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From George Cupples   4 June 1873

Summary

J. V. Carus’ lecture.

Edinburgh intellectual climate.

Ralph Waldo Emerson’s visit to Edinburgh.

J. H. Stirling did not write anonymous review of Expression in Edinburgh Review. Suggests T. Spencer Baynes of St Andrews. [? T. S. Baynes, "Darwin on expression", 137 (1873): 492–528.]

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 299
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8935

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From George Cupples   4 June 1873
  • … DAR 161: 299 George Cupples Guard Bridge 4 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Baynes of St Andrews. [? T. S. Baynes, "Darwin on expression", 137 (1873): 492–528. ] …
  • … of the unfavourable review of Expression that had appeared in the April 1873 issue of the …
  • … Edinburgh Review ([Baynes 1873]; see letter to …
  • … George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). CD had suggested that James Hutchison Stirling might …
  • … be the author of the review in his letter to Cupples of 28 April [1873]. See …
  • … also letter from George Cupples, 1 May 1873 . The review was in fact by Thomas Spencer …
  • … Waldo Emerson visited England and Scotland in the spring of 1873; he was in Edinburgh …
  • … for one day, 8 May 1873, to visit Stirling (Ireland 1882, p.  21). Emerson had visited …
  • … see letter from George Cupples, 1 May 1873 and n.  3). Cupples had given CD an Irish …

To F. P. Cobbe?   18 March [1873?]

Summary

CD has discovered correspondent intends to present a petition to the House of Commons on which CD’s is the sole signature. Asks that his name be erased unless other signatures are added.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Power Cobbe
Date:  18 Mar [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8814

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To F.  P.  Cobbe?    18 March [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 96: 168 Charles Robert Darwin unstated 18 Mar [1873? ] Frances Power Cobbe …
  • … assistants, which Lubbock proposed in April 1873, and the campaign to amend the Married …
  • … debates 3d ser. (1830–91), vol.  215 (1873), cols.  466–7, and vol.  218 (1874), col.   …
  • … of Cobbe’s residence in Beckenham in 1873 (see n.  3, below). John Lubbock was MP for …
  • … were in London on 18 March were 1872 and 1873. The petition was probably intended to be …
  • … by local communities between 1870 and 1873 in support of the Women’s Disabilities ( …
  • … Commons Reports on Public Petitions 89 (1873)). The bill was designed to extend the vote …
  • … it was scheduled for debate on 1 May, and in 1873, Bright proposed a second reading on 30  …
  • … helped organise local petitions. In spring 1873, Cobbe moved temporarily to Thayer’s Park …

From Hermann Müller   25 August 1873

Summary

Fritz Müller is now working on the Brazilian honey-bees (Melipona and Trigona).

HM thanks CD for fertilisation references.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 302
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9028

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   25 August 1873
  • … 302 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 25 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD probably sent the June 1873 issue of the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club ; it …
  • … ibid. , pp.  21–3). In his letter of 12 May 1873, Müller had asked CD to keep him informed …
  • … of insects (A.  W.  Bennett 1873b; H.  Müller 1873). Fritz Müller began his work on bees …
  • … Lippstadt, August 25, 1873. My dear Sir, I am very much obliged to you for your kindness …
  • … while he was reading proofs of H.  Müller 1873; initially he tried to find the bee species …
  • … ed.  1915–21, 2: 208–10)). In January 1873, Fritz sent Hermann around forty bee specimens, …
  • … Fritz Müller to Hermann Müller, 29 January 1873 (Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 214–18)). For …

To ?   [1873?]

Author:  unknown
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  unknown
Classmark:  unknown
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8700F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … To ?    [1873? ] …

To A. R. Wallace   13 January [1873]

Summary

Response to ARW’s criticisms in his review [of Expression, Q. J. Sci. n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  13 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8735

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   13 January [1873] …
  • … British Library (Add 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Jan [1873] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … to ARW’s criticisms in his review [of Expression , Q. J. Sci. n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18]. …
  • … the review was published in January 1873. Wallace’s review of Expression was published in …
  • … the Quarterly Journal of Science (A.  R.  Wallace 1873). See A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116, and Expression , pp.  46–7. Wallace had doubted CD’s account of …
  • … expression of indifference (A.  R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116; Expression , pp.  287–8). See …
  • … when it had both feet (A.  R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116, Expression , pp.  35–6). Wallace’s …

From G. H. Darwin   [before 3 October 1873]

Summary

Sends CD a draft of a letter to Nature [see 9087], which he thinks expresses CD’s meaning.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9084

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [before 3 October 1873] …
  • … 28 George Howard Darwin New University Club [before 3 Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 3 October [1873] . CD had …
  • … published a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, pp.  431–2, headed ‘On the males and …
  • … see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). George’s draft has not been found, but was a …
  • … of organs (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to Nature , 4 October [1873]). George took …
  • … at Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ). Leonard Darwin was working at the …
  • … at Down House. Andrew Clark began treating both CD and George in 1873 (see letter from …
  • … Andrew Clark, 3 September 1873 , and letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [1 October 1873] ). Edmund Langton was George’s cousin. …

To G. H. Darwin   [3 April 1873]

Summary

Anxious to have GHD come home because of his poor health. Recommends Huxley’s physician (Andrew Clark) – an advocate of milk diet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8839

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [3 April 1873] …
  • … 210.1: 10 Charles Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 [3 Apr 1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin to Emma Darwin, [6? March 1873] (DAR 210.2: 27)). He had been suffering …
  • … DAR 242), George arrived in London on 5 April 1873. Andrew Clark was Thomas Henry Huxley’s …
  • … 16 Montague Street, London, from 15 March to 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … In 1873, the Thursday before 10 April was 3 April. …
  • … George had been in Cannes, France, since January 1873 (letter from G.  H.  Darwin …
  • … to H.  E.  Darwin, 25 January 1873 (DAR 210.2: 24)). He had written to Emma Darwin that he …

To B. T. Lowne   3 June 1873

Summary

Comments on BTL’s book [The philosophy of evolution (1873)].

"You are a bold man to speak in favour of pangenesis."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Thompson Lowne
Date:  3 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8934

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To B.  T.  Lowne   3 June 1873
  • … DAR 146: 57 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 June 1873 Benjamin Thompson Lowne …
  • … s book [ The philosophy of evolution (1873)]. "You are a bold man to speak in favour of …
  • … Down, June 3—1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged for the present of your book, which I …
  • … Lowne’s Philosophy of evolution (Lowne 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … it was as yet ‘incapable of proof’ (Lowne 1873, p.  60). Lowne outlined a theory that had …
  • … through nutrition and excretion (Lowne 1873, pp.  67–76). Paget had described how many of …
  • … to ensure ‘the survival of the race’ (Lowne 1873, p.  76). CD’s heavily annotated copy of …

To the Spectator   11 January 1873

Summary

Discusses two factors possibly causing modification of body or mind of an organism; habit and direct action of external conditions on the one hand, and selection, natural or artificial, on the other; considers their relative importance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Spectator
Date:  11 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Spectator, 18 January 1873, p. 76.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8731

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To the Spectator    11 January 1873
  • … of life. — I am, Sir, &c. , | C harles D arwin . Down, Beckenham, Kent, Jan. 11, 1873. …
  • … Spectator , 18 January 1873, p.  76. …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Jan 1873 Spectator …
  • … In the Spectator , 11 January 1873, pp.  42–4, there was a discussion, headed ‘Dr …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 April 1874

Summary

Wants some plants for observation and for experimentation on their powers of movement.

Asks WTT-D to make observations on plants with sensitive stamens or pistil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 5–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9387

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 5–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Apr …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] ). CD had …
  • … Acacia farnesiana from Kew in October 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book , …
  • … on leaves in his letter to CD of 14 August 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21; see also letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 December [1873] ). …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21). The list has not …
  • … to the book ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 ). CD …
  • … ordered plants from George Rollisson in 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 October [1873] and …
  • … 3 November [1873]). Stapelia is a genus of stem succulent plants; most are native to South …
  • … lusitanicum (Portuguese sundew or dewy pine) in 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …

From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873]

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Summary

Has investigated whether it makes a difference if extracts [of alkaloid poisons] are made from leaves, seeds, or roots.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9199

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873] …
  • … 58.1: 133 Francis Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [after Mar 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The date is established by the publication of Klein et al. 1873 in …
  • … late March 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 April 1873, p.  222; see n.   …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [after March 1873] and n.  2. Francis Darwin refers to Dalton  …
  • … Digestion and secretion’ in Klein et al. 1873, p.  422. Francis refers to Alfred Baring …

To J. D. Hooker   17 February 1873

Summary

Is drawing up the account of his crossing experiments. Requests JDH to add the families after nine genera, the names of which he encloses. Whenever there is no objection he would like to arrange the families in some sort of natural order.

Recommends Spalding’s article on instinct in Macmillan’s Magazine [27 (1873): 265–81].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 257–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8769

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 February 1873
  • … DAR 94: 257–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Feb 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the article in his letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]. …
  • … Recommends Spalding’s article on instinct in Macmillan’s Magazine [27 (1873): 265–81]. …
  • … system of botany (Le Maout and Decaisne 1873, pp.  995–1023). Douglas Alexander Spalding’s …
  • … appeared in Macmillan’s Magazine , February 1873 (Spalding 1873b). CD had mentioned …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 17— 1873 My dear Hooker I am drawing up an acct of my …

To G. H. Darwin   21 October [1873]

Summary

CD gives his criticisms of GHD’s essay on religion and the moral sense. Urges him to delay publishing for some months and then to consider whether it is new and important enough to counterbalance the effects of its publication. J. S. Mill would never have influenced the age as he has done had he not refrained from expressing his religious convictions. Cites John Morley’s Life of Voltaire [1872]: direct attacks produce little effect; real good comes from slow and silent side attacks. "My advice is to pause, pause, pause."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  21 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1:14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9105

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   21 October [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.1:14 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct [1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … at Down from 25 September to 22 October 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD refers to …
  • … the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 24 [October 1873] . George’s essay on religion and the moral …
  • … refers to Matthew Arnold, who had sent CD Literature & dogma (Arnold 1873); see letter to …
  • … Matthew Arnold, 9 February [1873] . …
  • … In Arnold 1873, p.  43 n.  1, Arnold wrote: ‘All good and fruitful prayer is in truth, …
  • … and more real. ’ John Stuart Mill’s Autobiography (J.  S.  Mill 1873) was published in the …
  • … second half of October 1873 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular 1873, p.  774); it …
  • … reviewed in the Daily News , 18 October 1873, p.  2. Albert Venn Dicey and Richard Buckley …

To C. G. Ehrenberg   30 December 1873

Summary

Thanks CGE for gift of his latest work [Mikrogeologische Studien (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  30 Dec 1873
Classmark:  Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Nachlass Ehrenburg Nr. 321)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9192

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To C.  G.  Ehrenberg   30 December 1873
  • … Thanks CGE for gift of his latest work [ Mikrogeologische Studien (1873)]. …
  • … Ehrenburg Nr.  321) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Dec 1873 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg …
  • … See letter from C.  G.  Ehrenberg, 20 October 1873  and n.  2. …
  • … The reference is to Ehrenberg 1873. CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. The …

From J. D. Hooker   25 November 1873

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Summary

He has noticed that Mimosa albida leaves closed only partially. It can be objected to CD’s theory that, if true, all, or at least more, species would close their leaves on application of water, unless he can show special injury done to M. albida by water.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 183, 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9160

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   25 November 1873
  • … DAR 103: 183, 186 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 25 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873  and n.  1. Hooker refers to Mimosa albida . …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873  and n.  2. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873 . CD had queried whether the seeds Hooker had sent him …
  • … London was inaugurated at the anniversary dinner on 1 December 1873 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  2). For CD’s difficulties with Mimosa …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 November 1873 . The postcard has not been found. Hooker …

From John Chapman   19 July 1873

Summary

Asks CD to meet with Dr Wild to discuss the Westminster Review, which CD has supported.

Quotes from Alexander Kennedy on Maori observations on competition between native New Zealand birds and introduced bees for nectar of tree blossoms.

Author:  John Chapman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 132, 132/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8983

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From John Chapman   19 July 1873
  • … 161: 132, 132/1 John Chapman London, Somerset St, 25 19 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the birds, and so caused their death. ” New Zealand . By Alexander Kennedy. London: 1873. …
  • … population of the Maories, citing Kennedy 1873, in Descent 2d ed, pp.  184–5 and n.  41. …
  • … for the journal’s need to raise £800 in 1873, see Ashton 2008, pp.  294–5, and Rosenberg  …
  • … Dudley Campbell, 29 July [1869] ). In Kennedy 1873, p.  17, the text quoted is followed by …
  • … S t . , | Portman Square. | W. 19 July 1873 Dear Sir, Referring to your kindness in the …

To J. D. Hooker   21 February [1873]

Summary

Will see whether formic acid delays germination of fresh seeds.

Thinks primer not at all a folly. Refers JDH to Asa Gray’s "child’s book" [see 8363].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 259–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8779

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 February [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 259–60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  4. CD refers to Botany for young people part II: …
  • … Buchanan White’s article focused on moths as agents of fertilisation (F.  B.  White 1873). …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873 . CD and Hooker were both intrigued by John …
  • … nests did not germinate (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  3). CD …
  • … London, from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter from …

To J. D. Hooker   4 August [1873]

Summary

Starts tomorrow for visit to Farrer and Effie [Euphemia Farrer, daughter of Hensleigh Wedgwood]. Has not done such a feat [i.e., staying as a guest of someone outside the immediate family?] for 25 years.

Has been half killing himself with Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 268–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9000

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 268–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873  and n.  1). CD had resumed his experiments …
  • … from mid-June (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II) and letter to J.  V.  Carus, 2 August [1873] ). …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873 . CD visited Thomas Henry …
  • … Euphemia (Effie) Farrer from 5 to 9 August 1873; he visited William Erasmus Darwin from 9  …
  • … Strachey and Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Hooker …

From Ernst Haeckel   8 October 1873

Summary

On CD’s paper ["Complemental males of certain cirripedes", Collected papers 2: 177–82].

Comments on paper by W. H. Dallinger and J. J. Drysdale ["Life history of a Cercomonad", Mon. Microsc. J. 10 (1873): 53–8].

Discusses origin of life, the Gastraea theory and concept that primary germ layers are homologous in all animals. Notes similar views of E. Ray Lankester ["On the primitive cell-layers of the embryo", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 11 (1873): 321–38].

Reception of Darwinism in Germany.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9091

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    8 October 1873
  • … DAR 166: 61 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 8 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 11 (1873): 321–38]. Reception of Darwinism in Germany. …
  • … history of a Cercomonad", Mon. Microsc. J. 10 (1873): 53–8]. Discusses origin of life, the …
  • … original German, see pp.  441–3. See letter to Ernst Haeckel, 25 September 1873 . CD had …
  • … a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, p.  42, headed ‘On the males and complemental …
  • … and on rudimentary structures’ (see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). Haeckel …
  • … also refers to Dallinger and Drysdale 1873 (‘A lesson in biogenesis’). In Haeckel 1866, 2: …
  • … and Magaz.  of nat.  hist. No 65. Mai 1873 “On the primitive Cell-layers of the Embryo” …
  • … and Magaz.  of nat.  hist.  no.  65 May 1873, “On the primitive cell-layers of the embryo” …
  • … sterile water (Dallinger and Drysdale 1873, pp.  57–8). Monera, a taxon of unicellular …
  • … the English translation was dated 24 June 1873. The term gastrula (an embryo at the stage …

To M. D. Conway   12 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks for strange debate, which CD returns. Principle of evolution has first-rate supporters in [Edward Sylvester?] Morse and Theodore Nicholas Gill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9051

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To M.  D.  Conway   12 September [1873] …
  • … Finney Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1873] Moncure Daniel Conway …
  • … letter and the letter from M.  D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] ). See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] . See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  2. George Clinton Swallow had challenged CD’s …
  • … letter from M.  D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  4); in the discussion following …
  • … had defended CD’s arguments (see New York Tribune , 23 August 1873, p.  2). Emma Darwin’ …
  • … that Henry Willey, CD’s physician, visited on 5 September 1873. See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  2. Conway’s book was published under the title …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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