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From John Tyndall   8 April [1873]

Summary

William Spottiswoode was not at home, but JT sought out Herbert Spencer. Spencer will come with JT to see CD [about the Huxley fund].

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 106: C10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8849

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   8 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 106: C10 John Tyndall Royal Institution 8 Apr [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the reference to a meeting that took place on 8 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). William Spottiswoode. Herbert Spencer …
  • … Henry Huxley, including CD, met on 8 April 1873 to discuss a plan to raise a subscription …
  • … him out of financial difficulties (see letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). …

To John Tyndall   25 April [1873]

Summary

Sends another copy [of Huxley’s letter of thanks for holiday fund].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  25 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 17 (EH 88205955)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8878

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   25 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 261.8: 17 (EH 88205955) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Apr [1873] John Tyndall …
  • … and the letter to John Tyndall, 25 April 1873 . CD refers to another copy of the letter …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 . A copy was enclosed with the letter to subscribers to …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] . …

To William Bowman   27 November [1873]

Summary

"As the disease hypermetropia is not very rare, & as it is known to be hereditary, I will not give the case (about which I was very doubtful) & am glad to decide in the negative".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  27 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9162

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To William Bowman   27 November [1873] …
  • … DAR 221.5: 3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Nov [1873] William Bowman, 1st baronet …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from William Bowman, 26 November 1873 . …
  • … Letter from William Bowman, 26 November 1873. CD probably refers Hermanus Hartogh Heijs …
  • … Correspondence vol.  19). See letter from William Bowman, 26 November 1873  and n.  1. …

To Theodor Eimer   21 October [1873]

Summary

Thanks for TE’s work on [Beroe?] with illustrations of its parts [Zoologische Studien auf Capri 1 (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gustav Heinrich Theodor (Theodor) Eimer
Date:  21 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9690

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Theodor Eimer   21 October [1873] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct [1873] Gustav Heinrich Theodor (Theodor) Eimer …
  • … on [Beroe? ] with illustrations of its parts [ Zoologische Studien auf Capri 1 (1873)]. …
  • … The year is established by year of publication of Eimer 1873–4; see n.  2, below. …
  • … s book Zoologische Studien auf Capri (Eimer 1873–4); CD’s copy has not been found. Beroe …

From Charles Voysey   7 April 1873

Summary

Sends his 6th volume.

Author:  Charles Voysey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 180: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8848

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Charles Voysey   7 April 1873
  • … DAR 180: 17 Charles Voysey Dulwich 7 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was Frances Annesley Voysey. In early 1873, debates over the use of the Athanasian Creed …
  • … s periodical The sling and the stone was published in April 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 17 April 1873, p.  261). …
  • … Camden House | Dulwich S.E April 7. 1873 My dear Sir I can hardly hold my pen for laughter …

To G. H. Darwin   20 November 1873

Summary

CD is looking for editorial assistance in preparing a new edition of Descent, and inquires whether GHD might be interested in taking on such a tedious job.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9157

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   20 November 1873
  • … DAR 210.1: 17 Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Nov 1873 George Howard Darwin …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 , and letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, [19 November 1873] . George Howard Darwin had been suffering with stomach …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [1 October 1873] ); he was a fellow of Trinity College, …
  • … Down Nov 20. 1873 My dear George I have got to prepare a new ed.  of the Descent, & in …

To W. W. Baxter   4 September 1873

Summary

Orders list of chemical salts. Ashamed to order from Hopkins and Williams because they charge him such an extremely low rate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  4 Sept 1873
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (August 2015)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9042

Matches: 5 hits

  • … plants , pp.  174–6). See also letter to Francis Darwin, [ 4 September 1873] . …
  • … To W.  W.  Baxter   4 September 1873
  • … dealer) (August 2015) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Sept 1873 William Walmisley Baxter …
  • … Hopkin and Williams £1 2 s .  on 14 August 1873. The enclosure has not been found. It was …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Sep 4. 1873 Dear Sir I want to beg some assistance from you. I …

To J. D. Hooker   23 October [1873]

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Summary

Neptunia is evidently a hopeless case.

Good news that fluid of Nepenthes is acid.

No discovery ever gave him more pleasure than proving a true act of digestion in Drosera.

Has become profoundly interested in Desmodium. Asks whether Frank [Darwin] can look over the whole dried collection of the genus.

Has JDH any seed of Lathyrus nissolia?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 282–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9108

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 October [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 282–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Oct [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter to Francis Darwin, 22 October 1873 . Hooker was working on insectivorous plants …
  • … sundew or dewy pine; letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873  and nn.  1 and 3). See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873 . CD discussed Neptunia oleracea (the …
  • … on Desmodium in Movement in plants. See letters to Francis Darwin, 22 October 1873 and …
  • … 23 October [1873]. CD also refers to Leonard Darwin and William Huggins. Desmodium gyrans …
  • … the grass vetchling), see the letter to Francis Darwin, 23 October [1873] and n.  2. …

To J. D. Hooker   17 February 1873

Summary

Is drawing up the account of his crossing experiments. Requests JDH to add the families after nine genera, the names of which he encloses. Whenever there is no objection he would like to arrange the families in some sort of natural order.

Recommends Spalding’s article on instinct in Macmillan’s Magazine [27 (1873): 265–81].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 257–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8769

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 February 1873
  • … DAR 94: 257–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Feb 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the article in his letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]. …
  • … Recommends Spalding’s article on instinct in Macmillan’s Magazine [27 (1873): 265–81]. …
  • … system of botany (Le Maout and Decaisne 1873, pp.  995–1023). Douglas Alexander Spalding’s …
  • … appeared in Macmillan’s Magazine , February 1873 (Spalding 1873b). CD had mentioned …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 17— 1873 My dear Hooker I am drawing up an acct of my …

To John Tyndall   25 April 1873

Summary

It has just occurred to CD that he ought not to leave a copy of Huxley’s confidential letter in the hands of anyone. Asks JT to write to ask recipients to return the copies to CD at Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  25 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 18 (EH 88205956)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8879

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   25 April 1873
  • … DAR 261.8: 18 (EH 88205956) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Apr 1873 John Tyndall …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 , a copy of which was enclosed in the letter …
  • … to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] . …
  • … Down. Beckenham. April 25 th 1873. My dear Tyndall. I am very sorry to give you trouble; …

From John Tyndall   10 April 1873

Summary

W. G. Armstrong and T. H. Farrer have both contributed [to the Huxley fund].

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: C12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8855

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   10 April 1873
  • … DAR 106: C12 John Tyndall Royal Institution 10 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from John Tyndall, 9 April [1873] . The reference is to William George Armstrong. …
  • … Huxley (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2). Thomas Henry Farrer. …
  • … Institution of Great Britain 10 th April 1873 My dear Darwin. I have got £100 with a sweet …

From A. W. Bennett   16 March 1873

Summary

Thanks for CD’s regrets at AWB’s leaving Nature.

Plans English editions of Asa Gray’s books [How plants grow; How plants behave].

Other publication plans.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8811

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Bennett   16 March 1873
  • … 139 Alfred William Bennett London, Park Village East, 6 16 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … previous year (Hildebrand 1872), appeared in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 15 March 1873, p.   …
  • … 362, and 22 March 1873, pp.  400–1. …
  • … 6 Park Village East | N.W. March 16 th . 1873 My dear Sir Thank you for your expression of …
  • … See letter to A.  W.  Bennett, 11 March [1873] . See letter to A.   …
  • … W.  Bennett, 11 March [1873] and n.  3. Bennett had intended to reuse woodcuts originally …

To G. H. Darwin   5 March [1873]

Summary

Distressed by the poor health of GHD and Horace. Asks them to come home.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  5 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8799

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   5 March [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Mar [1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … to Emma Darwin sent from Cannes in February 1873, George recounted a meeting with Edward …
  • … this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 January 1873 . George Howard Darwin …
  • … and Horace Darwin left home on 10 January 1873 to travel to Cannes (Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … 242); letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 January 1873 ). Two of George’s letters to Emma Darwin …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin to Emma Darwin, 27 February [1873] (DAR 210.2: 25)); he and Horace had also …
  • … Montague Street, London, from 15 March 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Robert Waring …

To J. V. Carus   8 May [1873]

Summary

John Murray has announced his next book [Cross and self-fertilisation] without CD’s knowledge. It is only half-written. JVC will hear when it is published and will decide whether it is worth translating. It will be dry, but, CD believes, of value.

Has read an account of JVC’s Scottish lectures.

Invites JVC to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  8 May [1873]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 104–105)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8906

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   8 May [1873] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 104–105) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 May [1873] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … in the Edinburgh Review (see letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] , and letter from …
  • … George Cupples, 1 May 1873 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, [before 8 May 1873] and n.  6. …
  • … letter and the letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] . CD’s work was published in 1876 as …
  • … self fertilisation. The Scotsman , 3 May 1873, p.  8 (‘Edinburgh University. Re-opening of …
  • … acceptance of CD’s work (see Scotsman , 3 May 1873, p.  8). Scottish Presbyterians were …

To J. V. Carus   2 August [1873]

Summary

Regrets he cannot receive JVC at Down on Monday as he would then be too unwell to travel on Tuesday, when he must leave for a visit [to Abinger Hall, according to the Journal].

Has been working hard on Drosera and Dionaea. His next book will be on these plants and not, as he had intended, "On evil effects of Inter breeding".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  2 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin–Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Charles, Darwin, Bl. 106–107)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8996

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   2 August [1873] …
  • … Charles, Darwin, Bl. 106–107) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Aug [1873] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … letter and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, [before 8 May 1873] . CD visited Thomas Henry …
  • … Katherine Euphemia Farrer from 5 to 9 August 1873 and then visited William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … August (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). In 1873, 5 August fell on Tuesday. It is not known …
  • … natural history (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, [before 8 May 1873] and nn.  3 and 5). See …
  • … letter to J.  V.  Carus, 8 May [1873] . CD had resumed his work on …
  • … plant, in August 1872 but stopped in January 1873 to prepare a new edition of …
  • … plants ; between February and June 1873 he worked on the ‘evil effects of intercrossing’ ( …

From J. D. Hooker   7 January 1873

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Summary

Fascinated by Greg’s Enigmas, though its matter is weak.

Is vexed at being drawn into hostility toward British Museum through William Carruthers’ insolence and presumption.

Recounts visit with Edward Cardwell [Secretary for War].

Has sent Candolle’s book to Gladstone.

JDH indignant at Gladstone’s speech putting English science below French and German.

Thinks it is an accepted dogma that glandular hairs are excreting only. Will ask others to confirm.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 140–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8727

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 140–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Macmillan and Co. Gladstone, William Ewart. 1873. Address delivered at the distribution of …
  • … refers to CD’s letter to him of 5 January [1873]; the last extant letter from CD to Hooker …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. William Rathbone Greg’s Enigmas …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5  January [1873] and n.  6). William Ewart Gladstone was …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  7. William Carruthers was keeper of …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  9). Gladstone’s address was published …
  • … in The Times , 23 December 1872, p.  8, and published by John Murray in 1873 ( …
  • … Gladstone 1873 ). Hooker refers to Gladstone 1869 ( Iuventus mundi (Latin): the youth of …
  • … president of the Royal Society of London from 1873 to 1878 ( ODNB ). His opponent in the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . Hooker was employing Thiselton-Dyer part- …
  • … Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik ( Sachs 1870  and 1873; Sachs 1875). Miles Joseph Berkeley. …

To Richard Strachey   10 December [1873]

Summary

The case of the bees interests CD. He does not doubt that because of the size of their jaws humble-bees will be found all over the world to be the biters and hive-bees to profit from their work.

Thinks he has heard of land shells descending in the manner described by RS.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Strachey
Date:  10 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  British Library (IOL Mss Eur F 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9177

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Richard Strachey   10 December [1873] …
  • … Library (IOL Mss Eur F 127) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Dec [1873] Richard Strachey …
  • … the letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873 . CD refers to bees’ cutting holes in …
  • … to get at the nectar (see letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873  and n.  3). …
  • … See letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873  and n.  4. George …
  • … designed a portable globe (see letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873  and n.  5). …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   9 September [1873]

Summary

Pleased JSBS has decided to work on Drosera; sends plants. Does not know whether thermo-electric pile could detect temperature change when leaves close.

CD’s experiment with very weak hydrochloric acid repeated with success: the plants digest albumen more quickly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  9 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9047

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   9 September [1873] …
  • … was director. See also letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873  and n.  3. …
  • … 1731-1-14) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Sept [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873 . CD had asked Burdon Sanderson to investigate …
  • … muscipula (Venus fly trap; see letters to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 August 1873 and …
  • … 27 August 1873). See letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  7. Sanderson did not report experiments …
  • … leaf of Dionaea in his letter of 15 August 1873. Francis Darwin lived with CD’s brother, …
  • … arrived at Down on Saturday 13 September 1873. As part of his medical training, Francis …

To J. D. Hooker   [before 20 October 1873?]

Summary

Lists plants in which he is interested, including Neptunia and Mimosa species.

Do any strictly tropical plants have glaucous leaves?

Asks for observations on irritable plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [before 20 Oct 1873?]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.39b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9107

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [before 20 October 1873? ] …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.39b) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin unstated [before 20 Oct 1873? ] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 August 1873 ). Rubus is a genus in the family Rosaceae (roses) …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873 . CD discussed Neptunia oleracea (sensitive …
  • … 21, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). CD discussed the species in Movement in …
  • … nilotica ). In his letter of 14 August 1873 ( Correspondence vol. 21), Hooker noted that …

To Herbert Spencer   21 August [1873]

Summary

Thanks for copy of HS’s Descriptive sociology [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  21 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/322)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9019

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Herbert Spencer   21 August [1873] …
  • … Thanks for copy of HS’s Descriptive sociology [1873]. …
  • … Senate House Library (MS.791/322) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Aug [1873] Herbert Spencer …
  • … in September ( Publishers’ Circular , 2 October 1873, p.  669). CD’s copy is in the Darwin …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …
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