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From Hubert Airy   17 March 1873

Summary

Thanks for congratulations on appearance of abstract of HA’s paper [Nature 7 (1873): 343–4].

Explains again his theory of "contraction with twist" by which compact buds and a spiral phyllotaxy have evolved. Explains how the peculiar phyllotaxy of the teasel is explicable by this process of "condensation".

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8812

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   17 March 1873
  • … DAR 159: 26 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 17 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of abstract of HA’s paper [ Nature 7 (1873): 343–4]. Explains again his theory of " …
  • … for an exposition of this theory, see Airy 1873, and also Correspondence vol.  20, letters …
  • … such as the seed-heads of sunflowers (Airy 1873), he never published his observations on …
  • … Dacre Park. Lee. | London S.E. 17 th March 1873. My dear Sir I am very glad indeed to have …
  • … published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (Airy 1873), was reprinted in …
  • … Nature , 6 March 1873, pp.  343–4. …
  • … See also letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873  and nn.  1 and 2. Airy had attached oak …
  • … degrees of ‘contraction ( with twist)’ (Airy 1873, p.  177). Airy and CD had corresponded …

From G. H. Darwin   5 October 1873

Summary

Has decided to send the letter ["Variation of organs", Nature 8 (1873): 505].

Writes of his poor health and problems of settling in at Trinity.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9088

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 October 1873
  • … 210.2: 30 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter ["Variation of organs", Nature 8 (1873): 505]. Writes of his poor health and …
  • … organs (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to Nature , 4 October [1873] and nn.  2 and 3). …
  • … Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ). Horace Darwin was an undergraduate …
  • … to the south of France for their health in January 1873 (letter from G.  H.  Darwin …
  • … house in Down for Francis Darwin (see letter to Frederick Allen’s agent, [October 1873] ). …
  • … to H.  E.  Litchfield, 25 January 1873 (DAR 210.2: 24)). George was following the dietary …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [1 October 1873] and n.  2). Gyp-room: a room where the …
  • … was printed in the Proceedings (Goodman 1873); the abstract mentioned that corpuscles were …
  • … in a letter in Chemical News , 23 May 1873, p.  255. Henry Fisher Cox of the Examiner , a …

To William Spottiswoode   [8 April 1873]

Summary

Discusses the arrangements being made to present a gift to Huxley [see 8872].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Spottiswoode
Date:  [8 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 169–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8851

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To William Spottiswoode   [8 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 96: 169–70 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [8 Apr 1873] William Spottiswoode …
  • … Archer Hirst. CD evidently called on Spottiswoode on 7 April 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] ). …
  • … and the letter to John Tyndall, 8 April [1873] . CD refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker, John …
  • … Henry Huxley, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2. See also letter …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 . Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Thomas …

From Francis Darwin   [26? October 1873]

Summary

Observations on the leaves of Desmodium. Most are trifoliate; none has tendrils. Gives some comments from Hooker.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26? Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 209.2: 21–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9115

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [26? October 1873] …
  • … DAR 209.2: 21–2 Francis Darwin unstated [26? Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter’ is the letter to Francis Darwin of 23 October [1873] (the first being the letter …
  • … to Francis of 22 October 1873). Fugacious: easily shed. …
  • … wrote this memorandum after visiting Kew on Sunday 26 October 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] ). CD had asked Francis to look at Desmodium species …
  • … at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letters to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873, 22  …
  • … October 1873, and …
  • … 23 October [1873]). He thought the plant might have evolved from a climber. Desmodium …

Crookes, William. 1873. On the action of heat on gravitating masses. Abstract. [Read 11 December 1873.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 22 (1873–4): 37–41.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Crookes, William. 1873. On the action of heat on gravitating masses. …
  • … Abstract. [Read 11 December 1873. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 22 (1873–4): 37–41. …

Meldola, Raphael. 1873. On a certain class of cases of variable protective colouring in insects. [Read 4 February 1873.] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 153–62.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Meldola, Raphael. 1873. On a certain class of cases of …
  • … variable protective colouring in insects. [Read 4 February 1873. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 153–62. …

From Hubert Airy   26 [September–November 1873]

Summary

The Royal Society referees have rejected HA’s phyllotaxy paper, and it will not be printed in Philosophical Transactions. HA is not sorry for he has found new facts which limit the applicability of his views. Now believes that the original leaf arrangement was not necessarily always two-ranked but rather that existing arrangements have developed from a variety of forms with differing numbers of leaf-ranks.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Sept 1873 or 26 Oct 1873 or 26 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9073

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   26 [September–November 1873] …
  • … DAR 159: 31 Hubert Airy Blackheath 26 Sept 1873 26 …
  • … Oct 1873 26 …
  • … Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in this letter, the reference to his 1873 paper on phyllotaxy (see n.  2, below), …
  • … and the date of his next letter ( letter from Hubert Airy, 7 December 1873 ). See …
  • … letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873 . An …
  • … abstract of Airy’s paper (Airy 1873) had already been published (see …
  • … letter from Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873  and n.  1). Airy had proposed that the various …
  • … Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ); Leonard Darwin was at the Greenwich …
  • … in the bud (see letter Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873 and n.  3). Airy had concluded from his …
  • … For the abstract of this paper, see Airy 1873. Gasteria spiralis is a synonym of G.   …
  • … obliqua . See Airy 1873, p.  179. Mesembrianthemum , whose name was changed in the …

To G. H. Darwin   3 October [1873]

Summary

CD thinks GHD’s letter is an excellent clarification [of CD’s conjectural view on the elimination of useless parts in species], but does not want to publish it as his [CD’s] own. Asks GHD to think carefully before he publishes it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  3 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9085

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   3 October [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Oct [1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … see n.  3, below). See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 3 October 1873] . CD had …
  • … published a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, pp.  431–2, headed ‘On the males and …
  • … see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). George had drafted a clarification of CD’s …
  • … see letter to Nature from G.  H.  Darwin, 4 October [1873]); George’s letter was published …
  • … in the issue of 16 October 1873. The second part of CD’s letter in Nature (see n.  2, …
  • … residence at Trinity College in October 1873 ( ODNB ). Both George and his cousin Edmund …
  • … Clark about their health (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 3 October 1873] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   12 September [1873]

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Summary

Thanks JDH and Thiselton-Dyer for useful information.

Is surprised Mimosa albida is not sensitive to water. Asks that they try again, or lend it to him.

Remembers a walk in Brazil in great bed of Mimosa.

After JDH left, CD was very bad, with much loss of memory and severe shocks continually passing through his brain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 274–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9052

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 274–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker ‘/73’ …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873  and n.  6. The marjoram was one of three …
  • … had identified (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873  and n.  1). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 . CD was carrying out a series of experiments …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  10). Orpington Station was the …
  • … railway station to Down. Hooker had visited Down on 23 August 1873, and CD had fallen …
  • … ill on 26 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873  and n.  3. Charles Paget Hooker’s note, forwarded by …

To John Fiske   3 November [1873]

Summary

CD is glad to hear of nature of JF’s work;

proposes that JF call when CD comes to London.

Has read JF’s attack on Agassiz ["Agassiz and Darwinism"] in Popular Science Monthly [3 (1873): 692–705].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  3 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FK 1110-1112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9127

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Fiske   3 November [1873] …
  • … The Huntington Library (FK 1110-1112) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov [1873] John Fiske …
  • … on Agassiz ["Agassiz and Darwinism"] in Popular Science Monthly [3 (1873): 692–705]. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Fiske, 31 October 1873 . …
  • … Letter from John Fiske, 31 October 1873. Fiske had come to London to complete his …
  • … Fiske 1874; see letter from John Fiske, 31 October 1873 and n.  2). CD stayed with …
  • … at 2 Bryanston Street, London, from 8 to 18 November 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … The lunch took place on 13 November 1873 and is described in J.  S.   Clark 1917, 1: 478– …

From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873

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Summary

Reports on insects fertilising Viola tricolor and on the fertilisation of the two wild forms [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 124 n., 125].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 77: 154–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8941

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873
  • … 5 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 10 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Befruchtung der Blumen (Fertilisation of flowers; H.  Müller 1873) in his letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 30 May 1873 . Müller refers to Cross and self fertilisation. …
  • … found, but see the letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1. Müller had sent …
  • … tricolor in his letter to CD of 19 May 1873. Apis mellifica is now A.  mellifera , the …
  • … See letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 . Müller was interested in an article by …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1). Poa annua is a meadow-grass. …
  • … Lippstadt June 10 1873. My dear Sir Your letter has been a great pleasure to me by your …
  • … hoverfly. On Viola tricolor , see the letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 , and H.   …
  • … Müller 1873, p.  145. Charles Valentine Riley had described a new species of moth ( …

To J. D. Hooker   28 June 1873

Summary

Thanks for Dionaea.

George Bentham’s last Linnean Society [Presidential] Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1873): viii–xxix]. Admires it greatly.

CD’s recent work leads him to a different theory [from GB’s] on the separation of the sexes of plants.

Huxley has been at Down working with CD on Drosera – very helpful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 263–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8956

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   28 June 1873
  • … DAR 94: 263–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 June 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s work on Drosera (sundew), see the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 26 June [1873] . …
  • … Presidential] Address [ Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1873): viii–xxix]. Admires it greatly. CD’ …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 28. 1873 My dear Hooker I write a line to wish you Goodbye, …
  • … Dionaea muscipula (Venus fly trap) on 9 June 1873; he had sent four specimens of the plant …
  • … For CD’s interest in Dionaea , see the letter from Mary Treat, 1 January 1873 and n.  5. …
  • … of flowers by means of insects; H.  Müller 1873) in his address (Bentham 1873b, pp.  xxiv– …
  • … Linnean Society was given on 24  May 1873. Bentham described CD as one of the leading ‘ …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 April 1873]

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Summary

Thinks the Huxley fund should be done. Difficulty will be getting him to accept it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 153–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8847

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 153–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Apr 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Huxley’ took place on Tuesday 8 April 1873 and Hooker also came to lunch on Wednesday 9  …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] . …
  • … The Monday following 6 April 1873 was 7 April. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] . According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … Harriet Hooker had been to lunch with the Darwins on 28 March 1873. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  1. The reference is to Thomas Henry Huxley. …

To J. D. Hague   3 April [1873]

Summary

Has sent JDH’s letter to Nature ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4].

Sons recall kindness received from JDH and others in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Duncan Hague
Date:  3 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 394
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8840

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hague   3 April [1873] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 Down letterhead 3 Apr [1873] James Duncan Hague …
  • … Nature ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4]. Sons recall kindness received from …
  • … 19). See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, [3 April 1873] and n.  2. Hague had met CD in London in …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 . See …
  • … second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873]. CD discussed the ability of ants to …

To H. C. F. Jenkin   30 April [1873]

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Summary

HCFJ’s review of the Origin was the wittiest and in some respects the best written.

Thanks him for his Electricity and magnetism [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin
Date:  30 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8304

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To H.  C.  F.  Jenkin   30 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 185: 27 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Apr [1873] Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin …
  • … in some respects the best written. Thanks him for his Electricity and magnetism [1873]. …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Jenkin 1873 (see n.  2, below). …
  • … Jenkin’s textbook, Electricity and magnetism (Jenkin 1873), was published in …
  • … the beginning of May 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 16 May 1873, p.  338). CD’s copy has not been found. Jenkin had written a review of …

To John Murray   4 May [1873]

Summary

Asks Murray not to announce Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 May [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 436
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8897

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 May [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 436 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 May [1873] John Murray …
  • … CD began work on the topic on 3 February 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)) and …
  • … Murray announced the work in April 1873 (see letter to ? , …
  • … 4 May [1873] and n.  2). …
  • … See letter to ? , 4 May [1873] and n.  2. CD’s work was published in 1876 as Cross and …

From J. D. Hooker   [22 August 1873]

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Summary

Will arrive at Orpington by usual train.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 Aug 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9021

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [22 August 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 166 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [22 Aug 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 August 1873 . …
  • … The Friday following 21 August 1873 was 22 August. …
  • … Hooker visited Down on Saturday 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See also …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker 21 August 1873 and n.  1. Trains to Orpington left from Charing …

To Theodor Gomperz   1 September [1873]

Summary

Will reread and consider TG’s letter when his health improves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Theodor Gomperz
Date:  1 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Cedric Hausherr (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9039

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Theodor Gomperz   1 September [1873] …
  • … Hausherr (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Sept [1873] Theodor Gomperz …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Theodor Gomperz, 25 August 1873 . See …
  • … letter from Theodor Gomperz, 25 August 1873 . CD had fallen ill with …
  • … loss of memory and ‘sinking fits’ on 26 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … See letter from Theodor Gomperz, 25 August 1873  and n.  4. …

From A. R. Wallace   14 January 1873

Summary

Is not surprised CD dissents from his criticisms [of Expression?]. Holds to his own interpretation of the expression of astonishment.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 181: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8736

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   14 January 1873
  • … DAR 181: 8 Alfred Russel Wallace Grays 14 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 13 January [1873] . Wallace’s review of Expression (A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace 1873) appeared in the Quarterly Journal of Science . See letter to …
  • … A.  R.  Wallace, 13 January [1873] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … to A.  R.  Wallace, 13 January [1873] and n.  6. See Correspondence vol.  20, letter from …
  • … The Dell, Grays, Essex. Jan. y 14th.  1873. Dear Darwin I am not at all surprised at your …

To Nature   [before 13 March 1873]

Summary

Recounts instances suggesting that animals have a sense of direction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 13 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 13 March 1873, p. 360
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8809

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 13 March 1873] …
  • … Nature , 13 March 1873, p.  360 …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 13 Mar 1873] Nature …
  • … In a letter in Nature , 20 February 1873, p.  303, Alfred Russel Wallace suggested that …
  • … inspired a number of responses in the next two issues ( Nature , 20 March 1873, pp.   …
  • … 322–3, 27 March 1873, p.  340). …
  • … also letter from Arthur Nicols, 21 February 1873 . The Darwins stayed at Freshwater on the …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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