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To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

Comments on article ["Perception and instinct in lower animals", Nature 7 (1871): 377–8].

Explains his contention that "many of the most wonderful instincts have been acquired, independently of habit, through the preservation of useful variations of pre-existing instincts". Cites examples: sterile workers of several species of social insects have acquired different instincts; movements of tumbler pigeons. Speculates that "many instincts have originated from modification or variations in the brain".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 3 April 1873, pp. 417–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8838

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 3 April 1873] …
  • … Nature , 3 April 1873, pp.  417– …
  • … 18 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 3 Apr 1873] Nature …
  • … London: John Murray. 1872. Moore, W. J. 1873. Columbidæ. Indian Medical Gazette 8: 7–9, …
  • … letter in Nature . CD refers to the lead article in Nature , 20 March 1873, pp.  377–8. …
  • … on CD’s letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873], and some of the responses to it. CD …
  • … Indian Medical Gazette , Jan.  and Feb 1873) of the somewhat analogous result which …
  • … relation to instinct. See Nature , 20 March 1873, p.  378. CD described the Lotan and …
  • … Lauder Brunton had lent the article ( W.  J.  Moore 1873 ) to CD (see letter to T.   …
  • … L.  Brunton, 26 March 1873 ). In Variation 1: 209, CD attributed the phrase to Francis …

From E. M. Swanwick   [after 13 February 1873]

Summary

Gives a case of peculiar behaviour in cats that apparently is inherited.

Author:  Eustace Maclean Swanwick
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 13 Feb 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 325
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8793

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  M.  Swanwick   [after 13 February 1873] …
  • … Maclean Swanwick London, Torrington Square [after 13 Feb 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873] (see n.  3, below). No earlier letter …
  • … from Swanwick has been found. See letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]. This …
  • … letter was published in Nature , 13 February 1873, pp.  281–2. …

From Francis Darwin   [11 October 1873]

Summary

Has got a cold, so will not go to Kew. Wrote to Hartnack about price of microscopes and describes own model. Told Hooker about Tisley Spiller’s microscope in Paris.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9095F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [11 October 1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 9 Francis Darwin London [11 Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s microscopes ( Chemical News , 5 December 1873, p.  iv). Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Some notes …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873 . …
  • … In 1873, the Saturday following 10 October was 11 October. CD had included questions …
  • … Kew, in his letter to Francis of 10 October 1873. Joseph Dalton Hooker was director of the …
  • … s microscopes, in his letter of 10 October 1873. Francis refers to Edward Emanuel Klein. …

To Francis Darwin   18 [August 1873]

Summary

Pollination and floral structure of Lathyrus. Asks where bees bite through the flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  18 [Aug 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 9; DAR 271.4: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9015

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   18 [August 1873] …
  • … DAR 271.3: 9; DAR 271.4: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Southampton 18 [Aug 1873] Francis Darwin …
  • … species, L.  latifolius (see letter from Francis Darwin, [16 or 17 August 1873] ). CD …
  • … returned to Down on Thursday 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). ‘Jemmy’ was a …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, [16 or 17 August 1873] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter to Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  5. In Flora Vectensis ( Bromfield  …
  • … maritimus have not been found. See also letter to Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] . See …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] and n.  3. Although many Victorian botanists …

From C. G. Ehrenberg   20 October 1873

Summary

Sends an essay ["Mikrogeologische Studien über das kleinste Leben der Meeres-Tiefgründe aller Zonen und dessen geologischen Einfluss", Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1873): 131-98.]

with expressions of admiration. CGE is confident their differences will not estrange them.

Remembers with gratitude the [Atlantic] dust that CD made available to him in 1844 [see 747].

Author:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 163: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9103

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From C.  G.  Ehrenberg    20 October 1873
  • … DAR 163: 12 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Berlin 20 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1970–90. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. 1873. Mikrogeologische Studien über das kleinste …
  • … Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1873): 131-98. ] with expressions of admiration. …
  • … Berlin den 20. October 1873. Hochgeehrtester Herr und College! Ohne ein directes Wort der …
  • … and their geological influence; Ehrenberg 1873 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down. Ehrenberg …
  • … Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1873): 131–98. Shorter publications : Charles …
  • … Berlin 20. October 1873. Most honoured Sir and Colleague! I dare not send the enclosed …

To A. R. Wallace   9 July [1873]

Summary

Forwards photograph, sent by [J. L. G.] Krefft, of a chrysalis attached to its food-plant; the chrysalis has adjusted its colour remarkably.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  9 July [1873]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History (Hope Entomological Collections 1350 Box 1 Wallace MSS)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8970

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   9 July [1873] …
  • … 1350 Box 1 Wallace MSS) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 July [1873] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873 . Gerard Krefft had …
  • … enclosed a chrysalis with his letter of 3 May 1873. Thomas William …
  • … Shepherd (see letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873 and n.  6). …

To J. D. Hooker   6 November [1873]

Summary

Suggests experiment and observations to carry out on pitcher [of Nepenthes].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9134

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 November [1873] …
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.5) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 6 Nov [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Nepenthes (see Correspondence vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] ). …

To T. H. Huxley   5 December [1873]

Summary

Sorry to hear of Dohrn’s troubles. Has written to prospective donors saying that nothing can be done because of attitude of Dohrn’s father.

New [2d] edition of Descent is an awful job.

Diet no longer doing much for his health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 305)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9173

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   5 December [1873] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 305) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Dec [1873] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … CD began working on the new edition on 20 November 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873 . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873 . CD refers to Anton Dohrn and Carl August Dohrn. Anton Dohrn …
  • … Balfour (see letter from F.  M.  Balfour, 11 November 1873 ). See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  2. Joseph Dalton Hooker had been elected president of …
  • … to Richard Owen. Huxley’s letter of 3 December 1873 is incomplete; the section discussing …

To E. W. Lane   23 June 1873

Summary

Thanks EWL for his book about hydropathy [Old medicine and new (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Wickstead Lane
Date:  23 June 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.429)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8946

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To E.  W.  Lane   23 June 1873
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.429) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 June 1873 Edward Wickstead Lane …
  • … Thanks EWL for his book about hydropathy [ Old medicine and new (1873)]. …
  • … Old medicine and new ( E. W. Lane 1873 ). CD had attended water spas periodically between …
  • … Press. 1985–. Lane, Edward Wickstead. 1873. Old medicine and new. London: J. and A. …

From F. S. B. F. de Chaumont   31 January 1873

Summary

Sends a paper on evolution by his friend J. D. MacDonald ["Distribution of Invertebrata", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1872–3): 218–23] for CD’s perusal before dispatching it to the Royal Society.

Author:  Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8753

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont   31 January 1873
  • … 138 Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont Woolston 31 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Denis Macdonald’s paper on the distribution of invertebrates ( Macdonald 1873 ). Louise …
  • … François de Chaumont was born in 1873 ( BMD ( Birth index )); de Chaumont’s eldest …
  • … Press. 1985–. Macdonald, John Denis. 1873. On the distribution of the invertebrata in …
  • … the theory of evolution. [Read 20 March 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … Woolston | N r . Southampton Jan: 31 st . 1873 Dear M r . Darwin, The enclosed is a paper …

To W. D. Fox   1 September [1873]

Summary

Has been in bed for some days with ugly head symptoms. "We are a poor lot."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  1 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 152)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9040

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Fox   1 September [1873] …
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 152) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Sept [1873] William Darwin Fox …
  • … season starts on 1 September. In April 1873, George Howard Darwin’s ill health had forced …
  • … Emma Darwin to H.  E.  Litchfield, [24] April 1873 (DAR 219.9: 101), and the letter from …
  • … Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [25 April 1873] (DAR 258: 574)). …
  • … of memory and ‘sinking fits’ on 26 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter …
  • … from W.  D.  Fox, 22 August [1873] . CD and Fox went shooting together when they were …

From S. V. Wood Jr to Charles Lyell   19 September 1873

Summary

Thanks for proofs of the Supplement to Crag Mollusca. Sends crab apples.

Author:  Searles Valentine Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1873
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.117/6327-9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059G

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From S.  V.  Wood Jr to Charles Lyell   19 September 1873
  • … Gen.117/6327-9) Searles Valentine Wood Brentwood, Essex 19 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Woodbridge, Suffolk. Lyell had visited Switzerland in August 1873 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 June 1873  and n.  10). …
  • … Brentwood Essex Sept 19 th . 1873. Dear Sir Charles. You will have received from Miss …
  • … the second part of the supplement to this work was completed in 1873 and published the …
  • … following February ( Wood 1873 ). Crag is the geological term given to the Pliocene and …
  • … Society. Wood, Searles Valentine. 1873. Supplement to the crag Mollusca, Part II ( …
  • … findings of the expedition in ‘Notes from the Challenger’ in Nature , 8 May 1873, pp.   …
  • … 28–30, and 15 May 1873, pp.  51–3. He …
  • … in deep water (see Nature , 20 March 1873, pp.  385–8). Seventy-three Harley Street was …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 24 September 1873 ). Lyell had forwarded this letter to CD ( …

To Fritz Müller   25 September 1873

Summary

Seedling vigour resulting from crossing of parents.

CD to publish work on insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  25 Sept 1873
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9067

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   25 September 1873
  • … 10 no 35) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Sept 1873 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … in Müller’s hand, he answered it on 16 December 1873, but his reply has not been found. …
  • … copies of various books (see letter from John Murray, 23 September [1873] and n.  2). CD’ …
  • … John Murray. 1875. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … House MS) record a payment on 24 September 1873 to Murray ‘less 4. 13. 1 Profit for Fritz …
  • … fertilisation of flowers by means of insects ( H.  Müller 1873 ) in February (see letter …
  • … from Hermann Müller, 28 February 1873 ). Cross and self fertilisation was published in …

To John Tyndall   11 April 1873

Summary

Sends JT the list and amounts subscribed for Huxley. It will probably amount to £1800. He will write to Huxley and use every argument he can to make him accept.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  11 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 14 (EH 88205952)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8856

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   11 April 1873
  • … DAR 261.8: 14 (EH 88205952) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Apr 1873 John Tyndall …
  • … CD refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker. See also letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 . …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap 11 1873 My dear Tyndall You have had magnificent success. I …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2). The enclosure has not been found. …
  • … in conversation with Emma Darwin on 4 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); Emma …

From Francis Galton   30 May 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for completed questionnaire;

answers his query about determining mean heights of men.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 105: A74–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8928

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   30 May 1873
  • … DAR 105: A74–6 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 30 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873  and n.  1. …
  • … See letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873  and n.  10. …

From John Tyndall   9 April [1873]

Summary

Is convinced that the "brotherly spirit of the transaction" will cause Huxley not to raise objections.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 106: C11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8852

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   9 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 106: C11 John Tyndall Royal Institution 9 Apr [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Tyndall, 8 April [1873] . See …
  • … letter to John Tyndall, 8 April [1873] . Tyndall refers to William and Eliza Taylor …
  • … see letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] . William George Armstrong. Henry Bence …

From W. E. Darwin   [25 August 1873]

Summary

Experiments on Mimosa; effects of immersion.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Aug 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9025

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   [25 August 1873] …
  • … DAR 162: 107 William Erasmus Darwin Bassett [25 Aug 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter and the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [22 August 1873] . See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [22 August 1873] and n.  2. See letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, [22 August 1873] and n.  3. Mr Young has not been identified. …

From James Crichton-Browne   16 April 1873

Summary

Sends 15 studies in expression, acted by his wife.

Describes David Ferrier’s experiments on electrical brain stimulation of animals; these show direct relation between convolutions of the brain and groups of muscles [West Riding Asylum Med. Rep. (July 1873)].

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 319
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8861

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From James Crichton-Browne   16 April 1873
  • … 319 James Crichton-Browne West Riding Asylum, Wakefield 16 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the brain and groups of muscles [ West Riding Asylum Med. Rep. (July 1873)]. …
  • … London: John Murray. 1872. Ferrier, David. 1873. Experimental researches in cerebral …
  • … Asylum, | Wakefield. 16 th . April.  1873. My dear Sir, Will you gratify me by accepting …
  • … to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] and nn.  3 and 4). The asylum had its own …
  • … in its journal; his paper ( D.  Ferrier 1873 ) and his subsequent major work The functions …

To John Tyndall   8 April [1873]

Summary

CD will write to William Spottiswoode about the fund for Huxley. CD is raising his subscription to £300. "We have done a good day’s work … [it] gives me a higher opinion of human nature than I had before, though I am not one of those who think lowly of mankind."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  8 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 13 (EH 88205951)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8850

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   8 April [1873] …
  • … 13 (EH 88205951) Charles Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 8 Apr [1873] John Tyndall …
  • … the reference to a meeting that took place on 8 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). See …
  • … letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] . CD had evidently met Spottiswoode on 7  …
  • … Lubbock & Co. (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). Erasmus Alvey Darwin. …

To T. H. Farrer   14 August 1873

Summary

Thinks THF has solved the mystery of Coronilla.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  14 Aug 1873
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9010

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   14 August 1873
  • … Ms 299/21) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 14 Aug 1873 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … damage in leaves were communicated to CD by Farrer in his letters of 12 August 1873 and …
  • … 12 August [1873]. Mimosa is the genus of sensitive plants. …
  • … CD visited Abinger from 5 to 9 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … Bassett Southampton Aug 14. 1873 My dear Farrer You are the man to conquer a Coronilla. I …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August [1873] . Farrer was investigating the floral …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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