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From H. H. Howorth   [27 January 1874]

Summary

Sends paper ["Strictures on Darwinism, pt 2", J. Anthropol. Inst. 3 (1874): 208–28].

Refers to articles in the Art Journal on changes in English countenance since the Tudor period.

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Jan 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 279
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9210

Matches: 22 hits

  • … Art-Journal ( Simcox  1874 ). …
  • … From H.  H.  Howorth   [27 January 1874] …
  • … DAR 166: 279 Henry Hoyle Howorth Manchester [27 Jan 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Darwinism, pt 2", J. Anthropol. Inst. 3 (1874): 208–28]. Refers to articles in the Art …
  • … Society of London 5: 59–70. [Crawfurd, John Oswald Frederick. ] 1874. Winter in Madeira. …
  • … New Quarterly Magazine (1874): 406–23. Descent 2d ed. : The descent of man, and selection …
  • … 1 (1872): 226–53; 2 (1873): 205–27; 3 (1874): 145–73, 277–99. Morgan, John Edward. 1861. …
  • … Magazine 4: 104–11. Simcox, George Augustus. 1874. The transformation of the British face. …
  • … and the letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and the reference to the political …
  • … the dissolution of parliament on 26 January 1874 was 27 January. CD’s letter has not been …
  • … the letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] . Howorth had sent CD a copy of a report …
  • … from ‘Winter in Madeira’ ( [Crawfurd] 1874 , p.  419), is given accurately, except for …
  • … on the transformation of the British face appeared in the January 1874 issue of the …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Fenton, Francis Dart. 1859. Observations on …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  2). Official reports, bound in blue …
  • … that ran from 31 January to 17 February 1874 after William Ewart Gladstone announced the …
  • … dissolution of Parliament on 24 January ( The Times , 24 January 1874, p.  8). …
  • … Parliament was dissolved on 26 January 1874 ( The Times , …
  • … 26 January 1874, p.  9). Beginning in 1869, Howorth published a twelve-part paper on the …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  2. CD referred to Howorth in Descent …
  • … in a paper read in 1872 and published in 1874 (Howorth 1872b). See letter from H.   …
  • … H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  4. Howorth refers to John Edward Morgan and Morgan  …

From Asa Gray   12 May 1874

Summary

Encloses letter and sketch from O. N. Rood on pointed ears.

Reports observations on Sarracenia variolaris. A correspondent finds that the fluid in the pitchers is anaesthetic and that a sweet trail runs down the plant, nearly to the ground, to lure up ants.

Encloses two articles on insectivorous plants [Nation 18 (1874): 216–17, 232–4].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9455

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   12 May 1874
  • … DAR 165: 184 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 12 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … notes for CD’s letter to Gray of 3 June [1874]. The subject of the ‘wolf story’ has not …
  • … up ants. Encloses two articles on insectivorous plants [ Nation 18 (1874): 216–17, 232–4]. …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent : The descent of man, and selection …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Mellichamp, Joseph Hinson. 1874. Notes on Sarracenia variolaris. …
  • … Ogden Nicholas Rood. Gray’s articles appeared in the Nation , 2 April 1874, pp.   …
  • … 216–17, and 9 April 1874, pp.  232–4 ([A. Gray] 1874a). …
  • … as ‘Do plants eat insects? ’ in two parts in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 2 May 1874 and …
  • … 9 May 1874 ([A. Gray] 1874b). Alfred William Bennett reported similar findings to those of …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1874) pt B: 113–33. Thomson, William. 1871. …
  • … Cambridge, Mass, May 12, 1874 Dear Darwin Here is a note & sketch, from Prof. Rood of New …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 3  June [1874] and n.  9). CD’s copy has not been found. Gray …
  • … 12–14, and pp.  30–2. See also Mellichamp 1874 . He also refers to Jeffries Wyman. Gray …
  • … Crinoida Dajeeana . The man-eating tree of Madagascar’ ( World , 28 April 1874, p.  7; …
  • … Asa Gray Columbia College May 4 th . 1874 Dear Professor; When Darwin’s book on the “ …

From John Tyndall   28 December 1874

Summary

JT had not known Lady Lubbock was ill. Will try to persuade her [to change physicians]. Agrees Andrew Clark is best.

Hooker has survived his crisis [death of his wife].

St G. J. Mivart’s act is a natural outflow of his character.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 106: C17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9787

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   28 December 1874
  • … DAR 106: C17–18 John Tyndall Royal Institution 28 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by George Howard Darwin (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). See letters to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December 1874 , 22  …
  • … December 1874 , 24  …
  • … December [1874] , and …
  • … 27 December [1874] , and letter and enclosure from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874. …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … Royal Institution of Great Britain 28. th Dec.  1874. | 11 P.M. My dear Darwin I have just …
  • … See letter to John Tyndall, 27 December 1874 ; CD was concerned about Ellen Frances …
  • … Spottiswoode. The Thursday preceding 28 December 1874 was 24 December. Joseph Dalton …
  • … Harriet Hooker, had died on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). CD, Hooker, and …

From Asa Gray   16 June 1874

Summary

AG’s article in Nature was "just and moderate".

Sends his review of C. Hodge’s What is Darwinism? (1874) [Nation 18 (1874): 348–51].

It is uphill work making a theist out of CD.

Gives further observations on Sarracenia variolaris.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9492

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   16 June 1874
  • … DAR 165: 185 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 16 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Hodge, Charles. 1874. What is Darwinism? London: T. Nelson and Sons. …
  • … was "just and moderate". Sends his review of C. Hodge’s What is Darwinism? (1874) [ Nation …
  • … 18 (1874): 348–51]. It is uphill work making a theist out of CD. Gives further …
  • … See the letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] , written after CD received an advance copy of …
  • … Lockyer. See letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and nn.  4 and 9. Gray had enclosed copies …
  • … identified. In his review of Hodge 1874 , Gray rejected Charles Hodge’s identification of …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. June 16, 1874. My Dear Darwin The gratification I feel in …
  • … Academy of Arts and Sciences, 28 January 1874, for CD’s election as a foreign honorary …
  • … honorary members were elected in January 1874; the membership included 194 fellows, 85  …
  • … members ( Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 9 (1874): 302, 310). …
  • … of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard. See also letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.  4. For …
  • … Gray’s interest in backgammon, see the letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and n.   12. …

From Auguste Forel   12 November 1874

Summary

Thanks for the present of the book [Thomas Belt, The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)].

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9718

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Auguste Forel    12 November 1874
  • … DAR 164: 155 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel Munich 12 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Thanks for the present of the book [Thomas Belt, The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]. …
  • … jaws of the defending ants without harming the ants themselves. See Belt 1874, pp.  20–22. …
  • … Forel had sent CD a copy of his book on ants ( Forel 1874 ); see letter from …
  • … Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . …
  • … Bibliography Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & Furrer. [ …
  • … Münich 12 XI 1874 Monsieur, Je vous remercie beaucoup du beau cadeau que vous m’avez fait …
  • … Münich 12 XI 1874 Sir, I am most grateful to you for the fine present you have made me, …
  • … a copy of Thomas Belt’s book The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) to Forel (see letter …
  • … to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  9). The head nurse of the Oberbayerischern …
  • … morning from eight to nine, using Belt 1874 as the basis for the lessons. ‘By the time we …

From G. H. Darwin   5 December 1874

Summary

Has finished the "cousin paper" and will offer it to W. Farr for the Statistical Society.

Describes other work in progress.

Has CD heard of A. M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103?]

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9743

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 December 1874
  • … 210.2: 45 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to Erasmus Alvey Darwin. See n.  2, above, and Mayer 1874–5 , pp.  377–8. …
  • … M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103? ] …
  • … and New York: Macmillan. Mayer, Alfred Marshall. 1874–5. Researches in acoustics. —No. …
  • … V. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 48 (1874): 266–274, 371–85, 445–52; (1875) 513–25. …
  • … the Statistical Society of London 37 (1874)), and Ebenezer Norman, the Down schoolmaster, …
  • … Researches in acoustics. —No. V’ ( Mayer 1874–5 ), and on p.  385 announced his intention …
  • … spent some time in the Lake District in September 1874 (letter from Emma Darwin to H.   …
  • … E.  Litchfield, 16 September [1874] (DAR 219.9: 117)). Harriet Ann Jevons. Henry and …
  • … were in London from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). George also …
  • … of the series appeared in the November 1874 issue of Philosophical Magazine ; the other …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ), and had it copied by Norman in early …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [8 November 1874] . He refers to the Contemporary Review . No …

From Auguste Forel   31 October 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s favourable opinion of his book [Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Habits of ants; observations on their carrying empty eggs.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 154
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9704

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From Auguste Forel    31 October 1874
  • … DAR 164: 154 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel Munich 31 Oct 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of his book [ Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Habits of ants; observations on their …
  • … Gesellschaft 3: 306–12. Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & …
  • … the antennae. See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  6. Forel worked as an …
  • … see letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . Forel probably enclosed his two-part …
  • … copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  Forel had sent Forel 1874  with his letter …
  • … of 15 October 1874 . …
  • … in its original French, see p. QQQQ. See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874 . Forel …
  • … refers to Thomas Belt and Belt 1874; see letter to …
  • … Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  9. Meiner: Frederik Vilhelm August Meinert. His …
  • … München 31 X 1874 Monsieur, Je vous avoue que je ne m’attendais pas à voir mon travail …
  • … Munich 31 X 1874 Sir, I confess that I was not expecting to see my work judged so …
  • … See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  8. Formica rufa and F.  pratensis …
  • … reproductive female) ant; see also letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  6. …
  • … The reference is to Forel 1874 . Formica sanguinea is the slavemaker ant. Forel concluded …
  • … and unpredictably, they have intelligence and unique characters ( Forel 1874 , p.  283). …
  • … In Forel 1874 , pp.  371–3, Forel gave several examples of naturally occurring mixed- …

From T. M. Reade   21 November 1874

Summary

Sends his paper ["Tidal action as a geological cause", Proc. Liverpool Geol. Soc. 2 (1874): 50–72].

Has not yet studied CD’s list of South American molluscs.

Author:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9370

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  M.  Reade   21 November 1874
  • … DAR 176: 28 Thomas Mellard Reade Blundellsands 21 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Reade, Thomas Mellard. 1874. Tidal action as a …
  • … geological cause. [Read 10 February 1874. ] Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological …
  • … cause", Proc. Liverpool Geol. Soc. 2 (1874): 50–72]. Has not yet studied CD’s list of …
  • … copy of Reade’s paper ( T.  M.  Reade 1874 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See …
  • … letter to T.  M.  Reade, 9 May 1874  and nn.  2 and 3. Reade was employed as an architect …
  • … House, | Blundellsands. Nov r . 21 st . 1874 My dear Sir— I send you a copy of my paper …

From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874

Summary

Will do experiments CD suggests.

Is sending his book on the poisonous snakes of India [The Thanatophidia of India (1872)].

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9534

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 6 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] . See …
  • … letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] and nn.  5 and 6. Fayrer refers to Thomas Lauder …
  • … of Fayrer’s book, Thanatophidia of India ( Fayrer 1872 ), was published in February 1874 ( …
  • … Fayrer 1874 ; see Publishers’ …
  • … circular , 2 March 1874, p.  138). CD was …
  • … for the wedding of Francis Darwin and Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874; his next visit to London …
  • … was from 3 to 12 December 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Fayrer wrote that the object …
  • … J. and A. Churchill. Fayrer, Joseph. 1874. The Thanatophidia of India: being a description …
  • … 16 Granville Place 6 July 1874 My dear Sir I will take the earliest opportunity of trying …

From E. A. Darwin   17 [March 1874]

Summary

Reports the balloting [for Henry Parker at the Athenaeum?] went off just right.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9365

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   17 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 105: B92 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 17 [Mar 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the date of Henry Parker’s election to the Athenaeum Club in March 1874. See …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3. CD and …
  • … Henry Parker was elected a member of the Athenaeum Club on 16 March 1874 (see letter to …
  • … George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3; Waugh [1888] ); candidates were excluded if …
  • … was also elected to the Athenaeum Club in 1874 (Waugh 1888). William Charles Green was …
  • … to vote for his nephew (see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Edward …
  • … Frankland, 9 March [1874] ; letter to a member of …
  • … the Athenaeum Club, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Alfred …
  • … Newton, 9 March [1874] ; letter to John …
  • … Tyndall, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Thomas …
  • … Woolner, 9 March 1874 ; and letter from …
  • … John Phillips, 14 March 1874 ). Several members of the Courtenay family belonged to the …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1874

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Summary

An awful row at the Linnean Society. William Carruthers and Co. packed a meeting to throw out a decision of the Council. He was beaten by one vote (more than two-thirds majority needed).

Spent two hours with Lyell talking about Thomas Belt’s book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I do think".

Lyell agrees that the glacial epoch is the great geological crux of the day. Lowering of the ocean level must also be investigated.

Curious about A. C. Ramsay’s paper coming at Royal Society on 29th ["On the comparative value of certain geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8].

Huxley’s new book [? Critiques and addresses (1873)].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 187–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9250

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1874
  • … DAR 103: 187–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8]. Huxley’s new book [? Critiques …
  • … s book [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I …
  • … CD was in London from 10 to 17 January 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). At a …
  • … Linnean Society of London held on 15 January 1874, alterations to the bylaws agreed to by …
  • … Co. 1845–78. Ramsay, Andrew Crombie. 1874. On the comparative value of certain geological …
  • … of geological time. [Read 29 January 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … at Eashing park, Godalming, Surrey ( Post Office directory of the six home counties 1874). …
  • … In his letter of 18 January [1874] , CD had described the séance held at Erasmus Alvey …
  • … the Athenaeum Club. Parker became a member in 1874 ( Waugh [1888] ). Charles Lyell was a …
  • … lowering of the sea level during the glacial period (Belt 1874, pp.  260–74). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January [1874] and n.  2. Hooker refers to CD’s book Coral …
  • … paper ‘On the comparative value of certain geological ages’ ( Ramsay 1874 ) at the Royal …
  • … Society on 29 January 1874. Thomas Henry Huxley’s most recent book was Critiques and …

From T. H. Huxley   16 April 1874

Summary

His note on the brain should be in small type.

Glad CD agrees with him on hand, foot, and skull question.

Has heard from Dohrn.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 333
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9413

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   16 April 1874
  • … 166: 333 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place 16 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  2), and quotes William George Ward’ …
  • … Stuart Mill’s irreligion was ‘due to grave personal sin on his part’ ( Ward 1874 , p.  9). …
  • … See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 . …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Ward, …
  • … William George. 1874. Mr. Mill’s philosophical position. Dublin Review 22: 1–38. …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  1. CD’s letter to Huxley has not …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  2. There is no discussion of the …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place | NW April 16 1874 My dear Darwin— Put my contribution into the …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874

thumbnail

Summary

Identifies seeds adhering to leaves of Pinguicula [see Insectivorous plants, p. 369].

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 67–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9516

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 67–8 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer Kew 26 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton Dyer, 24 [June 1874]. Tigellum: the embryonic axis or primitive stem, …
  • … of Juncus bulbosus (the bulbous rush). See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 June 1874 . …
  • … 10 Gloucester Road, Kew June 26. 1874 Dear M r Darwin I wrote you this morning a very …
  • … letter from Thiselton-Dyer dated 26 June 1874 has been found; it was presumably written in …
  • … reply to the letter to Thiselton-Dyer, 24 [June 1874]. With his …
  • … letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 23 June 1874, CD had enclosed some small leaves and seeds that …
  • … in the missing section in Thiselton-Dyer’s letter of 25 June 1874 , or in the missing ‘ …
  • … hurried note’ of 26 June 1874 (see n.  1, above). See also letter …

From Hubert Airy   13 March 1874

Summary

Has rewritten paper on leaf arrangement after criticism by Royal Society referees. Has found new factor influencing leaf arrangement, i.e., spontaneous variability in the number of vertical leaf-ranks.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9357

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   13 March 1874
  • … DAR 159: 29 Hubert Airy Keswick 13 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Society of London 21 (1872–3): 176–9. Airy, Hubert. 1874. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … Communicated by Charles Darwin. [Read 30 April 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of …
  • … Keswick. | Cumberland. 13 th . March.  1874. My dear Sir I have re-written my paper on …
  • … volume, letter from Hubert Airy, 8 January 1874 . Airy’s earlier paper had been rejected …
  • … was read at a meeting of the society in April 1874, but only an abstract of the paper was …
  • … in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London ( H. Airy 1874 ). The summary of Airy’ …
  • … s argument ( H. Airy 1874 , p.   …
  • … 307) was reprinted in Nature , 14 May 1874, pp.  36–7. …
  • … See H. Airy 1874 , pp.  304–5. …
  • … See H. Airy 1874 , pp.  305–7. Starfish typically have five rays or arms, but some always …

From G. H. Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874]

Summary

Urges CD not to break with Murray even if he does not force the editor [of Q. Rev.] to insert GHD’s letter [in response to Mivart’s attack]. Murray may have a rule not to meddle with editor.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 or 7] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9592

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 40 George Howard Darwin unstated 6 Aug 1874 7 …
  • … Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ). Murray was the publisher of the Quarterly Review ; the …
  • … this letter, the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 , and the letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [8 August 1874] . F: father, i.e. CD.  George refers to the letter CD was …
  • … to his article on marriage (see G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874 , and letter from G.   …

From Ernst Haeckel   20 December 1874

Summary

Discusses his Anthropogenie [1874]. Remarks on the tables.

Has CD received Friedrich von Hellwald’s Culturgeschichte [1875]?

Plans research trip to the Mediterranean.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9767

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    20 December 1874
  • … DAR 166: 63 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 20 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Discusses his Anthropogenie [1874]. Remarks on the tables. Has CD received Friedrich von …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Di Gregorio, Mario A. 2005. From here to …
  • … 74 Hochverehrter theurer Freund! Da das Jahr 1874 seinem Ende entgegen geht, erlauben Sie …
  • … by E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart, from 1874 onwards. Haeckel’ …
  • … in Jenaer Literaturzeitung , 26 December 1874, pp.  820–1. There is a copy of Haeckel’s …
  • … 1873 and n.  7. CD’s annotations are notes for his letter to Haeckel of 26 December 1874. …
  • … Most esteemed dear friend! As the year of 1874 is coming to a close, allow me to send you …
  • … in the Darwin Library–Down. Wilhelm Engelmann. Saturday Review , 17 October 1874, pp.   …
  • … 514–15, and Nature , 5 November 1874, pp.   …
  • … 4–5, 12 November 1874, pp.  22–4. The review in Nature was by the physician Philip Henry …
  • … development to the present; Hellwald 1874) in CD’s libraries at CUL or Down. Haeckel did, …

From Eugène Desmarest   27 February 1874

Summary

CD has been elected an Honorary Member of the Society.

Author:  Eugène Desmarest; Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9320

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Eugène Desmarest    27 February 1874
  • … Eugène Desmarest Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France Paris 27 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published in Annales de la Société entomologique de France 5th ser.  4 (1874): XLVI.   …
  • … See letter to Eugène Desmarest, 4 March 1874 . …
  • … de la Société auxquelles vous avez droit à partir de 1874. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … sa séance de mercredi dernier (25 fevrier 1874) vous a-t-elle élu membre honoraire ; elle …
  • … at last Wednesday’s meeting (25 February 1874), it elected you an honorary member . In …
  • … s publications in Paris, to which you are entitled from 1874 onwards. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … communication à notre prochain séance (11 Mars 1874). La Société n’ose espérer que vous …
  • … can present it at our next meeting (11 March 1874). The Society hardly dares hope that you …

From J. D. Hooker   24 March 1874

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Summary

"Half an answer" to CD’s query on visit of Sphinx to Hedychium gardnerianum.

Business affairs and family ill health keep him busy.

G. J. Allman will succeed Bentham as President of Linnean Society. Busk has refused.

Huxley is well.

JDH has indoctrinated Sir Stafford Northcote with his merits.

Lyell frail.

Old J. E. Gray goes on publishing.

"Is not [Thomas] Belt splendid!"

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 195–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9371

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 March 1874
  • … DAR 103: 195–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … note for his reply to Hooker; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  5. …
  • … the letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 16 February 1874 . He had probably written to Gammie of …
  • … lily, Hedychium gardnerianum . Later in 1874, Gammie sent information direct to CD on the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 ). Hooker, in addition to his duties at Kew, …
  • … 2): 535–644. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1874. Remarks on Mr. H. J. Carter’s letter to …
  • … 4th ser. 13: 277–84. Carter, Henry John. 1874. On the structure called Eozoon canadense in …
  • … 4th ser. 40 (October 1870): 233–59; 42 (October 1871): 241–80; 47 (February 1874): 94– …
  • … 122, (March 1874): 168–90. Dawson, John William. 1864. On the structure of certain organic …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  2), probably participating in the …
  • … see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3), and dealing with the distribution …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3  March 1874  and n.  2); there was therefore no-one to …
  • … year at the anniversary meeting on 25 May 1874 ( Proceedings of the Linnean Society of …
  • … s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). James Croll had just published a continuation …
  • … 8. Henry John Carter had stated in Carter 1874 , p.  193, that it was ‘wild conjecture’ to …
  • … structure of the organism (see Carpenter 1874 ). The Eozoon canadense had first been …

From J. T. Knowles   4 August 1874

Summary

Regrets he is unable to republish Whitney’s article in the Contemporary Review. Would much appreciate an article from CD on the subject and suggests that CD might quote from Whitney to any extent he likes.

Author:  James Thomas Knowles
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9582

Matches: 7 hits

  • … T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). …
  • … From J.  T.  Knowles   4 August 1874
  • … DAR 169: 41 James Thomas Knowles Clapham Common 4 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … see letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). St George Jackson Mivart, in an anonymous …
  • … distinctions in the study of language ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  45; see letter to J.   …
  • … The Hollies | Clapham Common | S.W Augt 4 th . 1874 Dear Sir/ I so very much regret being …

From Asa Gray   19 June 1874

Summary

Writes of his article in Nature. Corrects some errors that have appeared in the published version.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9501

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   19 June 1874
  • … DAR 165: 186 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 19 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not been found. See letter to Asa Gray, 5 June [1874] . Gray had made the same point about …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. June 19 1874. My Dear Darwin Your 2 nd letter reached me …
  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and …
  • … 5 June [1874] ; CD had seen both an advance copy and then the published …
  • … version of an article about him by Gray in Nature , 4 June 1874 (A.  Gray 1874c). …
  • … published a correction in Nature , 2 July 1874, p.  161: I supposed that I had written “ …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 30 June [1874] ). Gray referred to Robert Brown, Christian …
  • … Nature (see letter to Asa Gray, 30 June [1874] ), and a version was published in the form …
  • … of a letter to the editor ( Nature , 2 July 1874, p.  161; see n.  2, above); the …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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