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From Thomas Belt   2 August 1873

Summary

Sends extracts, from his forthcoming book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], about the secretion by plants of honey to attract the protection of ants. Invites CD’s comments.

Author:  Thomas Belt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8995

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Thomas Belt   2 August 1873
  • … DAR 160: 128 Thomas Belt Blaydon-on-Tyne 2 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … behaviour to Nature (see second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873], and letter to …
  • … Nature , [before 24 July 1873]). Belt refers to the genus Eciton (a type of army ant). …
  • … 222–9. Belt 1874 was published by John Murray in December 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 18 December 1873, p.  1062). Belt described hairless dogs in Belt 1874, pp.  205–9, and …
  • … Ryton, Blaydon-on-Tyne Augt 2 1873 My Dear Sir, I am taking the liberty to enclose for …

To subscribers to T. H. Huxley’s gift   [25 April 1873]

Summary

A circular letter forwarding to subscribers a copy of Huxley’s letter of thanks [8873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Subscribers to T. H. Huxley gift
Date:  [25 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8876

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift   [25 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 99: 71 Charles Robert Darwin Down [25 Apr 1873] Subscribers to T. H. Huxley gift …
  • … this letter, the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 , and the letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 25 April 1873 . See letters to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 and …
  • … 25 April 1873. A copy of the letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 , was enclosed with the circular. Aside from minor changes in …

To [W. W. Baxter?]   11 May [1873]

Summary

Requests litmus paper and gum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  11 May [1873]
Classmark:  Columbia University in the City of New York, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Herter Box 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8319

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To [W.  W.  Baxter? ]   11 May [1873] …
  • … letter from Edward Frankland, 10 October 1873 ). …
  • … Library (Herter Box 1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 May [1873] William Walmisley Baxter …
  • … with litmus paper and bought some from ‘a druggist’ in 1873 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 21, letter to Edward Frankland, 7 October [1873] ). He started to use the …
  • … more sensitive litmus paper provided by Edward Frankland from October 1873 (see ibid. , …

To J. D. Hooker   24 November 1873

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Summary

Has been working hard on Mimosa albida. Could JDH ever make its opposite leaflets shut up close, as in sleep, when he irritated them? CD doubts they do, except in sleep. Thinks movement a protection against water.

Has examined only one specimen of Eucalyptus.

Cannot believe JDH’s results from cutting a hole in pitcher in his Nepenthes experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 306–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9158

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   24 November 1873
  • … DAR 95: 306–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Nov 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hooker, [8 November 1872] and 17 [November 1873]). CD remarked on the insensitivity of the …
  • … letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] ). He did not include any of these observations …
  • … from Hooker (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 November 1873] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 17 [November 1873] ). CD described the movements of the stem of a young …
  • … the digestive properties of Nepenthes (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] ). …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov.  24 1873. My dear Hooker I have been greatly interested by …

From Asa Gray   25 February 1873

Summary

Sends "squib" he has written exposing the folly of some of Louis Agassiz’s ideas. AG cannot "fire off [his] cracker" in U. S. so sends it to amuse CD. If it is sent to Nature, CD must not give AG’s name. [See "Survival of the fittest", Nature 7 (1873): 404].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 165: 183; Nature, 27 March 1873, p. 404
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8786

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   25 February 1873
  • … DAR 165: 183; Nature , 27 March 1873, p.   …
  • … 404 Asa Gray unstated 25 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD must not give AG’s name. [See "Survival of the fittest", Nature 7 (1873): 404]. …
  • … Feb.  25, 1873 Dear Darwin Some of Agassiz’s sayings and doings are of such a sort that …
  • … of the fittest’, with no signature, in Nature , 27 March 1873, p.  404. Numbers 23: 11. …

From Hermann Müller   12 May 1873

Summary

Thanks for CD’s praise of his book [see 8901].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 300
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8909

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   12 May 1873
  • … 300 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 12 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … See letter to Hermann Müller, 5 May 1873 . Müller refers to his Die Befruchtung …
  • … der Blumen durch Insekten ( H.  Müller 1873 ; see letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 5 May 1873  and n.  1). Müller refers to Federico Delpino, Friedrich …
  • … Lippstadt 12 May | 1873. My dear Sir, I thank you very sincerely for your kind letter. The …

To Thomas Belt   [7 August 1873]

Summary

Discusses utility of plant secretions to ants.

Will read TB’s book when published [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Belt
Date:  [7 Aug 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8998

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Thomas Belt   [7 August 1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 78 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall [7 Aug 1873] Thomas Belt …
  • … Henry and Katherine Euphemia Farrer, from 5 to 9 August 1873 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … See letter from Thomas Belt, 2 August 1873  and n.  2. CD refers to Belt 1874. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Thomas Belt, 2 August 1873 ; the first Thursday …
  • … after 2 August 1873 was 7 August. …
  • … See letter from Thomas Belt, 2 August 1873 . Prunus laurocerasus is now known as the …

From C.-F. Reinwald   14 May 1873

Summary

Samuel Pozzi’s translation of Expression progressing slowly.

J. J. Moulinié’s translation of Descent is stylistically poor, which may account for low sales.

Difficult to find European naturalists to translate CD’s works. They would rather write books on "Darwinisme" under their own names.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8911

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From C. -F.  Reinwald   14 May 1873
  • … DAR 176: 100 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 14 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The final payment was made in September 1873. See Badsey 2003 , pp.  83, 86. Barbier …
  • … letter from C. -F.  Reinwald, 4 March 1873. Jean Jacques Moulinié had translated Descent …
  • … co-translator of Expression in order to finish the work in June 1873 (see letter from S.   …
  • … J.  Pozzi, 11  May 1873 ). See the letter from C. - …
  • … F.  Reinwald, 4 March 1873  and n.  6. Edmond Barbier translated …
  • … times (Lubbock 1865) into French (Barbier trans.  1873). Barbier’s revision of Moulinié’s …
  • … translation of Descent is Moulinié trans.  1873–4. Reinwald may refer to the occupation of …

From Emma Darwin to G. S. Ffinden   [22? November 1873]

Summary

Darwins and Lubbocks wish to continue using the school room as a Reading Room for workers in the winter months and asks Ffinden to support them.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  George Sketchley Ffinden
Date:  [22? November 1873]
Classmark:  Local Studies Library and Archives, Bromley Central Library (P/123/25/3/1/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9121F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to G.  S.  Ffinden   [22? November 1873] …
  • … Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down [22? November 1873] George Sketchley Ffinden …
  • … to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] , and J.  R.  Moore 1985 , pp.  471 and …
  • … a letter from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, postmarked ‘29 November 1873’ (DAR 258: 585). …
  • … Emma was in London from 8 to 18 November 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … In 1873, 22 November was a Saturday. Ellen Frances Lubbock. For more on this request and …
  • … see the letter from E.  F.  Lubbock to Emma Darwin, [ c . 29 November 1873] and n.  2, …

To James Crichton-Browne   7 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks JC-B for volume of Asylum reports and paper on epilepsy. Seems clear from reports that physiology of brain will soon be largely understood.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  7 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 345
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9045

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   7 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 345 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Sept [1873] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … of amyl in epilepsy ( Crichton-Browne 1873 ), also in the third volume of the West Riding …
  • … Bibliography Crichton-Browne, James. 1873. Nitrite of amyl in epilepsy. West Riding …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 . Crichton-Browne had evidently sent CD …
  • … was cerebral physiology and it had been published in July 1873 (see letter from James …
  • … Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873  and n.  2). He was the founder and editor of the West …

From C. H. Blackley   7 July 1873

Summary

Thanks for copy of Wyman’s book.

His own recent researches [on pollen] at high altitudes were inspired by CD’s account in Journal of researches of distances dust may travel.

Author:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8967

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From C.  H.  Blackley   7 July 1873
  • … DAR 160: 192 Charles Harrison Blackley Manchester 7 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … far away from sources of pollen ( Blackley 1873 , pp.  115–53; see also Taylor and Walker  …
  • … 1973, p.  106). Evidently Blackley had not yet received CD’s letter of 5 July [1873]. …
  • … and nature of catarrhus aestivus ( Blackley 1873 ). Philipp Phoebus wrote a study of hay …
  • … Bibliography Blackley, Charles Harrison. 1873. Experimental researches on the causes and …
  • … Stretford Road, | Manchester. July 7 th 1873 Dear Sir, My best thanks to you for the copy …

To James Crichton-Browne   30 December 1873

Summary

Will do what he can to help JC-B with his work on expression of patients suffering from general paralysis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  30 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 143: 346
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9193

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   30 December 1873
  • … See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 27 December 1873 . …
  • … DAR 143: 346 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Dec 1873 James Crichton-Browne …
  • … Down, Dec.  30, 1873 My dear Sir I should be a very ungrateful man if I did not comply to …

To J. D. Hooker   26 October [1873]

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Summary

Extremely glad to hear of the aggregation in Nepenthes glands. Advises on experimenting with cubes of albumen – gives sizes, also suggests cubes of roast meat. Thanks for analyses of secretion of Nepenthes.

Asks for cutting of Acacia farnesiana.

Longs to examine a species of Desmodium with three leaflets. Has asked Frank [Darwin] to look for species of Desmodium with tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 284–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9114

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   26 October [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 284–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Oct [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 October 1873 . Nepenthes is the tropical pitcher-plant. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 October 1873 . In Insectivorous plants , CD concluded that …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] ). For the Desmodium species that CD …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 22 October 1873  and n.  4. Desmodium volubile is not listed …
  • … Henry Huxley arrived at Down on 25 October 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). He had …
  • … been ill earlier in the year ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] ). …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1873

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Summary

Hopes Drosophyllum was all right.

Opinion of Council of Royal Society [on Presidency] is twelve for JDH, five for Duke of Devonshire, and G. B. Airy for William Spottiswoode.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8742

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 148 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 20 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873, and [13  …
  • … or 20 January 1873]. Hooker refers to John Smith, curator of the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  15). He refers to William Cavendish, …

To M. T. Masters   29 September [1873]

Summary

CD refuses an interview because of a severe headache, but wishes all success to the Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  29 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9077

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To M.  T.  Masters   29 September [1873] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Sept [1873] Maxwell Tylden Masters …
  • … letter from M.  T.  Masters, 27 September 1873 . Masters had asked to see CD to discuss …
  • … changes to the Gardeners’ Chronicle (see letter from M.  T.  Masters, 27 September 1873 ). …
  • … On 26 August 1873, CD had become unwell with partial loss of memory for twelve hours and ‘ …
  • … Andrew Clark and Henry Willey (see letter from Andrew Clark, 3 September 1873  and n.  4). …

To Jonathan Peel   10 December [1873]

Summary

Obliged for letter about horns of sheep.

Mentions case of death from objects impacted in appendix.

Is aware of his error about snipe breeding.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jonathan Peel
Date:  10 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 241
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9178

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Jonathan Peel   10 December [1873] …
  • … DAR 147: 241 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Dec [1873] Jonathan Peel …
  • … the letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873 . Peel found that when he bred Lonk sheep ( …
  • … horns while the females lost them (see letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873 . See …
  • … letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873  and n.  1. Vermiform appendage: the appendix. …
  • … did not breed in Britain (see letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873  and n.  3). …

From Anton Dohrn   7 June 1873

Summary

News of Naples Zoological Station developments.

His remarks on physiology in the Academy were aimed at Prof. Ludwig and his school.

The usual "exact" methods in experimental physiology want only a little pushing to put an end to superstition.

Recounts how he had worked out the explanation of Rhizocephala morphology via the Anelasma – an example of both the power of inheritance and the power of genealogical investigation. R. Kossman’s work has now confirmed AD’s explanation.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8937

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Anton Dohrn   7 June 1873
  • … DAR 162: 213 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn Naples 7 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Anton Dohrn, 2 June [1873] . Dohrn’s review …
  • … of Expression appeared in the Academy , 2 June 1873, pp.  209–11. The Academy was a weekly …
  • … see also letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). St George Jackson Mivart had written …
  • … Dohrn Naples. Palazzo Torlonia. | 7. June 1873. P.S. — It will perhaps interest You as in …
  • … see letter from Anton Dohrn, 27 January 1873 ). He was probably visited by William Erasmus …
  • … from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, 28 [January 1873] (DAR 258: 572), letter from G.  H.   …
  • … Darwin to Emma Darwin, [6? March 1873] (DAR 210.2: 27)). Dohrn had approached the Prussian …
  • … see letter from Anton Dohrn, 27 January 1873 and n.  2, and Correspondence vol.  20, …
  • … 1872 ). See letter to Anton Dohrn, 2 June [1873] and n.  3. Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig …
  • … essentia est existentia” ’ ( Academy 4 (1873): 212). The quotation attributed to Baruch de …
  • … squalicola in his letter of 27 January 1873. See Living Cirripedia (1851) , pl. IV, …
  • … were reported in his Habilitationsschrift of 1873, later published in Arbeiten aus dem …

To Edward Frankland   12 July 1873

Summary

Seeks the assistance of a professional chemist in securing a qualitative analysis of the fluid secreted by the glands of Drosera which have the power of dissolving animal matter out of the bodies of insects. [See 8979.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  12 July 1873
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8977A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   12 July 1873
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873 , and Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … The University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July 1873 Edward Frankland …
  • … 176). Thomas Henry Huxley visited Down on 27 and 28 June 1873; John Scott Burdon Sanderson …
  • … visited on 4 July 1873 ( letter to J.   …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 12. 1873 My dear Sir I am going to beg a great favour of …

From J. D. Hooker   12 January 1873

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Summary

Drosophyllum is coming from Dublin. Will ship it to Down when it arrives.

The awful honour of Presidency of Royal Society; his aversion to dignities and honours.

R. Strachey [Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment.

Letter from Gladstone.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 146–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8732

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 146–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … honours. R. Strachey [ Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  6. Hooker refers to Hermann Schacht, Julius …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  3. Hooker refers to William Ewart …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . Hooker had been invited to stand for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 and n.  15). ‘Uneasy lies the head that …

From J. D. Hooker   30 June 1873

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Summary

Leaves Wednesday with Huxley for holiday.

Family news.

He too thinks well of Bentham’s address.

Asa Gray elected Foreign F.R.S.

G. J. Allman is being proposed for Royal Medal by JDH and Huxley.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 157–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8958

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   30 June 1873
  • … DAR 103: 157–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 30 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873 . Hooker travelled with Thomas Henry Huxley to …
  • … s wife, Mary Elizabeth, died on 24 April 1873. Lyell planned to tour the continent with …
  • … to Richard Strachey. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  7. …
  • … Society (Bentham 1873b; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873  and nn.  3 and 4). …
  • … member of the Royal Society of London in 1873 ( Record of the Royal Society of London ). …
  • … the Royal Society at the anniversary meeting in November 1873 ( Proceedings of the Royal …
  • … Society of London 22 (1873–4): 11). Hooker was, as president of the Royal Society, a …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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