  • … tropics. Belt’s book was The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). See letter from J.   …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 16 1874 My dear Hooker Surely the acacia must be the …
  • … D.   Hooker, 15 July 1874  and n.  1. CD and Francis Darwin had recently begun to study …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874 ). CD discussed aggregation in the protoplasm …

To J. D. Hooker   30 November [1874]

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Summary

Has forwarded JDH’s memorial to T. H. Farrer to take up with Sir Stafford Northcote and to ask him to consider the case of Kew personally. Has told Farrer that JDH was thinking of resigning if Government would not give him an assistant secretary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 347–348
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9738

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 November [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 347–348 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Nov [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1875 (see enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 November 1874 ). See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] . …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 November 1874 . See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] . CD had asked Hooker to outline his workload as part of …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November [1874] ). Stafford Northcote was chancellor of the …

To J. D. Hooker   20 December 1874

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Summary

Asks JDH to help G. J. Romanes, who wishes to try Pangenesis experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 352–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9766

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 December 1874
  • … DAR 95: 352–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 16 December 1874 . Romanes studied natural sciences at …
  • … his Christian prayer and general laws (Romanes 1874), which won the Burney essay prize in …
  • … 1873 ( letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 16 December 1874  and n.  1). See letter …
  • … to G.  J.  Romanes, 16 December 1874 . …

To J. D. Hooker   9 October 1874

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Summary

Asks JDH for leaves of Byblis and Roridula to examine, and D. Oliver for an anomalous species of Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 341a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9670

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 October 1874
  • … DAR 95: 341a Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Oct 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down Oct 9 th 1874 My dear Hooker In your Edit of Decaisne, Byblis from Australia & …
  • … waterwheel plant); see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 October [1874] . On the verso of this letter, Hooker wrote: ‘Dear Oliver | I …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] , and asked for plants in his letter to …
  • … D.  F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874 , and his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 8 September [1874] . CD referred to epiphytic and marsh species of Utricularia …
  • … a plant of Utricularia montana (see letters from D.  F.  Nevill, 8 [September 1874] and [ …
  • … 11 September 1874] ). Utricularia montana is a synonym of U.  alpina . It is a species …

To J. D. Hooker   [20 September 1874]

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Summary

Asks JDH to cut a bit of root from old Utricularia and bring it with him to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 338
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9647

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [20 September 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 338 Charles Robert Darwin Down [20 Sept 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 September [1874] . …
  • … In 1874, the Sunday following 18 September was 20 September. Hooker planned to visit Down …
  • … work on Utricularia (bladderwort; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 September [1874] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   [17 November 1874]

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Summary

Extremely glad to have JDH come to Down. It is wise of JDH to exert himself and face the inevitable as well as he can. [Death of JDH’s wife, 13 Nov.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Nov 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 342
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9728

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [17 November 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 342 Charles Robert Darwin Down [17 Nov 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … us’ (letter from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.25)). …
  • … Wednesday 18 November 1874 was the date of Frances Hooker’s funeral at St Anne’s church, …
  • … sort that CD started to use in November 1874. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … Harriet Hooker visited from 19 to 23 November 1874. Hooker’s wife, Frances Harriet Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   30 [September 1874]

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The Aldrovanda has arrived. Has examined the leaves. It is an aquatic Dionaea which has acquired some structures identical to those of Utricularia!

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 [Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 340–341
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9664

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 [September 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 340–341 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Sept 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Oliver 1859, pp 169– 70). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 September 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874  and n.  3. CD described the waterwheel plant, Aldrovanda …

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1874]

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Farrer has taken the case to Northcote. JDH’s letter will show how overworked he is.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 349
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9739

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 349 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November [1874] . The Darwins stayed in London …
  • … Henrietta Emma Litchfield from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … of Farrer ( ODNB ). See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 November [1874] . Farrer’s note has not been found. Hooker’s ‘own letter’ …
Document type
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Hooker, J. D.[X]
Correspondent
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1864 (2)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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