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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Ernst Haeckel   20 January 1873

Summary

On EH’s Die Kalkschwämme [1872].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  20 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 52/29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8743

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Ernst Haeckel   20 January 1873
  • … Abt. 1: 52/29) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Jan 1873 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 20 1873 My dear Häckel I received yr magnificent work about …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1873

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Summary

Hopes Drosophyllum was all right.

Opinion of Council of Royal Society [on Presidency] is twelve for JDH, five for Duke of Devonshire, and G. B. Airy for William Spottiswoode.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8742

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 148 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 20 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873, and [13  …
  • … or 20 January 1873]. Hooker refers to John Smith, curator of the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  15). He refers to William Cavendish, …

To Hubert Airy   [before 21 January 1873]

Summary

Sends HA’s paper ["On leaf arrangement"] with a supporting note [from CD] to Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hubert Airy
Date:  [before 21 Jan 1873]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS. Add. 7656: RS899)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8744

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Hubert Airy   [before 21 January 1873] …
  • … Library (MS. Add. 7656: RS899) Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 21 Jan 1873] Hubert Airy …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873 . CD …
  • … communicated Airy’s paper on phyllotaxy (Airy 1873) to the Royal Society of London. CD …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . The copy is written on the back of a letter …

From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873

Summary

Has sent phyllotaxy paper to G. G. Stokes with the letter from CD to show credentials.

Will not have time to read new Sachs edition CD offered.

Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9].

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8745

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 25 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 21 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD offered. Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [ Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9]. …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. | London S.E. 1873. Jan.  21. My dear M r . Darwin I trust I am not …
  • … Airy, [before 15] July 1872 , and Airy 1873, pp.  177–8. CD’s letter to Airy has not been …
  • … of the new edition of Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  7). …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . Airy’s paper ‘On leaf arrangement’, …
  • … communicated by CD, was read at the Royal Society of London on 27 February 1873 ( …
  • … Airy 1873). George Gabriel Stokes was the secretary of the Royal Society. …
  • … with CD’s letter of [before 21 January 1873] copied on the back of it. Only an abstract of …
  • … of the Royal Society of London (Airy 1873). Airy had corresponded with CD about phyllotaxy …

To J. D. Baldwin   21 January [1873]

Summary

Discusses JDB’s views on the spread of human-like creatures across the world, and the development of language.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Denison Baldwin
Date:  21 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  Steven S. Raab Autographs (September 2001) (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8746F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Baldwin   21 January [1873] …
  • … September 2001) (dealer) Charles Robert Darwin 21 Jan [1873] John Denison Baldwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Baldwin, 4 January 1873 . Letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Baldwin, 4 January 1873. CD discussed the development of language in Descent 1: 53–62; …

From J. V. Carus   21 January 1873

Summary

On a correction JVC thinks should be made in Variation on vertebrae of ducks.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8746

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   21 January 1873
  • … DAR 161: 90 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 21 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … translation of Variation (Carus trans.  1873). The errors he mentions are in Variation 1: …
  • … Leipzig Jan.  21 st . 1873. My dear Sir, I am sorry to be obliged to trouble you, but …

To G. H. Darwin   22 January 1873

Summary

Concerned about GHD’s health. Sends a prescription for a cough mixture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8747

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   22 January 1873
  • … DAR 210.1: 8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan 1873 George Howard Darwin …
  • … Darwin had left for France on 10 January 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). A coupé was …

To J. V. Carus   23 January 1873

Summary

Acknowledges correction in text of Variation . "You are a most conscientious editor & are as careful as I am apt to be careless."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  23 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 100–101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8748

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   23 January 1873
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 21 January 1873 ; Carus had sent some corrections to …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 100–101 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Jan 1873 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 23 1873 My dear Sir Although my memory does not aid me, I …

From R. F. Cooke   24 January 1873

Summary

Popular Edition [6th] of Origin has sold out 3000 copies. Asks CD whether he has found any errors that should be corrected.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 434
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8749

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   24 January 1873
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 24 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …

To O. C. Marsh   25 January [1873]

Summary

Thanks OCM for the papers he has sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Othniel Charles Marsh
Date:  25 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (O. C. Marsh Papers (MS 343) Series 1, Box 8, folder 327)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9829

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To O.  C.  Marsh   25 January [1873] …
  • … 1, Box 8, folder 327) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Jan [1873] Othniel Charles Marsh …
  • … are three papers by Marsh dated before January 1873 and signed by the author in the Darwin …

From Anton Dohrn   27 January 1873

Summary

The Naples Zoological Station and its library are growing fast. His life is a constant battle with the municipality, but has managed to make a little progress on vertebrate ancestry and morphology. His views get further away from what is generally accepted.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 212
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8750

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Anton Dohrn   27 January 1873
  • … DAR 162: 212 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn Naples 27 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Napoli. Palazzo Torlonia. 27. Jan.  1873. My dear Sir! It is only now, that Your great …
  • … On Dohrn’s trip to Germany in December 1872 and January 1873, see Heuss 1991, pp.  132–5. …
  • … s work with Anelasma , see the letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873 . The laboratories …
  • … of the zoological station opened in October 1873, and the …
  • … aquarium in December 1873 (Heuss 1991, pp.  153, 156). Dohrn had visited Down on 26  …
  • … In his report in Nature (Dohrn 1873), Dohrn reported that Prussia and Italy had both …

To J. D. Hooker   27 January [1873]

Summary

Drosophyllum arrived; none of his observations turned out as he expected, but nevertheless he understands its habits better than he did. The secreting hairs that he observed may be explained as a mere chemical reaction.

Comments on various articles he has read.

Asks for Thiselton-Dyer’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 253–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8185

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 253–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873  and n.  2. Hooker had been invited to stand for election as …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 and [13  …
  • … or 20 January 1873]. Drosophyllum is an insectivorous plant; CD wanted to use it in …
  • … is an annotated copy of Moggridge 1873 in the Darwin Library–CUL ( Marginalia 1: 589). See …
  • … See letter to M.  D.  Conway, 11 January [1873] . Moncure Daniel Conway arrived at Down on …
  • … from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, 28 [January 1873], DAR 258: 572). See letter from J.   …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873 . See Insectivorous plants , pp.  284, 360. …
  • … it in Movement in plants. F.  B.  White 1873. For CD’s observations on apparent powers of …
  • … see the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5  January [1873] . CD had experimented with carbonate of …
  • … Dyer ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 ). CD published his observations in …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. CD refers to John Traherne Moggridge and Moggridge 1873. There …

To Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen   28 January 1873

Summary

Is pleased that HHHvZ has appended his notes to his translation [of Expression and is obliged for the abstract of these notes [see 8712].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen
Date:  28 Jan 1873
Classmark:  John Wilson: Cat. 68 (1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11337A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen   28 January 1873
  • … Cat. 68 (1990) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Jan 1873 Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen …

From J. V. Carus   29 January 1873

Summary

A new [German] edition of Expression is to be done. Has CD anything to add or alter?

JVC cites an article on cessation of breathing during mental concentration that supports Gratiolet as quoted in Expression, p. 179.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8751

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   29 January 1873
  • … DAR 161: 91 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 29 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s last letter to CD was that of 21 January 1873. Carus had translated Expression into …
  • … Leipzig Jan 29. 1873. My dear Sir, Again I trouble you   A new edition of the Expression …

To James Paget   29 January [1873?]

Summary

Has heard from Ashwin Conway Newman of Guy’s Hospital of a case of a child without any prepuce whose father was a renegade, uncircumcised Jew, but whose ancestors had all been Jews. Newman thinks this a good case of inheritance with reversion. JP’s letter [missing] now shows how rash such a conclusion would be.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget (1st baronet)
Date:  29 Jan [1873?]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS 5703/37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8752

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To James Paget   29 January [1873? ] …
  • … Library (MS 5703/37) Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Jan [1873? ] James Paget (1st baronet) …
  • … the letter to James Paget, 18 January [1873] . See Variation 2: 23. CD later cited Ashwin …

From F. S. B. F. de Chaumont   31 January 1873

Summary

Sends a paper on evolution by his friend J. D. MacDonald ["Distribution of Invertebrata", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1872–3): 218–23] for CD’s perusal before dispatching it to the Royal Society.

Author:  Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8753

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont   31 January 1873
  • … 138 Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont Woolston 31 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … John Denis Macdonald’s paper on the distribution of invertebrates (Macdonald 1873). Louise …
  • … François de Chaumont was born in 1873 ( BMD ( Birth index )); de Chaumont’s eldest …
  • … Woolston | N r . Southampton Jan: 31 st . 1873 Dear M r . Darwin, The enclosed is a paper …

To ?[a New Orleans newspaper]   [c. February 1873]

Summary

CD responds to a poem, "Comus", and a New Orleans Mardi Gras editorial; he cannot tell from the "wonderful mistakes" whether the writer is "witty, ignorant, or blunders for the sake of fun".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  New Orleans newspaper
Date:  [c. Feb 1873]
Classmark:  Benfey (1997):179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8753F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ? [a New Orleans newspaper]   [ c. February 1873] …
  • … Benfey (1997):179 Charles Robert Darwin [c. Feb 1873] New Orleans newspaper …

From W. M. Canby   1 February 1873

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Summary

At Asa Gray’s request, responds to CD’s questions about WMC’s observations on Dionaea and particularly about the size of the insects captured and the excitability of the leaves after an insect is captured.

Author:  William Marriott Canby
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8755

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From W.  M.  Canby   1 February 1873
  • … DAR 58.1: 25 William Marriott Canby Wilmington, Del. 1 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Wilmington Delaware U.S.A. Febr.  1 st 1873 Mr.  C.  Darwin | Down, Beckingham, Kent, …
  • … me your letter to him dated Jan.  8 th 1873, in which you inquire about some observations …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 8 January 1873  and n.  1. For Canby’s observations on Dionaea …

To J. V. Carus   1 February 1873

Summary

Has no corrections for second German edition [of Expression]. Plans to bring out an improved edition in a year or two.

Thanks for reference JVC sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl. 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8754

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   1 February 1873
  • … Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl. 53 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Feb 1873 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 1 1873 My dear Sir I am glad to hear of the new edit. I have …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 29 January 1873  and n.  1; CD refers to the new German …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 29 January 1873  and n.  3. CD’s publisher, John Murray, …

To John Chapman   1 February 1873

Summary

Thanks for Chapman 1873 (Chapman, John. 1873. Neuralgia and kindred diseases of the nervous system).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Chapman
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  Western University Archives, History of Medicine Collection, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada (A04-011-051)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8751F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Chapman   1 February 1873
  • … Thanks for Chapman 1873 (Chapman, John. …
  • 1873. Neuralgia and kindred diseases of the nervous system ). …
  • … London, Ontario, Canada (A04-011-051) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Feb 1873 John Chapman …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 1 1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged to you for your …
  • … system in the Darwin Library–Down (Chapman 1873; see Marginalia 1: 165). CD had tried …
  • … cited CD’s comments on wisdom teeth from Descent 1: 26–7 in Chapman 1873, pp. 184–5. …
Document type
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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