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To ?   [1873?]

Author:  unknown
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  unknown
Classmark:  unknown
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8700F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … To ?    [1873? ] …

From Hubert Airy   7 December 1873

Summary

Illustrates, with reference to different species of Gasteria, the role of twisting in the development of leaf arrangement.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9175

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   7 December 1873
  • … DAR 159: 27 Hubert Airy Blackheath 7 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Beal, William James. 1873. Phyllotaxis of cones. American Naturalist 7: 449– …
  • … Grove. | Blackheath, London S.E. 7. December 1873. My dear Sir It is not easy to reject …
  • … the letter from Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873  and n.  2. Gasteria is a genus of succulent …
  • … of the Royal Society of London took place at Burlington House on 26 April 1873 ( Nature , …
  • … 24 April 1873, p.  490). Airy refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker. Gasteria subnigricans is a …
  • … excluded by the geometry of the case ( Beal 1873 , p.  451; see Correspondence vol.  22, …
  • … has not been found. CD sent the August 1873 issue of American Naturalist ; it contained …

To G. H. Darwin   [3 April 1873]

Summary

Anxious to have GHD come home because of his poor health. Recommends Huxley’s physician (Andrew Clark) – an advocate of milk diet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8839

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [3 April 1873] …
  • … 210.1: 10 Charles Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 [3 Apr 1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin to Emma Darwin, [6? March 1873] (DAR 210.2: 27)). He had been suffering …
  • … DAR 242), George arrived in London on 5 April 1873. Andrew Clark was Thomas Henry Huxley’s …
  • … 16 Montague Street, London, from 15 March to 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … In 1873, the Thursday before 10 April was 3 April. …
  • … George had been in Cannes, France, since January 1873 (letter from G.  H.  Darwin …
  • … to H.  E.  Darwin, 25 January 1873 (DAR 210.2: 24)). He had written to Emma Darwin that he …

To the Spectator   11 January 1873

Summary

Discusses two factors possibly causing modification of body or mind of an organism; habit and direct action of external conditions on the one hand, and selection, natural or artificial, on the other; considers their relative importance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Spectator
Date:  11 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Spectator, 18 January 1873, p. 76.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8731

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To the Spectator    11 January 1873
  • … of life. — I am, Sir, &c. , | C harles D arwin . Down, Beckenham, Kent, Jan. 11, 1873. …
  • … Spectator , 18 January 1873, p.  76. …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Jan 1873 Spectator …
  • … In the Spectator , 11 January 1873, pp.  42–4, there was a discussion, headed ‘Dr …

From John Chapman   19 July 1873

Summary

Asks CD to meet with Dr Wild to discuss the Westminster Review, which CD has supported.

Quotes from Alexander Kennedy on Maori observations on competition between native New Zealand birds and introduced bees for nectar of tree blossoms.

Author:  John Chapman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 132, 132/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8983

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From John Chapman   19 July 1873
  • … 161: 132, 132/1 John Chapman London, Somerset St, 25 19 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the birds, and so caused their death. ” New Zealand . By Alexander Kennedy. London: 1873. …
  • … population of the Maories, citing Kennedy 1873 , in Descent 2d ed, pp.  184–5 and n.  41. …
  • … for the journal’s need to raise £800 in 1873, see Ashton 2008 , pp.  294–5, and Rosenberg  …
  • … Campbell, 29 July [1869] ). In Kennedy 1873 , p.  17, the text quoted is followed by a …
  • … S t . , | Portman Square. | W. 19 July 1873 Dear Sir, Referring to your kindness in the …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Kennedy, Alexander. 1873. New Zealand. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. …

To J. D. Hague   3 April [1873]

Summary

Has sent JDH’s letter to Nature ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4].

Sons recall kindness received from JDH and others in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Duncan Hague
Date:  3 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 394
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8840

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hague   3 April [1873] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 Down letterhead 3 Apr [1873] James Duncan Hague …
  • … Nature ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4]. Sons recall kindness received from …
  • … 19). See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, [3 April 1873] and n.  2. Hague had met CD in London in …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 . See …
  • … second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873]. CD discussed the ability of ants to …

From Anton Dohrn   27 January 1873

Summary

The Naples Zoological Station and its library are growing fast. His life is a constant battle with the municipality, but has managed to make a little progress on vertebrate ancestry and morphology. His views get further away from what is generally accepted.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 212
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8750

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Anton Dohrn   27 January 1873
  • … DAR 162: 212 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn Naples 27 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Dohrn, Anton. 1873. The Zoological Station at …
  • … Naples. Nature , 29 May 1873, p. 81. Dohrn, Anton. 1875. Der Ursprung der Wirbelthiere und …
  • … Napoli. Palazzo Torlonia. 27. Jan.  1873. My dear Sir! It is only now, that Your great …
  • … On Dohrn’s trip to Germany in December 1872 and January 1873, see Heuss 1991 , pp.  132–5. …
  • … s work with Anelasma , see the letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873 . The laboratories …
  • … of the zoological station opened in October 1873, and the …
  • … aquarium in December 1873 ( Heuss 1991 , pp.  153, 156). Dohrn had visited Down on 26  …
  • … In his report in Nature ( Dohrn 1873 ), Dohrn reported that Prussia and Italy had both …

From Hermann Müller   1 July 1873

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Summary

Sends a note on R. Caspary’s observations of Corydalis self-fertilisation [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 331].

Has begun his experiments on the self- and cross-fertilised flowers.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 76: B184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8961

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   1 July 1873
  • … B184 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 1 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Viola tricolor in his letter of 10 June 1873. CD discussed the self-sterility of varieties …
  • … Henneschen Buchhandlung. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … Lippstadt, July 1. 1873. My dear Sir I thank you very sincerely for your kindness in …
  • … found in “Botanische Zeitung 27 Juni 1873. Nr.  26” the following note: “ Sitzungsberichte …
  • … have not been identified, but H.  Müller 1873  was praised in George Bentham’s anniversary …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873  and n.  6). Müller quotes from a report by …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 10 June 1873 ). Malva silvestris is the common mallow; …

From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873]

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Summary

Has investigated whether it makes a difference if extracts [of alkaloid poisons] are made from leaves, seeds, or roots.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9199

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873] …
  • … 58.1: 133 Francis Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [after Mar 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The date is established by the publication of Klein et al. 1873 in …
  • … late March 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 April 1873, p.  222; see n.   …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [after March 1873] and n.  2. Francis Darwin refers to Dalton  …
  • … Digestion and secretion’ in Klein et al. 1873, p.  422. Francis refers to Alfred Baring …

From J. T. Moggridge   1 February 1873

Summary

He does not accept Wallace’s definition of instinct because it excludes "inherited experience", i.e., "knowledge acquired by and transmitted through ancestors".

House-flies do not seem to have an instinctive fear of trap-door spiders.

Miss Forster gives him news of CD.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8756

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  T.  Moggridge   1 February 1873
  • … DAR 171: 217 John Traherne Moggridge Mentone 1 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: notes …
  • … building in trapdoor spiders (see Moggridge 1873 , pp.  128–30). Laura Mary Forster was a …
  • … her observations on ants in Algiers ( Moggridge 1873 , p.  52). The enclosure has not been …
  • … Gastaldy | Mentone | ( France ) 1 Feb. | 1873 My dear M r . Darwin Your most kind letter …
  • … ants and trap-door spiders ( Moggridge 1873 ) and wrote ‘it seems to me capital’ ( letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 January [1873] ). Alfred Russel Wallace’s definition of instinct …

Dohrn, Anton. 1873. The Zoological Station at Naples. Nature, 29 May 1873, p. 81.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Dohrn, Anton. 1873. The Zoological Station at …
  • … Naples. Nature , 29 May 1873, p. 81. Online 21, 27 …

From J. D. Hooker   25 November 1873

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Summary

He has noticed that Mimosa albida leaves closed only partially. It can be objected to CD’s theory that, if true, all, or at least more, species would close their leaves on application of water, unless he can show special injury done to M. albida by water.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 183, 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9160

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   25 November 1873
  • … DAR 103: 183, 186 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 25 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873  and n.  1. Hooker refers to Mimosa albida . …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873  and n.  2. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873 . CD had queried whether the seeds Hooker had sent him …
  • … London was inaugurated at the anniversary dinner on 1 December 1873 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  2). For CD’s difficulties with Mimosa …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873 . The postcard has not been found. Hooker …

From James Crichton-Browne   2 March 1873

Summary

Thanks for Expression. Will write paper on it in next [July] West Riding Asylum Medical Report.

Sends photos of lunatics;

will send notes corroborative of CD’s views, including some on "hereditarily transmitted movements".

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 318
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8795

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From James Crichton-Browne   2 March 1873
  • … 318 James Crichton-Browne West Riding Asylum, Wakefield 2 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … under the photograph. See letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … Press. 1985–. Crichton-Browne, James. 1873. Nitrite of amyl in epilepsy. West Riding …
  • … Riding Asylum, | Wakefield. 2 nd. March 1873. My dear Sir, If you could see my face at the …
  • … letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] and n 4, and Correspondence vol.  20, …
  • … the Metropolitan Asylum, Leavesden, Hertfordshire ( Medical directory 1873), appeared in …
  • … the April 1873 issue ( Journal of Mental Science n.s.   …
  • … 49 (1873): 93–122). In his paper on the use of nitrite of amyl in the treatment of …
  • … Expression , pp.  325–6; Crichton-Browne 1873 , p.  153). The photographs are probably …
  • … from D r J.  Crichton Browne | March 4 th 1873 | Perhaps of no direct use— | The insane …

To F. P. Cobbe?   18 March [1873?]

Summary

CD has discovered correspondent intends to present a petition to the House of Commons on which CD’s is the sole signature. Asks that his name be erased unless other signatures are added.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Power Cobbe
Date:  18 Mar [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8814

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To F.  P.  Cobbe?    18 March [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 96: 168 Charles Robert Darwin unstated 18 Mar [1873? ] Frances Power Cobbe …
  • … assistants, which Lubbock proposed in April 1873, and the campaign to amend the Married …
  • … debates 3d ser. (1830–91), vol.  215 (1873), cols.  466–7, and vol.  218 (1874), col.   …
  • … of Cobbe’s residence in Beckenham in 1873 (see n.  3, below). John Lubbock was MP for …
  • … were in London on 18 March were 1872 and 1873. The petition was probably intended to be …
  • … by local communities between 1870 and 1873 in support of the Women’s Disabilities ( …
  • … Commons Reports on Public Petitions 89 (1873)). The bill was designed to extend the vote …
  • … it was scheduled for debate on 1 May, and in 1873, Bright proposed a second reading on 30  …
  • … helped organise local petitions. In spring 1873, Cobbe moved temporarily to Thayer’s Park …

From G. H. Darwin   [before 3 October 1873]

Summary

Sends CD a draft of a letter to Nature [see 9087], which he thinks expresses CD’s meaning.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9084

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [before 3 October 1873] …
  • … 28 George Howard Darwin New University Club [before 3 Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 3 October [1873] . CD had …
  • … published a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, pp.  431–2, headed ‘On the males and …
  • … see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). George’s draft has not been found, but was a …
  • … of organs (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to Nature , 4 October [1873]). George took …
  • … at Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ). Leonard Darwin was working at the …
  • … at Down House. Andrew Clark began treating both CD and George in 1873 (see letter from …
  • … Andrew Clark, 3 September 1873 , and letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [1 October 1873] ). Edmund Langton was George’s cousin. …

To J. D. Hooker   4 August [1873]

Summary

Starts tomorrow for visit to Farrer and Effie [Euphemia Farrer, daughter of Hensleigh Wedgwood]. Has not done such a feat [i.e., staying as a guest of someone outside the immediate family?] for 25 years.

Has been half killing himself with Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 268–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9000

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 268–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873  and n.  1). CD had resumed his experiments …
  • … from mid-June (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II) and letter to J.  V.  Carus, 2 August [1873] ). …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873 . CD visited Thomas Henry …
  • … Euphemia (Effie) Farrer from 5 to 9 August 1873; he visited William Erasmus Darwin from 9  …
  • … Strachey and Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Hooker …

To Hubert Airy   [before 21 January 1873]

Summary

Sends HA’s paper ["On leaf arrangement"] with a supporting note [from CD] to Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hubert Airy
Date:  [before 21 Jan 1873]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS. Add. 7656: RS899)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8744

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Hubert Airy   [before 21 January 1873] …
  • … Library (MS. Add. 7656: RS899) Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 21 Jan 1873] Hubert Airy …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873 . CD …
  • … communicated Airy’s paper on phyllotaxy ( Airy 1873 ) to the Royal Society of London. CD …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . The copy is written on the back of a letter …

From William Ogle   [after 5 May 1873]

Summary

Thanks for reference to Hermann Müller’s book on fertilisation [Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)].

Author:  William Ogle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [5–11 May 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 173: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8705

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From William Ogle   [after 5 May 1873] …
  • … DAR 173: 7 William Ogle Oxford and Cambridge Club [5–11 May 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … for reference to Hermann Müller’s book on fertilisation [ Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … and the letter to William Ogle, 5 May [1873] . CD had recommended Hermann Müller’s book on …
  • … the fertilisation of plants by means of insects ( H.  Müller 1873 ; see letter to …
  • … William Ogle, 5 May [1873] ). In 1876, Ogle made botanical observations while visiting the …

To M. D. Conway   12 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks for strange debate, which CD returns. Principle of evolution has first-rate supporters in [Edward Sylvester?] Morse and Theodore Nicholas Gill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9051

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To M.  D.  Conway   12 September [1873] …
  • … Finney Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1873] Moncure Daniel Conway …
  • … letter and the letter from M.  D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] ). See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] . See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  2. George Clinton Swallow had challenged CD’s …
  • … letter from M.  D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  4); in the discussion following …
  • … had defended CD’s arguments (see New York Tribune , 23 August 1873, p.  2). Emma Darwin’ …
  • … that Henry Willey, CD’s physician, visited on 5 September 1873. See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  2. Conway’s book was published under the title …

To Friedrich Max Müller   3 July 1873

Summary

Thanks FMM for his "Lectures [on Mr Darwin’s philosophy of language", Fraser’s Mag. n.s. 7 (1873): 525–41, 659–78].

CD is not worthy to be FMM’s adversary as he knows very little about language and, being fully convinced man is descended from some lower animal, he is forced to believe a priori that language has developed from inarticulate cries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Max Müller
Date:  3 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 425
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8962

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Friedrich Max Müller   3 July 1873
  • … DAR 146: 425 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 July 1873 Friedrich Max Müller …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  See letter from Friedrich Max Müller, 29 June 1873 and n.  1. …
  • … See letter from Friedrich Max Müller, 29 June 1873  and n.  2. …
  • … philosophy of language", Fraser’s Mag. n.s. 7 (1873): 525–41, 659–78]. CD is not worthy to …
  • … Down July 3. 1873 Dear Sir, I am much obliged for your kind note and present of your …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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