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From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873

Summary

Has sent phyllotaxy paper to G. G. Stokes with the letter from CD to show credentials.

Will not have time to read new Sachs edition CD offered.

Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9].

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8745

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 25 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 21 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD offered. Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [ Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9]. …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. | London S.E. 1873. Jan.  21. My dear M r . Darwin I trust I am not …
  • … Airy, [before 15] July 1872 , and Airy 1873, pp.  177–8. CD’s letter to Airy has not been …
  • … of the new edition of Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  7). …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . Airy’s paper ‘On leaf arrangement’, …
  • … communicated by CD, was read at the Royal Society of London on 27 February 1873 ( …
  • … Airy 1873). George Gabriel Stokes was the secretary of the Royal Society. …
  • … with CD’s letter of [before 21 January 1873] copied on the back of it. Only an abstract of …
  • … of the Royal Society of London (Airy 1873). Airy had corresponded with CD about phyllotaxy …

To J. D. Hooker   19 September [1873]

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Summary

Obliged for information on Mimosa albida; if a vigorous plant behaves as JDH says, CD’s notions are all knocked on the head.

Anxious to read Tyndall’s answer to Tait [Nature 8 (1873): 399].

Drosera story too long for his strength. Essentially the leaves act just like stomach of an animal.

Burdon Sanderson will give some grand facts at BAAS about Dionaea.

Offers to help JDH with Nepenthes experiments. Finds experimental work always takes twice as much time as anticipated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 277–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   19 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 277–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Sept [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 August [1873] ); they arrived on 23 August (Emma Darwin’s …
  • … from a serious illness (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  5). …
  • … to read Tyndall’s answer to Tait [ Nature 8 (1873): 399]. Drosera story too long for his …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873 . Hooker had asked CD for Charles Eliot …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  9). The Nortons lived at Shady …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  10). Hooker had informed him that …
  • … letter to E.  A.  Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). CD had invited Hooker and Richard Strachey …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873 ). For the dispute between John Tyndall and …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  4. CD had described the digestion …
  • … sundew) in the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873 . John Scott Burdon …
  • … Sanderson visited CD at Down on 4 July 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). He presented …
  • … at Bradford from 17 to 24 September 1873. Hooker intended to experiment on Nepenthes , the …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  8, and J.  D.  Hooker 1874a). …

To J. D. Hooker   12 January [1873]

Summary

Had thrown Geographical Society’s Proceedings in waste-basket, but as Strachey shows such admirable powers of discrimination he will fish it out and read the whole article.

Comments on 3d ed. of Sachs’s work [Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial.

Has become wonderfully interested in Drosera and Dionaea.

9000 copies of Expression have been printed and most are sold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 251–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8733

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 251–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … ed. of Sachs’s work [ Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial. Has …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  9. CD refers to William Ewart Gladstone. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  7. CD refers to Richard …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. Orpington Station was the …
  • … the part of Hooker’s letter of 7 January 1873 where he mentioned that William Turner …
  • … Dyer was translating Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  2. CD’ …
  • … of Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … did refer to Bert’s publication in Sachs 1873, p.  786 n.  2. For CD’s disagreement with …
  • … plants , pp.  256–7. Sachs referred to Cohn 1860 in Sachs 1873, p.  789 n.  4. …

From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1873

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Summary

Mimosa too far gone to send now.

CD’s marjoram is the common [Origanum] vulgare, not the pot herb.

On the water injury, Thiselton-Dyer and he may have used too fine a spray, but plant is insensitive.

Horribly angry at P. G. Tait’s letter in Nature [8 (1873): 381–2].

Tyndall writes that he is strong – the next number of Nature will prove it.

G. Henslow is much better.

JDH leaves for Bradford [BAAS meeting] tomorrow.

Rejoices at CD’s success with Drosera; longs to be at Nepenthes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 162–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9057

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 September 1873
  • … DAR 103: 162–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … had returned to Massachusetts in May 1873 after a four-year visit to Europe ( ANB ). …
  • … visit the Darwins in January (see letter to M.  D.  Conway, 11 January [1873] and n.  4). …
  • … at P. G. Tait’s letter in Nature [8 (1873): 381–2]. Tyndall writes that he is strong – the …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). For Hooker’s identification of CD’s …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 . CD was receiving medical treatment from …
  • … Andrew Clark (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). A letter from …
  • … Science meeting in Bradford, Yorkshire, from 17 to 24 September 1873. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] and n.  6. Thiselton-Dyer was employed part-time at Kew, …
  • … pitcher-plant, until October (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873  and n.  2). …
  • … had appeared in Nature , 11 September 1873, pp.  381–2, complaining about John Tyndall’s …
  • … 1971. Tyndall’s response to Tait was published in Nature , 18 September 1873, p.  399. …
  • … s illness in his letter of 11 April 1873. He also refers to Georgina Brook Henslow. Hooker …

To W. E. Darwin   23 [February 1872 – October 1874]

Summary

Asks for investment advice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1872 or 23 Mar 1872 or 23 Apr 1872 or 23 May 1872 or 23 June 1872 or 23 July 1872 or 23 Aug 1872 or 23 Sept 1872 or 23 Oct 1872 or 23 Nov 1872 or 23 Dec 1872 or 23 Jan 1873 or 23 Feb 1873 or 23 Mar 1873 or 23 Apr 1873 or 23 May 1873 or 23 June 1873 or 23 July 1873 or 23 Aug 1873 or 23 Sept 1873 or 23 Oct 1873 or 23 Nov 1873 or 23 Dec 1873 or 23 Jan 1874 or 23 Feb 1874 or 23 Mar 1874 or 23 Apr 1874 or 23 May 1874 or 23 June 1874 or 23 July 1874 or 23 Aug 1874 or 23 Sept 1874 or 23 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13800

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 23 July 1872 23 Aug 1872 23 Sept 1872 23 Oct 1872 23 Nov 1872 23 Dec 1872 23 Jan 1873 23 …
  • … Feb 1873 23 …
  • … Mar 1873 23 …
  • … Apr 1873 23 …
  • … May 1873 23 …
  • … June 1873 23 …
  • … July 1873 23 …
  • … Aug 1873 23 …
  • … Sept 1873 23 …
  • … Oct 1873 23 …
  • … Nov 1873 23 …
  • … Dec 1873 23 Jan 1874 23 Feb 1874 23 Mar 1874 23 Apr 1874 23 May 1874 23 June 1874 23 July …

From Samuel Butler   15 April 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for his kind letter about The fair haven [1873]. Encouraged by its reception. All he wants is to compel "an attitude of fixed attention in the place of cowardly shrinking from examination". Says he will try "a novel pure and simple with little ""purpose"" next".

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: A11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8859

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Samuel Butler   15 April 1873
  • … DAR 106: A11–12 Samuel Butler London, Clifford’s Inn, 15 15 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … for his kind letter about The fair haven [1873]. Encouraged by its reception. All he wants …
  • … Raby 1990, p.  140). In his letter of 1 April [1873], CD had mentioned that Leslie Stephen …
  • … knew Butler was the author of [Butler] 1873. …
  • … An unsigned review of [Butler] 1873 appeared in the …
  • … National Reformer , 13 April 1873, pp.  229–30. The reviewer questioned whether the …
  • … See letter to Samuel Butler, 1 April [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … Butler refers to [Butler] 1873. An announcement of the death …
  • … of Fanny Butler, Butler’s mother, in Mentone on 9 April 1873 appeared in The …
  • … Times , 14 April 1873, p.  1. …
  • … Butler’s book ([Butler] 1873) was a veiled attack on aspects of the Christian gospels. …

To T. H. Huxley   28 April 1873

Summary

Lady Lyell’s death.

Sends names of donors of gift to THH.

The Edinburgh Review has a critical article against CD, THH, Tyndall, and H. Spencer [see 8935]. Thinks Forbes reference not worth answering.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 299)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8887

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   28 April 1873
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 299) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Apr 1873 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … letter to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] , n.  4, and Appendix IV). …
  • … See letter from Herbert Spencer, 26 April 1873 . Andrew Clark was Huxley’s physician. CD …
  • … and Michael Foster. See letter from Herbert Spencer, 26 April 1873  and n.  2. See letter …
  • … See letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] and n.  3. CD refers to St George Jackson …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 26 April 1873  and nn.  8 and 9. James David Forbes had …
  • … s Copley Medal. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 April 1873 . Ellen Frances Lubbock. …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, 26  April 1873  and n.  1. CD refers to Mary Elizabeth and Charles …
  • … Lyell. See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 26 April 1873  and nn.  5 and 6. The book was …
  • … Huxley’s Critiques and addresses (T.  H.  Huxley 1873). …
  • … CD refers to [Baynes] 1873 and to James Hutchison Stirling, John Tyndall, and Herbert …
  • … Spencer. See letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] and nn.  2  and 3. …

To T. H. Farrer   1 December [1873]

Summary

Suggests a reference to Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1 Dec 1873, p. 497, when THF takes up Coronilla.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  1 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Farrer 17a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9166

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   1 December [1873] …
  • … Farrer 17a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1873] Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … Annals and Magazine of Natural History , 1 Dec 1873, p. 497, when THF takes up Coronilla . …
  • … in Annals & Mag.  of Nat. Hist. December 1 1873.  p.  497. C.  Darwin Down | Dec.  1 st . …
  • … made self-fertilisation impossible in Meehan 1873; his paper was summarised in Annals and …
  • … of Natural History 4th ser.  12 (1873): 497–8. In the Annals , Meehan’s observations were …
  • … terrestris and described the process of pollen transfer (see also Gentry 1873). Farrer …
  • … and CD had corresponded in August 1873 on the floral morphology of Coronilla (see, for …
  • … example, letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   30 August 1873

Summary

Talks of his attempts to describe the course of descent for a part of the animal kingdom, and thanks CD for his help and support.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Aug 1873
Classmark:  V. O. Kovalevsky 1873–4, pp. [ii–iii]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9035F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … der Fall war. In treuer Ergebenheit | Ihr | W.  Kowalevsky. München, den 30. August 1873. …
  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky    30 August 1873
  • … V. O. Kovalevsky 1873–4, pp. [ii– …
  • … Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky 30 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … considered here. In true devotion | Yours | W.  Kowalevsky. Munich, 30. August 1873. …
  • … to Kovalevsky’s monograph on Anthracotherium (V.  Kovalevsky 1873–4; see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 17 May 1873  and n.  3, and letter to V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 21 May 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy of the first two parts of the monograph …
  • … to Kovalevsky’s monograph on Anthracotherium (V.  Kovalevsky 1873–4; see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 17 May 1873  and n.  3, and letter to V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 21 May 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy of the first two parts of the monograph …

To A. W. Bennett   5 May [1873]

Summary

Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  5 May [1873]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8898

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   5 May [1873] …
  • … Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873). …
  • … H.  Müller 1873 (The fertilisation of flowers by means of insects). …
  • … M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May [1873] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten” Leipzig 1873 in 1 moderate volume, with woodcuts I …

Swinhoe, Robert. 1873. On the white stork of Japan. [Read 20 May 1873.] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 512–14.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Swinhoe, Robert. 1873. On the white stork …
  • … of Japan. [Read 20 May 1873. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 512–14. …

To J. D. Hooker   20 December [1873]

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Summary

His indignation at the malignant, odious, hypocrite Owen’s attack on JDH. History of Secretaryship [of Royal Society in Nature 9 (1873): 129–30] was best answer to Owen.

Is hard at work on new edition of Descent – a truly awful job.

No use going on with experiments on effects of water on bloom-divested leaves. May have erred. Or it may be that water is only injurious when there is a good supply of actinic rays. Will wait until spring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 308–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9187

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 December [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 308–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and some species of Eucalyptus (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 [November 1873] ). …
  • … of Secretaryship [of Royal Society in Nature 9 (1873): 129–30] was best answer to Owen. Is …
  • … presidents, and payment of secretaries (Owen 1873), delivered at the anniversary meeting …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  2). Thomas Henry Huxley had been …
  • … plants (see, for example, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873 , and letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [22 August 1873] and nn.  2 and 3). …
  • … now Biophytum umbraculum ) from Kew in August 1873 ( Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards …
  • … meeting of the Royal Society (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  3). …
  • … An article in Nature , 18 December 1873, pp.  129–30, reproduced extracts from the Minutes …
  • … motion that secretaries should be paid £50 annually ( Nature , 18 December 1873, p.  129). …
  • … the second edition of Descent on 20 November 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Since the …

From T. H. Huxley   [13 November 1873]

Summary

Arrangements for meeting in London.

Glad CD has heard about Dohrn’s affairs.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9183

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   [13 November 1873] …
  • … 331 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 [13 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … H.  Darwin, 15 November [1873] . Anton Dohrn was appealing for funds for the Zoological …
  • … in Naples, which he had founded. In April 1873, CD organised a subscription fund raised by …
  • … see letter to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] and nn.  2–4). …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 15 November [1873] . …
  • … In 1873, the Thursday before 15 November was 13 November. Huxley attended a meeting of …
  • … and the Advancement of Science at 6 Old Palace Yard on 14 November 1873 ( The Times , …
  • … 15 November 1873, p.  6). See letter from …
  • … F.  M.  Balfour, 11 November 1873 , and letter to G.   …

From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873]

Summary

Has sent Vichy water, discusses prescription. Tell Arthur Parslow not to continue on colchicum for gout if doesn’t suit him. May go to Pryor’s on Sunday.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1-15 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8714F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 10 Francis Darwin [1-15 Mar 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Robert Pryor had visited Down with Moore on 1 March 1873. …
  • … the Darwins left Down for London on 15 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George …
  • … 294). Emma Darwin recorded in her diary, ‘began Arsenic’ on 13 March 1873, and ‘Left off …
  • … Arsenic’ on 5 April 1873 (DAR 242). Moore, a friend of Francis’s …
  • … at Cambridge University, qualified as a medical doctor on 30 January 1873 ( Medical Times …
  • … and Gazette 1 (1873): 156; ODNB ). Arthur Parslow was the son of CD’ …
  • … Joseph Parslow. Moore visited Down on 1 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Emma Darwin had influenza from 26 February 1873 until about 6 March (Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … 242); letter from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [6 March 1873], DAR 258: 573). Marlborough …

From A. R. Wallace   [19 November 1873]

Summary

Thinks CD’s son George would be more satisfactory than ARW for the work on Descent.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9156

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   [19 November 1873] …
  • … DAR 106: B117 Alfred Russel Wallace Grays [19 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to letter from H.  W.  Bates, 15 November 1873 ). Wallace refers to George Howard Darwin; …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] . Derniére ressort : last resort (French). …
  • … between this letter and the letters to A.  R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] and …
  • … 19 November [1873]. …
  • … In 1873, 19 November was a Wednesday. See letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] . Wallace refers to the work needed to produce a second …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 . Wallace refers to Henry Walter Bates (see …

To Federico Delpino   25 June [1873]

Summary

Discusses role of insects in crossing varieties of Lathyrus odoratus and other species.

Comments on Hermann Müller [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)],

and Anton Kerner ["Die Schutzmittel des Pollens", Ber. Naturwiss. Med. Ver. Innsbruck, 3 (1873): 100–68].

Admires FD’s work on anemophilous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Federico Delpino
Date:  25 June [1873]
Classmark:  Anna Barone (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8951

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Federico Delpino   25 June [1873] …
  • … Barone (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 June [1873] Federico Delpino …
  • … Müller [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)], and Anton Kerner ["Die Schutzmittel des …
  • … Ber. Naturwiss. Med. Ver. Innsbruck , 3 (1873): 100–68]. Admires FD’s work on anemophilous …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Federico Delpino, 18 June 1873 . See …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 18 June 1873  and n.  4. For CD’s observations on Pisum …
  • … opened (see Cross and self fertilisation , p.  156). CD refers to H.  Müller 1873. See …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 18 June 1873  and n.  9. Anton Kerner’s Die Schutzmittel des …
  • … dislocation and moistening; Kerner 1873), is cited in Cross and self fertilisation. …
  • … See letter from Federico Delpino, 18 June 1873  and n.  8. CD’s annotated copy of Bentham  …
  • … Kerners book “Schutzmittel des Pollens: 1873: Innspruck. ”— It is very interesting, but he …

To Nature   [before 24 July 1873]

Summary

Sends a letter from J. D. Hague confirming his earlier observation [see 8788] of frightened behaviour of ants when they come upon dead ants. CD had asked for confirmation because J. T. Moggridge had suggested that the ants’ behaviour was alarm at the scent of the observer’s fingers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 24 July 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 24 July 1873, p. 244
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8985

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 24 July 1873] …
  • … Nature , 24 July 1873, p.  244 …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 24 July 1873] Nature …
  • … Nature . The extract from James Duncan Hague’s letter of 26 February 1873 was published in …
  • … Nature , 10 April 1873, p.  444 ( …
  • … second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873]). The letter from Moggridge has not been …
  • … found. See letter from J.  D.  Hague, 26 June 1873 . …

To J. D. Hooker   9 January 1873

Summary

Explains why he wants Drosophyllum.

Hopes JDH will be elected President of Royal Society.

Agrees with JDH on Greg’s Enigmas.

Would like Greg to visit Down if JDH comes as CD’s "protector".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 248–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8729

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 January 1873
  • … DAR 94: 248–50 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Jan 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Greg’s visiting Down; Hooker visited on 19 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See …
  • … Insectivorous plants , p.  50. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  26. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 . CD worked on barnacles between 1846 and 1854. See …
  • … Down,| Beckenham, Kent. Jan 9. 1873 My dear Hooker, First for business. — It w d .  be an …
  • … Schacht, also a botanist) in Hooker’s letter of 7 January 1873. CD’s annotated copy of …
  • … of Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  15). CD alludes to Hooker’s disputes …
  • … national herbarium (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  6, and letter …
  • … from J.  D Hooker, 7 January 1873 and n.  8). CD had enjoyed apparently cordial relations …

To J. T. Moggridge   10 March 1873

Summary

Much obliged for seeds. Will expose seeds to chemical vapours.

Comments on JTM’s spider experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  10 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8805

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Moggridge   10 March 1873
  • … DAR 146: 379 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar 1873 John Traherne Moggridge …
  • … able, once the hoods were removed, to peck for food and judge distances (Spalding 1873). …
  • … s observations on seeds stored in ants’ nests (Moggridge 1873; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 January [1873] and n.  9, letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  3, and letter to J.   …
  • … Down Beckenham Mar.  10. 1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged for the seeds. I had some …
  • … D.   Hooker, 21 February [1873] ). The details of CD’s experiments are not known, but see …
  • … the letters from J.  T.  Moggridge, 22 July 1873 and …
  • … 30 July 1873, in which he describes the experiments he carried out at CD’s suggestion. …
  • … in London from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). No letter from …
  • … on captive spiders carried out during 1873; these included experiments that suggested …

To T. H. Farrer   28 April 1873

Summary

Recommends Hermann Müller’s Die Befruchtung der Blumen [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Farrer 19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8885

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   28 April 1873
  • … Recommends Hermann Müller’s Die Befruchtung der Blumen [1873]. …
  • … Farrer 19) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Apr 1873 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap 28. 1873 My dear Farrer If you should ever again take to …
  • … der Blumen durch insekten Leipzig Engelmann 1873 For as far as I have read it seems to me …
  • … of flowers by insect agency (H.  Müller 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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