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To H. C. F. Jenkin   30 April [1873]

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Summary

HCFJ’s review of the Origin was the wittiest and in some respects the best written.

Thanks him for his Electricity and magnetism [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin
Date:  30 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8304

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To H.  C.  F.  Jenkin   30 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 185: 27 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Apr [1873] Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin …
  • … in some respects the best written. Thanks him for his Electricity and magnetism [1873]. …
  • … 318. Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. 1873. Electricity and magnetism. London: Longmans, …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Jenkin 1873 (see n.  2, below). …
  • … Jenkin’s textbook, Electricity and magnetism ( Jenkin 1873 ), was published in …
  • … the beginning of May 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 16 May 1873, p.  338). CD’s copy has not been found. Jenkin had written a review of …

From J. D. Hague   26 June 1873

Summary

Confirms previous observations on ants [see 8788].

Author:  James Duncan Hague
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1873
Classmark:  Nature, 24 July 1873, p. 244
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8954

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hague   26 June 1873
  • … Nature , 24 July 1873, p. 244 …
  • … James Duncan Hague San Francisco 26 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … extant letter to Hague is dated 25 April [1873]. Hague had sent CD observations of ants ( …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 , and second letter to …
  • … Nature , [before 3 April 1873]). CD had sent Hague comments on ant behaviour by John …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hague, 25 April [1873] ). CD sent Hague’s letter to Nature , where …
  • … was published together with a note by CD (see letter to Nature , [before 24 July 1873]). …

To G. H. Darwin   21 October [1873]

Summary

CD gives his criticisms of GHD’s essay on religion and the moral sense. Urges him to delay publishing for some months and then to consider whether it is new and important enough to counterbalance the effects of its publication. J. S. Mill would never have influenced the age as he has done had he not refrained from expressing his religious convictions. Cites John Morley’s Life of Voltaire [1872]: direct attacks produce little effect; real good comes from slow and silent side attacks. "My advice is to pause, pause, pause."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  21 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1:14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9105

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   21 October [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.1:14 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct [1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … at Down from 25 September to 22 October 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD refers to …
  • … Bibliography Arnold, Matthew. 1873. Literature & dogma: an essay towards a better …
  • … the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 24 [October 1873] . George’s essay on religion and the moral …
  • … to Matthew Arnold, who had sent CD Literature & dogma ( Arnold 1873 ); see letter to …
  • … Matthew Arnold, 9 February [1873] . …
  • … In Arnold 1873 , p.  43 n.  1, Arnold wrote: ‘All good and fruitful prayer is in truth, …
  • … s Magazine 26: 410–16. Mill, John Stuart. 1873. Autobiography. London: Longmans, Green, …
  • … more real. ’ John Stuart Mill’s Autobiography ( J.  S.  Mill 1873 ) was published in the …
  • … second half of October 1873 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular 1873, p.  774); it …
  • … reviewed in the Daily News , 18 October 1873, p.  2. Albert Venn Dicey and Richard Buckley …

To John Tyndall   2 [May] 1873

Summary

Hopes JT does not think him over-cautious in requesting the return of the copies [of Huxley’s letter]. Has sent Huxley a list of the subscribers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  2 [May] 1873
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 19 (EH 88205957)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8894

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   2 [May] 1873
  • … DAR 261.8: 19 (EH 88205957) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 [May] 1873 John Tyndall …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [ 25 April 1873] and n.  4. The two enclosures have not been …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap 2 1873 My dear Tyndall I am very much obliged for all the …
  • … this letter and the letter to John Tyndall, 25 April 1873 . Copies of the letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 , had been sent to all those who had contributed to the …
  • … subscription raised for him. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 25 April 1873 , and letter to …
  • … John Tyndall, 25 April 1873 . For the names of those who subscribed, see the letter to …

To Anton Dohrn   2 June [1873]

Summary

Thanks AD for kind review of Expression. AD’s remarks on necessity of tracing development of functions are novel and valuable.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  2 June [1873]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8933

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Anton Dohrn   2 June [1873] …
  • … Bibliothèque de Genève Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 June [1873] Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn …
  • … CD may refer to the article in the 29 May 1873 issue of Nature on the …
  • … zoological station at Naples ( Dohrn 1873 ). …
  • … Bibliography Dohrn, Anton. 1873. The Zoological Station at …
  • … Naples. Nature , 29 May 1873, p. 81. Expression : The expression of the emotions in man …
  • … s review appeared in the Academy , 2 June 1873, pp.  209–12. Dohrn praised Expression for …
  • … chemistry (see also letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873 , and Nyhart 1995 , pp.  67–80). …

To T. M. Hughes   13 March [1873]

Summary

Is glad and proud to honour the memory of Adam Sedgwick [d. 1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas McKenny Hughes
Date:  13 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS.Add. 7652/III I.11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8810

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  M.  Hughes   13 March [1873] …
  • … MS.Add. 7652/III I.11) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Mar [1873] Thomas McKenny Hughes …
  • … Is glad and proud to honour the memory of Adam Sedgwick [d. 1873]. …
  • … of geology, which took place in 1873 ( ODNB ). Hughes’s predecessor as Woodwardian …
  • … Cambridge, Adam Sedgwick, died in January 1873 ( ODNB ). No other correspondence between …
  • … the candidature of William Boyd Dawkins ( letter to W.  B.  Dawkins, 3 February 1873 ). …

To B. T. Lowne   3 June 1873

Summary

Comments on BTL’s book [The philosophy of evolution (1873)].

"You are a bold man to speak in favour of pangenesis."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Thompson Lowne
Date:  3 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8934

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To B.  T.  Lowne   3 June 1873
  • … DAR 146: 57 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 June 1873 Benjamin Thompson Lowne …
  • … s book [ The philosophy of evolution (1873)]. "You are a bold man to speak in favour of …
  • … Bibliography Lowne, Benjamin Thompson. 1873. The philosophy of evolution. London: John Van …
  • … Down, June 3—1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged for the present of your book, which I …
  • … s Philosophy of evolution ( Lowne 1873 ) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … was as yet ‘incapable of proof’ ( Lowne 1873 , p.  60). Lowne outlined a theory that had …
  • … through nutrition and excretion ( Lowne 1873 , pp.  67–76). Paget had described how many …
  • … ensure ‘the survival of the race’ ( Lowne 1873 , p.  76). CD’s heavily annotated copy of …

To J. D. Hooker   28 June 1873

Summary

Thanks for Dionaea.

George Bentham’s last Linnean Society [Presidential] Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1873): viii–xxix]. Admires it greatly.

CD’s recent work leads him to a different theory [from GB’s] on the separation of the sexes of plants.

Huxley has been at Down working with CD on Drosera – very helpful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 263–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8956

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   28 June 1873
  • … DAR 94: 263–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 June 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s work on Drosera (sundew), see the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 26 June [1873] . …
  • … Presidential] Address [ Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1873): viii–xxix]. Admires it greatly. CD’ …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 28. 1873 My dear Hooker I write a line to wish you Goodbye, …
  • … Dionaea muscipula (Venus fly trap) on 9 June 1873; he had sent four specimens of the plant …
  • … For CD’s interest in Dionaea , see the letter from Mary Treat, 1 January 1873 and n.  5. …
  • … John Murray. 1876. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … flowers by means of insects; H.  Müller 1873 ) in his address (Bentham 1873b, pp.  xxiv– …
  • … Linnean Society was given on 24  May 1873. Bentham described CD as one of the leading ‘ …

From John Murray   25 September [1873]

Summary

Acknowledges CD’s cheque.

Sends CD cheque for profits on Orchids and a statement of stock on hand of CD’s works [missing].

Origin and Expression sales are stagnant.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 437, DAR 210.11: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9071

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From John Murray   25 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.11: 1 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 25 Sept [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … sheet : ‘[‘State’ del ] Sale of my Books Sept  25 1873. —’ red crayon Verso 2d sheet : ‘ …
  • … Number of all my publications Sept.  1873’ red crayon Stocks on Hand : ‘26’, ‘75’, ‘2404’ …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 24 September [1873] . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 24 September [1873] and n.  2. CD was paying for the presentation …
  • … a Set of Electros – – – 133 4 11 133 4 11 1873 June By 81 on hand " Author’s 1 3 Profit 36 …
  • … 19 6 Stocks on Hand. June 30. 1873 * 1716 “ Origin of species ” 7/6  …
  • … Edition 2000 No printed March 1873 for which Author has not yet been paid 26 “ Variations …
  • … which Author was paid £1050— 2000 No printed 1873 for which Author has not yet been paid * …
  • … hand 1869 June " Electros 2 10 – 1 Author in Sheets 1873 June " Advertising 6 years 22 – – …
  • … 82 81 On Hand June 1873 " Binding 400 Copies 12 1 8 434 Sold viz " Com n allow d agents – …

From W. W. Reade   25 March [1873]

Summary

H. W. Bates says CD is in town. WWR would like to call.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8822

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Reade   25 March [1873] …
  • … 176: 66 William Winwood Reade London, Alfred Place, 13 25 Mar [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … record of a meeting between CD and Reade in 1873 has been found, but it is likely that it …
  • … took place (see letter from W.  W.  Reade, 14 May 1873 ). …
  • … in London on 25 March in both 1872 and 1873, Reade had already visited him on 19 March  …
  • … Street, London, from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). No record …
  • … Bates has been found, but see the letter from Raphael Meldola, 24 March 1873  and n.  1. …

From Hermann Müller   25 August 1873

Summary

Fritz Müller is now working on the Brazilian honey-bees (Melipona and Trigona).

HM thanks CD for fertilisation references.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 302
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9028

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   25 August 1873
  • … 302 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 25 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … CD probably sent the June 1873 issue of the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club ; it …
  • … ibid. , pp.  21–3). In his letter of 12 May 1873, Müller had asked CD to keep him informed …
  • … of insects (A.  W.  Bennett 1873b; H.  Müller 1873 ). Fritz Müller began his work on bees …
  • … Lippstadt, August 25, 1873. My dear Sir, I am very much obliged to you for your kindness …
  • … he was reading proofs of H.  Müller 1873 ; initially he tried to find the bee species …
  • … ed.  1915–21, 2: 208–10)). In January 1873, Fritz sent Hermann around forty bee specimens, …
  • … Fritz Müller to Hermann Müller, 29 January 1873 (Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 214–18)). For …

From Friedrich Hildebrand   23 May 1873

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Summary

Sends results of his observations of cross- and self-fertilisation of Hypecoum grandiflorum and Eschscholzia californica [see Cross and self-fertilisation, pp. 331–2].

Author:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 76: B179–80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8920

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Friedrich Hildebrand   23 May 1873
  • … Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand Freiburg 23 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … John Murray. 1876. Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1873. Die Verbreitungsmittel der Pflanzen . …
  • … letter to Friedrich Hildebrand, 15 May 1873  and n.  1. In Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … were chosen for other aspects ( Hildebrand 1873 , p.  129). In Variation 2d ed.  2: 113, …
  • … Freiburg i/B May 23 d | 1873. Dear and honoured Sir, I am very sorry that the wanted …
  • … Pflanzen (The means of propagation of plants; Hildebrand 1873 ) in November ( letter to …
  • … Friedrich Hildebrand, 16 November [1873] ). The Leipzig printers’ …
  • … lasted from mid-March to late April 1873 (see Frederick Engels, ‘News on the international …
  • … labour movement’, International Herald , 22 March and 26 April 1873). See …
  • … letter to Friedrich Hildebrand, 15 May 1873  and n.  2. In Variation 2d ed.  1: 330, when …

From W. W. Reade   14 May 1873

Summary

Has completed his book [The African sketch-book (1873)].

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8912

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Reade   14 May 1873
  • … Has completed his book [ The African sketch-book (1873)]. …
  • … DAR 176: 67 William Winwood Reade Malvern 14 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD’s annotated copy of W.  W.  Reade 1873  is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … Reade had completed The African sketch-book ( W.  W.  Reade 1873 ). …
  • … It was published in June 1873 (see Publishers’ …
  • … Circular , 17 June 1873, p.  413). The references are to Journal of researches and Eothen; …
  • … de la Vallée. Reade, William Winwood. 1873. The African sketch-book. 2 vols. London: …

To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873

Summary

Asks for details about microscope parts.

Wants FD to ask Hooker for species of Desmodium; CD believes he has found new movements.

Also ask whether Hooker has Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9095

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 10 Oct 1873 Francis Darwin …
  • … but there is no record of one sent in 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book ). …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct 10. 1873 You had better take this note to Kew and read to …
  • … a microscope from the German maker, Edmund Hartnack, in June 1873 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). Nouveau petite modèle : new small model ( …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). In his Classed account books (Down House …
  • … of £16 8 s. for ‘Hartnack &c’ on 26 June 1873. CD discussed the movements of Desmodium …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). Immersion lenses were designed to view …

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

"The following fact with respect to the habits of ants, which I believe to be quite new, has been sent to me by a distinguished geologist, Mr J. D. Hague [see 8788]; and it appears well worth publishing."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 10 April 1873, pp. 443–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8853

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 3 April 1873] …
  • … Nature , 10 April 1873, pp.  443– …
  • … 4 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 3 Apr 1873] Nature …
  • … an ant visible on the wall. J ames D.  H ague San Francisco, California, Feb.  26, 1873
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hague, 3 April [1873] . The …
  • … letter was published in Nature , 10 April 1873, pp.  443–4. …
  • … had been sent with his letter of 26 February 1873. The ant Hague described was probably …

To James Crichton-Browne   4 March [1873]

Summary

Pleased that JC-B will review Expression.

Fears he will not be able to improve the book with JC-B’s "wonderfully curious" photographs because Murray printed such a large edition.

Would be glad to have JC-B’s notes on inheritance – "a most important subject".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  4 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 343
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8798

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   4 March [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 343 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Mar [1873] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … Paget has been found. See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and n.  5. CD’s …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 10 February [1873] and n.  2); there were no further English …
  • … CD’s lifetime. See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and nn.  2 and 4. …
  • … the letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873 . CD had written to Crichton-Browne to …
  • … see letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] , and letter from James …
  • … Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and n.  1. CD was mistaken; …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873 ). For reviews of Expression , see Appendix IV. …

From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873

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Summary

Reports on insects fertilising Viola tricolor and on the fertilisation of the two wild forms [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 124 n., 125].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 77: 154–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8941

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873
  • … 5 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 10 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Befruchtung der Blumen (Fertilisation of flowers; H.  Müller 1873 ) in his letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 30 May 1873 . Müller refers to Cross and self fertilisation. …
  • … found, but see the letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1. Müller had sent …
  • … tricolor in his letter to CD of 19 May 1873. Apis mellifica is now A.  mellifera , the …
  • … See letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 . Müller was interested in an article by …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1). Poa annua is a meadow-grass. …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … Lippstadt June 10 1873. My dear Sir Your letter has been a great pleasure to me by your …
  • … hoverfly. On Viola tricolor , see the letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 , and H.   …
  • … Müller 1873 , p.  145. Charles Valentine Riley had described a new species of moth ( …

To J. D. Hooker   21 February [1873]

Summary

Will see whether formic acid delays germination of fresh seeds.

Thinks primer not at all a folly. Refers JDH to Asa Gray’s "child’s book" [see 8363].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 259–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8779

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 February [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 259–60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Bibliography White, Francis Buchanan. 1873. The influence of insect-agency on the …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  4. CD refers to Botany for young people part II: …
  • … White’s article focused on moths as agents of fertilisation ( F.  B.  White 1873 ). …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873 . CD and Hooker were both intrigued by John …
  • … nests did not germinate (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  3). CD …
  • … London, from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter from …

From Hubert Airy   3 January 1873

Summary

HA’s paper on leaf arrangement is almost ready; asks CD to communicate it to the Royal Society. Seeks permission to quote from CD’s notes.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8720

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   3 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 24 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 3 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  20 and Airy 1873 ), according to which leaf arrangement was a …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. S.E. 1873. Jan.  3. My dear Sir My paper “On Leaf-arrangement” is in …
  • … to his paper ‘On leaf-arrangement’ ( Airy 1873 ); it was communicated to the Royal Society …
  • … of London by CD and read on 27 February 1873. Airy’s father was George Biddell Airy, the …
  • … of Airy’s paper was published ( Airy 1873 ); it does not include the suggested text. The …

To William Spottiswoode   [8 April 1873]

Summary

Discusses the arrangements being made to present a gift to Huxley [see 8872].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Spottiswoode
Date:  [8 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 169–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8851

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To William Spottiswoode   [8 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 96: 169–70 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [8 Apr 1873] William Spottiswoode …
  • … Archer Hirst. CD evidently called on Spottiswoode on 7 April 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] ). …
  • … and the letter to John Tyndall, 8 April [1873] . CD refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker, John …
  • … Henry Huxley, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2. See also letter …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 . Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Thomas …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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