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To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 April 1874

Summary

Wants some plants for observation and for experimentation on their powers of movement.

Asks WTT-D to make observations on plants with sensitive stamens or pistil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 5–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9387

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 5–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Apr …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] ). CD had …
  • … Acacia farnesiana from Kew in October 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book , …
  • … on leaves in his letter to CD of 14 August 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21; see also letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 December [1873] ). …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21). The list has not …
  • … to the book ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 ). CD …
  • … ordered plants from George Rollisson in 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 October [1873] and …
  • … 3 November [1873]). Stapelia is a genus of stem succulent plants; most are native to South …
  • … lusitanicum (Portuguese sundew or dewy pine) in 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …

To Eduard Koch   20 December [1873]

Summary

Thanks for copy of translation of Variation

and the "admirable work on the microscopical structure of rock" [C. G. Ehrenberg, Mikrogeologische Studien (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eduard Koch; E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Date:  20 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9186

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Eduard Koch   20 December [1873] …
  • … collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec [1873] Eduard Koch E. Schweizerbart’sche …
  • … the microscopical structure of rock" [C. G. Ehrenberg, Mikrogeologische Studien (1873)]. …
  • … Bibliography Rosenbusch, Harry. 1873–7. Mikroskopische Physiographie der Mineralien und …
  • … edition of Variation (Carus trans.  1873) and to the first volume of Harry Rosenbusch’s …
  • … and rocks, published by Koch’s firm, E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung, in 1873 ( …
  • … Rosenbusch 1873–7 ). The first volume has not been found, but the second volume is in the …

From Ernst Haeckel   8 October 1873

Summary

On CD’s paper ["Complemental males of certain cirripedes", Collected papers 2: 177–82].

Comments on paper by W. H. Dallinger and J. J. Drysdale ["Life history of a Cercomonad", Mon. Microsc. J. 10 (1873): 53–8].

Discusses origin of life, the Gastraea theory and concept that primary germ layers are homologous in all animals. Notes similar views of E. Ray Lankester ["On the primitive cell-layers of the embryo", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 11 (1873): 321–38].

Reception of Darwinism in Germany.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9091

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    8 October 1873
  • … DAR 166: 61 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 8 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 11 (1873): 321–38]. Reception of Darwinism in Germany. …
  • … history of a Cercomonad", Mon. Microsc. J. 10 (1873): 53–8]. Discusses origin of life, the …
  • … original German, see pp.  441–3. See letter to Ernst Haeckel, 25 September 1873 . CD had …
  • … a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, p.  42, headed ‘On the males and complemental …
  • … and on rudimentary structures’ (see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). Haeckel …
  • … also refers to Dallinger and Drysdale 1873 (‘A lesson in biogenesis’). In Haeckel 1866 , …
  • … and Magaz.  of nat.  hist. No 65. Mai 1873 “On the primitive Cell-layers of the Embryo” …
  • … and Magaz.  of nat.  hist.  no.  65 May 1873, “On the primitive cell-layers of the embryo” …
  • … sterile water (Dallinger and Drysdale 1873, pp.  57–8). Monera, a taxon of unicellular …
  • … the English translation was dated 24 June 1873. The term gastrula (an embryo at the stage …

To John Tyndall   18 April [1873]

Summary

The Huxley fund amounts to £1955. CD trembles about THH’s answer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  18 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 15 (EH 88205953)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8867

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   18 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 261.8: 15 (EH 88205953) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Apr [1873] John Tyndall …
  • … Anne Huxley. See also letter to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] . …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Tyndall, 16 April 1873 . See …
  • … letter from John Tyndall, 16 April 1873  and n.  2. John Lubbock’s bank, Robarts, …
  • … also letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 . Huxley was in Aberdeen (letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley to Michael Foster, 22 April 1873 ( Dawson  1946 , p.  51, no.  61)). CD …

To T. H. Huxley   4 November 1873

Summary

Answers THH’s query about W. H. Flower; gives the amount he contributed to the gift. Advises against returning it, even anonymously. Hopes WHF’s health improves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  4 Nov 1873
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 303)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9131

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   4 November 1873
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 303) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Nov 1873 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 November 1873 . William Henry Flower contributed to …
  • … by Huxley’s personal friends in April 1873 to relieve his financial problems (see letter …
  • … to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] and n.  4). See letter …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 November 1873  and n.  5. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov 4. 1873 My dear Huxley Your intentions about poor Flower are …

To J. D. Hooker   19 August 1873

Summary

Asks JDH to inquire of gardeners at Kew what they think about injury to plants from watering during sunshine. Wishes to experiment. He is already convinced that drops of water do not act as burning lenses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 272–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9017

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   19 August 1873
  • … 94: 272–3 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 19 Aug 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … For George Payne’s observations, see the letters from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 and …
  • … 12 August [1873]. …
  • … Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug 19 th 1873 My dear Hooker The next time you walk round …

To J. T. Moggridge   27 August 1873

Summary

Comments on experiments of touching seeds with acid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  27 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 380
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9030

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Moggridge   27 August 1873
  • … DAR 146: 380 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Aug 1873 John Traherne Moggridge …
  • … germination in his letter of 22 August 1873. In his experiments Moggridge had used the …
  • … acid in distilled water (see letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 22 August 1873 ). Emma Darwin’ …
  • … s diary (DAR 242) reported for 26 August 1873 that CD was very unwell and had suffered …
  • … loss for twelve hours. See letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 22 August 1873  and n.  4. …
  • … Down Beckenham Aug.  27 th . 1873 My dear Sir I thank you for your very interesting …

To Albert Gaudry   19 February 1873

Summary

Thanks for gift of first part of AG’s magnificent work [Animaux fossiles du mont Léberon (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry
Date:  19 Feb 1873
Classmark:  Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan (Library: Fondo Gaudry b.7, fasc. 28, doc. 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8776

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Albert Gaudry   19 February 1873
  • … b.7, fasc. 28, doc. 5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Feb 1873 Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry …
  • … gift of first part of AG’s magnificent work [ Animaux fossiles du mont Léberon (1873)]. …
  • … du Mont Léberon (Vaucluse) (Gaudry et al. 1873). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 19 1873 Dear Sir I am greatly obliged by the gift of the …

To ?   28 November [1873]

Summary

Will not require assistance of correspondent’s cousin in correcting his MS [2d ed. of Descent]. His son [George] will undertake it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9163

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To ?    28 November [1873] …
  • … Robert M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Nov [1873] Unidentified …
  • … the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 24 November 1873 . CD was looking for someone to assist him …
  • … edition of Descent (see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 , and letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 20 November 1873 ). George Howard Darwin. …

From J. D. Hooker   20 February 1873

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Summary

Delighted with John Traherne Moggridge’s book [Harvesting ants (1873)].

Has suggested he plant seeds in various receptacles. Only two explanations for failure of seeds to germinate [in ants’ nests]: lack of circulating air or formic acid.

Has undertaken a botany primer for Macmillan.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 149–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8777

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 February 1873
  • … DAR 103: 149–50 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Moggridge’s book [ Harvesting ants (1873)]. Has suggested he plant seeds in various …
  • … Press. 1998. Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: notes …
  • … Moggridge’s Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders ( Moggridge 1873 ) was published …
  • … in January 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1873, p.  76). …
  • … In Moggridge 1873 , pp.  24–5, Moggridge had noted that ants were able to check the …

To J. D. Hooker   6 November 1873

Summary

Is coming to stay in London and wants to arrange a visit to Kew to talk with JDH, see the Eucalypti, and observe Mimosa albida.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Nov 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9135

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 November 1873
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.4) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 6 Nov 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] and n.  5, and Movement in plants . …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov.  6 1873 My dear Hooker We go to London tomorrow morning to “ …
  • … Buckley Litchfield, from 8 to 18 November 1873 (see Correspondence vol. 21, Appendix II). …

From Hubert Airy   8 January 1874

Summary

W. J. Beal’s paper ["Phyllotaxis of cones", Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 449–53] shows incompleteness of HA’s theory, but does not invalidate his basic principles on origin of leaf arrangement or the broad applicability of the theory.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9232

Matches: 9 hits

  • … s paper ["Phyllotaxis of cones", Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 449–53] shows incompleteness of HA’s …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … Read 30 April 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 22 (1873–4): 298–307. …
  • … Beal, William James. 1873. Phyllotaxis of cones. American Naturalist 7: 449–53. …
  • … CD had lent Airy the August 1873 issue of American Naturalist ; it contained William James …
  • … were necessarily excluded by the geometry of the case ( Beal 1873 , p.  451). For Beal’s …
  • … patterns in cones from five different tree species, see Beal 1873 , pp.  451–2. Airy’s …
  • … leaf arrangement) was published in H.  Airy 1873 ; he corrected and extended his theory in …

To A. R. Wallace   13 January [1873]

Summary

Response to ARW’s criticisms in his review [of Expression, Q. J. Sci. n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  13 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8735

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   13 January [1873] …
  • … British Library (Add 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Jan [1873] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … to ARW’s criticisms in his review [of Expression , Q. J. Sci. n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18]. …
  • … the review was published in January 1873. Wallace’s review of Expression was published in …
  • … the Quarterly Journal of Science (A.  R.  Wallace 1873). See A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116, and Expression , pp.  46–7. Wallace had doubted CD’s account of …
  • … expression of indifference (A.  R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116; Expression , pp.  287–8). See …
  • … when it had both feet (A.  R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116, Expression , pp.  35–6). Wallace’s …

From James Crichton-Browne   12 September 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for his praise of West Riding Asylum Medical Reports.

Hopes CD will come to Asylum if he attends BAAS meeting at Bradford.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9053

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From James Crichton-Browne   12 September 1873
  • … 320 James Crichton-Browne West Riding Asylum, Wakefield 12 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to James Crichton-Browne, 7 September [1873] and n.  2. Crichton-Browne had evidently sent …
  • … Yorkshire, from 17 to 24 September 1873 ( Report of the 43rd meeting of the British …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Bradford (1873), p.  lxix). …
  • … Riding Asylum, | Wakefield. 12 th . Sept.  1873. My dear Sir, I have just returned from …

To Frank Chance   10 August [1873]

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Summary

Thanks [FC] for his letter concerning a pony changing colour during the winter,

and remarks on the erection of human body hair, goose-skin, and the influence of colour and temperature on skin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frank Chance
Date:  10 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9003F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Frank Chance   10 August [1873] …
  • … Expression , p.  101 and n.  19. See letter from Frank Chance, 31 July – 7 August 1873 . …
  • … DAR 185: 139 Charles Robert Darwin [Bassett] Down letterhead 10 Aug [1873] Frank Chance …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Frank Chance, 31 July – 7 August 1873 . See letter …
  • … from Frank Chance, 31 July – 7 August 1873 . CD visited William Erasmus …
  • … Darwin in Basset, Southampton, from 9 to 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See …

From J. D. Hooker   14 August 1873

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Summary

Has observed CD’s points. Except for leaves of Nelumbium, would have supposed both wax and hairs were connected with absorption or respiratory functions. May subserve some function connected with rays of sun. Watering most prejudicial in the hot sun: a splendid subject for experiments.

Adam is a good man.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 167–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9011

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 August 1873
  • … DAR 103: 167–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  3. The reference is to Oxalis …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  1. The reference is to Richard …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  2. CD had noted that leaves and …
  • … on plant hairs (trichomes) and cuticular waxes, see Sachs 1873, pp.  85–8. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  4. Acton Smee Ayrton was the former first …

To George Cupples   28 April [1873]

Summary

Asks whether GC knows who gave CD a scolding in last Edinburgh Review [Apr 1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  28 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Albert E. Lownes Manuscript Collection, MS. 84.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8886

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To George Cupples   28 April [1873] …
  • … Asks whether GC knows who gave CD a scolding in last Edinburgh Review [Apr 1873]. …
  • … Manuscript Collection, MS. 84.2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Apr [1873] George Cupples …
  • … Bibliography [Baynes, Thomas Spencer. ] 1873. [Review of Expression . ] Edinburgh Review …
  • … CD refers to the essay review of Expression that appeared in the April 1873 issue of the …
  • … Edinburgh Review ( [Baynes] 1873 ). James Hutchison Stirling was not, in fact, the …
  • … Baynes ( Wellesley index ). See [Baynes] 1873 , pp.  507–8. Baynes asserted that CD’s …

To John Tyndall   25 April [1873]

Summary

Sends Huxley’s "charming letter". Asks whether it should be sent to Lady Millicent Jones. CD is "so happy about the whole affair".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  25 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 16 (EH 88205954)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8877

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   25 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 261.8: 16 (EH 88205954) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Apr [1873] John Tyndall …
  • … See letter to Charles Lyell, [25 April 1873] and nn.  2 and 3, and Appendix V. …
  • … to the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 , a copy of which was enclosed with the …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] . Millicent Bence Jones was the widow of Henry …
  • … Jones, a subscriber to the Huxley fund. Bence Jones had died on 20 April 1873 ( ODNB ). …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   15 August 1873

Summary

Thinks it would be worth while testing for electrical changes in the leaves of insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  15 Aug 1873
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9013

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   15 August 1873
  • … 1731-1-13) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 15 Aug 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … See letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] . CD stayed …
  • … in Bassett, Southampton, from 9 to 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Burdon …
  • … the Congress of the British Medical Association on 8 August 1873, was reported in detail …
  • … in The Times , 9 August 1873, p.  10. See letter from …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  6. Drosera is the genus of sundews; …
  • … Bassett Southampton Aug 15. 1873 My dear Dr Sanderson I am much obliged for your letter …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  7. Burdon Sanderson was appointed …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  7. Burdon Sanderson did not experiment …

From Hermann Müller   19 May 1873

Summary

Praises Expression.

Reports on Fritz Müller’s observations of cross- and self-fertilisation. HM will cultivate the two forms [i.e., mainly self-fertilised and mainly cross-fertilised] in the way CD has described.

He continues his observation of wild flowers. Encloses drawing of Viola tricolor with notes on its self-fertility.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 76: B181–2, DAR 77: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8907

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   19 May 1873
  • … 139 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 19 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … a copy of Expression in return for Müller’s gift of H.  Müller 1873 (see letter from …
  • … Hermann Müller, 28 February 1873 ). CD had evidently asked Müller the same …
  • … letter to Friedrich Hildebrand, 15 May 1873 ) in a now missing letter. Müller refers to …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … the letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873 . The reference is probably to Anton Kerner …
  • … plant fertilisation (Kerner von Marilaun 1873). CD evidently sent a copy of Bennett  …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873 . The page numbers refer to the manuscript …
  • … Mr.  Bennett in the article May 15, 1873 of the “Nature”, you allude to, has published the …
  • … There is paper by A.  W.  Bennett Nature 1873 May 15 th p.  49. on the Fert of Wild …
  • … of flowers by means of insects ( H.  Müller 1873 ), including some species of Viola ( …
  • … of Müller’s observations ( H.  Müller 1873 , p.  118). Joseph Norman Lockyer was the …
  • … on after the publication of H.  Müller 1873  was added to the English translation of …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …
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